This is not a subject I know a lot about, as this article is about the reasons why the Puritans left England for the New World.
The Church of England had no jurisdiction in Spain, which was and is a Catholic country, so would not be able to force the Spanish Jews to submit to anything. I have done a bit of research, and it seems that the first Jewish settlers in what is now the US arrived from Brazil in the mid-17th century. The Spanish Crown expelled the Jews in 1492, and many migrated to northern Europe and then joined expeditions to settle in Latin America and the Caribbean. The Jews were expelled from England in 1290 and were not welcomed back until 1656 when Oliver Cromwell favoured religious tolerance (unless you were Catholic or Church of England) and no centralised state religion.