Sometimes there are no differences. A modern story can be told orally. The effectiveness of the performance depends on the same factors involved in telling traditional stories. Most stories today are told in a written form, however, or in a visual form on television, in movies, or on the Internet.
The themes of modern written stories may sometimes be different from the themes of stories that are told orally. Some stories aren’t designed to be presented by voice, acting techniques, or props. Instead, the goal is to use written words to create thoughts or emotions in the reader’s mind. An oral presentation of the story may be less effective or even inappropriate.