1. The play creates a picture of how the modern culture is at odd with traditional life. They never merge as companions but as enemies. They can never be united. Lankule has embraced modern life which cannot be said of Sidi. While Lankule is against paying dowry but Sidi insists if he wants to marry her, he should pay for it.
2. It shows how cunning, clever and wise old people are. You might ridicule them but you can't beat them at how much they know and the much they've learned in their years. Sidi thought she could ridicule Baroka not knowing that she was a trapped mice. Baroka knew how she would respond and had prepared how he would take advantage of her pride mixed with innocence.
3. It shows the extreme sides of modern culture versus tradition. Both of them have negative sides thus we should embrace the positive sides.
4. Vices have no place in the society. Pride, gossip, selfishness, corruption etc don't benefit individuals and society at large. We should embrace development that will be beneficial but not detrimental.