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  • Image couresty of Real Future Real Future The idea of the modern state that exists today never attained fruition until the perhaps the 18th century. The modern state and its accompanying instruments, institutions and mechanisms that we know of and...

    Did War Really Make the Modern State?

    Did War Really Make the Modern State?

    by lazybum7

  • John Benson, Flickr At some point in your life, you will feel the urge to become a leader. Maybe it’s becoming the coach of your child's soccer team, or opening up your own business. Or maybe it’s much bigger, such as leading one’s own city,...

    How to Become Mayor of a City

    How to Become Mayor of a City

    by Isocrates10

  • Andrew Jackson's term as president (1829-1837) began a new era in American politics. For the first time in the United States history a man born in humble circumstances was now President. Politicians in the previous generations gained precedence due...

    Andrew Jackson and the Era of the Common Man

    Andrew Jackson and the Era of the Common Man

    by Kendall H.22

  • There are many forms of government, and the different forms are often intermingled. Learn about monarchy, oligarchy, fascism, communism, and a few others you probably never heard of.

    What Are the Various Forms of Governments?

    What Are the Various Forms of Governments?

    by Catherine Giordano21

  • We have had a strong connection to England since our country began. The liberties we have today had a beginning several hundred years ago in a document called the Magna Carta. It is considered the founding document which identified English...

    Connecting the Magna Carta to the U.S. Constitution

    Connecting the Magna Carta to the U.S. Constitution

    by Dennis AuBuchon7

  • What would life be like with no state, no government, no authority? Where do rights come from? These are questions many philosophers have wrestled with. Here the accounts of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke are explored and contrasted.

    The State of Nature: Thomas Hobbes vs. John Locke

    The State of Nature: Thomas Hobbes vs. John Locke

    by Comrade Joe13

  • After reading this article, you will have an understanding of what Cambridge Analytica is. It describes the roles of the key players and how they collected and analysed big data to influence not only groups of potential Trump voters, but also targeted individuals based on their Facebook profiles.

    Cambridge Analytica:  What Is It?  How Did It Start, and Where Is It Going?

    Cambridge Analytica: What Is It? How Did It Start, and Where Is It Going?

    by Mike Russo51

  • The Iran-Iraq War was a costly mistake in both human life and economic damage and it directly contributed to Saddam's decision to invade Kuwait.

    Saddam's Wars: The Iran-Iraq War

    Saddam's Wars: The Iran-Iraq War

    by Lloyd Busch0

  • It’s frequently said these days that democracy is in decline and that fascism is in the ascendancy; but what exactly is fascism?

    What is Fascism?

    What is Fascism?

    by Rupert Taylor0

  • Political causes of the American Civil War that come easily to mind are that the South wanted to protect their rights to own slaves and to make a state more sovereign than the Federation. One economic cause is that the South was being dominated economically by the North.

    Political and Economic Causes of the American Civil War

    Political and Economic Causes of the American Civil War

    by conradofontanilla8

  • NORAID was pivotal to the Irish cause during the troubles, but this contribution has largely been overlooked.

    The Forgotten Impact of NORAID

    The Forgotten Impact of NORAID

    by Paul Barrett0

  • The presidential veto is one of the most famous of the president's powers. But where did we get the idea of a presidential veto? In this essay, I give a brief overview of power of the veto that was later given to the office of the president at the Constitutional Convention of 1787.

    The Presidential  Power of Veto: Where Did it Come From?

    The Presidential Power of Veto: Where Did it Come From?

    by William R Bowen Jr3

  • Karl Marx's writings display his misgivings when it comes to the doctrine of natural rights, instead focusing on human "need" and "emancipation." Marx objects to the familiar “bourgeois” liberal doctrine that rights are universal, natural, and constitutive of our humanity.

    Karl Marx's Criticism of Human Rights

    Karl Marx's Criticism of Human Rights

    by Nicholas Weissman0

  • Despite much furor about European language policy, there is inadequate information concerning its translation and actual functioning. Crossing Barriers and Bridging Cultures helps to correct such a defect.

    Multilingual Translation for the European Union

    Multilingual Translation for the European Union

    by Ryan Thomas0

  • A review of the development and contribution of equity towards law and the country. It includes discussion of equitable remedies, maxims, doctrines, and principles which are still used until today.

    Equity and Today

    Equity and Today

    by frozenink3

  • invasion of USSR (1979) and US in (2001) in Afghanistan ruin not only Afghan nation but it also destroy the economy of both countries and face failure in their aims. powerful nations attack on other small nation to get their aims and do not care about even humanism.

    Invasion of USSR and US in Afghanistan and its results

    Invasion of USSR and US in Afghanistan and its results

    by Sajid Balawar5

  • The Latin Monetary Union was a 19th century attempt to standardize currency exchange rates throughout Europe. While countries minted their own coins, the value of said coins was supposed to remain the same, to facilitate trade. In some ways, it was the precursor to the modern Euro.

    The Latin Monetary Union

    The Latin Monetary Union

    by nomenklatura0

  • "Ghosts of Rwanda" is a Frontline documentary that explores the Rwandan genocide and how the international community reacted. Various international relations theories can be applied to the tragedy and explain how the world let it happen. European imperialism and national interests played a role.

    Analyzing and Summarizing The "Ghosts of Rwanda: Frontline" Documentary

    Analyzing and Summarizing The "Ghosts of Rwanda: Frontline" Documentary

    by Nicholas Weissman0

  • Fanaticism throughout history and how to combat it peacefully by projecting tolerance. I've used Voltaire's Treatise on Tolerance as a powerful mile-stone for promoting tolerance as a way of life.

    Between Tolerance and Fanaticism

    Between Tolerance and Fanaticism

    by Armand Cruceru2

  • This prescient but dated book by Michael Savage has become relevant again due to the 2016 Wikileaks revelations that indict Clinton in his inability to get off the UK’s travel ban list.

    Book Review: 'Banned in Britain' by Michael Savage

    Book Review: 'Banned in Britain' by Michael Savage

    by Tamara Wilhite1

  • There’s no doubt that Betsy DeVos, President Donald Trump’s secretary of education, is a polarizing figure within the country’s education community. But what about her effect on special education community? There’s been some hits and misses and a lot of uncertainty.

    Special Education in the Era of Betsy DeVos

    Special Education in the Era of Betsy DeVos

    by Dean Traylor2

  • Although overly heavy on its extensive sociological background, Translating Institutions; An Ethnographic Study of EU Translation provides a look at European Union translation and translators where few other books exist.

    Translating Institutions EU Review

    Translating Institutions EU Review

    by Ryan Thomas1

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