An introduction to abnormal psychology, describing various aspects of this field, and disorders that differ in many ways to developmental behavior.
Ghana has myths ingrained in its society and directs the way of life and behavior of its people. Some of these myths have evidence to back them up and serve as sacred and tourist attraction sites.
Many people argue that the American Founding Fathers were interested in keeping government weak. Is this a correct view? As in most historical arguments, the answer is pretty complicated.
This article takes an academic approach to answering frequently asked questions about the Great Recession of 2007-2008.
Experience how minimal motion information enables your visual brain to perform complex cognitive tasks.
I originally wrote the base paper for this hub as part of an assignment for my Econ 224 Macroeconomics class over at American InterContinental University Online. I received an A on the paper, although it was a bit of a bear for me to write. There...
What does “Economic Facts and Fallacies” by Thomas Sowell cover, and how does it compare to economist Thomas Sowell's other books?
Types and preparation of food is central to nearly every society; etiquette sometimes creates confusion in cross-cultural dealings
Understanding brain wave frequencies could be a vital piece of information that could benefit the future of medical and psychological tools to aid in the many health problems people face.
We have had a strong connection to England since our country began. The liberties we have today had a beginning several hundred years ago in a document called the Magna Carta. It is considered the founding document which identified English...
Who wants high-tech instruments, algorithms, and forecast models when all you need to know is that a plentiful crop of pine cones means a harsh winter is coming? Or not.
The severed head is routinely found throughout the literature and archaeology in Celtic and Norse territories. Is it possible that the severed head served as more than simply a war trophy?
Ancient lore told of a mysterious inhabited island that existed far to the north. This land was named Thule. Might there be any truth to this legend or is it simply fiction?
Race plays an important role in society, whether we want to admit it or not, but is there any biological validity to the concept of distinct racial categories?
Fundamentalism and fascism are both relatively new phenomena responding to globalisation and modernity but to what degree are the two related?
Where did the British people come from? Several hints to their origin originate from medieval documents, and yet other clues come from the genetic record. Could Anatolia be the home of the Brits?
This is a compilation of interesting, funny and quirky facts about people in history and the history of the United States. Enjoy the photos, videos and information that will give you some great conversation starters and make you your own human Google!
Have you ever noticed that the US is a numbers society? Or have you noticed that Americans are quite business oriented? It's not a coincidence. It's part of my argument that the US is a very left-brained society.
Tribal Art and Traditions can be weird and wonderful. From the Long Neck Tribe of Burma to the beautiful energy and color of the dancing Wodaabe Fulani tribesmen of Southern Niger. Including Neck Rings, Lip Plates Nose Plugs and Exotic Makeup.
Early in Ruggerio's "The Art of Thinking" (2012), he defines 'thinking' as "any mental activity that helps formulate or solve a problem, make a decision, or fulfill a desire to understand.
Acknowledging the time value of money empowers people to make better financial decisions and become better savers and investors.
The concept of opportunity cost occupies an important place in economic theory. The concept was first developed by Wieser. The opportunity cost of anything is the alternative that has been foregone...
Past traditions & customs still hold sway as observed in the Eyo masquerade festival, claimed to be the foremost cultural event in Nigeria - a grand display of pageantry, history, tradition, & art...
What comes to mind when you think of the word “relationship?” It the social sciences it implies a connection between people or groups. Many relationships are beneficial, while some bring hardships.
There are a number of crazy mythological creatures in different cultures around the world. Let us now have a look at 15 of the most mysterious and strange mythological monsters.
Understanding the nature of what propels us forward, intensity of effort, and how to get where we want to be.
Why is it so hard for people to admit when they are wrong? Research says it’s because that’s the way the human brain is wired. Our biased brain convinces us that we are right in spite of a mountain of evidence to the contrary.
In online discussion, proper argumentation has practically been replaced by the use of memes or meme-driven statements. Why are communities such as atheists increasingly relying on memes as arguments?
Roberto Calvi, who was known as God’s banker, was found hanging under a bridge in London, a gruesome discovery that was first deemed to be suicide but later determined to be murder.
Psychologist Dr. Billy Kidd interviews a 1960s Acid Guide. They discuss the psychology of psychedelics and make the counterculture movement come alive.
50 million people living in Latin America are considered to be 'indigenous'. The Amerindians of Latin America include many different groups with very different languages and traditions.
The views and studies conducted within the cognitive branch of psychology that relate to gender differences.
This article discusses factors that complicate and hinder change in the socio-political landscape of any given nation.
The zombie has fascinating roots. In Haiti, it is a soul or a body enslaved by a sorcerer called bokor. It was appropriated by the West in the 20th century.
In order to understand what types of people lead and join cults, we need to study the personalities and characteristics of these individuals in relation to their cult involvement.
When NASA ignored the growing stress and psychological problems reported by the Skylab 4 crew, the crew took matters into their own hands. They mutinied, cutting all communication for a full day.
The Trans-Pacific Partnership is already toast; the North American Free Trade Agreement may be next as the Trump Administration is seduced by the false allure of protectionism.
The BNA sees poverty in terms of consumption deprivation. But the capabilities approach looks at poverty in terms of deprivation of opportunities related to lifestyles people value.
People text while stepping into traffic, they spend money at casinos and race tracks thinking they are going to win, and they run with the bulls in Pamplona.
The presidential veto is one of the most famous of the president's powers. But where did we get the idea of a presidential veto? In this essay, I give a brief overview of power of the veto that was later given to the office of the president at the Constitutional Convention of 1787.
Where did conspiracy theories originate? Like anything involving conspiracy theories, the answer isn't straightforward.
The market period is a very short period in which the supply of a commodity is fixed. It is the variations in demand that determine the price in such a market period...
To grant meaning and integrity to the later seasons of life we must consciously embrace the experience of aging, for it can bring profound psychological rewards. As C. G. Jung well understood.
Though criticized as somewhat reductionist and overly codified, Piaget was the first developmental psychologist to postulate a series of cognitive stages through which children grow and develop.
What is the best way to stimulate an economy? Is it best to lower taxes or increase wages, both or neither? These are questions which both Democrat and Republican politicians debate in the course of attempting to determine the best path for growing...
Within Norse history, no figure is more elusive and secretive than the Völva. Little is known about the practices of these figures. Were they witches?
Arguably, both intellectually and physiologically our species may be fast reaching the limits of its potential. What may come next?
Modern psychology is decidedly naturalistic in its outlook. Yet, the reading of influential psychologists reveals a surprising variety of perspectives on the mystery of death
Erickson's expansion on Freudian development into his 8 stages of Psychosocial development expanded the theory of developmental stages from a process finished by adolescence to a lifelong process.
Law of demand states that while other things do not change, there is an inverse relationship between the price of a commodity and the quantity demanded at a specified time. In simple terms, people...
A discussion on the current uses and laws regarding the use of psychologists in local law enforcement and enhanced interrogation tactics as well as an argument for the use of psychologists.
The late 19th century was a critical time of change: social, economical, political, and more. This change resulted from the revolutions of the previous centuries. Three such revolutions in particular are the French Revolution, Scientific Revolution, and the Christian Reformation. The culmination of these three revolutions gave birth to new political, social, and economical ideologies of Capitalism, Socialism- governmental and non-governmental, and Communism/Anarchism. Each ideology broke bonds w
Prof. Marshall writes that the application of marginal utility concept extends over almost every field of economics, including production, distribution, consumption, public finance, and so on.
Conformity is when we do or don't do something to appear correct or seem like part of the social circle/group. However does it have value to us in everyday life? Or are we simply sheep?
Assault is a deliberate creation of a well based belief that a harmful or offensive contact is about to occur. Battery comprises this contact.
Most people probably do not know what the MMPI or 16PF is, but mention the Meyers-Briggs Type Indicator personality test, and they are likely to show at least a glimmer of recognition. Katharine Briggs and her daughter designed the test after reading Psychological Types, The Psychology of Individuation by Carl G. Jung (Meyers, 2006). Although some research shows that not everyone who takes the test again gets the same results each time, the Myers-Briggs type indicator is not only very popular
Social Capital Theory is concerned with the nature, structure, and resources embedded in a person’s network of relationships (Seibert et al, 2001; Granovetter, 1973; Burt, 1992; Lin, Ensel, & Vaughn, 1981a, 1981h). Social Exchange Theory is...
In the 19th century, two philosophies struggled for supremacy. They were Marxism and transcendentalism. Marxism takes a materialist view of the cosmos, while transcendentalism takes a more, what can be called, mystical view coupled with naturalism. Both have the element of concern for their fellow human beings. The approach each has is different.
Indifference curve analysis possesses certain distinguishable and unquestionable merits over Marshall’s cardinal utility analysis. Following are the undeniable merits of indifference curve analysis.
For almost two decades James “Whitey” Bulger, described as a “stone cold killer,” reigned supreme in Boston’s criminal world, a position he held thanks to his friends in the FBI.
Handfasting is common practice in Neopagan circles. Many believe this practice dates back to the pagan Celts, but does it really?
The British Celts have given us the Mabinogion and Arthurian Legends. Is it possible that constellation lore is imbedded within them?
Is religion wishful thinking? This work summarizes the experimental evidence, and incorporates comfort theories into the cognitive science of religion.
A look at Joseph Walther's social information processing & communication theories: How does the Internet, and other similar technologies, affect our ability to communicate and form relationships?
it is noted that parents can set up an account to pay for their child’s school meals through MealpayPlus,
Neuropsychology is concerned with the brain and its interactions with the cognitive functions of the mind. Broca and Wernicke both made key discoveries vital to the development of this discipline.
After 75 years of being upstaged by plastics, the tagua nut, known as "vegetable ivory" has resurfaced as one of the most sustainable products in the world. Hopefully, its comeback will put an end to the senseless slaughter of animals for their tusks.
Ostensibly paranormal deathbed phenomena are widely reported across cultures. Palliative care teams in hospices and nursing homes are also witnessing a broad spectrum of such perplexing occurrences.
Before the spread of Christianity, the ancient people of Europe worshiped land spirits also known as the genius loci. Learn about the genius loci here.
Stereotype threat is the fear of unintentionally confirming the stereotype of the group we belong to. And most of us belong to several stereotyped groups.
There are many psychological defense mechanisms you use all the time to distance yourself from unpleasant realities. The only way to stop is to know yourself.
If you have an INFJ friend, this article will would give you ideas for how to make their birthday special without overwhelming them with surprises.
One of the 16 identifiable personality types, the ISFJ personality is warm, sensitive, and dedicated. Learn about the best ISFJ careers, relationships, and famous ISFJ individuals here.
Brian Banks was a high school football star when he was falsely accused of rape. After spending five years in prison, he was completely exonerated. And now he has a chance to play in the NFL.
ESTP is one of the 16 identifiable personality types. Like all personality types, the ESTP personality has both strengths and weaknesses that make it unique. Learn about ESTP careers as well as ESTP relationships here.
Building on Catholic social teachings, distributism is a political theory that calls for the benefits of capitalism to be spread wider.
You may have heard of Big Foot or Chupacabras. But El Duende, the "elf-like creature" in the forest is gaining notoriety. So who is this mysterious being and is it good or evil?
This case examine the implications of the merger of Pepsi Co. and Quaker Oats Company for the rivalry between Coca-Cola Co. and PepsiCo, and for value creation by each firm.
For a fee, some people agreed to assume the transgressions of the dead in the belief this would ease their passage into heaven.
Join me in my quest to find out, at last, who really stole the cookies from the cookie jar. There is a sure way to ID that little rascal! Exploring microexpression analysis and how to spot a liar.
A scholarly article analysing the intricate relations of power and knowledge as put forward by Michel Foucault in his books "Discipline and Punish" and "The History of Sexuality"
This article takes a look at five major comic book superheroes, Superman, Batman, Wonder Woman, The Hulk, and The Silver Surfer, and makes the case that modern man uses superheroes to explain the world in the same way ancient man used myth.
This essay highlights the importance of Psychological Research on animals, weighing both the pros and cons of psychological research, especially the ethics of animal research in psychology.
The term “monetary standard” refers to the monetary system of a country. There are three main types of monetary standards...
Taxes are as old as sin, as certain as death, and as popular as a skunk at a lawn party, but they do fund social programs we all rely on.
The criminal law system penalizes defendants found guilty of murder. The tort of wrongful death is meant to ease the financial and emotional suffering of those close to the victim
Vidocq was an 18th century criminal who reformed himself and became the father of modern criminal investigation. He was a convict, an escape artist, a fugitive, a master of disguise, and a detective.
Gossen, a German economist, is the first to explain the law of diminishing marginal utility based on general observations of human behavior. Therefore, the law is also termed as ‘Gossen’s first law’.
This case study in Abnormal PSychology focuses on Fyodor Dostoyevsky and examines the life of the Rusian novelist in relation to pathological gambling.
A dramatic call to police. A small voice gives a name and location. A man yells. A girl screams. And the line goes dead. The name nervously uttered on the call was “Anthonette Cayedito,” a 9-year-old from Gallup, New Mexico, who had been missing for a year.
Hicks and Allen, in an attempt to find an alternative approach to Marshall’s utility analysis, have described the indifference curve analysis. What are the differences between the two?
Sociology, the systematic study of social behavior and society through the scientific method, has not always been recognized as a formal discipline. The beginnings of sociology go back to Ancient Greece where Aristotle developed the first system of...
A study guide to Industrial/Organizational Psychology examining the interaction of employees and their working environment, with an interesting look at workplace behavior and motivational concepts.
Do I know you? Face detection is something we do every day without even thinking about it. For most of us recognizing faces is an automatic skill, but this is a complex psychological process.
To help society with the issue of crime, criminology or the study of crime has been instrumental in the prediction, deterrence, punishment, and explanation of crime. Criminology is an important part of society today. For people to understand what is happening in the world today, they must go back and look at previous data and research. Perceived notions of past and present criminologists along with hard data and statistics make the criminal justice system what it is today.
Meaning and assumptions of consumer's surplus - Measurement of consumer's surplus: The law of diminishing marginal utility approach and the indifference curve approach.
Do you prefer your solitude, enjoy having a social life or fall somewhere in between?Let's look at how the characteristics of an introvert differ from those of an extrovert to see where YOU fall on
The Advocate describes a person who fights for human rights, speaks out for the voiceless, and lives a life committed to advancing humanitarian causes. They are motivated by a desire to make a change.
Not much is known about the mythical Hazzi, but what exists about the mountain god, may serve as a key to understanding early civilizations and the migration between continents.
The cognitive science of religion tries to understand the psychology of religious belief and behavior. This article summarizes important research and findings.
Eating black eyed peas is a fun family tradition in the South now. But once eating cow peas, Southern peas or black eyed peas was a matter of survival.
What is Love? An Evolutionary Perspective - This article explains why loving couples fair better in the course of human evolution, and why love is epitomised in poetry yet shrouded in mystery.
What does westernization mean for Pakistan? What are the effects of modernization on Pakistani culture? This article discusses the positives and negatives of Western influence in Pakistan.
Meaning of consumer's equilibrium - assumptions - budget line or price line - indifference map - necessary conditions for consumer's equilibrium - deriving consumer's equilibrium graphically
In a rapidly changing global society where traditional cultures under pressure, we must respect our many diverse ways of life without giving up the ethical demand for universal human rights.
Throughout the world people of different regions have used different stories with similar elements to explain the creation of the earth and the creatures that inhabit it.
There are many different feminist frameworks. This article outlines the various perspectives, theories, applications, and criticisms of "feminist theory," which is relevant to social work practice.
Robert Oakley Marshall wanted out of his marriage to be with his mistress but he couldn't afford for his massive debt to be exposed in a divorce.
This article, the first in a three article series, discusses three theories of moral development, the Piagetian, Biological & Psychodynamic models. Each theory is discussed and examples given.
Nature has its dangers, but without it we starve ourselves in more ways than we can imagine. From nature we learn what it is to be human, how we fit in to life, and how we can make life easier.
There used to be many traditions and customs for the Chinese New Year. Some of them are no longer observed by the younger generations.
The lore, folk tales, and myths of ale and beer for the Germanic peoples: Germans, Norse, Anglo-Saxons, and the English.
A study of the different ways people from around the world wash their dishes. Includes the dish-washing practices of people from Syria, Iran, Germany, India, France, and the U.S.
Feral children have fascinated us for millennia. We've concoted many fanciful stories of children who have lived and survived in the wild. But this hub reveals that there is substantial truth behind the myths and the legends. In this hub, you'll meet the real Mowgli's and Tarzan's and learn how they survived, how they were rescued, and whether they were successfully rehabiliated...
As atheism has become a cohesive force in society, questions regarding "belief" and "doubt" are emerging as an important issue for psychological study. Here is what psychology says.
How a con man duped struggling farmers into a pigeon breeding scheme that had fraud written all over it.
Even though legal issues are probably not what first come to mind when most people think about psychology there is more involved in the practice of professional psychology than theories and treatment options. Psychologists are required to maintain their professional competence, not only by staying up-to-date on changes in the field of psychology but by maintaining awareness of any revisions to laws or regulations that could affect them and their practice. Some of the most significant changes i
The Celts were renown for their military prowess and fearlessness in battle. This has been attributed to their belief in reincarnation. Do myths and legends preserve this belief?
Ever since the tuberculosis bacterium and its transmission modes were identified in the late 1800s, municipalities across the country have struggled with enacting and enforcing effective laws against spitting.
Even though the carved cedar pole and potlatch were illegal for many years until 1951, their meanings in a cultural context were never lost. The lineage of the Master Carvers preserved them.
An analysis of utopian and dystopian literature as well as some real-world attempts at creating utopian societies during the Protestant Reformation. I also have a summary of modern day utopias.
References to a deity that resembles Cronos can be found in Irish texts. Is it possible that this Greek being may have taken up residence in Ireland in the distant past?
What is the difference between a president and a prime minister? This article is devoted to helping you better understand the difference.
The development of ethnography, important figures in cultural anthropology, and how ethnography changed history.
Our mothers always told us that breakfast was the most important meal of the day; our mothers, as usual, were right.
Many people know of the Jersey Devil, but not many people know of the man the legend likely originated from.
Krampus has risen dramatically in popularity in the United States over recent years. But why has this happened now?
As I walked out of the theatre after viewing 'Black Swan' I could not help but notice the striking similarities between the primary actors' roles and certain archetypes of the unconcious mind as delineated by Carl G. Jung. This film seems to be...
A review of the language, beliefs, and practices of the Rastafari as displayed in Leonard Barrett's "The Rastafarians," as well as the words and music of the people themselves.
Conspiracy in itself can constitute a crime. Assistance given in any form, with knowledge of its intended use in a criminal act, involves the provider in whatever conduct ensues.
The article discusses the definition of "normal" and how "normal childhood" is defined differently based on context. Recommendations are made for how children can contribute to this description.
Image couresty of Real Future Real Future The idea of the modern state that exists today never attained fruition until the perhaps the 18th century. The modern state and its accompanying instruments, institutions and mechanisms that we know of and...
What culture is, how advertising highlights cultural aspects in societies and how "the gaze" is used in advertisements.
Have you ever wondered why series such as "The Walking Dead" or horror films such as "The Shining" attract a huge audience although they are full of atrocities?
The study of memory in psychology is a rapidly advancing area of research. The interconnection of cognition, emotion and memory has been particularly insightful in moving this area forward.
Their names, race, county of crime, and date of execution is all the information the state offers about the men they've executed. Now I share the stories of how they got there.
Although object recognition is important, facial recognition is even more so.In this paper the cognitive processes involved in facial recognition, identification, and classification will be explained.
The legends of this underworld testify to its otherness and yet also impart a distinctive British flair.
A review of the development and contribution of equity towards law and the country. It includes discussion of equitable remedies, maxims, doctrines, and principles which are still used until today.