This article presents a concise history of the intertestamental period between the last prophets and chroniclers of Israel (5th cent B.C.) and the days of Jesus’ ministry (1st cent A.D.)
A thorough study of the manuscripts, texts, and early Christian citations of the most famous “Gnostic Gospel”
God reveals Himself by many names throughout the scriptures that express a quality of His character that is vital for us to know. One in particular stands out to me lately in reference to the miracle of the five loaves and two fish as told in all four of the Gospels (Matthew 14:13-21, Mark 6:31-44, Luke 9:10-16, and John 6:5-14) - signifying a lesson that applies to every sphere of our life. El Shaddai the "All Sufficient One" is the name that reminds me of the Lord at this event.
There was a time when Christmas and Easter were banned in England and in Boston, under the power of the Puritan leaders who rejected the holidays as an excuse to indulge in sinful behavior.
Explanations of the different Catholic symbols. These symbols act as badges of faith, teaching tools, and aids on the journey towards understanding complex philosophies.
Sister Nazarena was an American Camaldolese nun, who lived like an Egyptian hermit in a Roman convent for forty-five years.
Whenever we think of angels, we think of these heavenly, cherubic beings, sitting on white, fluffy clouds while playing harps. But what do they really do? And how do they help us?
Both the Old and New Testaments are chock full of unusual customs that are foreign to us today. Most will make you glad they are no longer practiced in modern times.
Ramadan this year will begin on May 15th (2018). It is the holiest month in the Islamic year (1439). This hub is a guide to Ramadan for non-Muslims, especially those living in the Gulf States.
it takes a lot more faith to believe any of the scientific models than it does the Intelligent Design understanding of the universe.
Metis was one of the deities of the Ancient Greek pantheon. A second generation Titan, Metis would become famous as the first wife of Zeus; a prophecy though would prove to be her downfall.
Uncontrolled lust creates problems in society. These saints struggled with lust and have wise advice to stay in control.
Learn what itikaf is, when it is observed, the conditions of itikaf, what nullifies itikaf, and much more.
The origin of religion has been a primary concern of the following sciences: comparative philology, sociology, and psychology.
The life of the early church cannot be understood without understanding its persecution, most notably at the hands of the Romans. But why did the Romans so desire to rid the world of Christianity?
At the start of the Protestant Reformation, the Word of God became suddenly accessible to people in all walks of life. This was essential for "the priesthood of all believers" to transform culture.
Religious imagery is a key component of almost all world religions. From crosses to the Star of David, here are brief descriptions of popular religious symbols.
A brief but thorough study of the Nomina Sacra; their characteristics, origins, the words they denote, and their implications.
There are exceptional women everywhere whose names remain unfamiliar, even unknown. The following four Bible mothers are among them but each displays unique significant strengths of character.
This article aims to outline and summarise the views of both Freud and Jung and highlight the differences in their views in a tabulated format at the end of the article.
There are several pieces of articles every Christian must put on every day, according to Ephesians 6:10-20.
Some saints traveled to Heaven by way of an illumined path. Others, no less holy, journeyed in darkness. These saints teach us how to bear with doubts.
A overview of the Logos in Greek and Jewish though as it pertains to the prologue to The Gospel of John
Hygge is a new take on an old practice. As it slowly increases in popularity, there are aspects of Hygge that should be considered both positively and negatively by the Christian community.
This lesson covers the materials used to cover the Tabernacle. Two of them were textiles one from a plant and one from an animal, and two of them were animal skins all significant details of salvation
Miracles are presented in the Bible as if they actually happened. Are those claims believable? Here's how the Bible itself defends its credibility regarding miracles.
A detailed synopsis of the meaning and makings of the 3 synoptic gospels. This article is also a continuation to my previous hub "Comparing the Gospels--Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John".
"Star of the Sea" has long been a popular interpretation of the name Mary. How did this understanding develop and what is the spiritual significance?
Sola Scriptura, or "Scripture Alone" is the cornerstone of Protestant theology. Does that mean our walk with God begins and ends with the Bible?
I am a person still searching for my sense of the truth of our Universe. I have been investigating Zen Buddhism, and deeply feel the things that I am reading. I have a regular meditation practice.
Sufism is explored in the novel "The Forty Rules of Love" and the film "Bab'Aziz." Shafak, the author, and Khemir, the director, both show the peacful and loving side of Islam. This essay includes a brief summary of key plot points and an analysis of Sufism in each piece.
Fertility symbols and fertility rituals are present in many cultures and faiths. Hinduism makes extensive use of fertility symbols and fertility rituals in religious practices.
In the book of Revelation when John mentions the commandments of God, is he talking about those who adhere to the Ten Commandments?
Genesis makes it clear that Adam was not the first human in existence and that the flood was not global. Correcting these misconceptions takes pre-flood Genesis out of the realm of mythology and grounds it in known history.
An overview of Roman policies toward the early Christian church from the first century to the reign of Constantine.
A great story about a woman on a spiritual journey is Journey Through Ten Thousand Veils. You will learn as you read the story of Maryam Kabeer Faye, who became a Sheikha in the Sufi sect of Muslim.
There is nothing in Scripture that is without significance. The colors and fabric examined in this lesson will form a tapestry of meaning as it concerns the Gospel.
People interpret the Bible in many ways. Despite the differing perspectives, there remains a single truth behind them.
The Bible covers many subjects. In this article, we will look at the subject of wine in the scriptures.
This article covers the state of the "New Testament Canon" in the first centuries of the church, providing some examples of relevant manuscripts and documents from this period.
There is no evidence that Jesus actually existed as an historical person. Some Biblical scholars have concluded that Jesus is totally mythological—a melding of Jewish, Hellenistic and pagan religion.
Looking for an easy way to study the bible? Look no farther. Whether studying with a group or alone, this manuscript study will greatly increase your knowledge and understanding of the bible.
While many people, even Christians, try to equate the non-Christian idea of Karma with the biblical teaching regarding reaping and sowing it immediately becomes clear that they are not compatible in the least if compared side by side.
As our prayer life deepens, we experience a richer relationship with God. We grow stronger in our Christian walk and witness, and we ask and receive answers to prayers.
Scylla and Charybdis were two of the monsters that existed in the stories of Greek mythology. Encountered by Odysseus, the pair would give rise to a saying, "between a rock and a hard place".
Despite the fact that there have been thousands of diverse belief systems throughout the history of mankind, there are common themes throughout many religions. Why is this the case?
Whenever the question of Namasmarana or contemplation on the Lord's name comes up, I am always reminded of these three stories from Sri Sathya Sai Baba. They are inspiring and humorous.
The seventh stone in Aaron's Breastplate, often called the Ligure, and sometimes referred to as the Sapphire or Lapis Lazuli, is an interesting stone.
This is a tutorial on the Bible study method known as block diagramming. This approach has also been called text flow diagramming, semantic diagramming, and phrasing.
Certain lucky mystics have peeked through heaven’s portal. What did they see? Is heaven similar to earth?
The Anglican Church also has the seven sacraments. Here are how we perceive these sacraments in a nutshell.
The first and second great temples were demolished through sin. And it is through sin that they remain destroyed. Is there hope for restoration?
The reasons for the Jewish persecution of the early church, significant events in the evolution of persecution, and a comparison of the treatment of James the Righteous (the just) and Paul of Tarsus.
A comparison of Quranic and New Testament textual development and transmission in their first few decades.
The prophet Nahum prophesied about Nineveh and the last day. Learn about the fulfillment of his and Nineveh's prophesies and what he predicted about our time.
Is the celebration of Christmas supported by the Bible? This article attempts to answer this question with a set of thoughtful and mind-provoking points pertaining to Christmas and its traditions.
Most of us work hard, give to charity, and try to act righteously, often it goes unnoticed. Do we acknowledge the hard work and righteousness of others? Do
This is part five of a series about the wilderness tabernacle and the spiritual application that accompanies it. This lesson in particular discusses the metals
Scores of people have made a claim that they are the second coming of Jesus Christ; none have been taken seriously except by a small coterie of followers.
From raising a child to creating a sculpture, patience is essential if a masterpiece is to result. The muscles of patience grow strong through practice. Four saints exemplify this virtue very well.
What is the true meaning behind Jesus washing His disciples' feet at the last supper? Maybe it was deeper than we have been commonly taught.
Karma is defined as the result of intentional actions through body, speech, or mind. These actions mold the conscious in a way that crafts one’s future life or rebirth.
Are you looking for free Sunday school or homeschool worksheets? Try these activities for the story of Moses and the burning bush with your elementary aged kids, and see how much fun they have while they learn.
This article contains information on how principal teachings influence Christianity and Islam in contributing to the achievement of world peace.
Nowadays, Christianity has encompassed a lot of Western society, especially during times like Christmas and Easter. Despite this, there are traces of paganism can be found within mainstream society.
Apologetics is the defense of the Christian worldview. These eleven women show that the modern practice of Christian apologetics would not be the same without contributions from women of faith.
A discussion of the "Do unto others" Bible verse. Matthew 7:12: "In everything, do unto others what you would have them do to you, for this sums up the Law and the Prophets." The Golden Rule Bible verse. Love your neighbor as yourself bible verse.
Why Do People Convert to Religion? - There are at least eight types of religious conversion. Each uniformly depends on the psychology of the individual.
The book of John informs us that the "Word"-"Jesus" was in the beginning of creation. A frequently repeated, untranslated Hebrew word in the Old Testament reveals this very truth.
The Bible contains the Book of Psalms and the Book of Proverbs. Do you know how they are alike and how they are different? Read this article to find out.
Do humans progress through predictable stages of spiritual development? Theologian James Fowler suggests that we do, and offers this model.
Have you ever seen people in church minister in dance with flags and banners? This type of worship does have a biblical foundation. ~Arletia Mayfield, The Prophetic Scribe ~
There at least 25 large churches in America. Find out about them and discover how they got that way.
I Corinthians 13:4-8 - Love is patient, love is kind. It does not envy, it does not boast, it is not proud. It does not dishonor others, it is not self-seeking, it is not easily angered, it keeps no record...
The book of Proverbs will lend us some insight into the tree of life, with its four mentions. We will take a look at how this thread weaves throughout the tapestry of the Scriptures.
Another New Testament connection to a seemingly random Old Testament verse once again sheds light on the teachings of Jesus.
A summery of the basic ideas of the philosophy of St. Thomas Aquinas and the influence that Aristotle had on the development of these ideas.
In history man started with God and ended in relativism and despair. This essay discusses the journey to relativism and the way back home.
October is when many Christians celebrate St. Frances, the patron saint of animals. Many churches this month will set aside a special day to bless people's pets. Can animals be spiritual?
Evolutionary and cognitive psychology reveal a number of reasons why morality is co-opted by religion.
This is a study on the first three letters of the Hebrew Aleph-bet in their ancient pictograph forms. Each representative image will reveal a facet of God's goodness and character.
God's glory is heavy, as expressed biologically through the human liver and gold. Discover how the glory of God, the liver and gold are related in this article.
This is a study of an Old Testament structure that has quite a bit to teach us about the New Testament understanding of dwelling with God through Christ.
What does the Mormon church teach about polygamy? What is the LDS policy on domestic abuse? Read this article to learn about the LDS position on this serious issue.
Valentines Day is a contentious issue with Muslims, although Islam itself is very clear on the matter - celebration of Feb the 14th is forbidden. Here we the primary outline reasons why...
This article explores the different denominations of Satanism, what they represent, and makes an effort to change the stereotypes that surround a legitimate religion.
An examination of religion in modern Japan, including sociological analysis of ideological conflicts, a short history of Japanese religion and modernization, and speculation on future societal changes
The truth about what Mormons believe. Information about the culture and religious beliefs in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints.
They've been called a "fringe" religion, even a cult. But are they? Find out what SDA’s really believe and how they differ from mainstream Protestants.
There is no guessing about Sarah, Naomi, Elizabeth and Anna. The text states that they are old. It is their legacy and influence which make them worthy models for men and women of all times.
Genesis 6 very briefly refers to the Nephilim, yet does not talk about them again by name. Who are they? Are they really half angels? How big were they?
There is no simple answer to the question of whether Hinduism is monotheistic, polytheistic, pantheistic, or something else entirely. The term “Hinduism” embraces a wide array of philosophies and practices, and while certain Hindus may think and...
The theory of a natural afterlife locates heaven in a natural, versus supernatural, realm. It’s consistent with NDEs, science, and religion and very plausible.
Burn in hell, ye wicked soul! The Chinese Ten Courts of Hell have the perfect punishment for you to suffer horribly in!
This article discusses the unique nature of Jewish leadership and the way it was embodied in Joshua. Separation of powers as it applies to Jewish leadership with Joshua and now is also considered.
The Sumerian Flood Story - The Epics of Atrahasis and Gilgamesh were written over a thousand years before the Biblical account of Noah's Ark.
An in-depth explanation about the story of the Centurion and His servant. Includes exploration of the Greek text, the context of the narrative, and what it means for us today.
Throughout history the poor and oppressed have risen up against their oppressors. Without peace as the guiding light, it can end quite badly.
Christian Universalism: Upon close examination, the scriptures do not seem to teach that hell lasts forever.
The story of Andrew the Apostle of Jesus Christ is found in the New Testament of Christian Bible. He was the brother of Simon Peter and a fisherman by trade. He was one of the first disciples of Jesus whom he began to follow at the bidding of...
This article discusses the differences between meat being kosher by designation of the animal and slaughter along with additional ethical precepts such as treating an animal to prevent suffering.
The Old Testament Tabernacle Menorah perfectly illustrates the Word of God in its material, design, and numbers.
The first order of business in the construction of the Wilderness Tabernacle was for the people to give willingly to the project. God has a reason for his reciprocal request.
After years of preaching and having many followers, popular Bishop Carlton Pearson was ostracized because he changed his mind and began preaching there is no hell. His true story is in a Netflix biopic that premiered on April 13, 2018.
Eli and Samuel were judges of Israel. Men of faith who lived their lives in favor with God and man. Exemplary models of righteous living, were it not for their disobedient children.
Guru Teg Bahadur sahib, the ninth Guru of the Sikhs sacrificed his life to save the people of another faith. He was thus called Hind Ki Chadar. Read on to know about the story of his martyrdom...
There are few couples in the history of America who have had as beautiful and influential a marriage as that of Jonathan and Sarah Edwards. He is still renowned as one of the foremost theologians and preachers of his day, and widely respected as a...
When your father is Zeus and your mother is Demeter, I suppose it is no surprise when everyone wants you for their own. Beautiful as she was, Persephone finally found love with Hades and became the Queen of the Underworld. There, her level headedness and compassion helped to soften her husband, but just a little.
“If, then, you sometimes fall, do not lose heart, or cease striving to make progress, for even out of your fall God will bring good, just as a man selling an antidote will drink poison before he takes it in order to prove its power.” ~ St....
A modern day interpretation of the Good Samaritan Parable. A pastor, a church lady and a biker. One lived out the principles of Jesus best. Which one was it?
Reading the Bible in context removes all opinions and reveals only the truth. Join me in examining one single chapter, and the three parables contained, in complete context.
An overview of the political ans social landscape that shaped and determined the events of Jesus Christ's life and death
The Bible covers every aspect of any given subject. In order to rightly-divide, a subject must be completely examined. In this article, we will look at the subject of "bread," within the scriptures.
Classroom quotes from the Book of Proverbs are listed under the following headings: Obedience, Good Education, Good vs Bad Habits, Good Conduct, and Good Friendships. Perfect for daily use.
The scripture does not support the argument that the church is the "Bride of Christ." What the scripture says, and why it's important.
The final four requested items on God's list, as it concerned the Tabernacle as recorded in Exodus 25, will be visited in this article along with its connection with salvation through Jesus Christ..
The most articulate atheists making the most effective arguments against religious belief, while refuting popular apologists and common arguments for the existence of God. Enjoy!
Why are we interested in the views that ten scientists had about God? The answer is that, unintentionally or not, these scientists had a greater impact on theology than most theologians.
An overview of five different interpretations of Matthew 16:18-19 from the early Church writers: Origen, Tertullian, Cyprian, Augustine, and Chrysostom.
History shows that the clear intent of the founding fathers of the United States was to allow individuals to have freedom of religion while the government remained secular.
Augustine of Hippo was one of the great thinkers of western civilization. In this article, I provide an overview of Augustine's philosophy of history.
The Olympian gods, the twelve gods of Mount Olympus, are today the most famous gods of the Ancient Greek pantheon, and are central to many of the mythological stories that survive.
Discusses how Christianity is similar to Greek religions, and the possibility that parts of Christianity may have evolved from Greek religions.
Angels have been seen and documented by humans since the dawn of civilization. Angels, or angelic type forms exist in almost every religion and culture creating a link to the divine.
The Bible covers many different eating customs. There are some interesting things concerning eating in the Bible. Most people don't recognize the eating motifs as customs.
Longtime Christians still get confused about the timeline of the death, burial, and resurrection of Jesus even though they hear sermons about those things in churches every Easter. Perhaps this timeline will help everyone understand what happened, according to the Bible.
There are many online articles on the origins of the enneagram of personality, but most have a school of thought bias. Focusing on 6 pivotal innovators, I've aimed to provide an evenhanded overview of the early history.
Who was Buddha? What are the facts and myths of his life? What are the basics of his teachings? Are the teachings of Buddha a practical philosophy for the 21st century?
Buddha’s 'Eightfold Path” is still relevant today. This ancient guide to living can bring you happiness, success, and personal fulfillment.
Many religions are based on the notion that there is a creator of life and the universe. This article is not meant to argue with beliefs, but to suggest something else to think about.
A brief look at a book that describes the stages of grief the author went through in the time just after his son's death.
Not all religions believe in the ritual of baptism (cleansing, washing). Those who do have their own take on its necessity. Some view it as sacramental, others as symbolic, and others as both.
The historians of the 1st and 2nd centuries were barely aware of the Jewish messianic sect of Christianity and wrote nothing about Jesus Christ. The few mentions that exist are forgeries.
Bl. Solanus Casey was an American Capuchin priest. His seven-star virtues cause him to shine in the firmament.
The ancient Greek account of the beginning of the world was complex and bloody. Generations of gods and giants struggled for supremacy before the final triumph of Zeus.
This article discusses religions that have a personal god compared to those that have a more impersonal god. The similarities and differences are covered to help readers gain perspective and knowledge. Religions discussed include Islam, Christianity, Shinto, Buddhism, and Judaism.
For decades scientists have felt that it was highly improbable that universe should exist. New evidence shows it’s existence is impossible. Will the "God of the gaps" be the answer?
St. Josephine Bakhita’s journey towards the light offers a wonderful example of good triumphing over bad experiences.
What do the sources and manuscript data tell us about how the early church viewed the famous "fifth gospel?"
Marx is known to have universally condemned religion as the opium of the people. His most famous statement on religion comes as a critique of Hegel’s philosophy of law. According to Marx, “Religion is the sigh of the oppressed creature, the...
This article lists and describes the twelve ancient Greek gods and goddesses who were said to live on Mount Olympus.
Physicist Steven Weinberg, paleontologist Stephen Jay Gould, and primatologist Jane Goodall hold different views about the place for a Deity in an age of science.
The book of Esther stands as unique among not only the historical books, but among the entire Old Testament as well.
Science and Religion are at war. Or are they? The perceived conflict between science and Christianity is destroying Western society - and doing so unnecessarily.
Buddhism is a religion that requires the separation of self from reality. The ego must be cast aside completely to achieve an escape from constant rebirth.
An overview of the Greek New Testament manuscripts from the first three centuries of the church; their history, quality, and distribution with a description of several important manuscripts.
The conversion process for becoming a Conservative Jew involves extensive study, living a Jewish life, circumcision (for men), examination by a rabbinic court, and immersion in the ritual bath.
There are a lot of claims made about the resemblances between Christianity and earlier myths and religions. Some of those claims are true and some aren’t.
Explore the doctrine of the Trinity with illustrations to help you understand it, explanations and biblical references for the doctrine, questions for group discussions, and videos for enrichment.
What accounts for the fact that belief in God(s) is both universal and persistent? Are humans hard-wired for belief? Can science overcome this?
The practice of Santeria, a type of voodoo, is a very common practice among Hispanics, blacks, Haitian and even whites in the United States.
Thaipusam. a Hinduism ceremony is the most colorful Hindu festivals celebrated by Indian Tamils from South India but Thaipusam Batu Caves in Malaysia is the biggest event in the world
A friend boasted about all of the things he had done right in his life. In the middle of his boasting, I asked, "If God were to ask you, 'Why should I let you into heaven,' how would you answer?"
Unitarian Universalism is a humanistic religion well-suited for modern times. Unfortunately, many people have not heard of it or do not understand its tenets, practices, and history.
Baptism is defined by the Oxford Dictionary as “the religious rite of sprinkling water onto a person’s forehead or of immersion in water, symbolizing purification or regeneration and admission to the Christian Church."
An overview of the manuscripts of the New Testament, their history, and the state of the text in modern research.
Can Christians believe in Evolution? What are the different Christian beliefs about creation? Resources to help you decide what to believe.
God intended marriage to be a union filled with His holy love. Unfortunately for Jacob, his was anything but.
Eternal security, or the doctrine of perseverance, is defined as the inability for a Christian to lose their salvation.
Do Muslims believe in Hell like Christians do? According to Islam, on the Last Day, the world will be destroyed and the dead will be raised to go to hell or paradise depending on their deeds.
Written from a Christian perspective, this article proposes that the Tanach (also the Mikra, Hebrew Bible, or Old Testament) promised a Messiah that was human and divine.
What is atheism? How is atheism different from agnosticism? Is atheism a religion? This essay aims to provide an understanding of the various aspects of atheism and agnosticism.
An introduction to the four noble truths, the core Buddhist principles and teachings about overcoming suffering and finding the right path in life.
A discussion of the pros and cons of including the Apocrypha in the Bible. I also explain three stories from these books and why they're relevant for today.
Ever wonder what physical materials were used to write the texts of the Bible, or when writing and such materials were invented and if they correspond with biblical claims? This article adresses those questions and provides insightful information for any student of the Bible and its physical construction.
Everything Daya Mata has done reflects the discipline she learned at the feet of the great spiritual leader Paramahansa Yogananda. Her books are filled with love.
Invocation for a Public Meeting After receiving more than 16,000 views of my previous hub "Sample Invocation", I felt that another sample for a different context would be appropriate. This is based on more than 20 years of experience praying...
Do you do things because you have been anointed to do them, or do you take it upon yourself to do what you want to do? God wants you to listen to Him and do what He wants you to do instead of doing what you want to do.
Imagine a dog that never ate, drank, or aged, and who would mysteriously appear at critical moments of danger. Was St. John Bosco’s dog Grigio an angel clothed in a furry disguise?
Hungarian-born linguist and philosopher, Prof. Szekely inspired many with biogenic living and the Essene Gospel of Peace.
The purpose of this article will uncover the origins of the tithe, how it originated, why it started and the reason for why the tithe was eliminated through the finished work of Christ.