Jacksonville, Florida, native James Weldon Johnson composed his tribute to his adopted New York City in a surprising Petrarchan sonnet.
Modernism represents a wave of cultural revolutions that propagated through society during the 20th century; it toppled traditions and encouraged innovation in all disciplines, especially literature.
Shel Silverstein was blessed with many talents. Read on to know more about this great American personality.
Several authors have written prequels, sequels, and creative retellings of the classic novel Jane Eyre. If you love the original novel, these books may offer a new spin or perspective on your favorite characters.
Where I'm From is a poem all about identity and the places and things of memory that make us what we are. From clothespins to those special moments that create our uniqueness and George Lyon's.
A classic fairy tale takes on a whole new perspective in Anne Sexton’s poem Cinderella. Sexton’s perspective on the acclaimed childhood story is fairly different than what popular culture and the media wishes to present.
"A Girl's Garden" is a beautiful and complex poem by the late Robert Frost that emphasizes the value of lessons learned through experience.
D. H. Lawrence's "Last Lesson of the Afternoon" features a teacher who dramatizes the uninspired performance of his lackluster students.
The canines in this story reflect their masters innate characteristics and also foreshadow events about to unfold.
An analysis of Aphra Behn's Oroonoko: The Royal Slave and the anti-slavery narrative within the novel. Aphra Behn (1640-1689) wrote the novel Oroonoko in 1688 and based it on her trip to what many researchers believe is Surinam...
When Elizabeth Jennings suffered from mental illness she still managed to write poems about her experiences. This poem takes the reader into the mind of a speaker, fraught with tensions and doubts.
Celtic mythology is rich with symbolism of life, death and rebirth, replete with the magic of nature and the ancient world. This article outlines some of the most famous stories from Celtic mythology, in Celtic Ireland and Britain.
Two brothers are walking through a field of snow. An innocent walk turns into a serious question and answer session when they notice snow angels. Have the angels been shot? Were they trespassing?
Frost's Fire and Ice could have been inspired by Dante's Inferno, Canto 32, where in a fiery hell sinners are up to their necks in a lake of ice. Conversely, a chat with astronomer Harlow Shapley about the end of the world may have spurred Frost to write this compact rhyming classic. Desire or hate?
An analysis of Jane Eyre, the most famous of Bronte's novels and heroines, as well as the other protagonists of her lesser-known works.
Painful yet hilarious, this book is one of the most brutally honest and necessary books of our time, about mental disorders, hope, and humor, even when you sometimes have to ride the spiral downward.
Get to know The Wife of Bath, one of the pilgrims in the Canterbury Tales. She is a strong willed woman, married five times and on the look out for number six! Never dull, she wants equality with men.
A Christmas poem by England's Great Nature Poet, William Wordsworth. The poem is about an old Christmas Eve custom of village musicians visiting homes in the Parish to entertain and offer good wishes
A Wrinkle in Time is for anyone who ever wondered about other planets or time travel, or any person who was ever an awkward child, wishing their life was made for more than just fitting in.
Oprah Winfrey has been known for choosing some of the best and most widely read books. I decided to jump on the bandwagon and join her bookclub just to see what it is all about.
Tzvetan Todorov is a literary critic who developed a theory for defining the structural parameters of "the fantastic," his own take on a literary genre which has little to do with fantasy.
Ok, the wet shirt scene made women swoon, but that's not the only reason. What makes this man the heartthrob of millions of women and the grudging hero of the many men whose significant other made them watch or read it? Could it be that the...
In marriage sonnet 15, the speaker employs the Time metaphor again to persuade the young man that his only hope for deliverance from decrepitude is to produce offspring.
Review several complex characters to uncover the true monster in the popular gothic novel Flowers in the Attic!
Junkyards is a short poem that focuses on things we humans throw away, perfectly good things that end up in rust and decay because we think they're of no further use. It's kind of sad and so wasteful?
'Come live with me and by my love' is the first line of one of the most loved pastoral poems of all time. A 16th-century address to a sweetheart and entreaty to join the speaker in a country idyll.
A look at the famous war book Going After Cacciato by Tim Obrien. It is a book about heroism, confusion of war, and what happens to people in war situations. It is a gripping story of what happens to our heroes.
Erotic fantasy or religious experience? Emily Dickinson was known as the virgin recluse but Wild Nights suggests that her passions ran deep and her yearnings for release were genuine enough. A poem about a liaison with God or a relationship with someone she knew? Ambiguous and metaphorical.
Musashi Miyamoto is a Samurai(Ronin) who knows no equal. A master of swordsmanship among various other weapons, he lived life by his own laws. Nearing the end of his life Musashi wrote two masterpieces, containing all his wisdom and years. The Dokkodo and Go Rin No Sho. The Dokkodo is an interesting read as it..
Rabindranath Tagore's novels are a great study into deep human psyche and conflict of personal human relationships. Chokher Bali is one such great novel by Tagore.
Prayer Before Birth is a poem Louis MacNeice wrote during World War Two. He was living in London and German rocket bombs were landing. The speaker in the poem is an unborn child, destined to be born into a violent, disturbed world. A powerful monologue addressed to God and humanity.
John Reed's "Operating Room" is based on his real-life experiences. A poem with atmosphere and strong imagery, it was written in 1917 but still has a modern edge. Contains similes and metaphors.
Langston Hughes is writing a poem of someone who feels that America does not live up to what it should be. The tone is angry and resentful.
Pen names, or pseudonyms, have been used throughout history for various reasons. I use the pseudonym Cydro, although I can't cite a reason for source. Check out these authors that were a lot more successful than I am, and the reason they chose their pen names:
The speaker in Barrett Browning's Sonnet 14 insists that her paramour love her only for the sake of love and not for any qualities that she possesses, such as her smile or the way she speaks.
Country Lovers (1975) is a story of forbidden love between a black woman—Thebedi and Paulus, the son of her white masters. It was a story of a love that bore out of childhood romance that blossomed to adulthood until the harmless flirtation lead to sexual curiosity.This essay uses a historical approach in criticizing and analyzing the theme of the story.
Seamus Heaney's Follower is a poem about his father, a man who worked the land. With full and slant rhyme, assonance and alliteration, it works its magic on the reader as the horses plough the furrow.
Heathcliff may be painted as a black villain but Bronte, through genius storytelling, shows up the real villains in a Gothic tale teaming with thoughtless and cruel characters.
Shylock has been considered one of Shakespeare's most memorable villains; however, the real evil is in his portrayal. Whether it was intentional or not, antisemitism is not easy to miss in this play.
Poetry analysis of Donne's "Goe and catch...", pointing out the central symbols, imagery and theme which make it a representative metaphysical poem.
Edgar Lee Master’s Innovative, or American, sonnet reveals a troubled soul who leaves with world with the words of Jesus flickering before her eyes.
William Shakespeare’s “Twelfth Night” was written as a fictional play, but the characters and situations of the play offer keen observations of 16th century life. Desire is an emotion experienced by all people. Shakespeare presents the desires of the multiple characters in “Twelfth Night” to emphasize the societal limitations of the characters according to gender, social class, and birthright.
Someone recommends a book which you grab off Amazon and kick back with expectations of your socks being knocked off. Somehow your socks stay on and the book gathers dust. What is great literature?
A comparison between Shakespeare's sonnet 130, "My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun" and Lord Byron's sonnet "She walks in beauty, like the night" and their theme of courtly love.
The pagan tribes who authored the epic Beowulf and the characters within the story have a unique culture. There are four major parts of Anglo Saxon and Germanic culture that is vital to understanding Beowulf. Anyone looking to analyze the epic must first understand Bards, paganism, the warrior king culture and Anglo Saxon Christianization to form a complete analysis of Beowulf.
Explores and analyzes how Laura Wingfield's nature is reflected in objects that are as unique as she is.
The Adventure of the Greek Interpreter is a short Sherlock Holmes story written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. In this adventure the Sherlock Holmes reader is introduced to Mycroft, Sherlock's brother.
How to Understand Shakespeare gives tips on getting to grips with the language, style and form of Shakespeare's plays and sonnets.
Sylvia Plath's satirical and sharp take on the social conventions that condition people to the 'market' that is marriage. Women are viewed as a product, objectified by men in stiff black suits.
Sonnet 127 begins the "Dark Lady" series of the Shakespeare sonnets. The speaker begins by railing against artificial beauty.
Shylock, in Shakespeare's The Merchant of Venice, embodies emotion unfettered by moral or intellectual constraints. Shylocks' speech at the beginning of act four, scene one distances him from the rest of society and perpetuates his ostracism as his actions validate Antonio's attacks upon his character and depict him as a creature without morals but only emotion, and as an entity of pure evil when, despite the fact he realizes his own flaws in logic and all appeal to his compassion and mercy, he
Although Jay Gatsby is most commonly associated with nostalgia, all the major male characters in The Great Gatsby demonstrate longing for the past. Each indulges in nostalgia at some level and each is driven at least partly by futile longing for the past. Fitzgerald uses the obsession with the past which these men share to represent the nostalgic culture of America during the 1920s.
A short, poignant poem from Jane Kenyon, The Blue Bowl is about the burial of a cat and the emotional reaction to the world following the loss of a beloved pet. A poem to meditate on in the quiet, away from the bustling restlessness of modern life.
An all-encompassing list of 101 (plus a few) books set in France, to read if you're planning a holiday, remembering one, or just because you want to. All tastes provided for!
The epitaph “Minerva Jones” is the first in a series of five interrelated poems: “'Indignation' Jones,” “Doctor Meyers,” “Mrs. Meyers,” and “'Butch' Weldy.”
A look at two of fiction's greatest wizards. Gandalf and Saruman were central characters to Tolkien's Lord of the Rings saga.
A sonnet that isn't a sonnet, with medieval tights. Collins, by mocking the old traditional forms of sonnet-making, Petrarchan and Shakespearean for example, gives the modern reader full access.
John Keats' poem, "In a drear-nighted December," dramatizes the constancy of things in nature—a tree and a brook—while showing how different the human heart behaves.
Joseph Conrad was a famous novelist in the English literature. His famous novel “Heart of Darkness” (1902) is the exploration of complex human nature as well as the relevant matter of colonialism.
Creative writing coach and author J. J. Murray examines T. S. Eliot’s “Objective Correlative,” touting its use for improving every kind of creative writing.
Sara grew up with an embarrassingly eccentric grandmother named Mags and her hippie friends. But death brings Sara back to a small town to learn about the woman she hardly knew and her lost love.
An unusual little poem in which a jar on a hill in Tennessee turns the wilderness round and round. The theme is power and order out of chaos.But where does the anecdote take the reader? Full analysis.
There are more villains than Heathcliff in a tale that uncovers the vagaries of human nature and reveals telling truths.
Bernard Shaw should be a required reading in any British Literature course. He was an interesting individual with messages that are still pertinent today. Shaw was obsessed with the inequalities of society which led to his interest in socialism,...
Larkin's 'atheist poem' in which he explores the spiritual significance of the church, despite the decline of religious ritual in the western world. Contains dry wit and keen perception.
Carl Sandburg, inspired by a book of Japanese haiku, wrote this little poem whilst passing near Chicago harbor. Fog is one of his best-known short poems. It captures the silent mystery of the cat.
Scout has many experiences with loss of innocence throughout Harper Lee's novel To Kill a Mockingbird and learns many lessons along the way.
How a book is printed and distributed can affect its sales, marketability and usability. Discover the most common types of book binding, as well as pros and cons of each for self publishing.
What is poetic license? Poetic license is a literary term that is actually much more easy to understand than you may realize. Here is a definition with examples to help.
Robert Louis Stevenson's classic "The Strange Case of Dr. Jekykll and Mr. Hyde" presents the theme of divided self while offering insight into Victorian England. Jekyll’s personal battle with his inner demons creates a literal division of self that would have been empathized by society of the period. There were many contributing factors to this division of society and personality. The rise of the Industrial age provided both economic wealth and poverty. The battle between the social classes
Sylvia Plath's The Night Dancers contains some of the most powerful lines of poetry. A line by line analysis and summary of the poem- written only months before her death.
Isobel Dixon's Plenty is a poem that contrasts childhood past and adult present; relative poverty with that of comfort and plenty. Central to the theme is the mother, struggling to cope. Simile, hyperbole, assonance and other devices all help make this a moving poem about family memories and love.
Agatha Christie remains one of the most popular and famous of mystery writers. She often used poison to dispatch her victims. This article covers some of the common, and readily available, poisons she used, plus also the not-so common poisons.
Sonnet 73 is a beautiful and unusual love poem. An extended metaphor featuring trees, birds, the sun - and how, as humans age, they reflect the passing of seasonal time.
An overview of Sir Walter Raleigh's "The Nymph's Reply to the Shepherd" and an analysis of the recurring motifs of mortality, lack of reasoning, love versus lust, and time.
Did Shakespeare invent new words for the English language? Did he coin new phrases which lasted into modern English? Many estimates floating around the internet claim that Shakespeare created as many as 20000 new words, which seems highly improbable. Other estimates, like 1000 to 2000 words, may be closer to the truth but still an exaggeration even for the greatest writer of English . This page explores why these figures may be more legend than fact by using historical and literary analysis.
The Adventure of the Dancing Men is a famous short Sherlock Holmes story from Sir Arthur Conan Doyle that sees the consulting detective having to decipher a code that looks like a child's drawing.
A traditional fourteen line sonnet full of texture and unusual rhythms. Hopkins the religious poet seeks to express his love of the divine in nature, contrasting the effects humans have on the world.
Explores variations on the popular fairy tale Beauty and the Beast. Explores the origins of the classic story most people are familiar with, as well as version found in Greek mythology, cultures such as Scandinavia, and the use of the tale as a literary theme.
The English Romantic poets are artists of a movement that spread out from England, across Europe and to America. Influenced by radical ideas and revolutions, their lives are as poetic as their words.
A thesis paper discussing the character of Mr. Martin in James Thuber's short story, "The Catbird Seat." The hub contains an outline as well as the paper.
Virginia Woolf is well known for her stream of consciousness approach, which allows her to delve into the minds and feelings of her characters in an intimate way. The point of view shifts rapidly from one character to another.
A critical analysis of gender roles in marriage in the poetry of Emily Dickinson. An in depth look at "I gave myself to Him" and "Title Divine is Mine" and the life of Emily Dickinson.
Shakespeare sonnet #18, “Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer’s Day,” is one of the bard’s most widely anthologized, and most widely misunderstood, sonnets. Hint: there is no person in this poem.
Quite often it’s the not so life-threatening confrontation with life that we feel most threatened by. The standard of human fear is thus without definition. Everyone lays claim to a different host of particular sensitivities. We all have them,...
Mark Doty was out shopping when he came across a fresh fish display and was struck by the elegance of the mackerel. His poem explores individuality, grief and the mystery of the common good.
Only five lines long, this war poem is based on Jarrell's own experiences with bomber aircraft. The turret gunner was hunched upside-down in the belly of the airplane, vulnerable to enemy fire.
Train travel with poems (mine and others') describing this mode of transport, reflecting my own experiences. Steam trains, electric trains, including travelling to school, Flying Scotsman, Mallard
What if you're a poet in love? A look at some of the more unusual poems by famous and unknown poets. Here is passion, sex and romance, with some weird twists.
Contrasting and comparing Frankenstein and Metamorphosis, I analyse the concept of the monstrous shown in the texts.
A Case of Identity is one of the least known Sherlock Holmes stories, and is often overlooked in the original Sir Arthur Conan Doyle canon. Ultimately the case is one of a missing fiance.
In Robert Herrick's "To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time," the speaker's carpe diem agenda is to command young unmarried women to hurry up and marry before they become old and haggard.
This article explores the arguments for and against the idea that Charles Bukowski was a misogynist. It includes an assessment of Bukowski's background, criticism of his novel, Women, and the infamous kicking incident filmed during a Barbet Schroeder interview.
In the ancient tale of Gilgamesh women represent not only great wisdom and power but also temptation and ruin.
The Oven Bird, an unusual sonnet, is more than a mere song from a bird - it is a poem about the world of words the poet himself creates, despite the diminished state of language,time and life itself.
Stephen King, a master of horror, and one of my favorite entertainers. A look at the life and work of the great horror master, Stephen King.
Those who are not able to express themselves any other way have used symbolism in literature throughout time as a way of voicing hidden meanings and undeveloped feelings. It is used to compel a reader to think beyond the boundaries of normal thought...
A sonnet that combines Greek mythology and world events, resulting in a powerful poem, a metaphor for the violence inherent in the cyclic nature of human history, as seen by the mystic Yeats.
The Adventure of the Solitary Cyclist is a story that sees Sherlock Holmes investigate what appears to be a case of stalking by an unknown cyclist, but develops into a case of abduction.
Hassan is an important character within the novel "The Kite Runner" and below is the general outline of his character. Being the loyal friend of Amir (the protagonist and narrator of the story), and having powerful history with his family, he is...
An allegorical poem, "I died for beauty but was scarce" focuses on two people in the afterlife, one who died for beauty and one for truth. Emily Dickinson's fascination with life after death explored.
How could a reclusive person like Emily Bronte have created the complicated novel Wuthering Heights, a tale of twisted personal dynamics, passionate romance, and dysfunctional relationships.
In The Real Thing, written by Henry James, artifice, regarding art, is a glorified representation of reality and, therefore, possesses a greater quality of realism to it than reality itself. James, here, alludes to the factor of malleability in many separate occasions throughout the piece. Perhaps this quality is more important than a certain graceful stagnancy which permeates this short story. It can be thought, also, that perhaps James uses his own writing to portray this view of artifice vers
Eleanor Oliphant, lonely and literally scarred by the past, is desperate to connect with someone. A woman who scorns the conventions of polite society,” Eleanor is hilarious, tragic, and triumphant.
The Adventure of the Empty House was effectively the return of Sherlock Holmes. Ten years after the Final Problem, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle would resurrect Holmes, enabling the solving of more cases.
William Carlos Williams wanted to capture the simple moments in daily life, using ordinary words in extraordinary ways. This Is Just To Say is an apology note to his wife and contains cold plums.
A scholarly study of Jean Rhys' short story "The Day they Burned the Books" with a reader-response. Explores topics in multicultural literature such as values, identity, otherness, and heritage.
The works of modern and post-modern authors, such as Alice Munro and Anne Carson, may share common themes with Victorian and Romantic authors, such as Emily Bronte and Mary Wollstonecraft, but the language of the pieces are quite different. As time passes literature reflects this phenomenon in many ways. Themes and characters shift to reflect the period. Attitudes and literary devices provide perspective on writer’s emotional state often as a result of outside influences. Format may move from
The main themes of Hate v Love, Nature v Nurture and Good v Evil in the novel Frankenstein by Mary Shelley.
The use of Sylvia as the protagonist gave the story a real quality to it. The world as seen through the eyes of a pre-teen, streetsmart kid, and the realization that there was still a lot to learn in an unfair world.
Nina is a former librarian who adores books and is searching for a way to unite readers with their perfect book. So she leaves the big city for a small town in Scotland, with a van of books to sell.
Though Dante Alighieri’s Divine Comedy is universally thought to be about the repercussions of sin and virtue, there are many additional lessons and statements laced into its verses. According to Barbara Reynolds, “It was not [Dante’s]...
This hub takes a look into the symbolism of Lorraine Hansberry's classic play A Raisin in the Sun. There is a lot of symbolism in the play, which is a testament to Lorraine Hansberry's skill as a playwright.
Discover the masterful story telling in Jules Verne's classic, The Mysterious Island. This review also covers the parallels and differences between the book and the hit television series, LOST.
Paul Laurence Dunbar is an incredibly talented writer and provided hope to African-Americans in his time. "Douglass" is one of his most important works.
The Adventure of the Speckled Band is a Sherlock Holmes short story written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. The Speckled Band tells of murder most foul, undertaken by an evil villain.
Adult ignorance of a child's literal mind often causes children to lose self-esteem. Adults become entangled in their metaphors and do not realize that those metaphors need to be interpreted.
An Analysis of Charlotte Gilman's The Yellow Wallpaper that can be used to better understand the underlying themes in the book.
Hansel and Gretchen (or Gretel) is well known story with very rich smbolism and several possible interpretations. Let's summarize it and check some of its deeper truths.
The quintessential American poet of the 20th century is, of course, Robert Frost. What appears to be the simple and honest poetry of an American poet, is, but also is full of profound meaning for life, both figuratively and literally. He saw the...
Could Alice Walker be using Dee as a way to look back at her own transformation and education? Summary and analysis of "Everyday Use."
Many people believe that the character of Sherlock Holmes was based on one of Doyle's medical teacher's Doctor Joseph Bell. Bell was a lecturer at the University of Edinburgh and was a student of observation and deduction. To illustrate this, he would often pick a stranger and, by observing him, deduce his occupation and recent activities. Doctor Watson was based on Doyle, himself.
Richard Wilbur's poem concentrates on the nature of change and the changes in nature. But is it the beauty that is transformed or the changes themselves that are beautiful? Read on for full analysis.
Sherlock Holmes and Dr John Watson are two of the most famous characters from English Literature. The detective and his companion would feature is 60 stories written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.
An in-depth article on the question regarding who is the hero of Milton's "Paradise Lost." The article takes into account multiple critical approaches to reach a final verdict.
In this article I’ll be introducing a brief overview of the concept of the Grotesque in literature. By the end of this article, you should be able to recognize what qualities make something grotesque.
Irish fairy tales and folklore are populated with a wonderful collection of magical creatures and supernatural beings. Leprechauns are so famous they can sell breakfast cereal, and many people have heard the legend of the Banshee—but what about...
A mother deer is knocked over and killed on the road but when another driver stops to investigate he discovers this deer is pregnant, the calf warm inside. What does he do? The poem will reveal all?
The curious history behind the popular nursery rhyme sing a song of sixpence takes us to Tudor times of Henry VIII to the Pirates of the Caribbean via the splendours of gastronomy.
Dystopian literature & films like Divergent & The Hunger games were created under the influence of George Orwell and Fritz Lang. This article analyses their most profound texts '1984' and 'Metropolis'
The speaker in Frost's "A Prayer in Spring" is saying an uncomplicated prayer focusing on love and gratitude that is traditionally on display during the season of Thanksgiving.
Bluebeard, which came out in 1987, was one of Vonnegut's last proper novels. Though it is different in style than his earlier works, it is a very rewarding novel. Kurt Vonnegut, one of the most prolific if not best American writers of the second...
Sherlock Holmes is one of English literature's most famous and enduring characters; a Scandal in Bohemia was the first of the short stories to feature the consulting detective.
William Shakespeare contributed many phrases to common English, from the famous "To be, or not to be" to a few lesser known, but still commonly used, phrases in everyday English.
The anonymous English poem “Weep You No More, Sad Fountains” provides rich imagery, melancholy metaphors, and insight into the Elizabethan period. Poetry lovers are still enjoying the work today.
In accordance with the poem’s stated purpose, to “assert Eternal Providence, / And justifie the wayes of God to men” (25-6), the God of Milton’s Paradise Lost spends a lot of time explaining in detail the workings of his own “Mercy and...
Sexton's sarcastic tone relies on the use of simile, symbolism, and hyperbole to relate the anonymous narrator's feelings through constant interjections within the context. The subject, Cinderella, is represented as a, naïve, out of touch; spoiled brat. In the poem, the speaker relates that Cinderella sleeps on a "sooty hearth," and "walked around looking like Al Jolson" (32). At first, the reader might feel sorry for her, but the reality is that she made her bed by choosing to believe in fairyt
This beautiful, evocative, lyric poem, Ode to Autumn, was the last poem written by the English Poet Keats; circumstances later forced him to give up the life of a poet to earn a living.
Women’s literature presents a unique view into the female American experience. America experienced many changes following the Civil War. The country was in a period of transformation, including political, economic, social, and literary shifts. As the country emerged into the Industrial Revolution female authors were forging a place for themselves in literary cannon. The feminist movement called into question the role of women in society and female authors responded by creating works presenting
Anne Sexton's poetry is unique in that it confronts mental illness head on, gives direct access to the heart and soul of a troubled mother, artist and poet. 'I hold back nothing,' she wrote. So true.
In addition to the body text, there are several parts of a book which can be included to provide readers with background information or helpful resources. Required and optional parts are explained.
Marge Piercy's feminist poem belittles the stereotype of the perfect woman, suggesting that the patterns of behavior and body image touted by society cause little girls to kill themselves . . .
Okay, class, put down your wands! Let's have a little Latin language lesson so we can better understand Harry Potter.
Cry, the Peacock is the first published novel of Anita Desai. It reveals the story of a married woman named Maya. The novel picturises the neurotic condition of Maya.
What's the difference between the literary movements of realism and naturalism? How are realism and naturalism alike?
The word epic has been derived a Greek word epikos, which means a word, song or speech. An epic is well-defined as a long story in verse dwelling upon an important theme in a most elegant style and language.
An overview of classical Japanese poetry waka and a short introduction to haiku, senryu, haiga and tanka.
A Vietnam veteran, Yusef Komunyakaa faces his past whilst visiting the Vietnam War Memorial in Washington DC. With strong images and figurative language this poem explores reality versus memory.
Sylvia Plath has been sadly memorialized by her suicide more than her body of work. What people seem to miss is that Plath changed an entire hemisphere of readers and writers, influencing many of the top thinkers today. What is in the history of this woman, so understood for her mental instability and talent for writing?
An analysis of Thomas Hobbes' Leviathan, Chapter 13: Of the Natural Condition of Mankind as Concerning Their Felicity and Misery, and the theme of equality for body and mind, thus equality by nature.
Young is Anne Sexton's early look back to her own adolescence, a time when her relationship with parents and the wider world was changing. Between childhood and adulthood; figuratively imagined.
All of you young people who served in the war. You are a lost generation.... You have no respect for anything. You drink yourselves to death – Gertrude Stein
Despite being a late starter, Charles Bukowski had many lovers in middle life. He wrote about his women extensively in his poems and fiction, often with humor. This article takes a look at the wives and girlfriends of Charles Bukowski.
James Joyce changed the face of modern fiction with his stream of consciousness writing style but did you know he was directly influenced by a little known French writer, Edouard Dujardin?
An analysis of the imagery used in Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.'s most famous speech, "I Have a Dream" and why it was so effective.
In sonnet 75 from Edmund Spenser's Amoretti, the speaker addresses indirectly his beloved, attempting to convince her that their love will live eternally.
Springtime makes us all act a bit silly. Reciting rhymes and poems seems to come naturally. Here are some old favorites. Many are well known, but I hope you discover some that are new to you.
A clear elaboration of the most misunderstood poem "Kubla Khan", which shows how Coleridge's poem is neither a fragment, not incoherent but a direct statement of his poetic theory.
The Adventure of the Final Problem was penned by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle to the the final problem faced by Sherlock Holmes. Taking down the gang of Professor Moriarty could have some deadly results.
Pablo Neruda was a great poet. Did you read his poetry? Here is a list of 5 most famous Neruda’s poems you will enjoy reading.
Choose Life The poem “Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night”, by Dylan Thomas is a son’s plea to a dying father. His purpose is to show his father that all men face the same end, but they fight for life, nonetheless. “Old age...
William Carlos Williams worked out of the American idiom, choosing local subjects, looking for new and fresh ways to use language. To A Poor Old Woman is about solace and a bag of tasty plums.
Saint Teresa of Ávila wrote many poems dramatizing her mystical visions. Her most famous poem was immortalized in stone by sculptor Gianlorenzo Bernini.
"London Snow" by Robert Bridges creates an image of the transformational enchantment of snowfall in London; which at the time the poem was created, was noisy, crowded, and heavily polluted
Full analysis of Those Winter Sundays, a short, atmospheric poem in which a child looks back in time to cold winter Sunday mornings and the dutiful acts of a hard working father.
A discussion based on the 2014 Leaving Certificate English Paper, outlining how W. B. Yeats uses evocative language to create poetry that includes both personal reflection and public commentary.
Shakespeare's sonnet 60 is all about cruel Time and its effect on beauty. Full text with summary and in depth analysis - rhyme, meter (metre), metaphor, symbol, biblical and mythological allusions.
William Shakespeare's sonnet 144 brings together two loves: a man right fair and a woman coloured ill, making this a sonnet of the triangular love affair. Agony in ecstasy, heaven in hell, doubt.
When closely analyzed, many characters in Lewis Carroll's Alice in Wonderland exhibit mental illnesses. Was this a conscious decision? If so, why did Carroll do this? Continue reading to find out!
Michael Pollan’s Botany of Desire, A book claiming to be a plant’s-eye view of the world, covers four major, overarching human desires. In Pollan’s chapter focused on intoxication, he describes the ways in which marijuana has evolved to become much more intoxicating than could ever have been possible without humanity. I have had no personal experience with marijuana or any other consciousness-altering drugs and, thus, will be viewing Pollan’s conclusions from the standpoint of one who does not p
One of Robert Lowell's best known confessional poems, Skunk Hour depicts modern life on Nautilus Island, Maine, and reveals the sad secret of one not right in the mind. An influential poem.
Despite claims to the contrary, E. E. Cummings did not change his name to "e. e. cummings" by law; he actually remained rather conventional in his values despite his innovative poetry style.
Greed, material wealth, obsession with consumer goods - Humanity versus Nature - Wordsworth's sonnet still resonates today. A summary and close analysis of this classic English poem.
The Adventure of the Copper Beeches is a Sherlock Holmes story written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. The story deals with a client taking up a new job at a house called the Copper Beeches.
The basic aspects and definition of autobiography including common characteristics such as perspective, identity, and introspection.
The Five Orange Pips is a Sherlock Holmes case that sees the consulting detective dealing with the seemingly innocuous problem of orange pips being delivered in the mail.
Anne Sexton's poem Ringing of Bells is based on her personal experience of being a mental institution patient. It's a kind of monologue in which the poet tries to make sense of a useless therapy?
A mother to daughter poem, about letting go, with a mythological twist. When Demeter lost her daughter Persephone to Hades in his underworld, the mother wrote a prayer.
Carol Ann Duffy is the first female Poet Laureate ever in the United Kingdom. Her collection, The Feminine Gospels is about to go on the national A Level syllabus for 2013. As The World's Wife collection takes a backseat, here is an analysis of the poem History - from the Feminine Gospels (2002). It is about the plight of an elderly woman as she nears death alone at home.
Charles Bukowski was a prolific writer who produced a lot of poetry books in his lifetime (there are over sixty books currently in publication at the last count). It wasn't easy to choose, but here are what I believe to be the 5 best Charles Bukowski poetry books.
Louise Erdrich's poem is based on the experiences of many Indian children who were taken from their tribal homes and 'educated' in boarding schools. They were not allowed to speak their native language, grow long hair or make contact with family. A poem about identity, roots and state oppression.
I loved the book The Kite Runner by Khaled Hosseini, and found many funny, insightful, and inspirational quotes while reading, which I share with you here (with page numbers).
Shelley, the English Romantic, wrote "Hymn To Intellectual Beauty" in 1816, inspired by his visit to Lake Geneva. It's an attempt to capture the elusive Spirit of Beauty, the unseen mysterious Power.