AcademiaSTEMHumanitiesSocial SciencesAgriculture & Farming

Philosophy

Write for Us
  • How many of your thoughts are your own? Religion, culture, and politics play a strong role in the controlling of your thoughts. It's a danger, because it prevents you from truly being free.

    The Danger of Thought Control

    The Danger of Thought Control

    by Jason Reid Capp0

  • There is some debate about death and especially what happens to you if you commit suicide. The first examines the typical Christian attitude that taking ones life is a major sin and hell would be the result. The other more literal one actually...

    Eastern vs. Western Views of Death and Suicide

    Eastern vs. Western Views of Death and Suicide

    by Kori Lee F.P.10

  • Is free will a good thing? In the battle between good and evil, St. Augustine, much like Socrates and Plato, argues that free choice of the will is a good thing because right action aligns a man's soul with the eternal and divine.

    St. Augustine of Hippo on Free Choice of the Will

    St. Augustine of Hippo on Free Choice of the Will

    by JourneyHolm1

  • For roughly 16 hours a day, when we are not sleeping, we all experience consciousness; yet philosophers cannot agree on what consciousness is.

    The Philosophy of Consciousness

    The Philosophy of Consciousness

    by Rupert Taylor6

  • Natural Law is a philosophy that uses reason to analyse human nature, and works on the basis that we should abide by the laws of nature. So how does this apply to embryo research?

    How Would Natural Law Apply to Embryo Research?

    How Would Natural Law Apply to Embryo Research?

    by Bryony Harrison2

  • In his landmark book The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, Thomas Kuhn was the first scientist to articulate the what would soon become a buzzword worldwide: paradigm (pair-a-dime).

    What Is a Scientific Paradigm?

    What Is a Scientific Paradigm?

    by kestrana2

  • The ancient philosophy of forbearance in the face of adversity might be a salve that helps us deal with our topsy-turvy world.

    A Guide to Stoicism

    A Guide to Stoicism

    by Rupert Taylor0

  • Death has often been depicted as this final end that no one can escape from. From vampires, to zombies, to even angels and demons, we dream that we could live forever in some other life. But why?

    Death Personified: Why Are We so Afraid?

    Death Personified: Why Are We so Afraid?

    by Robin Goodfellow0

  • The famous “Pascal’s Wager” asks us to consider the question of the existence of God as a wager. Which is the better bet—belief or disbelief?

    Pascal’s Wager—Is It a Good Bet?

    Pascal’s Wager—Is It a Good Bet?

    by Catherine Giordano133

  • We all feel like time goes by faster as we age. There are several reasons why this happens. Our changing frame-of-reference affects our perception of time. I'll describe three causes of this phenomenon.

    The Reason Why Time Passes Faster as We Get Older

    The Reason Why Time Passes Faster as We Get Older

    by Glenn Stok37

  • An analysis of Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics in relationship to the continent and incontinent man, one who is ignorant to his actions and controlled by the appetite of his will.

    Analyzing Aristotle's Account of Incontinence

    Analyzing Aristotle's Account of Incontinence

    by JourneyHolm1

  • Which forms of nature can contemplate? What does it mean to contemplate? Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics argues that only a patient can contemplate in relation to the form of an agent which has been fully actualized.

    Aristotle's and Jonathan Lear's Account of Contemplation

    Aristotle's and Jonathan Lear's Account of Contemplation

    by JourneyHolm0

  • To most people, the idea of an eternal afterlife in paradise seems incredibly alluring. Who wouldn't want to live forever in bliss? Well, it turns out there are some compelling arguments for why an eternal afterlife, usually the Christian heaven, is not so appealing.

    Is Immortality or the Afterlife Desirable?

    Is Immortality or the Afterlife Desirable?

    by Elliot Lamb1

  • Is free will an illusion? Are we hard-wired to make the choices we do? If our thoughts and actions are, in a sense, predetermined, how does this impact our view towards those with which we disagree?

    How the Illusion of Choice Inhibits Compromise

    How the Illusion of Choice Inhibits Compromise

    by Jeffrey8

  • Circular reasoning is a logical fallacy that starts and ends with the same thing. Religious and political groups use this strategy frequently, and no one walks away with a better understanding. It is simply a means of shutting down conversation and lacks a desire to truly prove anything.

    Circular Reasoning Has Ruined Discussion

    Circular Reasoning Has Ruined Discussion

    by Jason Reid Capp4

  • Although the majority of the population agree with euthanasia, it is still illegal in the UK. There is discussion after discussion on the subject, yet changes do not seem to be made. That is because until recently, most of the discussions have been philosophical rather than with the political intent of changing the system. Many philosophies oppose euthanasia, but Relative Morality is one that is able to see both sides of the coin.

    How Would Relative Morality Be Applied to Euthanasia?

    How Would Relative Morality Be Applied to Euthanasia?

    by Bryony Harrison4

  • The goddess Sophia was the wise and spiritual one of the archetypes of goddesses. Her identity was hidden, as men of her time in history were threatened by strong women.

    Sophia Goddess of Spirituality in Mature Women

    Sophia Goddess of Spirituality in Mature Women

    by Jean Bakula12

  • Examining the various and diverse explanations of Postmodernity. In its most simplistic definition, postmodernism is a rejection of modernism in terms of art, philosophy, and literature.

    Postmodernism Explained

    Postmodernism Explained

    by Astrid North's Study Guide0

  • In this essay, I analyze Alvin Goldman's "Causal Theory of Knowledge" and the problems that arise with generalizations, a priori situations, and cases involving evidence.

    Problems With the Causal Theory of Knowledge

    Problems With the Causal Theory of Knowledge

    by JourneyHolm4

  • One of the most challenging aspects of Plato's philosophy is his Theory of Forms, the idea that non-physical Forms represent the most accurate version of reality.

    An Introduction to Plato’s Theory of Forms

    An Introduction to Plato’s Theory of Forms

    by Jennifer Wilber4

  • We are all equal, so it’s only fair that we are all entitled to equal shares of everything. It’s not that simple.

    The Philosophy of Fairness

    The Philosophy of Fairness

    by Rupert Taylor0

  • Is death the end of consciousness? Why are there so many documented cases in the medical field of people having out-of-body experiences and being conscious of their surroundings while near death?

    Consciousness and the Near Death Experience

    Consciousness and the Near Death Experience

    by Glenn Stok24

  • Life is impossible without emotion. It allows us to express and helps us to enjoy the good times and cope with the bad times, but when our emotions are controlled, expression, psychology, and real healing are thrown out the window. It is a danger, because it prevents reflection and empathy.

    The Danger of Emotional Control

    The Danger of Emotional Control

    by Jason Reid Capp2

  • In which it is argued that an open-minded examination of the full range of human experience, both ordinary and not, may uncover pointers to a reality that transcends the purely physical domain.

    Searching for Signals of Transcendence

    Searching for Signals of Transcendence

    by John Paul Quester0

  • The pervasiveness of violence as the most influential tool throughout human history is undeniable. Given this oft-repeated past, violence would seem to be a basic aspect of human nature. Why, then, is it the object of vast ethical criticism, and can an argument be made in defense of violence?

    Violence: An Ethical Inquiry

    Violence: An Ethical Inquiry

    by Elliot Lamb1

  • According to Immanuel Kant, enlightenment was man’s release from “self-incurred tutelage.” Enlightenment was the process by which the public could rid themselves of intellectual bondage after centuries of slumbering. After providing a careful...

    Summary of Immanuel Kant's Enlightenment

    Summary of Immanuel Kant's Enlightenment

    by Ebey Soman2

  • Atheists don't believe in God. It doesn't seem like anything that would be up for interpretation but it turns out some believers think that everyone, including non-believers, thinks God is real.

    Atheists Don't Think God Is Real

    Atheists Don't Think God Is Real

    by Kylyssa Shay101

  • Does our consciousness originate in our brain? If not, then maybe we can have conscious thoughts, experiences, and feelings after our death. Neuroscientists have been studying these issues for years.

    Can Our Consciousness Continue After Death?

    Can Our Consciousness Continue After Death?

    by Glenn Stok26

  • This article provides an analysis/comparison of the theories devised by Thomas Hobbes and John Locke.

    Thomas Hobbes and John Locke

    Thomas Hobbes and John Locke

    by Larry Slawson2

  • Deception is one of if not the most prevalent tool for maneuvering throughout society. Deception comes in a plethora of forms but is commonly looked down upon as immoral. We should never lie or deceive at all says philosophers like Kant, but I think deception is as a tool is not inherently immoral.

    Deception: An Ethical Inquiry

    Deception: An Ethical Inquiry

    by Elliot Lamb0

  • You don't have to be a samurai warrior to appreciate the code of ethics written for the samurai. Learn to apply the values of 'bushido', or the way of the warrior, in modern life.

    Bushido Values That Are Still Relevant Today

    Bushido Values That Are Still Relevant Today

    by Rachael Lefler3

  • An overview of the categories which were usually identified in ancient Philosophy. Primarily it is a presentation of the ones named by Diogenes Laertius, in his work on the lives of eminent philosophers. Includes brief notes on the work of Thales, Pythagoras, Parmenides and Zeno.

    The Main Branches of Ancient Philosophy

    The Main Branches of Ancient Philosophy

    by Kyriakos Chalkopoulos0

  • Blanket judgment and stereotyping lead to poor, unhealthy, and even untrue views of the world around us. The way we see other races, sexes, cultures, and religions is influenced heavily by these awful judgments, and we need to put an end to this horrible way of thinking.

    Blanket Judgment Will Forever Be Wrong

    Blanket Judgment Will Forever Be Wrong

    by Jason Reid Capp0

  • This article provides an analysis of the philosophical interpretations provided by Jean Jacques Rousseau and John Locke. Which philosopher was most correct in their views of government and social contracts?

    Jean-Jacques Rousseau and John Locke

    Jean-Jacques Rousseau and John Locke

    by Larry Slawson0

  • What is the soul? How has the understanding of the soul evolved from the "anima" of philosophy and theology to the "abstraction" of modern science? Has science shown that the soul does not exist?

    What Is the Soul? From Anima to Abstraction

    What Is the Soul? From Anima to Abstraction

    by Catherine Giordano41

  • While interpretations of absurdism are diverse, the fundamental concepts attributed with the discipline make you think. This article offers a detailed perspective on the philosophy of Absurdism.

    The Philosophy of Absurdism

    The Philosophy of Absurdism

    by Ansel Pereira2

  • Reports on the demise of the view of human consciousness as immaterial and non-reducible to brain activity are greatly exaggerated

    What on Earth Happened to the Soul?

    What on Earth Happened to the Soul?

    by John Paul Quester8

  • Transhumanism is a movement that embraces the enhancement of our minds and bodies through science. Will it help or hurt mankind?

    What is Transhumanism?

    What is Transhumanism?

    by Margaret Perrottet49

  • A discussion of the various views within ontological metaphysics dating to the classical period of Ancient Greek philosophy, with a focus on Plato and Aristotle.

    Ontological Metaphysics of Ancient Greece

    Ontological Metaphysics of Ancient Greece

    by syz0

  • Writing philosophy essays doesn’t have to be boring. (Perhaps I’m not the best person to talk about this because I never find philosophy essays boring!) The trick is to make it interesting for you. There are different ways you can do this. In...

    How to Write a Philosophy Dialogue

    How to Write a Philosophy Dialogue

    by Davids writing1

  • Book L of the Metaphysics touches upon what Aristotle calls the "Unmoved Mover." In short, this is Aristotle's conceptualization of God which is worthy of our attention both because of the inherent interest of the topic and because of the...

    "The Unmoved-Mover" in Aristotle's Metaphysics

    "The Unmoved-Mover" in Aristotle's Metaphysics

    by Nickny7917

  • There is a big problem with some sayings that seem perfectly logical. Let’s look at this common example: There is an exception to every rule. Most people would just start thinking of all the rules they can recall to see if it is true, and then ultimately decide it probably is as there is no way for them to know every rule out there. But really they have no way of knowing whether it is true or not. Sounds good, but it isn’t.

    There Is an Exception to Every Rule

    There Is an Exception to Every Rule

    by Ron Hooft7

  • Some experiences affect us emotionally, leaving us in awe. I discuss why the euphoric feeling that makes humans awestruck may have evolved to give us a biological advantage to conquer the world.

    Why Humans Feel Awestruck and Find Things Amazing

    Why Humans Feel Awestruck and Find Things Amazing

    by Glenn Stok5

  • Some of the deepest scientific questions so far have not yielded to our most inquisitive minds. Will they be answered as science progresses, or will they forever elude our cognitive reach?

    Is Human Understanding Fundamentally Limited?

    Is Human Understanding Fundamentally Limited?

    by John Paul Quester4

  • How does language affect our thinking? Do we even need a language to think? How do deaf people think if they never heard speech? Do animals think without language? I researched this to try to answer these questions.

    Do We Need Language to Think?

    Do We Need Language to Think?

    by Glenn Stok30

  • An analysis of Thomas Hobbes' "Leviathan" and his view on the relationship between liberty and society, and humanity's desire to forgo their rights for security and peace.

    Thomas Hobbes and the Laws of Nature

    Thomas Hobbes and the Laws of Nature

    by JourneyHolm2

  • Immanuel Kant and the Categorical Imperative explained. The concepts of good will, moral duty, summum bonnum and the five rules of Kant's universal maxims alongside a brief discussion on how Kant's theory could be applied to the modern ethical issue of genetic engineering.

    Immanuel Kant and "The Categorical Imperative" for Dummies

    Immanuel Kant and "The Categorical Imperative" for Dummies

    by Lisa McKnight15

  • It's always worth considering different views on how to live and be happy. In the modern day, without religion or authorities telling us how to do so it is becoming more and more important to consider utilitarianism. Modern utilitarianism is ethics based on logic and has helped many people decide how to live through its many modern utilitarian views. Read on to find out all the different modern types of utilitarianism and how they could help you.

    Different Types of Modern Utilitarianism

    Different Types of Modern Utilitarianism

    by DK6

  • In the world of philosophy many different answers to the same problem can be equally valid.

    The Philosophy of Truth

    The Philosophy of Truth

    by Rupert Taylor2

  • The Enchiridion, also known as The Manual or Handbook, is a practical philosophical guide instructing readers on how to live well.

    The Enchiridion Summarized

    The Enchiridion Summarized

    by Sean Fullmer3

  • A subset of humanity that would appear to have a very short life expectancy, claims people can live healthily without food.

    Breatharians Believe Air Is Food

    Breatharians Believe Air Is Food

    by Rupert Taylor2

  • "Rick and Morty and Philosophy" is an installment in the deep "and Philosophy" series of books. What can you get out of this book mining an Adult Swim cartoon for wisdom?

    Book Review: 'Rick and Morty and Philosophy'

    Book Review: 'Rick and Morty and Philosophy'

    by Tamara Wilhite2

  • The ideas held by the founding fathers of America and the ideas held by Aristotle show a number of similarities—let's discuss them together.

    Aristotle–The Great American

    Aristotle–The Great American

    by Katherine Sanger3

  • Many skeptics believe spirituality is merely based on imagination. They fail to realize that spirituality at its deepest and most useful level is based on science. The differences between religions arise out of the lack of understanding the differing metaphors used by each religion.

    The Teachings of Paramahansa Yogananda and Wallace Black Elk

    The Teachings of Paramahansa Yogananda and Wallace Black Elk

    by Linda Sue Grimes0

  • Phenomenology is an area of philosophy that is not often talked about but has some interesting things to say regarding the typical dualism of most philosophy. Unfortunately, its primary writers were largely obtuse and incomprehensible to the average person.

    What the Heck Is Phenomenology? Let's Try to Figure It Out

    What the Heck Is Phenomenology? Let's Try to Figure It Out

    by Elliot Lamb2

  • An Introduction to some basic principles of Existentialism, focusing on the philosophical arguments by the prominent Existentialists including Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, Heidegger, and Sartre.

    Existentialism: From Kierkegaard to Sartre

    Existentialism: From Kierkegaard to Sartre

    by Monami0

  • Christianity is the most widely practiced religion of Western culture, while Hinduism holds that position in Eastern culture. Judaism and Islam are the major religions of the Middle East.

    Three Notes on Christianity

    Three Notes on Christianity

    by Linda Sue Grimes0

  • Philosophers over the centuries have debated on the concept of whether we have free will or not and fall into one of three categories of determinism, libertarianism, or compatibilism to argue their position whether we have free will or free action or none at all.

    The Philosophical Debate of Free Will

    The Philosophical Debate of Free Will

    by L Sarhan1

  • The kind of person you are is determined by the choices you make not by some external power such as a god.

    Existentialism Explained

    Existentialism Explained

    by Rupert Taylor6

  • Science is a wondrous achievement. But some of its practitioners and ideological advocates fail us all when succumbing to dogmatic, absolutist, and authoritarian temptations, some examples of which are presented here.

    Does Science Own the Truth?

    Does Science Own the Truth?

    by John Paul Quester0

  • The persistent inability of materialism to account satisfactorily for origin, nature and role of mind and consciousness in nature suggests that this view of the world may be wrong.

    Is Materialism False?

    Is Materialism False?

    by John Paul Quester1

  • "So you are saying that you are right and everyone else is wrong??" Skeptics often say Christianity is narrow-minded and exclusive. This is how you refute this accusation in 20 seconds or less...

    "Christianity is Exclusive!"—How to Answer Skeptics

    "Christianity is Exclusive!"—How to Answer Skeptics

    by Asa Schneidermann6

  • This article provides a general analysis of Karl Marx's philosophical views of the 19th Century and explores whether his ideas are still pertinent to today's society.

    Karl Marx and Modern Philosophy

    Karl Marx and Modern Philosophy

    by Larry Slawson3

  • Thomas More's Utopia was humanism in renaissance literature. How much was More influenced by the Renaissance? Like other humanists in the Renaissance, he looked to the future influenced by the past.

    Thomas More Utopia—Humanism in the Renaissance

    Thomas More Utopia—Humanism in the Renaissance

    by Jools Hogg13

  • Transhumanism is an international movement that promotes the enhancement of human nature by means of technology and scientific progress.

    What Is Transhumanism? A Short Guide

    What Is Transhumanism? A Short Guide

    by Virginia Matteo0

  • Sci-fI has the power to act as a technological lighthouse, illuminating the rocky waters we must avoid – these being the bleak futures depicted in movies. In this, I see Sci-fi as having an entrenched sense of hope hidden behind this pessimism and it is this hope that can stimulate change.

    Here's How Science Fiction Is Determining Our Future

    Here's How Science Fiction Is Determining Our Future

    by Dominic Watters0

  • What is justice? Is it better to be a just man or an unjust man? In the Republic, Plato argues with Glaucon that a just man's soul is like a well-working city. It is better to be a just man because of the intrinsic and extrinsic rewards.

    Analyzing the Theme of Justice in Plato's "Republic"

    Analyzing the Theme of Justice in Plato's "Republic"

    by JourneyHolm0

  • Elon Musk claims it is certain that life is a computer simulation. The claim is based on our current perception of computer progress. The claim is estimated as 1 to billions it's not true.

    Is Life a Computer Simulation?

    Is Life a Computer Simulation?

    by Buildreps33

  • Since very early prehistoric times archaeologists have discovered evidence that humans have always believed in an afterlife and hence in a God or gods in some form or other.

    Exploring the Idea of God

    Exploring the Idea of God

    by S P Austen2

  • Buddhism and Hinduism are the two well-known philosophies emerged in the Indian sub-continent. Spiritual inquiry in India has never been a systematic progression of a single school of thought. It tolerated experiments and new religious concepts. Nirvana was such a novel idea proposed by Buddha.

    What Is Buddha’s Nirvana? Is That Retold Moksha?

    What Is Buddha’s Nirvana? Is That Retold Moksha?

    by Paul Joseph0

  • The idea of a universal life-force which permeates the entire universe and everything in it is a concept which has reverberated throughout the centuries. Does such a universal life-force really exist?

    Is There a Universal Life-Force (Reiki, Chi, Orgone)?

    Is There a Universal Life-Force (Reiki, Chi, Orgone)?

    by Marc Hubs8

  • Materialism is the ontology adopted by a majority of intellectuals, for a number of reasons. Analyzing them can help one decide whether they are compelling enough to justify materialism's exalted position.

    Materialism Is the Dominant View—Why?

    Materialism Is the Dominant View—Why?

    by John Paul Quester3

  • Secular humanism is a little understood human–centered philosophy of life. It is non-theistic, rooted in science, with explicit moral and ethical directives.

    What Is Secular Humanism?

    What Is Secular Humanism?

    by Catherine Giordano45

  • Perhaps IQ is not as important as we esteem it to be.

    Is IQ Crucial?

    Is IQ Crucial?

    by Ryan Kincaid0

working

This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, owlcation.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://owlcation.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

Show Details
Necessary
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Features
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Marketing
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Statistics
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)