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Five Common Personality Determinants

There are five major personality determinants.

There are five major personality determinants.

What Are Personality Determinants?

Before discussing the most common determinants of personality, it is necessary to answer the question, "What is personality?" For the answer, we turn to American psychologist Gordon Allport, who describes personality as:

The dynamic organization within the individual of those psychophysical systems that determine his unique adjustments to his environment.

Personality is not determined by a single factor, but by an accumulation of many factors. Some of those factors are psychological, while others are physical, biological, and hereditary. I have compiled some of the most influential factors when it comes to determinants of personality.

The genes one receives from their parents will affect their personality.

The genes one receives from their parents will affect their personality.

1. Heredity

One of the biggest personality determinants is heredity. In fact, it may be the most important factor, since most of the other determinants (with the except of social/family), such as physical characteristics, gender, psychology, and more, are passed down through genes.

The example given below is quite interesting, and comes from the book Essentials of Organizational Behavior by Stephen P. Robbins, Timothy A. Judge, and Seema Sanghi:

Researchers in my many different countries have studies thousands of sets of identical twins who were separated at birth and raised separately. For instance, one set of twins who had been separated for 39 years and raised 45 miles apart, were found to drive the same model and color car. They also chain-smoked the same brand of cigarette, owned dogs with the same name, and regularly enjoyed vacations within three blocks of each other in a beach community 1,500 miles away.

The brain is, unsurprisingly, one of the most important personality determinants.

The brain is, unsurprisingly, one of the most important personality determinants.

2. Brain

The brain is one of the most important personality determinants. It is generally believed the father and the child adopt almost the same type of brain stimulation. Later differences are the result of the environment in which the child has grown.

However, scientists still have much to learn about the brain. An international study from 2017 suggested that our personalities are linked to the thickness and volume of our brain structures. The researchers wrote:

"Linking how brain structure is related to basic personality traits is a crucial step to improving our understanding of the link between the brain morphology and particular mood, cognitive or behavioural disorders. We also need to have a better understanding of the relation between brain structure and function in healthy people to figure out what is different in people with neuropsychiatric disorders."

Physical characteristics are influential personality determinants.

Physical characteristics are influential personality determinants.

3. Physical Characteristics

One of the most important factors in determining personality are an individual's physical characteristics. These factors play a vital role in determining one’s behavior in a social organization. Physical characteristics include, but are not limited to:

  • Height
  • Skin tone
  • Weight
  • Hair color
  • Beauty

These factors influence interactions with other people, contributing to personality development. Research from 2019 suggested that physical traits like height or attractiveness may play a significant role in shaping our personalities, behaviours, and possibly even politics.

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One's social experiences greatly influence personality.

One's social experiences greatly influence personality.

4. Social Experiences

Social experiences play a vital role in determining one’s personality. The things that occur around a person on a regular basis determine how that person will behave and perceive themselves. A person's social experiences affect:

  • Coordination
  • Cooperation
  • Family relationships
  • Organizational relationships
  • Workplaces relationships
  • Involvement in communities
The religion or creed one is raised with changes how they'll behave for the rest of their lives.

The religion or creed one is raised with changes how they'll behave for the rest of their lives.

5. Culture and Religion

The culture in which one lives almost always involves:

  • Traditional practices
  • Norms
  • Customs
  • Procedures
  • Rules and regulations
  • Precedents
  • Values

These are all highly influential determinants of personality. In 2019, a surprising cognitive science study found that complex societies tend to produce people with more "varied personalities."

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.


Endashae on June 08, 2020:

i like the determinan a am agree

mariam on February 17, 2020:

simple and easy to understand

Aners Bin Merlick on November 28, 2019:

wow! wonderful, thank you so much for adding to my knowledge, i really like this article.

Priya joon on September 22, 2019:

Simple and easy

Buom on September 07, 2019:

I like the content in this essay, short and understandable!

Nahason on August 21, 2019:

I agree with the first four determiners,

john on August 20, 2019:

the content in these essay is very good, excellent

Lydia on May 21, 2019:

I love the content in this essay

Abdulhameed A Kankia on March 19, 2019:

Yes ! Me too I appreciate with your very splendid effort

Sosna on February 19, 2019:

It was fantastic

Freshman Ekwe, from Jos, North central Nigeria. on August 18, 2018:

Simple and easy. Resaerch on twins, fascinating. Thank you.

Bete Kingdom from Nigeria south south on April 25, 2018:

this works is very wonderful and impressive.


Chetna on February 05, 2018:

Nice very easy to understand thank u so much

ekant tyagi on October 28, 2017:

thnk u.

easly understood...

swati on June 06, 2016:

I like it.

It is very useful and easy to understand

thank u so much

maludad on April 17, 2016:

thanks 456121

Dollz on December 04, 2014:

There are other determinants too what are their implications when it comes to performance on the job?

Nyesha Pagnou MPH from USA on June 18, 2014:

I've researched some of the twin studies and this is a very interesting and often even fascinating topic. Thanks for your insightful hub!

BEEZKNEEZ on November 11, 2013:

This is a pretty cool hub. Some of the factors make sense but I had never thought of them.

preethi on October 06, 2013:

It is very useful thanq

zarnain on September 09, 2013:

its v helpful :)

Qumby on July 11, 2013:

Very nice ^_^

joyce muyai on October 15, 2012:

thankyou for your compilledad fully reaserch on determinants of personality it has helped me in doing my assingments.thumps up to you all.

jonathan matthews on May 25, 2012:

This is really facinating stuff thanks for that. However I am sceptical, at least that heriditary has as big an effect as they claim. The twins study does not seam to deal with personality at all but rather with a search for similarities, how many things that were different about the twins identies does it fail to mention? Drive same car, is it a common car? dogs name - "Prince" or "sheba" maybe even "blackie" or something, holiday in the nearby idylic resort, well doesn't everyone. They were rasied in the same culture its hardly suprising they have similar tastes, and combined with an inherent predisposition for brain pathways to operate in a certain way the law of averages means their will be commonalies somewhere, especailly in a a sample of thousands, but what of their personalities? Their job? Their family life? It certainly intersting though, I go to find out more.

Linda Bilyeu from Orlando, FL on May 15, 2012:

Very interesting!!! I have twin grand babies who are one year old and I already notice how their behaviors are similar! Great hub!!

tamene on May 05, 2012:

thanks so much for the information what i have got from your article.

missmufett on May 02, 2012:

Thanks so much for the information. It has helped me withh my essay in which I am arguing that personality is influenced by both nature and nurture.

misha on March 28, 2012:

This piece of information is really interesting, as well it helped me in my assignment........



I love reading about this kind of stuff....thankx again to share ur outstandng knowldge wd us........such a gr8 work

Ranu saini on March 13, 2012:

Thnx it helps we to understand clearly about the determinants or traits of personality or help u to give our best presentation

NOOR on January 29, 2012:



ajay raj on January 21, 2012:

nce article helped me a lot

Rubaba on January 16, 2012:

This piece of information is really interesting, as well it helped me in my assignment. After going through this article I concluded my report that basically two factors are responsible for personality. One being the environment in which we live and the other is the hereditary. Is this right?

Noor Ullah on November 14, 2011:

nice one thanks

shrinivas on November 05, 2011:

im shrinivas from karnataka i have staded in and also my intrested in business management know other

Mazlan A from Malaysia on October 28, 2011:


Good article. I recently posted a Personality Test taken from Jerry M. Burger's book "Personality". What is interesting is that, if we know our personality type, it helps us in so many things that we do, why we do etc

Syed Hunbbel Meer (author) from Karachi, Pakistan. on October 09, 2011:

@priyanka: All the above mentioned things will fall in the category of physical factors. If any factor that will affect the mental state of the person is there, it will eventually change his personality.

A very beautiful girl may act proudly and with ego or attitude. A not so beautiful person may act humbly. These are not 'fix' things but they help determining a personality.

Hope it helped :)

priyanka on October 09, 2011:

want to know more in this.. like.. body build,attractiveness physical changes body control accidents physical defects health conditions.. what they play role in personality determinants.

Christopher Wanamaker from Arizona on October 03, 2011:

Great information. The hereditary factors are quite shocking indeed. Its interesting to see how two people raised in completely different environments can have the same personality traits, likes, and dislikes.

I once read about some twins that were separated at birth and were raised in completely different countries. Both of them had similar tastes in foods and were morbidly obese. This sheds some light on the genetics of obesity.

I love reading about this kind of stuff.

Hitesh on September 20, 2011:

gud n it ws awesome 2 knw smething new..

Syed Hunbbel Meer (author) from Karachi, Pakistan. on August 30, 2011:

@Alastar: I think now I am getting to your point. I am hoping to further improve myself on the thing that you have mentioned :)

Alastar Packer from North Carolina on August 30, 2011:

Here's a good one to ponder Hunbbel. Why did my interest go to that article. Why is this one as you say the only one that gets you decent traffic? This is not a proper synonym but consider fish-bait. Once while fishing the biggest bass fish ever came into the shallow water. I tried tossing everything- worms, lures etc in front of the fish but the fish wasn't interested. Then I remembered a friend had some crayfish over on the pier. He hit that bait like no tomorrow and turned into the biggest freshwater fish I've ever caught. Probably a State record but I had to return him to the water. The point is find out what you have to offer readers that will be interesting for them. From what can be deduced from your site I'd go to writers sites who write in the general areas you do and see what's working for them and what people are really going for. Read and sincerely comment on the ones you really like if your not already doing this. In time you'll see the fruits of your efforts and your decent traffic will be spread out amongst many Hubs.

LAKAI LOHFA on August 30, 2011:

I really enjoy reading your article on person. I pray for more wisdom to help educate us more. Thanks so much.

Syed Hunbbel Meer (author) from Karachi, Pakistan. on August 29, 2011:

@Alastar: Thank you sir for stopping by. Yes the hub is on Google's 1st page (which I didn't even try to lol). There are some other hubs as well - on Google's 1st page, but this is the only one that brings me a decent amount of traffic daily.

Thank you for your sincere advice sir. In fact, now I do the same thing i.e. putting the link part at the very end. Actually this hub was my 8th or 9th hub and I was just starting out so I didn't have much knowledge about the lay-out, but now that I have, I do precisely what you are suggesting me :)

And I would love to have your sincere and honest opinions about my articles. You are very welcome :)

Thanks for your encouragement and time.

Alastar Packer from North Carolina on August 29, 2011:

Hunbbel your obviously intelligent and have done your research well. Btw, this Hub is on the first page of Google under the title. How are your others? Have you checked? Last night after reading your poem then posting I'd read an article or two of yours today with the thought of telling you what I thought so here it is: the articles well written and formatted. The only thing I would advise- and some one with more knowledge might advise different- is putting the first part(links)last instead of at the beginning. I'll read some more through the week if you wish. I see your author score has gone up 4 points- your getting there my friend.

Syed Hunbbel Meer (author) from Karachi, Pakistan. on August 28, 2011:

Thank you apurva for stopping by :)

apurva joshi from INDIA on August 28, 2011:

quite an interesting topic. great work:)

Syed Hunbbel Meer (author) from Karachi, Pakistan. on July 27, 2011:

@Gerald: I'm glad that you liked it :) Thanks

Gerald Hinampas Concha on July 27, 2011:

:) i really liked it

Syed Hunbbel Meer (author) from Karachi, Pakistan. on February 28, 2011:

Oh that's great. I am glad I was able to help you out through my efforts =)

Claudin_Dayo from Southeast Asia on February 28, 2011:

of course.. . =) it made me conclude why that person is like this and that after hearing his family back ground, past and the environment where he grew

Syed Hunbbel Meer (author) from Karachi, Pakistan. on February 28, 2011:

Thanks for the feedback :)

So did this help you? :)

Claudin_Dayo from Southeast Asia on February 28, 2011:

During my psychology days, I found this topic of yours on it's lessons and I really stirs up my interest because it deals with studying our own race! =)


Syed Hunbbel Meer (author) from Karachi, Pakistan. on February 21, 2011:

Oh thank you so much. A positive comment from such a prolific and experienced hubber like you, really mean a lot to me :)

I am really glad that you liked my work.

kephrira from Birmingham on February 21, 2011:

A well rounded look at the subject, thumbs up from me!

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