Updated date:

Overview of the International Peace United Nations Organization

united-nations-organization

The United Nations Organization

Establishment: 24 October 1945

Membership: 192 member states

Headquarters: International territory in Manhattan, New York City, U. S. A

Official languages: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish

United Nations Organisation

The United Nations Organisation (UNO) was founded in the year 1945 after Second World War. The main aims of UNO are to maintain international peace and security and to develop friendly relations among nations. Also, International cooperation in solving problems of economic, social and humanitarian nature; promotion and encouragement of respect for human rights and fundamental freedom and to be a center for harmonizing the actions of nations and to achieve the above aims. The six principal organs of UNO are: The General Assembly, The Security Council, The Economic and Social Council, The International Court of Justice, The Secretariat and The Trusteeship Council.


The United Nations Secretariat Building at the United Nations headquarters in New York City, United States of America.

The United Nations Secretariat Building at the United Nations headquarters in New York City, United States of America.

Member States which contribute the most to the UN Budget

Name of the CountryContribution to the UN Regular Budget

United States of America

25.00 %

Japan

17.98 %

Germany

9.63 %

France

6.49 %

Italy

5.39 %

United Kingdom

5.07 %

Russia

2.87 %

Canada

2.82 %

Spain

2.57 %

The United Nations General Assembly hall at its headquarters in New York.

The United Nations General Assembly hall at its headquarters in New York.

UN General Assembly

It is the main organ of the UN consisting of representatives of all the members of the U.N. Each member state has a single vote and all members are equally placed, unlike in the case of the Security Council. It generally holds regular annual session in September. Decisions are taken based on simple majority, but in cases of peace, security, election of new UN members and budget, a two-thirds majority vote is required.

UN General Assembly elects the ten non-permanent members of the Security Council. It elects members of The Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) and Trusteeship Council. It elects along with the Security Council Judges of the International Court of Justice. It appoints UN Secretary General, based on the recommendation of the Security Council. It approves the UN budget. It receives and considers reports from the other UN organs.

The United Nations Security Council Chamber in New York, also known as the Norwegian Room.

The United Nations Security Council Chamber in New York, also known as the Norwegian Room.

UN Security Council

It is the main organ of the UN with the basic responsibility for the maintenance of World Peace. It has 15 countries as members. Five of them are permanent members - the United States of America, the United Kingdom, Russia, France and China. The remaining ten are non-permanent members, who are elected for a two-year term by a two-thirds majority of the General Assembly. Out of these ten seats, five are allocated to Afro-Asian region, two seats to Latin America, one seat to Eastern Europe and remaining two seats to Western Europe and others.

The five permanent members of the Security Council have special voting rights known as 'Veto' power. Any decision in the Security Council can be taken only with the support of at least nine members including that of five permanent members. Thus, no decision can be taken in the Council, even if one permanent member votes against the proposal.

Decisions taken by the UN Security Council are binding on all the members of the UN, since the UN charter provides that the Council's decisions are made in the name of all UN members.

The Council powers include taking decisions to settle disputes among member states, requisitioning military forces; from the members for peace keeping operations, approving admission of countries as new members, recommending to the General Assembly on appointment of Secretary General, etc., The Nobel Peace Prize was given to the UN Security Council in 1988 for its role in establishing peace in the World by means of resolution of conflicts.

Some Peace Keeping Activities of the UNO

Name of the MissionYear of EstablishmentObjective

UN Mission for Ethiopia & Eritrea (UMEE)

2002

To monitor ceasefire between Ethiopia and Eritrea as pact of a deal signed by two countries and end their border conflict.

UN Mission in East Timor (UNMISET)

2002

To help East Timor, the newly formed independent country in taking overall operational responsibilities.

UN Operation in Burundi (ONUB)

2004

To assist in bringing national reconciliation and lasting peace among Burundians as provided in Anusha Pact.

UN Stablisation Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH)

2004

To restore normalcy in Haiti.

UN Mission in the Sudan

2005

To assist in implementing peace agreement between Sudan Government and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement.

The room of the United Nations Economic and Social Council at its headquarters, New York.

The room of the United Nations Economic and Social Council at its headquarters, New York.

Economic and Social Council

The ECOSOC is the Chief Coordinating Agency of the UN in the economic and social sectors between the UN and the specialised institutions of the UN. It consists of 54 members, meets twice a year. Its main activities include conducting studies and making recommendations on social, economic, educational, health and related matters in the world with special focus on the least developed countries. It carries its activities through nine functional commissions, five regional commissions and various standing committees. The nine functional commissions were set up to focus on specific areas like human rights, population and development, social development, status of women., etc., The main purpose of these commissions are to assist in raising the level of economic activity in their respective regions and to strengthen the economic relations of the States among themselves and with others.

The five regional commissions of ECOSOC

Name of the CommissionHeadquartersYear of EstablishmentMember States

Economic Commission for Africa (ECA)

Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

1958

53 member states

Economic Commission for Europe (ECE)

Geneva, Switzerland

1947

56 member states

Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC)

Santiago, Chile

1948

44 member States

Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP)

Bangkok, Thailand

1947

53 member States

Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA)

Beirut, Lebanon

1973

14 member States

The Peace Palace, seat of the International Court of Justice

The Peace Palace, seat of the International Court of Justice

United Nations Secretary Generals

NameCountyTerm of Office

Trygve Lie

Norway

1945 - 1953

Dag Hammarskjold

Sweden

1953 - 1961

U Thant

Burma

1961 - 1971

Kurt Waldheim

Austria

1972 - 1981

Javier Perez de Cuellar

Peru

1982 - 1991

Boutros Boutros-Ghali

Egypt

1992 - 1996

Kofi Annan

Ghana

1997 - 2006

Ban Ki-moon

South Korea

2007 - 2016

António Guterres

Portugal

2017 - incumbent

International Court of Justice

The ICJ is Established in 1945 by the UN Charter. It is the main judicial organ of the UNO. It is also commonly known as the World Court. ICJ has its headquarters at Hague, the Netherland. It is composed of fifteen judges elected to six year terms by the United Nations General Assembly and the United Nations Security Council. It is meant to adjudicate on the disputes referred to it by the members and to give advisory opinion on matters referred to it by the UN Security Council or Genera! Assembly. As stated in the UN Charter, all 192 member states of UN are parties to the Court's statute. Non-UN members too can become parties to the Court's statute under the Article 93(2) procedure.

UN Secretariat

The United Nations Secretariat is one of the six principal organs of the UNO. It is headed by the UN Secretary General. It provides studies, information, and all facilities needed by United Nations bodies for their respective meetings. It also carries out tasks as directed by the United Nations Security Council, the United Nations General Assembly, the United Nations Economic and Social Council, and other U.N. bodies.

The chamber of the UN Trusteeship Council, UN headquarters, New York, U.S.A

The chamber of the UN Trusteeship Council, UN headquarters, New York, U.S.A

UN Trusteeship Council

The United Nations Trusteeship Council is one of the six principal organs of the U.N formed in 1945. It was established to ensure that non-self-governing territories were governed in the best interests of the people living in there and of international peace and security. Most of the trust territories were those former mandates of the League of Nations or the territories taken from nations defeated at the end of the World War II and which have now attained independence or self-governments, either as separate countries or by joining their neighbouring independent nations. The Trusteeship Council was suspended from operation on 1 November 1994 as its mission was fulfilled. Its future role and existence remains uncertain.

Comments

shankar on September 08, 2018:

I like any membership for best future

Shrinivas Bhanage on August 12, 2018:

It's too good, the organization & this information. Thanks a lot.

Gopalareddy on June 13, 2018:

It's help full.. Thanks

Mamthaj on June 04, 2018:

It's fantastic

Gopinath from India. on May 24, 2018:

Please take action on my indian central government which destroying democracy and ruling the power of militants. Always troublemaking the citizens mainly the tamilnadu and Tamil people.

asuthosh on May 11, 2018:

it was helpfull ....thanks

Jansi on November 25, 2017:

Very good information about UNO

Obenofunde vanessa on September 28, 2017:

I am from Cameroon in west Africa. My country is divided and fighting against each other. Can the UN please interven

ishant mahajan on July 17, 2017:

It is composed of fifteen judges elected to six year terms.......

it is of 9 years instead of six years

K uday kiran on December 02, 2016:

I living very happily because there is no wars after i born

T.vikas reddy on October 10, 2016:

Good information about UNO

bidishamukherjee001@gmail.com on April 25, 2016:

uno is really working good but as after i born there are no wars being fought so i wish to see a war in the presence of uno

Shanmukha A Indian on October 22, 2015:

I love It Superb Thank you god bless you Keep doing this type of things

ahitha on September 18, 2015:

UNO is good and it is our life.Because it is trying to give peace

prakashmirdha234@gmail.com on September 07, 2015:

it is more batter if the name of founding members and of their numbers are given,good one

Shreya.T.S on August 23, 2015:

i like uno because it has successfully prevented another world war as the whole world was shook by two wars

aabi on August 15, 2015:

UNO is good work for our nation....

shruti on June 25, 2015:

like ur activity

REALLY UNO's activities are too good.It is doing a great job on June 16, 2015:

REALLY UNO's activities are too good

ritu on June 15, 2015:

I like your activity

Sakshi sen on June 03, 2015:

UNO is bst rule..... really its too good

kamal on May 18, 2015:

its useful for the school&college students.

muna fabian on May 07, 2015:

I like UNO. I want to be a candidate of such committee n do something.

Abhighna on May 03, 2015:

it was good

shailendra kumar from mau on April 19, 2015:

I like UNO. I want to be a candidate of such committee n do something.

sahil mehra on April 06, 2015:

I think U.N.O is not maintaining peace among nations, ......because the terrorism is growing now worldwide............

eliana on January 10, 2015:

Uno does a very good work!

sarvda j on December 16, 2014:

Uno is the best rule for world

Tom on November 16, 2014:

UN does a good job.....

mahendersingh on November 04, 2014:

best orgs in world i will be do for them

Mamatha on August 16, 2014:

The UNO has committed to maintain internal peace and security among the nations which showed a ray of hope for peaceful lives. Praising for enhancement of its strengths.

pawan on June 15, 2014:

my sevey is copleted

Inspector S K Sah on December 20, 2013:

I like un organisation. I want to be a part of UNpeace keeping force.please advice me to join un peace keeping force.

ram on November 19, 2013:

uno should continue please god it should happen

doubt on October 29, 2013:

but... i think UNO is not maintaing peace among nations....................?

Dinuotta on September 23, 2013:

UNO ...I like your activities ..

rana imtiaz ali on July 16, 2013:

god blessss you

sonal on May 09, 2013:

god bless uno..

Jay(india) on January 17, 2013:

really uno is a symbol of international peace. it keeps all world's countries in a organisation. i hope that it'll control the terror and conflict between all countries :)

Mba Philip on December 08, 2012:

may God continue to guide the UN to maintain international peace

Pradeep on April 30, 2012:

Ban Ki-moon gets second term: The UN General Assembly voted unanimously to give Ban Ki-moon a second term as Secretary-General on 21 June 2011, praising him for strengthening the world body's role and visibility in difficult circumstances.

aima on April 26, 2012:

uno institution name

Mariam George on April 25, 2012:

Is UN powers are mainly controlled by USA

nuhu alidu on February 11, 2012:

I hope that God will continue to bless the organisation of the union

nishant on November 26, 2011:

nice

Dilip Chandra (author) from India on October 09, 2010:

The International Criminal Court (ICC) is independent of the United Nations. It is a permanent tribunal to prosecute individuals accused of the most serious crimes of international concern.

The International Court of Justice (ICJ), the principle judicial organ of the United Nations does not have criminal jurisdiction, it is a civil tribunal that deals primarily with disputes between States.

Manisha Bandara on October 09, 2010:

Is ICC established under the UNO?ifnot what is the purpose of establishing that kind of court instead of ICJ?