What are the most earthquake prone places in India?

Answer

Before diving further, below are the terms that will help in understanding this in a better way.

• Zones: India is divided into four seismic zones when it comes to the severity of earthquakes. These are Zone 5 to Zone 2. The Zone 5 lists places with the highest risk, whereas Zone 2 has areas with the lowest risk.

Zone 5: Very High Damage Risk

Zone 4: High Damage Risk

Zone 3: Moderate Damage Risk

Zone 2: Low Damage Risk

• Seismicity: This is defined as the number of times an area is vulnerable to earthquakes. The higher the seismicity level higher are the chances.

• Richter Magnitude Scale: These range from 1.0 to 9.0 and higher. Earthquakes with magnitude 4.9 and lower do not generally cause damage. The ones with Richter magnitude 5.0 to 5.9 are considered moderate in nature. Lastly, magnitudes of 6.0 to 9.0+ cause extreme destruction.

So, the places that are classified in zone 5 are the most prone to earthquakes.

1) Srinagar

2) Kashmir valley

3) Uttarakhand

4) Western and Central Himalayas

5) North and Central Bihar

6) Raxaul, Bihar

7) Rann of Kutch in Gujarat

8) Andaman and Nicobar Islands

9) Chandigarh

10) Patan and Koynanagar in Maharashtra

11) All northeastern states (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Tripura)

12) Sundarbans forest

13) Delhi

14) Majha, North Punjab

15) Western Uttar Pradesh

16) Jalpaiguri and Malda division in Bengal

Reference: National Disaster Management Plan, “Annexure-II: Hazard Vulnerability Maps for India” retrieved from the web on 3rd April 2018.

Updated on April 3, 2018

Original Article:

Top 10 Worst Earthquakes of India
By Kannan Reddy
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