Overview of the International Peace United Nations Organization

Updated on July 8, 2017

The United Nations Organization

Establishment: 24 October 1945

Membership: 192 member states

Headquarters: International territory in Manhattan, New York City, U. S. A

Official languages: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish

United Nations Organisation

The United Nations Organisation (UNO) was founded in the year 1945 after Second World War. The main aims of UNO are to maintain international peace and security and to develop friendly relations among nations. Also, International cooperation in solving problems of economic, social and humanitarian nature; promotion and encouragement of respect for human rights and fundamental freedom and to be a center for harmonizing the actions of nations and to achieve the above aims. The six principal organs of UNO are: The General Assembly, The Security Council, The Economic and Social Council, The International Court of Justice, The Secretariat and The Trusteeship Council.


The six principal organs of United Nations Organisation

The General Assembly

The Security Council

The Economic and Social Council

The International Court of Justice

The Secretariat

The Trusteeship Council

The United Nations Secretariat Building at the United Nations headquarters in New York City, United States of America.
The United Nations Secretariat Building at the United Nations headquarters in New York City, United States of America.

Member States which contribute the most to the UN Budget

Name of the Country
Contribution to the UN Regular Budget
United States of America
25.00 %
Japan
17.98 %
Germany
9.63 %
France
6.49 %
Italy
5.39 %
United Kingdom
5.07 %
Russia
2.87 %
Canada
2.82 %
Spain
2.57 %
The United Nations General Assembly hall at its headquarters in New York.
The United Nations General Assembly hall at its headquarters in New York.

UN General Assembly

It is the main organ of the UN consisting of representatives of all the members of the U.N. Each member state has a single vote and all members are equally placed, unlike in the case of the Security Council. It generally holds regular annual session in September. Decisions are taken based on simple majority, but in cases of peace, security, election of new UN members and budget, a two-thirds majority vote is required.

UN General Assembly elects the ten non-permanent members of the Security Council. It elects members of The Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) and Trusteeship Council. It elects along with the Security Council Judges of the International Court of Justice. It appoints UN Secretary General, based on the recommendation of the Security Council. It approves the UN budget. It receives and considers reports from the other UN organs.

The United Nations Security Council Chamber in New York, also known as the Norwegian Room.
The United Nations Security Council Chamber in New York, also known as the Norwegian Room.

UN Security Council

It is the main organ of the UN with the basic responsibility for the maintenance of World Peace. It has 15 countries as members. Five of them are permanent members - the United States of America, the United Kingdom, Russia, France and China. The remaining ten are non-permanent members, who are elected for a two-year term by a two-thirds majority of the General Assembly. Out of these ten seats, five are allocated to Afro-Asian region, two seats to Latin America, one seat to Eastern Europe and remaining two seats to Western Europe and others.

The five permanent members of the Security Council have special voting rights known as 'Veto' power. Any decision in the Security Council can be taken only with the support of at least nine members including that of five permanent members. Thus, no decision can be taken in the Council, even if one permanent member votes against the proposal.

Decisions taken by the UN Security Council are binding on all the members of the UN, since the UN charter provides that the Council's decisions are made in the name of all UN members.

The Council powers include taking decisions to settle disputes among member states, requisitioning military forces; from the members for peace keeping operations, approving admission of countries as new members, recommending to the General Assembly on appointment of Secretary General, etc., The Nobel Peace Prize was given to the UN Security Council in 1988 for its role in establishing peace in the World by means of resolution of conflicts.

Some Peace Keeping Activities of the UNO

Name of the Mission
Year of Establishment
Objective
UN Mission for Ethiopia & Eritrea (UMEE)
2002
To monitor ceasefire between Ethiopia and Eritrea as pact of a deal signed by two countries and end their border conflict.
UN Mission in East Timor (UNMISET)
2002
To help East Timor, the newly formed independent country in taking overall operational responsibilities.
UN Operation in Burundi (ONUB)
2004
To assist in bringing national reconciliation and lasting peace among Burundians as provided in Anusha Pact.
UN Stablisation Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH)
2004
To restore normalcy in Haiti.
UN Mission in the Sudan
2005
To assist in implementing peace agreement between Sudan Government and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement.
The room of the United Nations Economic and Social Council at its headquarters, New York.
The room of the United Nations Economic and Social Council at its headquarters, New York.

Economic and Social Council

The ECOSOC is the Chief Coordinating Agency of the UN in the economic and social sectors between the UN and the specialised institutions of the UN. It consists of 54 members, meets twice a year. Its main activities include conducting studies and making recommendations on social, economic, educational, health and related matters in the world with special focus on the least developed countries. It carries its activities through nine functional commissions, five regional commissions and various standing committees. The nine functional commissions were set up to focus on specific areas like human rights, population and development, social development, status of women., etc., The main purpose of these commissions are to assist in raising the level of economic activity in their respective regions and to strengthen the economic relations of the States among themselves and with others.

The five regional commissions of ECOSOC

Name of the Commission
Headquarters
Year of Establishment
Member States
Economic Commission for Africa (ECA)
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
1958
53 member states
Economic Commission for Europe (ECE)
Geneva, Switzerland
1947
56 member states
Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC)
Santiago, Chile
1948
44 member States
Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP)
Bangkok, Thailand
1947
53 member States
Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA)
Beirut, Lebanon
1973
14 member States
The Peace Palace, seat of the International Court of Justice
The Peace Palace, seat of the International Court of Justice

United Nations Secretary Generals

Name
County
Term of Office
Trygve Lie
Norway
1945 - 1953
Dag Hammarskjold
Sweden
1953 - 1961
U Thant
Burma
1961 - 1971
Kurt Waldheim
Austria
1972 - 1981
Javier Perez de Cuellar
Peru
1982 - 1991
Boutros Boutros-Ghali
Egypt
1992 - 1996
Kofi Annan
Ghana
1997 - 2006
Ban Ki-moon
South Korea
2007 - 2016
António Guterres
Portugal
2017 - incumbent

International Court of Justice

The ICJ is Established in 1945 by the UN Charter. It is the main judicial organ of the UNO. It is also commonly known as the World Court. ICJ has its headquarters at Hague, the Netherland. It is composed of fifteen judges elected to six year terms by the United Nations General Assembly and the United Nations Security Council. It is meant to adjudicate on the disputes referred to it by the members and to give advisory opinion on matters referred to it by the UN Security Council or Genera! Assembly. As stated in the UN Charter, all 192 member states of UN are parties to the Court's statute. Non-UN members too can become parties to the Court's statute under the Article 93(2) procedure.

UN Secretariat

The United Nations Secretariat is one of the six principal organs of the UNO. It is headed by the UN Secretary General. It provides studies, information, and all facilities needed by United Nations bodies for their respective meetings. It also carries out tasks as directed by the United Nations Security Council, the United Nations General Assembly, the United Nations Economic and Social Council, and other U.N. bodies.

The chamber of the UN Trusteeship Council, UN headquarters, New York, U.S.A
The chamber of the UN Trusteeship Council, UN headquarters, New York, U.S.A

UN Trusteeship Council

The United Nations Trusteeship Council is one of the six principal organs of the U.N formed in 1945. It was established to ensure that non-self-governing territories were governed in the best interests of the people living in there and of international peace and security. Most of the trust territories were those former mandates of the League of Nations or the territories taken from nations defeated at the end of the World War II and which have now attained independence or self-governments, either as separate countries or by joining their neighbouring independent nations. The Trusteeship Council was suspended from operation on 1 November 1994 as its mission was fulfilled. Its future role and existence remains uncertain.

Questions & Answers

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      • profile image

        shankar 

        15 months ago

        I like any membership for best future

      • profile image

        Shrinivas Bhanage 

        16 months ago

        It's too good, the organization & this information. Thanks a lot.

      • profile image

        Gopalareddy 

        18 months ago

        It's help full.. Thanks

      • profile image

        Mamthaj 

        18 months ago

        It's fantastic

      • profile image

        Gopinath from India. 

        18 months ago

        Please take action on my indian central government which destroying democracy and ruling the power of militants. Always troublemaking the citizens mainly the tamilnadu and Tamil people.

      • profile image

        asuthosh 

        19 months ago

        it was helpfull ....thanks

      • profile image

        Jansi 

        2 years ago

        Very good information about UNO

      • profile image

        Obenofunde vanessa 

        2 years ago

        I am from Cameroon in west Africa. My country is divided and fighting against each other. Can the UN please interven

      • profile image

        ishant mahajan 

        2 years ago

        It is composed of fifteen judges elected to six year terms.......

        it is of 9 years instead of six years

      • profile image

        K uday kiran 

        3 years ago

        I living very happily because there is no wars after i born

      • profile image

        T.vikas reddy 

        3 years ago

        Good information about UNO

      • profile image

        bidishamukherjee001@gmail.com 

        3 years ago

        uno is really working good but as after i born there are no wars being fought so i wish to see a war in the presence of uno

      • profile image

        Shanmukha A Indian 

        4 years ago

        I love It Superb Thank you god bless you Keep doing this type of things

      • profile image

        ahitha 

        4 years ago

        UNO is good and it is our life.Because it is trying to give peace

      • profile image

        prakashmirdha234@gmail.com 

        4 years ago

        it is more batter if the name of founding members and of their numbers are given,good one

      • profile image

        Shreya.T.S 

        4 years ago

        i like uno because it has successfully prevented another world war as the whole world was shook by two wars

      • profile image

        aabi 

        4 years ago

        UNO is good work for our nation....

      • profile image

        shruti 

        4 years ago

        like ur activity

      • profile image

        REALLY UNO's activities are too good.It is doing a great job 

        4 years ago

        REALLY UNO's activities are too good

      • profile image

        ritu 

        4 years ago

        I like your activity

      • profile image

        Sakshi sen 

        4 years ago

        UNO is bst rule..... really its too good

      • profile image

        kamal 

        4 years ago

        its useful for the school&college students.

      • profile image

        muna fabian 

        4 years ago

        I like UNO. I want to be a candidate of such committee n do something.

      • profile image

        Abhighna 

        4 years ago

        it was good

      • profile image

        shailendra kumar from mau 

        4 years ago

        I like UNO. I want to be a candidate of such committee n do something.

      • profile image

        sahil mehra 

        4 years ago

        I think U.N.O is not maintaining peace among nations, ......because the terrorism is growing now worldwide............

      • profile image

        Pritam 

        4 years ago

        i pray to god that UNO can rule more than now.UNO is the best rule.

      • profile image

        eliana 

        4 years ago

        Uno does a very good work!

      • profile image

        sarvda j 

        4 years ago

        Uno is the best rule for world

      • profile image

        Tom 

        5 years ago

        UN does a good job.....

      • profile image

        mahendersingh 

        5 years ago

        best orgs in world i will be do for them

      • profile image

        Mamatha 

        5 years ago

        The UNO has committed to maintain internal peace and security among the nations which showed a ray of hope for peaceful lives. Praising for enhancement of its strengths.

      • profile image

        pawan 

        5 years ago

        my sevey is copleted

      • profile image

        Inspector S K Sah 

        5 years ago

        I like un organisation. I want to be a part of UNpeace keeping force.please advice me to join un peace keeping force.

      • profile image

        ram 

        6 years ago

        uno should continue please god it should happen

      • profile image

        doubt 

        6 years ago

        but... i think UNO is not maintaing peace among nations....................?

      • profile image

        Dinuotta 

        6 years ago

        UNO ...I like your activities ..

      • profile image

        rana imtiaz ali 

        6 years ago

        god blessss you

      • profile image

        sonal 

        6 years ago

        god bless uno..

      • profile image

        Jay(india) 

        6 years ago

        really uno is a symbol of international peace. it keeps all world's countries in a organisation. i hope that it'll control the terror and conflict between all countries :)

      • profile image

        Mba Philip 

        7 years ago

        may God continue to guide the UN to maintain international peace

      • profile image

        Pradeep 

        7 years ago

        Ban Ki-moon gets second term: The UN General Assembly voted unanimously to give Ban Ki-moon a second term as Secretary-General on 21 June 2011, praising him for strengthening the world body's role and visibility in difficult circumstances.

      • profile image

        aima 

        7 years ago

        uno institution name

      • profile image

        Mariam George 

        7 years ago

        Is UN powers are mainly controlled by USA

      • profile image

        nuhu alidu 

        7 years ago

        I hope that God will continue to bless the organisation of the union

      • profile image

        nishant 

        8 years ago

        nice

      • dilipchandra12 profile imageAUTHOR

        Dilip Chandra 

        9 years ago from India

        The International Criminal Court (ICC) is independent of the United Nations. It is a permanent tribunal to prosecute individuals accused of the most serious crimes of international concern.

        The International Court of Justice (ICJ), the principle judicial organ of the United Nations does not have criminal jurisdiction, it is a civil tribunal that deals primarily with disputes between States.

      • profile image

        Manisha Bandara 

        9 years ago

        Is ICC established under the UNO?ifnot what is the purpose of establishing that kind of court instead of ICJ?

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