What Is the Australian Identity? The notion that a nation can have an identity is absurd, and the question of such an identity likely arises from the current emphasis on identity politics/political correctness, which has pushed aside genuine literary studies. Instead of focusing on a literary work’s development, its engagement with humanity in its quest for truth, beauty, and love, or its return to the human heart/mind its experiences, the identity crazed bowdlerizers seek to demonstrate which identity group is being oppressed, exploited, or marginalized by the patriarchy. A literary work’s first job is to enlighten the reader by its delicate use of literary devices in order to create a parallel world from the material of the real world. It seeks to share genuine experiences heartfelt by the creative writer in order to connect humanity, not divide it. The sad, wide-spread intrusion of identity studies has diminished literary studies, making it no more than a pit of anguish wherein victims decry their lot as they search for ways to torment their supposed tormenters. Looking for an Australian identity, the searchers often land upon the notion of diversity of “the bush” vs “urban life.” Notice how unoriginal such divisions are! That same old dichotomy has existed ever since the first city was formed. The British Romantics chose to glorify bucolic life, which would correlate with “the bush life” in Australia. So much for Australian identity. Regarding Henry Lawson’s take on “the bush life,” opposing the notion of romanticizing such as life, Lawson allows his speaker in "Ballad of the Drover" to demonstrate how that life can be quite treacherous, as he allows his cowboy (drover) to die on his way back home.