Evolution is one of the best-supported bodies of knowledge in science. Creationism, Creation Science, and Intelligent Design are religious concepts, not science.
A discussion of the freedom versus determinism paradox and an analysis of hard determinism, libertarianism, semi-compatibilism, and compatibilism. Reason as causation proves the compatibilist theory.
Is death the end of consciousness? Why are there so many documented cases in the medical field of people having out-of-body experiences and being conscious of their surroundings while near death?
Is free will a good thing? In the battle between good and evil, St. Augustine, much like Socrates and Plato, argues that free choice of the will is a good thing because right action aligns a man's soul with the eternal and divine.
A belief in a soul is quite prevalent, but it raises a lot of questions The simplest answer is that the soul does not exist; it is only an illusion and metaphor.
An exploration of Laudan's argument against the demarcation problem that seeks to define a cleavage between science and pseudoscience, addressing aspects of the philosophy of language and science.
Stephen Hawking said, “There is no God. I am an atheist.” What is the science that informs his statement, and why are his critics wrong?
One of the most challenging aspects of Plato's philosophy is his Theory of Forms. Plato’s Theory of Forms is the idea that non-physical Forms represent the most accurate version reality.
Once our present becomes the past, we no longer have the ability to change it. This is why backward time travel is doubtful. However, forward time travel can't be ruled out because it doesn’t break any laws of physics.
Albert Einstein wrote and spoke extensively about God and religion. What you think you know about his beliefs may not be true. What did he really believe and why?
False reasoning leads to false conclusions and precludes rational thinking and debate. Learn how to recognize and avoid logical fallacies and how to defend yourself against them.
This article provides an analysis of Plato's theory of the forms, as well as his ideas concerning a "perfect" society.
Which forms of nature can contemplate? What does it mean to contemplate? Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics argues that only a patient can contemplate in relation to the form of an agent which has been fully actualized.
What is justice? Is it better to be a just man or an unjust man? In the Republic, Plato argues with Glaucon that a just man's soul is like a well-working city. It is better to be a just man because of the intrinsic and extrinsic rewards.