How the Waves Destroyed the SS American Star
When you think of a sinking ship, your first thought is probably the RMS Titanic. The world's most famous ship sank in less than three hours, 1,500 souls perish, you know the story. Some ships sank faster like the RMS Lusitania which sank in less than twenty minutes and drew the US into World War I. Some sank slower like the SS Andrea Doria at eleven hours, the first sea disaster to ever be broadcast live on international television. But imagine a ship that takes more than a decade to sink. Yes, ten years and nobody knew about it.
Meet the SS American Star, a transatlantic liner turned cruise ship that would spend the last ten years of her existence beached on the banks of Fuerteventura. Persistently and violently, the waves would rip the ship apart. Deck by deck, it's transformed into an unrecognizable pile of twisted metal shrinking more and more until now nothing but a few shards of rusting keel remain. There was no tragedy or loss of life. There was no fanfare or headline news, except for the locals of the island. It was the biggest story in decades.
Renamed nine times in her fifty years, the SS American Star's journey from a United States ocean liner to a Canary Island derelict is quite remarkable yet sadly quiet. Sold over and over again, plans of restoration, scrapping and conversion failing time and time again. The most exciting years for this ship only happened after she beached. If it weren't for the internet, this ship might very well have been forgotten.
1939 - 1941: SS America
Our journey begins in 1938 with the keel laying of a brand new transatlantic liner. The new ship, sponsored by Eleanor Roosevelt, would become the new flagship of the United States Lines. With cabins in Cabin, Tourist, and Third Class the ship was perfectly suited for comfortable travel. But the outbreak of US involvement World War II paused her civilian service as the US Navy was eager for a troop ship.
1941 - 1946: USS West Point
Under the command of the US Navy, the SS America receives her first name change, the USS West Point. Stripped of all luxuries and furnishings, her windows sealed shut, the vessel's capacity jumped from 1,200 passengers to over 7,000 troops. During the war years, this ship would transport nearly 350,000 troops, more than any other US navy troopship. At one point they were about to stuff over 9,000 people into the ship for a single voyage.
1946 - 1964: SS America's Glory Years
Restoring the ship and her name for civilian travel in 1946 kicked off the glory years. 1952 christened the SS United States as the new flagship of the United States Line. Together the two served as running mates making crossing after crossing. Yet their days as queens of the sea were limited as the rise of air travel made great ocean liners endangered. It would only be a matter of time now.
1964 - 1987: SS Australis
While the glory days of American transatlantic travel were long behind her, a new market in Australia loomed just over the horizon. Ever since the war, immigration from Europe to Australia exploded. In 1964, the Chandris Cruise Line purchased the twenty-year-old SS America to close this market gap. Renamed SS Australis and refitted to hold 2,200+ passengers, the ship made her first voyage in 1965 from Piraeus to New Zealand. For the next fourteen years, she would sail the entire eastern hemisphere as an immigrant carrier and cruise ship. Ultimately her age would force her retirement in 1987.
June - August 1978: SS America
After spending two years laid up in New Zealand, Ventures Cruises purchased the Australis in 1978. Renamed back to America to market her heritage, the line was eager to get a return investment. A slapped together refit, unfinished by the time of her first cruise in June 1978, proved disastrous. Filthy and plagued with mechanical problems the passengers mutinied and the cruise was canceled twice in one day before the ship even left New York Harbor.
In July, a five-day cruise to Nova Scotia also failed. Over $2 million in claims from passengers and a pitiful 6/100 rating from the US Health Dept. ended her life in Ventures Cruises. The ship was impounded later that month for defaulting on debts and ordered sold at auction.
1978 - 1980: SS Italis
Chandris Cruise Line repurchased this trouble vessel in 1978, renaming her SS Italis. Initiating an ambitious plan to modernize the appearance ship, the forward funnel was lopped off at the base and some streamlining attachments were installed over the bridge.
For a year, Chandris operated the ship as a floating hotel until she was chartered for several events. She cruised across the southern Mediterranean Sea for several months before getting laid up in 1980. Never again would she sail the seas with passengers on board.
1980 - 1984: SS Noga
1980 brought a new name and new owner. Swiss-based, Intercommerce purchased the ship with the intention of converting it into something. Plans from luxury hotel to prison ship were debated but nothing ever developed passed early planning stages. While her new name was painted on her stern, the ship remained unchanged from her second Chandris career. For the next four years, the ship would ship and rot as her owners debated its fate. Finally, they decided the best action would be to sell it.
1984 - 1993: SS Alferdoss
Ten years of uncertainty would begin with the sale of the SS Noga to Silver Moon Ferries. Renamed Alferdoss, her new owners envisioned a floating luxury hotel in Tripoli, Lebanon. Civil War quickly shattered that dream.
Decay accelerated with cracks and leaks. Her interior, which remained largely unchanged since the 1930s, began to show signs of mold and humidity caused many fittings to collapse. In 1988, a burst bilge pipe nearly sank the ship and the subsequent damage left little hope for the ship's hotel conversion. Silver Moon Ferries began seeking bids for scrapping. She was in fact sold for scrap in 1989 but the scrappers defaulted on sale payments after just a few months so the ship was never torn apart. The Alferdoss remained in this sad condition until 1993.
1993 - 1995: SS American Star
A rather determined Thailand company made a surprise offer on the SS Alferdoss for $2 million. Their mission was to return a vessel to its original 1940s glory and use her a permanent luxury hotel in Thailand. As the ship's interior still remained unaltered from those days, it was the perfect choice for this project. Renamed SS American Star, she was prepped for towing to Thailand.
Disaster struck during the journey. Storms and heavy seas kept snapped the SS American Star's tow lines. The first time, the towers were able to recapture the ship but the second time was terminal. The vessel ran aground on the rocky shore of Fuerteventura Island. The angle and conditions of the beaching rendered salvage impossible and the ship was declared a total loss by the insurance company.
1995 - 2006: Ten Year Wreck
It was the biggest news story on Fuerteventura Island, the beaching of the SS American Star, former luxury ocean liner, and cruise ship. Within 48 hours of the grounding, the relentless pounding of the waves had snapped the ship clean in two. The waves weren't the only enemy to the once mighty liner now, the locals pillaged the wreck for anything and everything they could grab. Her once magnificent and untouched interiors stripped to the bare metal and then some.
The stern section was the first to fall victim. In less than a year, the sea ripped the stern apart until it was just a pile of twisted steel. The bow section, however, would endure for ten years. In that time it gathered quite the cult following on the internet. Avid fans would visit the ship annually to take pictures and document the slow destruction of the ship.
- S.S. AMERICA, .... The story of the American Luxury liner America, the passengers and crew who saile
One of America's last great ocean liners, the S.S. America and S.S United States were the 'All American' team on the North Atlantic in the 1950's and 60's.