Some of the things that are important in doing research are writing materials (paper/notebook and pen), reading materials (books, articles, journals, etc.), and communication devices (mobile phone, landline phone). Having a laptop or desktop computer or a smartphone that has access to the Internet and printing machine can certainly help you:
(1) write research ideas and drafts,
(2) read online references related to your research topic,
(3) facilitate printing of your reading materials and research manuscripts, and
(4) communicate with your research respondents, interviewees, mentors, and other resource persons via email, chat, and/or video conference.
It is also helpful to have a school library card or resident identification card that you can use to access books and other materials in a nearby community library. If your research involves interviewing people, then a tape recorder or digital recorder would be useful.
I may have missed several other objects, so please do further research to help you answer your question.