Easternmost Point in the Continental US or First to See the Sun Rise, Are They the Same Place?

West Quoddy Head Lighthouse
West Quoddy Head Lighthouse | Source

Maine is the easternmost state in the continental US.

As the easternmost state in the continental US does the sun rise first at the easternmost point in Maine? The answer is yes, no, and it depends.

Expanding beyond the continental US, even the easternmost point of the US is up for debate. It could technically be the furthest point west.

Some would argue that the honor should go to Pochnoi Point, Semisopochnoi Island, Alaska, since it is located just west of the 180 degree meridian (ignoring the westerly deviation of the international dateline). Accepting this argument, it would be the "first" to see the sunrise of a new day making it the furthest point "east" in the US.

If you include the US territories, the Wake Islands to the west of the international date line would see the sunrise the day before the rest of the US. In the east, the U.S. Virgin Islands would see the sunrise first.

A markerWest Quoddy Head -
West Quoddy Head, Lubec, ME 04652, USA
[get directions]

Easternmost point in the continental US.

Easternmost Point in the Continental U.S.

The easternmost point in the contiguous US is West Quoddy Head in Lubec, ME. Sail Rock, just offshore (and probably occasionally under water), is actually east of West Quoddy Head Lighthouse. Since it is offshore and not inhabitable, is it technically part of the contiguous US?

Eastport, ME is considered the eastern most city in the continental US and often reported as the first to see the sunrise. But, Eastport is north and west of Lubec and West Quoddy Head.

Are you following this? West is east and soon we'll see that the sun rises earlier west than east.


Sunrise on Cadillac Mountain - Acadia National Park, 2004

First to See the Sunrise in the Continental US

So, now that we have decided that we can't decide where the easternmost point in the US is, can we at least determine where the sun rises first? According to the U.S. Naval Observatory Astronomical Applications Department the answer to this question is no. The first to see the sunrise varies depending on the season.

According to an article in Yankee Magazine in January, 1972 by Blanton C. Wiggin the first place to see the sunrise in Maine:

On New Year's Day, Cadillac Mountain on Mount Desert Island in Acadia National Park sees the first sunlight of the year. In the winter, because the north pole is tilted away from the sun, the sun appears further south in the sky. This tilting away from the sun moves the place to see the first sunrise also further south. Cadillac Mountain is approximately 30 miles south and 60 miles west of West Quoddy Head.

Forty miles west and 120 miles north of West Quoddy Head, Mars Hill Mountain is only 2 miles east of the Canadian border. In the summer, the north pole is tilted toward the sun and the sun appears further north in the sky. This tilting toward the sun moves the first sunrise to a location further north. Being further north and at a higher elevation, Mars Hill Mountain sees the sunrise before West Quoddy Head.

West Quoddy Head may be the eastern mostpoint of the continental US, but it is the first to see the sunrise only 34 days a year! At the March and September Equinox, the sun is neither tilted away from nor toward the earth. The easternmost point of the continental US is the first to see the sunrise around these days.

Even more ironic, the highest point in Maine, Mount Katadhin is never the first to see the sunrise.

"Sunrise on Cadillac Mountain, Acadia National Park, 2004" video posted on YouTube by mattartz October 18, 2007


Where does this fit in the discussion?

Just east and north of West Quoddy Head is Campobello Island and the summer home of Franklin D. Roosevelt. While Campobello Island is part of Canada, the FDR summer home is part of the US National Park Service. You can drive to Campobello Island from the US, but from mainland Canada you have to take a ferry (actually 2 ferries).

Simple Question, No Simple Answers

As you can see, what started as a simple question has no simple answers. So, the next time you are cruising up U.S. Route 1 in Downeast Maine make a few stops and sort this out for yourself.

© 2012 bankscottage

Comments 5 comments

LaThing profile image

LaThing 4 years ago from From a World Within, USA

Great article! I will have my kids read this too. Thank you for the research, and all the information. Sharing it!

Outbound Dan profile image

Outbound Dan 4 years ago from Niagara Falls, NY

Great hub explaining a complex solar issue.

My wife and I climbed Cadillac Mountain a few years ago while we honeymooned in Acadia. It was a rather relaxing peaceful climb (before tourist season)and the views were fantastic. We didn't catch the sunrise though, as my wife isn't much of a night hiker and I refused to drive to the top.

Great links throughout!

bankscottage profile image

bankscottage 4 years ago from Pennsylvania Author

I love ANP. One of my favorite hikes will get you to the top of Cadillac Mountain. Gorge Path starts from the Park Loop Road (once it becomes one-way). It is the second or third trail once the road becomes one-way.

The first part is basically flat. Then it climbs up a granite rock creek bed. Beautiful on a sunny day under the cool shade of the trees. May not want to take it in the spring or after a good rain. About 1/3 of the way up the creek bed, on a large rock, is a plaque. The trail is a memorial. The trail connects into another trail (I believe Dorr Mountain, but not sure) and you can take that to the top of Cadillac.

A lot of the trails in the Sieur de Monts area are memorial trails. They can be rather steep and aggressive.

My favorite hike on the quiet side (toward Southwest Harbor) is Flying Mountain. It is good for kids. It is a short uphill hike to 250 feet of elevation. From the top you see Somes Sound and the mansions of Northeast Harbor on the other side. You can also see out to the Cranberry Islands. Hike down the other side to a cove. At low tide, the kids can go out and explore tidepools. There is a fire road to get you back to the parking lot.

When I am in Maine this summer I want to take some pictures of these places so that I can write a few Hubs about them.

Happy trails.

DeborahNeyens profile image

DeborahNeyens 4 years ago from Iowa

Interesting. When I was in ANP a couple of years ago, we were told that Cadillac Mountain was the place to go to see the first rays of sun in the continental U.S. We did not see the sunrise there; we drove to the top late one afternoon as the sun was starting to set. I'd be ashamed to admit that but for the fact we climbed the Beehive and one other mountain earlier in the day!

bankscottage profile image

bankscottage 4 years ago from Pennsylvania Author

DeborahNeyens23 Thanks for visiting. Beehive is not an easy hike. If you go back, try Gorge Path to get up to Cadillac Peak.

    Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account.

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No HTML is allowed in comments, but URLs will be hyperlinked. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites.

    Click to Rate This Article