How do I begin research on a scientific paper?

Answer

After you have chosen your topic question, you will want to find out more about the issue before you decide on what your answer is going to be.

1. Use the links inside this article to go to sites that will give you some good introductory information. I suggest that you look for the main points of view on that topic first. Write down all of the information you find on your topic and keep track of any good articles you find.

2. After you have read some information on the topic, you will probably be ready to choose a point of view. You might decide to narrow the question a bit further. For example, if your question is "What are the potential benefits and risks of nanotechnology?" and you become more interested in arguing for using nanotechnology for health science, you might change the question to: "How will nanotechnology change medicine for the better?"

3. Now that you have some background on your topic and you are sure about your question, you are ready to do the research you need to answer that question. Use authoritative sources from your school library; Google Scholar or any online journal that has references and peer review. Be sure to check with your instructor about the right sort of resources you can use. Gather a few more articles than your instructor says are required because when you get started reading them, you may discover that some won't work well for your topic.

5. Read your articles and take notes of the important parts that work for your paper. You can underline them, or just write out the main points. I suggest that if possible, you print the articles out before you read them since most people do a better job of reading hard copy articles. It is also easier to mark them up with a highlighter or notes in the margin.

6. Now you need to start writing an outline for your paper. You will want to start by making a "roadmap thesis" statement. That means you will write an answer to your thesis question which includes all of your main points. Here is an example:

Nanotechnology is going to change medicine for the better by allowing us to: deliver drugs more effectively, repair body cells quicker, do non-invasive imaging testing, and even possibly repair defective genes.

7. Using your roadmap thesis, you will next start writing your outline, including the evidence from your reading to prove each of your reasons for nanotechnology being a benefit to medicine.

8. Once you have your outline, you are ready to write. Don't forget to conclude with something which interests your reader and doesn't just repeat your topic sentence. In this case, you might want to have your reader imagine the change that will happen when they go to the doctor in 2020.

For more information about how to write a research paper, see my articles:

Steps in Writing a Research Paper: https://owlcation.com/humanities/Guided-Steps-in-W...

and Writing a Research Paper Outline:https://owlcation.com/humanities/Research-Paper-Ou...

Updated on April 24, 2018

Original Article:

100 Science Topics for Research Papers
By Virginia Kearney
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