In the short term, much more restrictions were placed upon slaves in the Southampton area (and the South, in general). Because Nat Turner had learned to read and write, many Southerners equated literacy with the rebellious spirit that consumed Turner in the early 1800s. As a result, laws were established that prohibited the teaching of slaves in the art of reading, writing, and religious doctrines.
In the North, the immediate effects of the rebellion were best seen in the efforts of the abolitionist movement. For individuals arguing against slavery, Nat Turner's Rebellion offered a perfect example of the dehumanizing effects that slavery had upon blacks and society at large. The abolitionist movement, in turn, immediately used Turner's rebellion as a rallying tool for their efforts.