What Is Heaven Like?

Updated on September 5, 2018
Bede le Venerable profile image

Bede is an artist with a long time interest in the lives of the saints.

What is your conception of heaven? Is it something like an extended day at the beach without obnoxious children? Alternatively, do you dream of gorging on unlimited apple strudel? Alas, these conceptions of heaven hold little attraction for me. Why not simply nestle into earthly life and not consider heaven? Yet, as the Bible speaks of something far greater than what the imagination can conceive, there must be more to it- much more. This article considers some aspects of heaven as seen through the eyes of mystics.

Detail of the Last Judgment by Blessed Fra Angelico
Detail of the Last Judgment by Blessed Fra Angelico | Source

1. Peripheral Beatitude

Our first peek through heaven’s portal considers its peripheral or accidental beatitude. Theologians tell us that the primary joy of heaven is the beatific vision of God. Secondary joys are worth noting, however, since they bear close on our human experience. In the first place, we live in hope to find our beloved family members and friends once again; “A great number of our dear ones there await us,” says St. Cyprian, “Parents, brothers, children, a dense multitude longs for us, already secure in their safety but still anxious for our salvation. To these, beloved brethren, let us hasten with eager longing!” (Treatise on Death, 26)

In addition to this, there is our life-long companion whom we shall behold-our guardian angel. So also, heaven is home to the vast assembly of saints, whose friendship will afford endless delight. Also numbered among the peripheral joys of heaven is the glorified body. We shall look at this more in depth under the next heading, but here, let us consider what our senses will perceive. First, there is delight for the ears, namely, glorious music, which is far more ravishing than earthly music, according to the experience of some saints.

As I stood there, basking in the splendor of those gardens, I suddenly heard music most sweet- so delightful and enchanting a melody that I could never adequately describe it.

— St. John Bosco

Scripture explains that the sights of heaven are beyond human reckoning. (c.f. 1 Cor 2:9) The implication is that ravishing beauty is an essential component to the heavenly experience. What becomes of our sense of taste? Will it be useless since Jesus said that the Kingdom of God is not a matter of eating and drinking? It seems to me, that Jesus means that it’s not the essential joy; certainly, the glorified body will have a sense of taste. Our bodies won’t require nourishment to live, but food will serve as a bonus pleasure. Finally, there is plenty of laughter of heaven; “Blessed are you that weep now, for you shall laugh.” (Lk 6:21)

2. Glorified Body

Do you feel uncomfortable in your body? Possibly, it’s too small, plump, oddly shaped, or defective in some way. My bodily defect is sore knees which prevent me from jogging. Wouldn’t it be lovely to have a new and superior body? Such is the promise of Scripture in many places, such as from St. Paul, “We have our citizenship in heaven; it is from there that we await the coming of our Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ. He will give a new form to this lowly body of ours and remake it according to the pattern of his glorified body.” (Phil 3:20-21)

St. Thomas Aquinas tells us five characteristics of this glorified body. In the first place, the glorified body is impassable, or incapable of physical pain and death. The glorified body will also have no imperfections but will receive a new form of beauty. There will be no defects or lost body parts. The glorified body is still one’s very own body, but restored and glorified.

Thirdly, glorified bodies possess subtility, by which the body is under command of the soul; it can pass through walls, for instance (see Jn: 20-19). The fourth power of the glorified body is agility. By this gift, the body can travel immediately to any distance at the “wink of an eye,” as St. Thomas puts it. This is good to know in as much as some people may think of heaven as totally static and stationary. New bodies imply movement and functionality.

What Is the Resurrection of the Body?

Finally, the glorified body “will shine like the sun.” (Mt 13:43) Theologians call this “brightness”; it will be a sharing of Jesus’ transfiguration experience on Mt. Tabor. When St. Peter exclaims at the Transfiguration, “Lord, it is good that we are here,” the Greek adjective for “good” here, kalon, is synonymous with “beautiful.” Glorified souls and bodies are fully alive to beauty.

3. Overwhelming Beauty

It should come as no surprise that heaven is indescribably beautiful, according to those who have glimpsed it. Take, for instance, the experience of St. Faustina Kowalska, (1905-1938), a young Polish saint who received manifold visions and revelations. She wrote down her experiences in notebooks, which the Catholic Church has consequently approved as authentic revelations. While it is true that she visited hell, she also had a foretaste of heaven. This is how she describes it:

“Today I was in heaven, in spirit, and I saw its inconceivable beauties and the happiness that awaits us after death. I saw how all creatures give ceaseless praise and glory to God. I saw how great is happiness in God, which spreads to all creatures, making them happy, and then all the glory and praise which springs from this happiness returns to its source. (Diary, # 777-78)

St. Faustina Kowalska; a detail of the communion of saints by Blessed Fra Angelico.
St. Faustina Kowalska; a detail of the communion of saints by Blessed Fra Angelico. | Source

4. Indescribable Light

From St. Teresa of Avila, we gain some insight into the beauty of heavenly light. She complains that her description amounts to nothing when comparing earthly and heavenly light: “It is as if on one side, you see very clear water flowing over a bed of crystal, illumined by the sun, and on the other side, muddy water flowing on the surface of the earth on a cloudy day. Not that there is anything like the sun present here, nor is the light like that of the sun: this light seems to be natural; and, in comparison with it, every other light is something artificial. It is a light which knows no night; rather, as it is always light, nothing ever disturbs it. In short, no man, however gifted he may be, can ever, in the whole course of his life, arrive at any imagination of what it is.”

While she complains that her comparison falls short, St. Teresa of Avila conveys some semblance of heavenly light as compared to earthly light; “It is as if on one side, you see very clear water flowing over a bed of crystal, illumined by the sun, and on the other side, muddy water flowing on the surface of the earth on a cloudy day… It is a light which knows no night; rather, as it is always light, nothing ever disturbs it. In short, no man, however gifted he may be, can ever, in the whole course of his life, arrive at any imagination of what it is.”

St. Mary of Jesus Crucified, 1846-1878, experienced a vision of heaven after she temporarily died from several knife wounds; “I saw the Blessed Virgin, the angels and the saints who welcomed me with great kindness,” she explains, “I even saw my parents in the middle of them. I contemplated the radiant throne of the Holy Trinity, and Our Lord Jesus Christ in his humanity. There was no sun, no lamps, and yet everything shone with an indescribable light.”

Finally, in his Ecclesiastical History of England, St. Bede describes a monk who died and came back to life. The monk said that after dying, a beautiful guide in shining garments brought him on a journey to heaven in several stages. “I saw before me a much more beautiful light than before,” he says, “and therein heard sweet sounds of singing, and so wonderful a fragrance was shed abroad from the place, that the other which I had perceived before and thought so great, then seemed to me but a small thing.”


5. Flowers, Meadows, Rivers

“Today you will be with me in Paradise.” (Lk 23:43) Such are Jesus’ poignant words to the good thief as He was dying on the Cross. The word paradise derives from a Persian word meaning, “enclosed park.” Perhaps some may think of heaven as a type of cloudscape with no more flowers or meadows; on the contrary, many saints who glimpsed heaven attest to the presence of meadows covered with exquisite flowers and rivers.

St. Anna Schäffer (1882-1925), describes what she saw on her three-day visit to heaven: “While I was praying, I was enraptured from the world. My life was hanging by a thread. The clouds opened up and a marvelous garden full of flowers appeared in which I could walk a long distance.” While describing the scene, she started to cry for her detainment on earth; “I cannot describe to you all of the marvels that our good God gives to those He loves.” An interviewer asked; “Will we find the things we have here on earth there in paradise?” She answered, “Yes, there are also meadows and forests, rivers and mountains, homes and buildings, but everything is transparent and spiritualized, while here on Earth everything is tainted.”

St. Anna Schäffer: “I cannot describe to you all of the marvels that our good God gives to those He loves.”
St. Anna Schäffer: “I cannot describe to you all of the marvels that our good God gives to those He loves.” | Source

While mystics describe heaven in relatable terms, one should not understand heaven as simply an amplified version of earth. The vision of God in beatific light is the ultimate beauty. Nonetheless, such light is impossible for human senses to comprehend until divinized. The sight of rivers, flowers, and suchlike in heaven is an experience conditioned to earthly senses.

An experience of St. John Bosco bears this out as he saw one of his students, St. Dominic Savio, in a type of flowery meadow after the latter had died; “None of the plants we know,” says St. John, “could ever give you an idea of those flowers, although there was a resemblance of sorts. The very grass, the flowers, the trees, and the fruit- all were of singular and magnificent beauty.” St. John asked to see some of the supernatural light. St. Dominic told him, “No one can see it until he has come to see God as He is. The faintest ray of that light would instantly strike one dead, because the human senses are not sturdy enough to endure it.” d from the place, that the other which I had perceived before and thought so great, then seemed to me but a small thing.”

6. Beatific Vision

From our vantage point, the prospect of seeing God may seem rather terrifying or perhaps even boring. Yet, it is the ultimate experience of heaven. Consider Moses, who often went into the tent of meeting to speak to God face to face, (see Ex 33-34). Although he received an intense experience of communion, causing his face to shine, Moses still did not take in the direct vision of God. God is spirit, so Moses’ experience was a prefiguration of the ultimate reality.

Consider how Moses asked God to show him His glory; God responded by saying, “No man can see me and live.” Moses could only see the back of God. With the coming of Christ, however, the way opens to behold God face to face. "We are God’s children now; it does not yet appear what we will be, but we know that when He appears we shall be like him, for we shall see him as he is." (1 Jn 3:2)

The vision of God in Dante's Paradiso, by Gustave Dore.
The vision of God in Dante's Paradiso, by Gustave Dore. | Source

In simple terms, then, what is the meaning of the phrase, beatific vision? Will it be like looking at loveliest of sunsets? Not quite, yet beauty is an essential component. Three Latin words comprise the phrase, beatific vision- beatus, happy, the verb, facere, to make, and finally, visio, which means sight. In other words, beatific vision is a sight that makes one happy. What is the cause for happiness? It is the sight of God the Trinity. Consider some sight that makes you intensely happy, such as seeing a friend, and multiply it by a billion. There you have a crumb of what happiness flows from the vision of God.

7. Complete Fulfillment: Beatitude

St. Thomas Aquinas defines beatitude as the perfect good that satisfies the inmost desire of the rational being; “Only the uncreated and infinite good can fully satisfy the desire of a creature which conceives universal good.” In other words, nothing finite, be it pleasures, riches, talents, power, or prestige, can ultimately satisfy the hunger for infinite happiness found within the human heart. Only infinite beatitude can satiate an infinite hunger. God alone is infinite beatitude.

Moreover, since He is infinite, there is no limit to how deeply one can plunge into Him. He is an endless ocean. Consider how the great Père de Caussade describes the happiness of the saints: “The essence of their supreme joy is but the tide of the very happiness of God ebbing and flowing into their souls, according to the capacity of their hearts.”

Thus, if God is infinite happiness, beauty, and love, how easy it will be to reciprocate His love. Consider a person in your life who has loved you more than any other: perhaps it is a parent, spouse, or friend. In their presence, love naturally flows out of your heart. If God is the source of love, then how simple it will be to love Him in response.

The experience of heavenly beatitude, then, is to “Enter into the joy of the Lord.” (cf. Mt 25:23) Indeed, infinite beatitude is a person, God Himself. As St. Augustine says, “God is the goal of our desires; He is the one whom we shall see without end, whom we shall love without weariness, whom we shall glorify forever without fatigue.” (City of God, II 30:1) With heaven on our thoughts, rising above the tedium, annoyances, and sadness of this life becomes easy.


Soul Food

Meditating upon heaven is like nourishing the soul with healthy food. For lack of healthy nourishment, the soul may become depressed and even despair. To ponder the joys of heaven is like an immigrant who endures her arduous journey with joy, knowing that her husband awaits her in the New World. The discomfort, hunger, and seasickness of her journey, dissipate into nothingness as she recalls her husband’s smile and loving embrace. Longing for heaven should have a place in our daily thoughts. Just think! A new body, an experience of unfathomed beauty and light, total fulfillment in the ocean of God: such contemplation nourishes optimism. We spend ample time each day preparing and eating meals for our earthly bodies; why not spend five a minutes a day nourishing the soul?


Life Everlasting and the Immensity of the Soul, by Fr. Reginald Garrigou-Lagrange, O.P. Tan Books and Publishers, 1991

The Life of St. Teresa of Jesus, Written by Herself; translated by David Lewis; Benziger Brothers, 1904.

Divine Mercy in My Soul-Diary of St. Faustina, Marian Press, 2005

The experience of St. Anna Schäffer

St. John Bosco’s experience in Heaven

St. Bede’s Ecclesiastical History of England

© 2018 Bede


Submit a Comment

  • Bede le Venerable profile imageAUTHOR


    2 months ago from Minnesota

    Hi Frances- thank you for having a read and commenting. We all come from different backgrounds and viewpoints. Though I grew up Catholic, I went through a period of near despair. I seriously thought Heaven’s gate closed forever on me. Terrible experience! I tried finding an earthly happiness but it seemed always to fall short. When hope suddenly reemerged in my life, I embraced it. I try to nourish it constantly. I have more to say, but I’m edified that you have interest in other’s beliefs.

  • Frances Metcalfe profile image

    Frances Metcalfe 

    2 months ago from The Limousin, France

    it was interesting to read about how you define heaven, Bede. I don't believe I God but I'm interested in other's beliefs and how they see the world. I suppose my version of 'heaven' is being happy here on Earth.

  • Bede le Venerable profile imageAUTHOR


    2 months ago from Minnesota

    Miebakagh, my friend, thanks for your input. I try also to keep my thoughts heavenly, because as the saying goes, “you are what you eat.” It’s not so easy sometimes, though. If we cultivate good thoughts then we’ll likely turn out good, right? Here’s an idea: you pray for me and I’ll pray for you that we get up safely to Heaven.

  • profile image


    2 months ago

    Hello Bede, as a good Christian, my mind is more on heavenly things.

    I do know for sure that heaven can't be compared with the earth. We all have more to gain in heaven. This should be the goal of all Christians. May the good lord help us attained such.

  • Bede le Venerable profile imageAUTHOR


    2 months ago from Minnesota

    Thanks for the comment, Eric. Yes, I’ve wondered at times also, won’t there be personality conflicts in Heaven? Won’t jealousy be a problem? “Hey, your halo is brighter that mine!” As it is, I think everyone in heaven has his or her soul so filled to capacity with bliss, that conflicts haven’t a chance.

  • Bede le Venerable profile imageAUTHOR


    2 months ago from Minnesota

    Thank you very much for the comment, Linda. I’m glad that you found interest in these views, though differing from yours. It’s edifying to me that though your views differ from mine, it doesn’t prevent you from finding interest and learning new things.

  • Ericdierker profile image

    Eric Dierker 

    2 months ago from Spring Valley, CA. U.S.A.

    Very interesting. I still just find it hard to believe from all these "seers" that there really are no challenges in heaven. But as we know it will be a different plane of understanding.

  • Bede le Venerable profile imageAUTHOR


    2 months ago from Minnesota

    Hi Mary- thank you for the comment. Yes, I believe also that we can have a foretaste of Heaven in the loveliness of earth. When I catch a powerful fragrance, such as from blossoming lilacs or fruit trees, it draws me heavenward.

  • aesta1 profile image

    Mary Norton 

    2 months ago from Ontario, Canada

    I like the vision of heaven you've shared here. Complete fulfillment. I believe as well that when you see God in the things here, you are in heaven.

  • AliciaC profile image

    Linda Crampton 

    2 months ago from British Columbia, Canada

    This is a well written and informative article, Bede. I have different spiritual beliefs from you, but that didn’t stop me from being interested in what you had to say. I enjoyed reading about your view of Heaven and learning about the experiences of mystics. Thank you for sharing the information.


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