Things That Make You Go Eww: Plants and Fungi That Look Like Body Parts
The Plants and the Fungus Among Us ... Oh, My!
Mother Nature: Is She Finally Going Soft in the Noggin?
One of the first signs that Mother Nature may have been going soft in the old noggin was when she started repeating herself. And I'm not talking just once.
Certain plants and fungi started taking on a striking resemblance to parts of the human anatomy. People began to whisper about her "senior moments" when they noticed that certain flowers and mushrooms actually resemble human brains, fingers and toes, eyes, and—oh, how I wish I were making this up—private parts.
Is Old Ma Nature simply bored of her job? (People say she should've retired years ago.) Has she lost her creative spark? Did she forget that she had already created something similar?
I'm choosing to believe the old broad just has a wicked sense of humor.
Whatever the case, you need to get a load of her handiwork. She's causing quite a ruckus, and we need to figure out what to do with the old card. People are starting to talk.
And the worst part is I don't think she gives a flyin' flip anymore.
When Mother Nature Starts Repeating Herself
Plants and Fungi That Look like Brains
Look at the following plants and fungi. Then look at the human brain. You'll come to the conclusion that Ma Nature just did a "copy and paste" maneuver. Take, for instance, the false morel mushroom, which comes in several varieties in Europe and 8-10 in North America.
False Morels: Mushrooms That Look Like BrainsClick thumbnail to view full-size
False Morel Mushrooms
These fungi have wrinkled and convoluted caps with lobes, folds, flaps, and wrinkles just like brains. They come in colors that include gray, white, black, brown and reddish.1
False morels feed on tree roots and decomposing leaves, helping to replenish the forest. However, they are not exactly brain food.
Although some people do eat them, false morels have caused life-threatening illness and death. It is generally not recommended that they be eaten, as toxicity depends on cooking technique, personal sensitivity, and the specific variety of mushroom.
Ahhhh ... Brains! Brains!
Simply breathing cooking vapors from these mushrooms is enough to cause health effects for some people. That is because the false morel contains a substance that is a hemolytic toxin (i.e., it destroys red blood cells); it causes damage to the liver and the central nervous system.
The active ingredient in false morels (gyromitrin) is metabolized to monomethylhydrazine, or rocket fuel, in the body. Thus it's best to leave the false morels as food for zombies—unless you want to be a zombie yourself.
Senior Moment, My Patootie! Ma Nature's Just Having Fun
Cauliflower: A Healthy Choice
Don't let cauliflower's cooking odor dissuade you. The vegetable is packed with nutritional benefits.
Cauliflower supports the body's detoxification and confers anti-inflammatory benefits as
- an excellent source of vitamins C, K, and B6, plus folate and
- a very good source of dietary fiber and omega-3 fatty acids, among other nutrients.2
Cauliflower: Looks like a Brain, Smells like Farts When Cooked
The next time you reach for a vegetable, pick the one that looks like a brain. Cauliflower might be a creepy looking choice, but it's also good for you.
Cauliflower is a vegetable that looks like a brain with its compact, granular head, central stalk and florets. It can be found in white, light green, and purple colors.
Raw cauliflower is firm, a bit spongy, and tastes mild. Although most people eat the florets, the leaves and stems are also edible.
If you choose to cook it, however, beware. Cooking cauliflower releases harmless sulphur compounds that smell like rotten eggs. That's "stinky fart smell" to you and me. (I suspect Mother Nature knew what she was doing with this vegetable.)
Nice One, Mother Nature! We Gotta Eat That Thing
Celosia or Cockscomb: Flowers That Look like Brains
As if making brain-shaped fungi and vegetables weren't enough, Mother Nature also decided to get creative with flowers. What a show off!
Cockscombs, or Celosias, are a highly colored species of annual flower. They have compact, velvety textured heads that measure 2-5 inches (about 5-13 cm) across and look convoluted like human brains.3 The fragrance-free flowers come in vivid colors, including reds, golds, yellows, pinks, and purples.
In the Victorian language of flowers, the cockscomb symbolized humor, silliness, and warmth.4
Cockscombs Look like Velvety Brains on Long Stems
Reader Opinion Poll: Your Perspective
What's going on with old Ma Nature?
Purple Jellydisc Is a Fungus That Looks like Intestines
Brains are one thing, intestines quite another. Old Mother Nature took a bit of a gross turn when she conjured up Ascocoryne sarcoides, commonly known as purple jellydisc.
Pink or purple in color, this fungus has a gummy texture and looks like intestines—or raw hamburger, your choice. During its development, the fungus begins by forming many cup-shaped discs that eventually converge to form a gelatinous, irregular mass.
Purple jellydisc appears throughout North America, Europe and Asia, growing in clusters among decaying stumps and logs. It can sometimes appear on live trees as well. Purple jellydisc has mild antibiotic properties which protects trees against bacteria causing tree-destroying heart rot.5
The fungus is considered inedible, in case you were wondering.
Purple Jellydisc Fungi: Ugly but Helpful
Devil's Fingers: What an Evil Looking Twist
Talk about creepy! Scary movies must have influenced the creation of Clathrus archeri, the fungus commonly known as Devil's fingers (pictured below).
Its four to seven slender fingers erupt from a partially buried ball known as a "suberumpent egg," and the fingers unfold to resemble the hand of Satan clawing his way out of the soil. The more common variety features red fingers while a variety found in the forests of Kerala, India, feature white fingers and black tips (shown).6
It doesn't help that the fungus smells like putrid flesh and attracts flies. Devil's fingers is a fungus native to Australia and Tasmania, but it has been introduced to North America, Europe, and Asia.
Clathrus Archeri or Devil’s Fingers: Smells like Rotting FleshClick thumbnail to view full-size
Fleece Flower Root or Fo-ti: Humanoid Roots
Man-made or nature-made? The fleece flower root (pictured here) is an aggressively growing Chinese herbal root. It is said to come out of the ground looking like fully formed male or female bodies—complete with all their "bits and pieces."
The fleece flower root is used in traditional Chinese medicine to restore youth and vitality as well as sexual potency.7
Disbelievers contend that the roots are not Mother Nature's handiwork at all but rather the product of gardeners who coax the roots into humanoid shapes using plastic molds, much like other gardeners do with Buddha-shaped pears and square-shaped watermelons. What do you think?
How Awkward! The Plant That Looks Like A Person
Doll's Eyes: Deadly Eye Kebabs
It takes a sick sense of humor to dream this one up. The White Baneberry, commonly known as Doll's eyes, is a flowering perennial plant belonging to the buttercup family.
As its white flowers fall away, they are replaced by creepy looking berries that resemble eyeballs—lots of them. This eye kebab plant prefers clay soil and is native to North America.
The Doll's eyes plant is weird alright, but there's a sinister side, too. Its oblong berries contain cardiogenic toxins which quickly sedate the heart, leading to heart attack and death. Ingesting just five or six of these bad boys can cause serious damage.8
Curiously, birds are unaffected by the berries, and skilled herbalists can craft medicinal teas from the plant to treat pain and bronchial symptoms.
Heart-Stoppers: Don't Eat the Doll's Eyes
Of the fungi and plants featured here, what is Mother Nature's most impressive work?
Slime Mold Makes Trees Look like They Are Sprouting Hair
If you suspect that a nearby tree is growing hair, think again. It's probably just chocolate slime mold. (Technically speaking, however, it's not a mold at all but rather a colony of single-celled protists.)
Found worldwide (except Antarctica), chocolate tube slime mold grows in clusters on the forest floor and on rotting wood.9 It starts out as a single cell organism, but when its food grows scarce, cells merge to become a multi-celled organism that can grow to the size of a pizza.
The gelatinous blob then can change shape and move along surfaces, albeit very slowly.10
Scientists have taken an interest in this primitive organism for two major reasons. Even though it lacks a brain, slime mold has demonstrated the ability to learn—to memorize and anticipate repeated events.11
Additionally, the mold is being investigated as a potential boon in cancer research because it slows blood flow to tumors.
Rock on, Mother Nature! Rock on!
Slime Mold or a Tree with a Bad Toupée?Click thumbnail to view full-size
Fenestraria or "Baby Toes"
Plants generally aren't considered "cute," but this one may be an exception, as it resembles the fat toes of babies.
Fenestraria is a perennial succulent plant that is native to the arid regions of coastal South Africa and Namibia. Its stubby little leaves peek out of the soil typically no more than 2 inches (about 5 cm), and they feature translucent windows on their flattened or slightly rounded tips.
How Cute Are Those Baby Toes?Click thumbnail to view full-size
The Stinkhorns: Ma Nature Gone Wild?
I sure hope you didn't automatically scroll right down to this part. You didn't bypass those fascinating plants and fungi that look like brains, intestines, and fingers just to get to this low brow stuff.
You did, didn't you? If so, then ou and the old broad are clearly cut of the same cloth. (I knew it.)
When it came to creating Stinkhorns, Ma Nature outdid herself. She found something she liked and was really good at, so she just kept repeating herself. With some specimens, the results even surprised her.
With Some Creations, Mother Nature Even Surprised Herself
What Are These Shocking Stinkhorn Mushrooms?
What Mother Nature has done here is only wrong if you have a dirty mind. These are mere mushrooms, people. And only that.
Stinkhorns are a broad family of fungi called Phallaceae (as in the ahem, phallus). Stinkhorns are found across the globe, and they often pop up in urban settings. They are not harmful to either humans or pets.
Mother Nature's Phallic Symbols: She Repeats Herself A LotClick thumbnail to view full-size
Stinkhorns are extremely diverse in physical appearance and include the Devil's Fingers example from above.
Although stinkhorns can vary dramatically from one another in appearance, all stinkhorns share two common characteristics:
- The fruiting body (the part that contains spores) arises from a partially submerged egg that may disappear when the fungus matures.
- At some stage of development, a portion of the fungus is covered with a foul-smelling slime. The scented slime smells like rotting flesh or dung and is designed to attract flies so that the fungus can scatter its spores.12 The scent is so potent that you'll probably smell a stinkhorn before you see it.
In traditional Chinese circles, people clean the slime off stinkhorns, dry them, and eat them. To the Chinese, stinkhorns are delicacies and aphrodisiacs.
The Butterfly Pea: Stop Your Inappropriate GigglingClick thumbnail to view full-size
The Butterfly Pea Is the Flower That Looks like Lady Parts
Just the name of this flower is enough to make a person blush: Clitoria ternatea. Thankfully, for those of us prone to inappropriate giggling it is more commonly known as the Butterfly Pea. Either way, the damn thing looks like lady parts.
The Butterfly Pea is a perennial plant that was native to Asia but which has since been introduced to Africa, North America, and Australia. A hearty plant, it grows on vines up to 15 ft (about 4.6 m) in length, producing the vivid blue to white flowers for which it is known.
Its pea pods contain 6-10 peas each and are considered edible. In some cultures, the flowers themselves are used as a food colorant or are served up dipped, battered, and fried.
For centuries, the flower has been used in traditional medicine, particularly as an antimicrobial and anti-cancer agent. More recently, modern research has found that parts of the Butterfly Pea plant have anti-inflammatory, fever reducing, analgesic, tranquilizing, and immunomodulatory value.13
Did Mother Nature Have A Senior Moment?
We've found plenty of examples where plants and fungi have taken on an odd resemblance to certain human body parts. Some say these are solid evidence of the old gal's senior moments.
I still think the old gal just has a wicked sense of humor. Who else could have invent these combinations? Certainly not someone going soft in the noggin.
- Brain-shaped fungi whose active ingredient is metabolized to rocket fuel
- A brain-shaped vegetable that releases a stinky fart smell when cooked
- A fungus that looks like intestines and protects trees with its antibiotic properties
- A mushroom that looks like the hand of Satan hatching from a half-buried egg
- Herbal roots that resemble a fully formed human being, complete with their bits and pieces
- Weird eyes on a stick that are so deadly that eating just a few can instantly stop your heart
- Blobs of slime that change shape, learn, and move along surfaces
- Mushrooms that look like male organs and smell like rotting flesh or poop
- Edible flowers that look like lady parts
Let's keep the old card around for a few billion more years. With creations like these, she's got a lot of good stuff still left in her. Besides, with powers like these who wants to make the old lady mad?
1Missouri Department of Conservation (n.d.). False Morels. Retrieved May 26, 2014, from http://mdc.mo.gov/discover-nature/field-guide/false-morels.
2The George Mateljan Foundation (n.d.). Cauliflower. Retrieved May 26, 2014, from whfoods.org/genpage.php?tname=foodspice&dbid=13.
3Texas Cooperative Extension (2006, April). Celosia. Retrieved from http://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/newsletters/hortupdate/hortupdate_archives/2006/apr06/Celosia.html.
4The Flower Expert (n.d.). Cockscomb. Retrieved May 26, 2014, from http://www.theflowerexpert.com/content/growingflowers/flowersandseasons/cockscomb.
5Wikipedia (2013, September 10). Ascocoryne sarcoides. Retrieved May 26, 2014, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ascocoryne_sarcoides.
6Wikipedia (2013, June 22). Clathrus archeri. Retrieved May 26, 2014, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clathrus_archeri.
7NYU Langone Medical Center (2014). He Shou Wu. Retrieved May 26, 2014, from http://www.med.nyu.edu/content?ChunkIID=21716.
8Hilty, J. (2014, May 9). Doll's Eyes (Actaea pachypoda). Retrieved May 26, 2014, from http://www.illinoiswildflowers.info/woodland/plants/doll_eyes.htm.
9Project Noah (2011, October 11). Chocolate tube slime mold (hairy stemonitis). Retrieved from http://www.projectnoah.org/spottings/7514042.
10Brown, A. (2012, December 28). What creeps and crawls, has no brain, but is intelligent?Retrieved from http://greatecology.com/creeps-crawls-brain-intelligent/.
11Barone, J. (2008, December 9). Slime Molds Show Surprising Degree of Intelligence. Retrieved from http://discovermagazine.com/2009/jan/071#.UNiAHHetvmk.
12Kup, M. (2011, April). Stinkhorns: The Phallaceae and Clathraceae. Retrieved from http://www.mushroomexpert.com/phallaceae.html.
13Voon, H. C., Bhat, R., & Rusul, G. (2012). Flower Extracts and Their Essential Oils as Potential Antimicrobial Agents for Food Uses and Pharmaceutical Applications.Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety, 11(1), 34-55. Retrieved from DOI: 10.1111/j.1541-4337.2011.00169.x.
What's In A Name? Locations With Names Associated With Plants and Fungi
Mother Nature: Not Ready For Retirement Just Yet
© 2014 FlourishAnyway