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  • Reports on the demise of the view of human consciousness as immaterial and non-reducible to brain activity are greatly exaggerated

    What on Earth Happened to the Soul?

    What on Earth Happened to the Soul?

    by John Paul Quester6

  • This article provides an analysis/comparison of the theories devised by Thomas Hobbes and John Locke.

    Thomas Hobbes and John Locke

    Thomas Hobbes and John Locke

    by Larry Slawson1

  • A discussion of the various views within ontological metaphysics dating to the classical period of Ancient Greek philosophy, with a focus on Plato and Aristotle.

    Ontological Metaphysics of Ancient Greece

    Ontological Metaphysics of Ancient Greece

    by syz0

  • Since very early prehistoric times archaeologists have discovered evidence that humans have always believed in an afterlife and hence in a God or gods in some form or other.

    Exploring the Idea of God

    Exploring the Idea of God

    by Stephen Austen2

  • It's always worth considering different views on how to live and be happy. In the modern day, without religion or authorities telling us how to do so it is becoming more and more important to consider utilitarianism. Modern utilitarianism is ethics based on logic and has helped many people decide how to live through its many modern utilitarian views. Read on to find out all the different modern types of utilitarianism and how they could help you.

    Different Types of Modern Utilitarianism

    Different Types of Modern Utilitarianism

    by DK5

  • There is a big problem with some sayings that seem perfectly logical. Let’s look at this common example: There is an exception to every rule. Most people would just start thinking of all the rules they can recall to see if it is true, and then ultimately decide it probably is as there is no way for them to know every rule out there. But really they have no way of knowing whether it is true or not. Sounds good, but it isn’t.

    There Is an Exception to Every Rule

    There Is an Exception to Every Rule

    by Ron Hooft7

  • Atheists don't believe in God. It doesn't seem like anything that would be up for interpretation but it turns out some believers think that everyone, including non-believers, thinks God is real.

    Atheists Don't Think God Is Real

    Atheists Don't Think God Is Real

    by Kylyssa Shay74

  • The kind of person you are is determined by the choices you make not by some external power such as a god.

    Existentialism Explained

    Existentialism Explained

    by Rupert Taylor2

  • In which it is argued that an open-minded examination of the full range of human experience, both ordinary and not, may uncover pointers to a reality that transcends the purely physical domain.

    Searching for Signals of Transcendence

    Searching for Signals of Transcendence

    by John Paul Quester0

  • In this essay, I analyze Alvin Goldman's "Causal Theory of Knowledge" and the problems that arise with generalizations, a priori situations, and cases involving evidence.

    Problems With the Causal Theory of Knowledge

    Problems With the Causal Theory of Knowledge

    by JourneyHolm4

  • An Introduction to some basic principles of Existentialism, focusing on the philosophical arguments by the prominent Existentialists including Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, Heidegger, and Sartre.

    Existentialism: From Kierkegaard to Sartre

    Existentialism: From Kierkegaard to Sartre

    by Monami0

  • Transhumanism is an international movement that promotes the enhancement of human nature by means of technology and scientific progress.

    What Is Transhumanism? A Short Guide

    What Is Transhumanism? A Short Guide

    by Virginia Matteo0

  • Secular humanism is a little understood human–centered philosophy of life. It is non-theistic, rooted in science, with explicit moral and ethical directives.

    What Is Secular Humanism?

    What Is Secular Humanism?

    by Catherine Giordano45

  • In the world of philosophy many different answers to the same problem can be equally valid.

    The Philosophy of Truth

    The Philosophy of Truth

    by Rupert Taylor1

  • Transhumanism is a movement that embraces the enhancement of our minds and bodies through science. Will it help or hurt mankind?

    What is Transhumanism?

    What is Transhumanism?

    by Margaret Perrottet49

  • The mystery of conscious mind - or even the physical brain - keeps tantalizing the finest minds with their elusive nature. However, scratching its surface may be fun and an intellectual adventure.

    Living Beyond the Reactive Boundaries of the Brain

    Living Beyond the Reactive Boundaries of the Brain

    by Vladimir Karas4

  • Thomas More's Utopia was humanism in renaissance literature. How much was More influenced by the Renaissance? Like other humanists in the Renaissance, he looked to the future influenced by the past.

    Thomas More Utopia—Humanism in the Renaissance

    Thomas More Utopia—Humanism in the Renaissance

    by Jools9912

  • We are all equal, so it’s only fair that we are all entitled to equal shares of everything. It’s not that simple.

    The Philosophy of Fairness

    The Philosophy of Fairness

    by Rupert Taylor1

  • In his landmark book The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, Thomas Kuhn was the first scientist to articulate the what would soon become a buzzword worldwide: paradigm (pair-a-dime).

    What Is a Scientific Paradigm?

    What Is a Scientific Paradigm?

    by kestrana2

  • A logical fallacy is an error in the reasoning process, not in the veracity of the premises. Therefore, logical fallacies are not factual errors, nor are they opinions. They are attempts to bypass the steps of a logical argument for the purpose of...

    Examples of How Logical Fallacies Are Used

    Examples of How Logical Fallacies Are Used

    by dosters7

  • Elon Musk claims it is certain that life is a computer simulation. The claim is based on our current perception of computer progress. The claim is estimated as 1 to billions it's not true.

    Is Life a Computer Simulation?

    Is Life a Computer Simulation?

    by Buildreps30

  • For roughly 16 hours a day, when we are not sleeping, we all experience consciousness; yet philosophers cannot agree on what consciousness is.

    The Philosophy of Consciousness

    The Philosophy of Consciousness

    by Rupert Taylor0

  • An analysis of Thomas Hobbes' "Leviathan" and his view on the relationship between liberty and society, and humanity's desire to forgo their rights for security and peace.

    Thomas Hobbes and the Laws of Nature

    Thomas Hobbes and the Laws of Nature

    by JourneyHolm2

  • The idea of a universal life-force which permeates the entire universe and everything in it is a concept which has reverberated throughout the centuries. Does such a universal life-force really exist?

    Is There a Universal Life-Force (Reiki, Chi, Orgone)?

    Is There a Universal Life-Force (Reiki, Chi, Orgone)?

    by Sparkster Publishing8

  • The ideas held by the founding fathers of America and the ideas held by Aristotle show a number of similarities—let's discuss them together.

    Aristotle–The Great American

    Aristotle–The Great American

    by Katherine Sanger3

  • According to Immanuel Kant, enlightenment was man’s release from “self-incurred tutelage.” Enlightenment was the process by which the public could rid themselves of intellectual bondage after centuries of slumbering. After providing a careful...

    Summary of Immanuel Kant's Enlightenment

    Summary of Immanuel Kant's Enlightenment

    by Ebey Soman2

  • The famous “Pascal’s Wager” asks us to consider the question of the existence of God as a wager. Which is the better bet—belief or disbelief?

    Pascal’s Wager—Is it a Good Bet?

    Pascal’s Wager—Is it a Good Bet?

    by Catherine Giordano132

  • Some of the deepest scientific questions so far have not yielded to our most inquisitive minds. Will they be answered as science progresses, or will they forever elude our cognitive reach?

    Is Human Understanding Fundamentally Limited?

    Is Human Understanding Fundamentally Limited?

    by John Paul Quester1

  • This article provides a general analysis of Karl Marx's philosophical views of the 19th Century and explores whether his ideas are still pertinent to today's society.

    Karl Marx and Modern Philosophy

    Karl Marx and Modern Philosophy

    by Larry Slawson3

  • Book L of the Metaphysics touches upon what Aristotle calls the "Unmoved Mover." In short, this is Aristotle's conceptualization of God which is worthy of our attention both because of the inherent interest of the topic and because of the...

    "The Unmoved-Mover" in Aristotle's Metaphysics

    "The Unmoved-Mover" in Aristotle's Metaphysics

    by Nickny7916

  • "So you are saying that you are right and everyone else is wrong??" Skeptics often say Christianity is narrow-minded and exclusive. This is how you refute this accusation in 20 seconds or less...

    "Christianity is Exclusive!"—How to Answer Skeptics

    "Christianity is Exclusive!"—How to Answer Skeptics

    by Asa Schneidermann5