The ancient Greek philosopher and scientist Aristotle touched upon nearly every area of the physical world, from biology to astronomy. In the field of human endeavor, his interests and writing varied from ethics to political science.
Plato has been hailed as one of the most dazzling writers in the Western literary tradition and one of the most influential authors in the history of philosophy. In ancient Athens, Plato established the Academy, the first school of higher education in the Western world.
The ancient philosopher Socrates lived in Athens during the Golden Age of Athens and is credited with laying the philosophical foundations of Western culture. He is known as the “father of Western philosophy” for his contributions.
While a challenging field to get into, phenomenology may offer some insights into the mysterious realm of consciousness.
In Aristotle’s words, "whether we like it or not we have to philosophize. Even if we don’t want to philosophize, we are still philosophizing. Either way, philosophy exists." In this article, we'll take a look at the problem of existence in philosophy.
Panpsychism, the view that mind is a fundamental component of all reality, is being granted renewed consideration in light of the persisting inability of materialism to account for the emergence of mind from matter.
This article explores the centuries of dialogic perspectives on Kingship from Plato, Aristotle, and Rushid to Bossuet, Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau. Brandon Riederer is an Adjunct Instructor of English at Bryant & Stratton College. He has a M.A. in English from National University.
Life is impossible without emotion. It allows us to express and helps us to enjoy the good times and cope with the bad times, but when our emotions are controlled, expression, psychology, and real healing are thrown out the window. It is a danger, because it prevents reflection and empathy.
Circular reasoning is a logical fallacy that starts and ends with the same thing. Religious and political groups use this strategy frequently, and no one walks away with a better understanding. It is simply a means of shutting down conversation and lacks a desire to truly prove anything.
Many skeptics believe spirituality is merely based on imagination. They fail to realize that spirituality at its deepest and most useful level is based on science. The differences between religions arise out of the lack of understanding the differing metaphors used by each religion.
Blanket judgment and stereotyping lead to poor, unhealthy, and even untrue views of the world around us. The way we see other races, sexes, cultures, and religions is influenced heavily by these awful judgments, and we need to put an end to this horrible way of thinking.
Philosophers over the centuries have debated on the concept of whether we have free will or not and fall into one of three categories of determinism, libertarianism, or compatibilism to argue their position whether we have free will or free action or none at all.
Sci-fI has the power to act as a technological lighthouse, illuminating the rocky waters we must avoid – these being the bleak futures depicted in movies. In this, I see Sci-fi as having an entrenched sense of hope hidden behind this pessimism and it is this hope that can stimulate change.
Desire has long been the downfall of many a good man. How did the wise men of old tackle it to achieve fulfillment?
Deception is one of if not the most prevalent tool for maneuvering throughout society. Deception comes in a plethora of forms but is commonly looked down upon as immoral. We should never lie or deceive at all says philosophers like Kant, but I think deception is as a tool is not inherently immoral.
To most people, the idea of an eternal afterlife in paradise seems incredibly alluring. Who wouldn't want to live forever in bliss? Well, it turns out there are some compelling arguments for why an eternal afterlife, usually the Christian heaven, is not so appealing.
The pervasiveness of violence as the most influential tool throughout human history is undeniable. Given this oft-repeated past, violence would seem to be a basic aspect of human nature. Why, then, is it the object of vast ethical criticism, and can an argument be made in defense of violence?
Phenomenology is an area of philosophy that is not often talked about but has some interesting things to say regarding the typical dualism of most philosophy. Unfortunately, its primary writers were largely obtuse and incomprehensible to the average person.
This article explores the fundamental relationship between power and the production of historical knowledge according to Michel Foucault and Edward Said.
This ancient and elegant spiritual path is the method for revealing the Creator inside us.
An overview of the categories which were usually identified in ancient Philosophy. Primarily it is a presentation of the ones named by Diogenes Laertius, in his work on the lives of eminent philosophers. Includes brief notes on the work of Thales, Pythagoras, Parmenides and Zeno.
Buddhism and Hinduism are the two well-known philosophies emerged in the Indian sub-continent. Spiritual inquiry in India has never been a systematic progression of a single school of thought. It tolerated experiments and new religious concepts. Nirvana was such a novel idea proposed by Buddha.
A specific view at one way an ethical dilemma can be resolved in medicine or nursing.
Is free will a good thing? In the battle between good and evil, St. Augustine, much like Socrates and Plato, argues that free choice of the will is a good thing because right action aligns a man's soul with the eternal and divine.
What is justice? Is it better to be a just man or an unjust man? In the Republic, Plato argues with Glaucon that a just man's soul is like a well-working city. It is better to be a just man because of the intrinsic and extrinsic rewards.
Which forms of nature can contemplate? What does it mean to contemplate? Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics argues that only a patient can contemplate in relation to the form of an agent which has been fully actualized.
An exploration of Laudan's argument against the demarcation problem that seeks to define a cleavage between science and pseudoscience, addressing aspects of the philosophy of language and science.