A Comparison of Psychodynamic and Humanistic Therapy

Updated on March 23, 2020
sulcatamandy profile image

I wrote this article in 2002 as an essay for psych 101. The reason it is online is because this is my initial exploration of content SEO.

This content was written for Psych 101 Circa 2002 - I know what your researching...

Psychology is the study of the mind. There are a few different ways to study the mind and all of them have their own significant contributions to the field. The psychodynamic view and the humanistic view are both unique in that they are almost complete polar opposites within the field of psychology. Both have made significant contributions and have been a platform for different views, though they differ in their approaches completely. Both views must be explored and combined to form a common ground in order to keep advancing the study and treatment of the mind.

Differing Goals

The goals of psychodynamic and humanistic therapists are very different.

The psychodynamic view was developed by Sigmund Freud. He believed that behavior was deeply influenced by unconscious thoughts, impulses, and desires, especially concerning sex and aggression. His goal was to resolve the internal conflicts that lead to emotional suffering. Freud said that "patients could only expect to change their hysterical misery into common unhappiness." The humanistic therapist would take a very different look at this.

The goals of the humanistic therapist differ from Freud's psychodynamic view in that they seek to understand how people perceive themselves and experience the world. It is concerned with understanding subjective human needs. Humanists believe that conscious thoughts and feelings shape behavior. They believe in accountability and self-actuality, and that everyone can reach self-actuality by moving through Maslow's hierarchy of needs. This differs to the Freudian school of psychodynamics because he did not believe that all of his patients could be happy.

Optimism Versus Pessimism

Humanists and psychodynamicists not only differ in their goals, but also in their views on personality as well. The psychodynamic view is more negative and pessimistic, whereas the humanistic view is that mostly all people are good.

Psychodynamics believes that behavior is determined, while the humanist believes that behavior is free choice and free will. In psychodynamics, motives are rooted in sex and aggression while humanists' motives are tilted towards the pursuit of self-actualization. Psychodynamics denotes three elements of the personality: Id, Ego, and Superego. The Id seeks pleasure, the Ego is the thinker and planner, and the Superego is the voice of reason. Humanists are more simplistic, believing in a unified self and that "people just are who they are."

Views on Human Development

Psychodynamics puts forth a very different view on child development from humanism.

The Freudian and psychodynamic view of human development is based on psychosexual stages as follows:

  • Oral (age 0-1) focuses on sucking and survival
  • Anal (ages 1-3) focuses on potty training
  • Phallic (ages 3-6) focuses on adult traits such as vanity and pride
  • Genital, which starts with the onset of puberty.

The humanistic view is very different from Freud's view of development and describes an ongoing development of self-image in which experiences shape self-image in a positive or negative way.

Differing Therapeutic Techniques

The approach to therapy differs greatly between psychodynamic and humanistic therapy.

  • The therapist's role in psychodynamic therapy is authoritative, and they tend to determine what will be talked about during a session.
  • In humanistic therapy, the therapist takes an objective role and listens to what the patient has to say. It is more non-directed and the patient can decide what will be discussed during the session.
  • It is said in humanistic therapy, the therapist provides opportunities for change, but it is up to the patient to actively solve his or her own problems.
  • The psychodynamic approach deals with unconscious thoughts and conflicts, usually stemming from repressed memories or sexual energy.
  • The humanist therapist believes in conscious acts and that humans make their own decisions, not unconscious drives. They encouraging responsibility for their actions by focusing on bringing emotions into the present and dealing with them.

Do Psychodynamic and Humanistic Therapies Have Anything in Common?

A lot of research has been done on these two very different approaches. However, there have been no new views that have combined humanism with psychodynamics to utilize the best of both. Science supports the idea that the conscious cannot function without the unconscious. By combining the humanistic and psychodynamic view to focus on the conscious and unconscious as equally responsible parts for the cause of psychological disorders, we could further research about the brain and its behavior.

There is no right or wrong when it comes to different approaches to psychology. The main differences between the psychodynamic view and humanistic view are the goals, development, causes, and treatments; and in each area, both views have made significant contributions. By combining the two views into one harmonious holistic view, a healthier approach to treating the mind and psychological disorders could be formed. The new view would take all parts of the mind and body, conscious and unconscious, into consideration, leading to a stronger diagnosis and treatment in the end.

What Brought You To This Site Today?

See results

Did you find my information helpful?

See results

Psychodynamic Therapy vs Humanistic Therapy

What Approach Do You Side With?

Psychodynamics- I Prefer Freud's Approach

Joy: Thank you very much for this detailed information now am ready to go and write my counseling exam

Luke Tomlinson: Freud is an absolute lad

Sk Farid: Thanks

anonymous: They both work and they both have their weaknesses. I like to understand what causes things, beliefs, emotions and behaviors but I also accept that sometimes there is no explanation, only here and now. On balance, I find the Psychodynamic approach more appealing because it gives my logical brain succor but I don't pretend everything can be turned into an equation. I just think, on the whole, I want to understand how and why and what I can't know, for now, I will simply accept.

MervynGoh: i can say that psychology is not only studying of our brain but we must also learn how to control it and with that, we can make the utmost potential out of it. We can master our mind and design our destiny. Thanks for sharing too.

Humanism- I Prefer the Holistic Approach

Pirakhas: Humanistik is totally diffrent with pscchodynamik because humanistik belive that human are good and if they any problem it must be envoirement or moviing maslow needs.

anonymous: i believe human have a freewill to do what we like.

kwj: I guess a holistic approach would include Freuds ideas too

anonymous: Humanistic

DMVAgent: I prefer humanism over psychodynamics. I personally believe that some of Freud's view are too fringy. However, if I do psychotherapy I use a "salad" of techniques and perspective based on what fits the client. :)

MattKay: I definitely favor an eclectic approach to psychology but if I had to choose only one I would prefer Humanism based on what I know about each. Psychodynamics have merit but Freud's interpretation of the center of the human psyche is a bit eccentric for my tastes.

Lorelei Cohen: Humanistic

Mandy: I prefer the holistic approach to treatment. A person should be treated as a whole and guided to lead a healthy lifestyle in order to improve their quality of life.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2010 Mandy

Would You Like To Add Anything?

Submit a Comment
  • profile image


    8 months ago

    This is, at best, *extremely* inaccurate on psychodynamic theory and approach and, at worst, an ill-informed gross misrepresentation of it. Psychodynamic theory/therapy is NOT negative in its assumptions or approach and it is most certainly not the case in any way whatsoever that the "therapy is authoritative" and that the therapist "tends to determine what will be talked about" — the opposite is the case, actually, because the psychodynamic therapeutic space by its very nature belongs to the person in therapy, not the therapist.

  • profile image


    2 years ago

    This is very inaccurate. At the very least, it seems as though the author has confused a strictly psychoanalytic approach with psychodynamic therapies. Psychoanalytic therapists are not negative, but they do believe that your background influences your choices. They are STILL recognized as CHOICES - AKA: FREE WILL. The statement about research done on these therapies is false; each of these theories are very hard to study empirically.

    Please do not use this as a reference.

  • profile image

    Stephane Farley 

    2 years ago

    Thank you for sharing with us this has helped me have more faith in the system.

  • profile image


    2 years ago

    very good and clear explaning

  • profile image


    6 years ago

    It depends on the person. We all have different approaches to life and one approach might work for one person and not the other. I personally believe in Holistic theory because it works for me. The human mind is a very complicated place so to say one works better than the other is just arrogant.

  • profile image


    7 years ago

    Thought provoking I will read more now.

  • profile image


    7 years ago

    This is a gross misrepresentation of psychodynamic therapy

  • profile image


    8 years ago

    It is very worthwhile reading this because it is succinct, clear and thought provoking.

  • profile image


    8 years ago

    What an intriguing subject. Great lens, thumbs up!

  • profile image


    9 years ago

    That is helpful and well explained...Squid Angel blessed too:)

  • Lady Lorelei profile image

    Lorelei Cohen 

    9 years ago from Canada

    You have done an absolutely amazing job on this lens. Thank you for putting so much effort into this. It shows.


This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, owlcation.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://maven.io/company/pages/privacy

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)