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Tribal Body Art: Weird and Wonderful Traditions From Around the World

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The Padaung or Long Neck Tribe

The Padaung or Long Neck Tribe

Giraffe Tribe woman

Giraffe Tribe woman

The Padaung Tribe

The Padaung are a sub-tribe that is part of the Red Karen tribe. They are indigenous to Burma but also live on the Tibet-Burma border. They are most famous for their neck rings, which are placed on the woman when she is a child. The tribe is known by many different names, but the most recognisable are the Long Neck Tribe or the Giraffe Tribe.

Not all of the Karen tribe use neck rings as part of their tradition.

The neck rings are made from brass and are added each year the child grows. An adult woman can wear as many as 25 rings around her neck.

There is a myth about how long the neck will stretch as the rings are applied. In fact, the neck itself does not stretch, its just a visual illusion.

The reason for wearing the rings is a bit of a mystery, but when asked, the women told that it was because they didn't want Tigers biting them! Others have said that it makes them look attractive for their husbands.

The downside of wearing the rings is that over time their neck muscles become weak, and this is used as a form of punishment for adultery. Once the rings are taken off, the woman's neck is so weak that she has to lie down for the rest of her life. Not surprising then that the divorce and adultery rates are very low in the tribe.

Other members of the Karen tribes wear large earrings that are made to make the ears look big and heavy. But it's the neck rings that make the Padaung tribe famous.

Apatani tribal woman

Apatani tribal woman

The Apatani People

The Apatani are a tribe of people who live in the Ziro Valley, which is in the lower Subansiri or district of Arunachal Pradesh in India. There are over 26,000 of the tribe living in the valley and across the country. Their language is Tibetan and is called Sino-Tibetan, also known as Tani. They have no written history, so their stories and lifestyle are passed down from generation to generation.

Body modification is an ancient art form, and many tribes around the world have practised these strange and sometimes bizarre form of body art for centuries. To us, they look strange and unfamiliar, but to them its part of their tradition and holds many parts of their tribe together, as time passes and the world begins to intrude on their lives.

In the Apatani tribe, women wear nose plugs. This is an ancient tradition, but these days you will only see the elder women of the tribe wearing them, as the art has died out ever since the 1970s.

The story goes that the women were said to be the most beautiful in all the land, and were constantly being bombarded by other tribes trying to steal their women. So they came up with the idea of the nose plugs to try and make themselves unattractive.

There is definitely a pattern between tribes of the world with this in mind. Along with the Apatani, the Long Neck women above also said this was part of the reason why they added the neck rings.

The nose rings are known as "yaping hurlo" and are made from local wood, though when researching this I couldn't find the exact method or wood that they used. It's possible that some of the nose plugs were made from bamboo. The women also tattoo their faces to complete the art.

Apatani lady with yaping hurlo

Apatani lady with yaping hurlo

Mursi Tribe lip plugs

Mursi Tribe lip plugs

African Mursi Tribe

The Mursi tribe are an ethnic people who live in southwestern Ethiopia. The area is close to the Sudan border. According to the national census of 2007, there are 7,500 Mursi. The area in which they live is surrounded by mountains and has one major river named the Omo. It is one of the most isolated regions in the whole country.

Their language is part of the Nilo-Saharan and is simply called the Mursi language.

Once again we see that the body modification art is commonly used only by the women of the tribe. In the case of the Mursi women, it was believed to stop slave traders from taking the women. But there are probably many other reasons too that have been lost over time.

The lip plate or plug is inserted into the top lip or lower lip through a hole that has been pierced. Over time, the plate is removed, and another one is inserted to make the hole bigger. This is said to be most painful to the women, and each time it is stretched it causes it to bleed. The actual term is labret, which means pierced lip ornaments.

The plate or plug is made out of clay or wood. Women place the plate in either the top lip or lower lip, depending on the region the tribe is from. It has been said that it is a form of status, the bigger the plate the more important the woman.

The disturbing thing about it is that when the plate is put in the lower lip, the women has her two lower front teeth knocked out to accommodate the plate. Sometimes up to four teeth are taken out.

In the Mursi tribe, the tradition of lip piercing is usually undertaken a year before the marriage ceremony. To begin with, the mother of the bride-to-be will pierce the hole with a knife and then a wooden peg is placed in the hole. Once this has healed, the peg is removed, and the first plate is inserted.

As you can see, many tribes around the world have lip piercings. In some parts of the Amazon, it is only the men who have their lips pierced and a plate inserted. The Suya tribesmen pierce their lower lip purely to make themselves more attractive. The women go for a more startling look with two plates.

Suya Indian wearing a lip plate. This is a disappearing art form.

Suya Indian wearing a lip plate. This is a disappearing art form.

Wodaabe-Fula people

Wodaabe-Fula people

Wodaabe Fulani

One of the most fascinating rituals that I have ever seen is the Gerewol Festival, which takes place in the Fulani ethnic group who live in Southern Niger, but are also known to live as far away as Nigeria, Cameroon and the Western region of the Central African Republic. They are a nomadic tribe of cattle herders and traders.

There are said to be more than 45,000 tribesmen and women, and like other nomadic tribes, they do not have a written language. They speak Fula, which is their dialect, and pass down their traditions in dance music and art. The actual name, Wodaabe, is translated as "People of the Taboo."

Their marriage arrangements are somewhat different to other African tribes. The family is based on the man and women having an arranged marriage where the woman will then live with the man until she becomes pregnant with her first child. When this occurs, she returns home to her mother and stays there for the next three to four years.

At this time she will be regarded as a "boofeydo," which translates as "someone who has committed an error."

The husband will not be able to have any contact with her or the child within this time period. After this time she will be able to visit her husband but not take the child with her, and she is not permitted to live with him. This doesn't change until her mother has supplied all her marriage goods or dowry.

The Guerewol Annual Ritual Courtship Dance

The Guerewol Annual Ritual Courtship Dance

The Beauty of The Gerewol Festival

The Wodaabe are promiscuous and can have as many partners as they wish before they marry. This includes the women being able to choose partners for long or short term relationships, even changing them when she becomes tired of her partner.

At the end of September every year, the tribe holds one of the most beautiful and bizarre ceremonies. It's the end of the rainy season, and the Wodaabe tribes gather at several different locations to meet, trade at the salt market and meet men and women for relationships. One of the most famous of these places is the Toureg Festival.

These are the traditional locations where the tribes have met for hundreds of years. And this is where the young men change into the most colorful and amazing costumes. With feathers and makeup, jewelry and adornments they practise for what for them is the most important day of the year.

Like beautiful birds of prey, they dress up and practice the ritual dance which includes the main features that make them the most desirable. Rolling their eyes to show the white as much as possible, standing as tall as they can because height is important to the female, and showing their teeth to prove they are fit and healthy.

Wodaabe tribes then join in the week-long Gerewol that includes bartering over marriage and a series of contests and various skills that are judged by the young women of the tribe.

A Documentary Film by Sandrine Loncke

Gerewol Festival Footage

Tribal Art, Jewelry and Dance

The beauty of tribal art, dance and makeup is one of the most amazing things about the human spirit. The way we show our face to the world may not be your idea of conventional beauty, but it is beautiful in the eyes of the people around us.

To the tribes in all the different countries and on far away continents, beauty is certainly in the eye of the beholder. Whether it be a neck ring, nose plug, a lip plate or multi-colored makeup, each and every one of them is unique and has a history that goes far back into the reaches of time and our primordial consciousness.

People around the world are beautiful.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2012 Nell Rose


Nell Rose (author) from England on June 25, 2017:

Thanks Tiko, glad I could help! :)

Tiko Kope on June 25, 2017:

That was so interesting. It helped me to do my presentation "The strange people in the world" . Thank you so much to help me with your information

Nell Rose (author) from England on July 28, 2016:

HI Fiona, no I was actually going to follow this up ages ago, but one thing lead to another, got sidetracked and so on, I will have to go and look, thanks! and thanks for reading, nell

Fiona from South Africa on July 28, 2016:

This was really interesting - I enjoyed the way you explained about the reasons for the body modifications as well. Have you ever done any research into the Ndebele traditions in South Africa? The women traditionally wear brass rings on their legs but what I like best is the way they decorate their houses.

Nell Rose (author) from England on October 24, 2015:

Yes it certainly does doesn't it? thanks Rebecca, glad you liked it, nell

Rebecca Mealey from Northeastern Georgia, USA on October 23, 2015:

Strange, and interesting! This makes all those weird piercings and tattoos around today look tame.

Nell Rose (author) from England on May 10, 2015:

HI Thelma, thanks so much for reading, our Mother's Day was back in March, but I hope you had a wonderful day!

Thelma Alberts from Germany on May 10, 2015:

I have seen a report in our telly about this tribe a few years ago. Very interesting Nell. Thanks for sharing this brilliant hub. Happy Mother´s Day to you!

Nell Rose (author) from England on February 14, 2013:

Thanks for reading rumanasaiyed.

Rumana from Sharjah, UAE on February 13, 2013:

Hello Nell Rose,

I was just shocked to see the pictures you have used for your hub!! Never seen such thing before.

Voted UP interesting and Shared

Nell Rose (author) from England on December 30, 2012:

Thanks Wiccan, have a great new year!

Mackenzie Sage Wright on December 30, 2012:

These are all so cool. I always wondered if those neck rings stretched the neck or weakened it or what. Love the videos, too, nice touch.

Nell Rose (author) from England on October 25, 2012:

Thanks Better, glad you liked it, nell

Better Yourself from North Carolina on October 23, 2012:

Another very interesting hub - this was so interesting to read and learn about!

Nell Rose (author) from England on September 21, 2012:

Hi Cris, glad you liked it, and thanks for reading, nel

CrisSp from Sky Is The Limit Adventure on September 21, 2012:

Very fascinating. It's incredible to know that this kind of things really exist--they do exist. Arts and culture, some look scary and painful but all alive and colorful.

Great read. Up and interesting.

Nell Rose (author) from England on September 17, 2012:

Hi Daisy, lol! yes I totally understand what you mean. Some of these must be so painful, thank you so much, nell

Daisy Mariposa from Orange County (Southern California) on September 17, 2012:


Thanks for doing the research and writing the article about this fascinating topic.

My neck and face hurt just from looking at some of those photos.

Nell Rose (author) from England on September 09, 2012:

Hi jen, thanks so much for reading, and the votes, nell

jenbeach21 from Orlando, FL on September 07, 2012:

Thank you for this hub. I found it to be very interesting and beautiful. I loved seeing how other people live and what their traditions are. Voted up!

Nell Rose (author) from England on August 30, 2012:

Hi shara, thank you so much! I am glad you liked it, thanks for reading, nell

Farhat from Delhi on August 30, 2012:

Though already watched these fascinating stories of the tribes & their weired social and cultural beliefs on National Geographic & History Channels, going through them again on your hub with detailed informations and beautiful pictures is really a great experience..... your phenomenal writing is enjoyed thoroughly!......thankyou Nell!

Nell Rose (author) from England on August 24, 2012:

EDDY! lol! sorry got excited there! your back yeah! nice to see you!

Eddy Jones from Wales. on August 24, 2012:

Oh it is so nice to be back where else would I read great work like this. Up up and away !!!!


Nell Rose (author) from England on August 18, 2012:

Hi ishwaryaa, thanks so much! sorry it took so long to answer, I wasn't well yesterday. bad headache! glad you liked it and thanks!

Hi Linda, Aw thanks so much! I am glad you liked it, always great to see you, nell

Linda Bilyeu from Orlando, FL on August 17, 2012:

Nell, This hub is amazing! I could never wear those rings around my neck...more power to them. I tweeted and shared this informative masterpiece!

Ishwaryaa Dhandapani from Chennai, India on August 17, 2012:

An engaging hub! I enjoyed reading your hub from the start to the end. I honestly admit that I found these tribal customs weird but it do make these people unique in their own way. I was actually wondering that how they manage with ornaments that are too huge, many or heavy and I felt sorry for them. A well-researched hub with amazing photos! Well-done!

Thanks for SHARING. Useful, Awesome & Interesting. Voted up & Socially Shared

Nell Rose (author) from England on August 16, 2012:

Hi Maria, I totally agree with you, the poor women just go along with it without realising exactly what's going on I think, yes thank goodness we have the freedom to choose, thanks again, nell

Maria Jordan from Jeffersonville PA on August 16, 2012:

Dear Nell,

This was a most fascinating description of cultural practices. Your writing style is captivating and draws the reader into the content.

I am always so mixed when I read about practices that are directed chiefly at women. I am deeply saddened for the physical pain and emotional oppression endured. I am similarly appreciative of our freedoms, praying I never take them for granted.

Voted UP and UABI. Hugs, Maria

Nell Rose (author) from England on August 15, 2012:

Hi travmaj, thank you so much for reading, yes they are different, especially the neck rings and the lip plates! lol! and yes I would definitely be on a diet too! haha! thanks!

travmaj from australia on August 15, 2012:

This is a fascinating hub - and confronting - I try to imagine myself in neck rings! Ouch! The lip plates - I'd need to be on a diet! It is truly amazing, the pics and information spot on. Thank you.

Nell Rose (author) from England on August 15, 2012:

Hi Deborah, thanks so much! sorry it took so long to answer both of you, I am very behind! lol! I really am glad you liked it, thanks!

Nell Rose (author) from England on August 15, 2012:

Hi homestead, thanks for reading, I am glad you liked it, nell

Deborah Brooks Langford from Brownsville,TX on August 14, 2012:

wow this hub is awesome.. the pictures are beautoful and so interesting.. You did a great job on this hub.. It is so good it could win Hub award. I know I would vote for it.



Cindy Murdoch from Texas on August 14, 2012:

This was so interesting. Thanks so much for sharing all of this wonderful information!

Nell Rose (author) from England on August 12, 2012:

Hi jainismus, thanks so much, I remember reading about them in school too! lol! thanks!

Nell Rose (author) from England on August 12, 2012:

Hi Vinaya, thanks so much for the share, and I am glad you liked it, nell

Nell Rose (author) from England on August 12, 2012:

Hi lyric, thanks so much, yes I agree with you, I cannot imagine having one of those lip plates! how do you eat? especially having to have your teeth removed so that they fit! ouch! lol! thanks as always, nell

Mahaveer Sanglikar from Pune, India on August 12, 2012:

Great Hub on a great topic. The photographs are cool. I had read about the Giraffe Tribe in my school days.

I have shared this Hub with my followers.

Vinaya Ghimire from Nepal on August 12, 2012:

Hello Nell, this is excellent hub.

I knew about the Padaung Tribe, but not others.

I'm sharing this socially.

Richard Ricky Hale from West Virginia on August 11, 2012:

Voted up, useful, awesome, and interesting Nell. Wow, this was wild! Hard to believe that these arts are still practiced at this day and age. Those videos were crazy! I couldn't imagine anything on my body being stretched like that, gives me shivers. Fantastic article and interesting as it gets Nell!

Nell Rose (author) from England on August 09, 2012:

Hi kitty, thanks so much, I am glad you liked it, it was something I was going to write for ages but kept forgetting or putting it off because of the research, and I am so glad your Tocobaga hub is doing so well! lol! thanks, nell

Nell Rose (author) from England on August 09, 2012:

Hi mary, yes I did wonder how they put them on in the first place, maybe they sealed them in some way? I agree with you a hub about the US teens with nose and ear plugs! at least we can see where they get the idea from! lol! thanks so much for reading, nell

Kitty Fields from Summerland on August 08, 2012:

I had to vote up and beautiful on this Nell. How wonderful of a topic to choose, the writing is phenomenal (as always) and the pictures are breathtaking. You've also given my hub a few more hits (the Tocobaga hub listed in yours above!) LOL. Thanks!

Mary Hyatt from Florida on August 08, 2012:

Nell, this was outstanding! I wonder how they get those neck rings ON? I have seen young people in the US with nose plugs and ear plugs. We should write a Hub about them!

I voted this UP, etc.

Nell Rose (author) from England on August 08, 2012:

Hi Jaye, yes that's so true, all the time women are told what to do there will always be this sort of practice, that would be great to see, a matriarchal society! thanks for reading, cheers nell

Jaye Denman from Deep South, USA on August 08, 2012:

Excellent hub, Nell, fascinating to read, and the visuals are haunting. Voted Up and Interesting.

I do find it very telling that most of these traditions were practiced on women rather than men, obviously in cultures where women were considered "property" of the men; therefore, pain wasn't a consideration--only the preservation of the man's "property."

It would be interesting to see what type of body modification traditions would be practiced in matriarchal societies where women wielded the power. Unfortunately, no true matriarchal societies exist.

Nell Rose (author) from England on August 08, 2012:

Hi moonlake, thanks so much for reading, nell

moonlake from America on August 08, 2012:

Great job Nell. Enjoyed this hub and didn't know any of this. Voted up and shared.

Nell Rose (author) from England on August 08, 2012:

Hi Integrity, yes I totally agree with you, thanks as always for reading, nell

Nell Rose (author) from England on August 08, 2012:

Hi Vellur, yes the long neck tribe look amazing but it must be so uncomfortable for the ladies, as for the lip plates, well, less said the better! lol! thanks so much, nell

Nell Rose (author) from England on August 08, 2012:

Thanks Lightshare, glad you liked it, nell

IntegrityYes on August 08, 2012:

Nell,that is so educational. I voted up for sure. I am praying for the ladies that went through those things, in the past. I am also praying for the ladies,who are going through those things now. They need to end those things now so that no other ladies, have to deal with them at all. They know that they are wrong.

Nithya Venkat from Dubai on August 08, 2012:

The long necked tribe seem to be fascinating. You have showcased the tribe so very well and I have come to know so much more. I enjoyed reading, but the lip plate looks like sheer torture. I wonder how they bear such things. The rings around the neck are painful even to look at. Yes as you have stated, beauty is in the eyes of the beholder. Voted up, awesome and interesting.

Lightshare on August 07, 2012:

Wouh! Thank you Nell for presenting a wonderful human world.

Nell Rose (author) from England on August 07, 2012:

Hi pras, always nice to see you, yes the world is a colorful place and it makes it lovely, thanks so much for reading, nell

prasetio30 from malang-indonesia on August 07, 2012:

Very informative hub. We life in beautiful world with various culture. Your hub has shown that we are not alone. I really appreciate them who have unique tradition. It makes the world looks so colorful. Good job, Nell. I love this hub. Thanks for share with us. Voted up!

Best wishes, Prasetio

Nell Rose (author) from England on August 07, 2012:

Hi zsobig, thanks for reading, I am glad you liked it, nell

Nell Rose (author) from England on August 07, 2012:

Hi, nice to see you Gypsy, glad you liked it and thanks!

Nell Rose (author) from England on August 07, 2012:

Hi christopher, yes cosmetic surgery is just as as bad! never thought of that! lol! thanks as always, nell

Nell Rose (author) from England on August 07, 2012:

Hi teaches, yes those plates! lol! thanks so much for reading, cheers nell

Nell Rose (author) from England on August 07, 2012:

Thanks Alicia they are so different and strange but awesome in their own way, thanks for reading, cheers nell

Nell Rose (author) from England on August 07, 2012:

Hi Ruby, lol! yes that lip plate must be so heavy! just the thought of it makes me go ouch! lol! thanks as always, nell

Nell Rose (author) from England on August 07, 2012:

Hi tammy thanks so much for reading, yes the world is bizarre sometimes! lol! thanks!

Nell Rose (author) from England on August 07, 2012:

Thanks avian, really glad you liked it, and thanks for reading, cheers nell

Sophie from United Kingdom on August 07, 2012:

Fascinating hub with fascinating/shocking pictures. It is interesting how can some tribes look body modifications like this beautiful, while they are shocking for the most of us.

Voted up+interesting!

Gypsy Rose Lee from Daytona Beach, Florida on August 07, 2012:

Voted up and awesome. This was fantastic and informative. Thanks for sharing this great hub. Learned quite a bit and enjoyed the pics and videos. Passing this on.

Christopher Antony Meade from Gillingham Kent. United Kingdom on August 07, 2012:

Great stuff Nell. The World is indeed a strange place. Some of these practices seem bizarre, but then cosmetic plastic surgery is pretty gross too.

Dianna Mendez on August 06, 2012:

I found this so fascinating and learned much from your post. I don't know how the women can function with those lip plates, seems so cruel. The photos are a great enhancement to the post. Well done!

Linda Crampton from British Columbia, Canada on August 06, 2012:

Fascinating information, Nell! The only tribe I had heard of before was the first one. Thank you for all the very interesting descriptions, and for the photos and videos of some strange (according to our traditions) body art forms.

Ruby Jean Richert from Southern Illinois on August 06, 2012:

Very interesting Nell, but OMG the lip plate is a bit much. I would be on the first boat out of there. The neck rings, Lordy who wants to wear something that weakens the neck. I know this is a tradition, I know me.I would be the first woman to break this tradition. I had no idea of this still going on. I loved the information you gave, just feel sorry for the women. They need ' womans lib ' HaHa.. Cheers

Tammy from North Carolina on August 06, 2012:

That is so bizarre but so beautiful at the same time! Very interesting as always!

Deb Hirt from Stillwater, OK on August 06, 2012:

Up and awesome. I love the unusual, as well as customs all over the world. I was very impressed with this piece, and the knowledge gleaned. Great research, Nell!

Nell Rose (author) from England on August 06, 2012:

Hi Qudsia, I do understand, they can be a bit disturbing especially if you haven't seen them before, I have watched this sort of thing on tv lots of times so it was quite familiar, thanks for reading, and nice to see you!

Nell Rose (author) from England on August 06, 2012:

Hi Ruchira, yes I do understand what you mean, and yes its definitely always the woman, saying that the Amazonian tribe do it too. I would love to know who came up with the idea! so painful, and uncomfortable, thanks so much, nell

Nell Rose (author) from England on August 06, 2012:

Hi Angela, lol! yes that's so true! never thought of that! thanks for making me laugh, and for reading my hub, cheers nell

Nell Rose (author) from England on August 06, 2012:

Hi rcrumble, I nearly choked on my cuppa tea! haha! so funny! I had a mother in law like that! thanks for reading, cheers nell

QudsiaP1 on August 06, 2012:

Nell maybe I am of simple mind but the images disturbed me a little and quite frankly scared me.

Overall the article naturally was very well researched as always. :)

Ruchira from United States on August 06, 2012:


We humans have complicated our lives further by having such weird traditions that I was feeling awkward while reading this. This was an interesting hub, which also shows how women are mostly forced to follow such strange traditions. It sure is painful :(

many votes indeed and interesting and sharing it across

Nell Rose (author) from England on August 06, 2012:

Thanks for the link Martie, I never knew that! amazing stuff, isn't it strange how different tribes around the world use similar adornments? thanks so much for reading, cheers nell

Angela Blair from Central Texas on August 06, 2012:

Nell -- y0u certainly held my attention with this Hub as I read it once and then went back and read it again! Exceptional work, my dear -- congratulations! Had a goofy thought -- the tribes with the lip plates must not be big on kissing as they'd beat each other to death! Great Hub! Best/Sis

Rich from Kentucky on August 06, 2012:

Nell, you've got me confused! I had just about figured out that my Mother-in-law was a member of the Padaung Tribe. Her neck looked similar to that in the picture, but it was due to constant stretching to look out her front window to see what the neighbors were doing! Then, you threw in Apatani People. If you'd of seen her nose... Anyway, don't you think it somewhat suspicious that nose plugs were stopped about the same time cocaine became popular? Oh, and in the Wodaabe Fulani tribe... a smart man would hunt for a good looking girl with a very, very poor mother. By the time she'd come up with the dowry, the kid would be out of the house! Just some thoughts!

Great Hub! Joking aside it was very informative!

Martie Coetser from South Africa on August 06, 2012:

Oh my, people are so weird!

South Africa also have a 'Long Neck Tribe' - the Ndebele Tribe ~~~

Of course, we don't see them doing this in our urban areas any more, but maybe still in their villages?

Very interesting hub, Nell! Voted up across the board :)

Nell Rose (author) from England on August 06, 2012:

Hi alan, yes lol! glastonbury looks absolutely boring! thanks for reading, cheers nell

Nell Rose (author) from England on August 06, 2012:

Hi old albion, thanks so much, the long neck people have fascinated me for some time, and then of course those amazing male dancers who look like birds of paradise, I am in awe of them they look beautiful, thanks for reading, and I am glad you liked it, cheers nell

Nell Rose (author) from England on August 06, 2012:

Hi Hilary, I thought the neck looked stretched but its said that the shoulder muscles go down so that it looks like it, but I did wonder! yes I totally agree, they look awesome, but don't want to have them! lol! thanks as always, nell

Nell Rose (author) from England on August 06, 2012:

Hi europe, thanks so much for reading, yes those lip plates look really painful and uncomfortable, especially as they have their teeth knocked out to put them in! nell

Nell Rose (author) from England on August 06, 2012:

Hi Pamela, thanks so much for reading, the men in the videos were something weren't they? lol! glad you liked it, cheers nell

Nell Rose (author) from England on August 06, 2012:

Hi effer! lol! oh how funny! I can just imagine you begging them not to do it! haha! yes just put on the thick glasses, the tatty dress and that will do it! thanks for the laugh, and glad you liked it, cheers nell

Alan R Lancaster from Forest Gate, London E7, U K (ex-pat Yorkshire) on August 06, 2012:

A bit more picturesque than Morris Dancing; the images are interesting - sort of make Glastonbury concerts look everyday.

Graham Lee from Lancashire. England. on August 06, 2012:

Hi Nell. Absolutely incredible. I have seen similar before but never so many varieties as you have here. Your research is fantastic and the photographs do so much. Beauty is in the eye of the beholder as they say. Voted up and all.


Hillary from Atlanta, GA on August 06, 2012:

Another fascinating Hub. You're always full of surprises Nell. I'm still wondering about those neck rings! That's some "illusion" if the neck is not actually stretched. I can get stretching lips and other soft parts of the body, but neck bones? oooooooh :( Still,it gets my vote for the most attractive body alteration on the page :)

europewalker on August 06, 2012:

Amazing and interesting hub Nell. The photos are beautiful and painful to view at the same time. I can't imagine having a lip plate, ouch! Well done :)

Pamela Oglesby from Sunny Florida on August 06, 2012:

This is a fascinating hub. I loved the tribal dance videos and the women were beautiful. In the first few tribes I understand why they tried to make the women unattractive to avoid being kidnapped, 9only the women had to go through the pain. The Lip picture looked so painful. I really enjoyed reading about all of these tribes as they are fascinating. Voted up, awesome and interesting.

Nell Rose (author) from England on August 06, 2012:

Hi jenubouka, I wondered that too! lol! those plates must get in the way of everything! yes I think I know what you mean about the skulls, I will have to go and take a look, thanks for reading, cheers nell

Nell Rose (author) from England on August 06, 2012:

Hi dwachira, I am so glad you liked it, I love all the different styles and artwork as well as their makeup and costumes, thanks for the share, nell

Suzie from Carson City on August 06, 2012:

Nell....THIS hub is an incredibly great course in Native traditions that can blow one's mind in 3 seconds!

I cannot let my mind go in all the directions this has prompted.......For someone with my twisted mind, it's a virtual land mine for Saturday Night Live routines!

Precisely, who is it that stays up all hours of the night, thinking up these outrageous traditions........complete with REASON for it?

I can only imagine myself facing the Tribal Chief, talking myself out of being mutilated with these wonderful, decorative items. "Um, how bout we make a deal? I'll make MYSELF ugly and unattractive to other me, I can do this......shave the head, wear thick glasses, bind the chest, walk funny, pick my nose.......OK buddy? Anything but the neck rungs, the lip plate and those oh-s0-sexy-nose plugs!! Really, we need to talk, big guy." UP+++

Nell Rose (author) from England on August 06, 2012:

HI Jools, yes I know what you mean, imagine taking them off? that must be so frightening for them, and those lip plates must be so heavy, thanks for reading, cheers nell

Nell Rose (author) from England on August 06, 2012:

Hi MsDora, nice to see you, and thanks for reading, nell

Nell Rose (author) from England on August 06, 2012:

Hi security, lol! yes you are right there! what would they think of the padded jackets and baseball caps? thanks for reading, cheers nell