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How to Create 3D Plant Cell and Animal Cell Models for Science Class

A step-by-step tutorial for creating 3D plant and animal cell models.
A step-by-step tutorial for creating 3D plant and animal cell models. | Source

What Type of Cell Model Are YOU Making?

Which 3D cell model are you building?

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3D models are a fun, easy way to learn about plant and animal cells.

This hands-on science project is often assigned in middle and high school biology classes. Students are typically asked to create a 3D model that includes all of a cell's organelles using either household or edible materials.

Not sure where to begin? You're in luck! Here you'll find inspiration for 3D cell models made of clay, Styrofoam, Jell-O and everything in between.

This step-by-step guide also includes a complete list of plant and animal cell organelles, suggestions for edible and non-edible project materials and links to educational materials that will expand your knowledge of cells.


Animal Cell Model Inspiration

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How to Make a 3D Cell Model

A Step-by-Step Guide for Building an A+ Cell Model

You don't need to be an award-winning painter, baker or sculptor to create a top-notch cell model—or to have FUN while doing it!

Simply follow the steps listed here and you'll be on your way to an "A" in no time.

Step 1: Plant Cells vs. Animal Cells

Plant and Animal Cells Have Different Shapes

First and foremost, you need to decide whether you will create a plant cell or animal cell.

Plant cells and animal cells are shaped differently and contain different parts.

The best way to decide? Take a look at some cell diagrams on an interactive site like CellsAlive.com. The site offers awesome animations of both plant and animal cells with descriptions of each organelle.

Plant Cell Model Inspiration

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Step 2: Edible vs. Non-Edible Models

Do You Plan to Eat Your Cell Model?

Next, you should decide whether you want to make an edible cell model or a non-edible cell model.

  • Edible cell models can be eaten (yum!) and are often made with cake, candy, Rice Krispie Treats or Jell-O.
  • Non-edible cell models cannot be eaten and are often made with craft supplies like styrofoam, pipe cleaners, shower gel and/or clay.

There are pros and cons to each type of project. Consider how much money you want to spend, what supplies you already have in your home, your teacher's requirements, and the length of time your project will be on display (edible items may eventually rot, smell, or attract bugs). Weigh your options carefully and choose the project type that is best for you.

Don't forget! If you're building your 3D model for a science class in private or public school, check with your teacher to make sure an edible cell model like the one pictured here is ok before you take the time to make it!

Step 3: Parts of the Cell

Cell Parts

ANIMAL CELLS
PLANT CELLS
Cell Membrane
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Nucleus
Golgi Apparatus
Golgi Apparatus
Mitochondria
Mitochondria
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Ribosomes
Riobosomes
Vacuoles
Central Vacuole
Lysosomes
Cell Wall
 
Chloroplasts

Plant and Animal Cells Have Different Parts!

Now you need to make a list of all the parts, or organelles, you will need to include in your 3D cell model.

☆ Organelles are the "mini organs" found inside every plant and animal cell.

Each organelle has a different function and physical appearance, and together they work to keep the cell alive.

Step 4: Materials

What Items Will You Use to Make Your Cell Model?

Here's where the real fun begins! It's time to decide what materials you will use to create each organelle.

☆ The best materials are ones that already look like the organelles you're trying to create.

For example, the nucleus in any cell is always round so a jawbreaker, bouncy ball or orange would each make a great nucleus in your cell model.

Activity: To power up your creativity, set a timer on your cell phone for 5 minutes. During that time, write down every possible material you can think of. Here's a short list to get you thinking outside the box:

  • Edible Materials: Twizzlers, Skittles, gummy worms, jawbreakers, gum, pretzels, marshmallows, cereal, cake, cookies, Jell-O, icing or fondant, sprinkles, food coloring
  • Non-edible Materials: Clay, styrofoam, beads, yarn, dry noodles, pipe cleaners, buttons, rubber bands, toothpicks, construction paper, cardboard

Step 5: Build Your Model

Plant & Animal Cell Quiz

Have Fun While You Learn

As you begin building, make sure to start with the base of your 3D cell model. Why? Because you need to know how big to make everything, of course!

Once you've baked your cake, bought your styrofoam block, or sculpted your clay foundation, you can build those beautiful organelles! This is where your creativity can really shine so have fun and don't forget to keep a diagram of the organelles nearby! Having a diagram on hand will ensure that your cell model is not only super cool to look at but also scientifically accurate.

Once all of your organelles are securely attached to the base of your model, label your organelles. Toothpicks and stickers make great labels and they let everyone know what's what on your cell model.

Step 6: Ta Da!

Are You Satisfied With Your Project?

The time has come to admire the awesomeness that is your finished 3D cell model. If you chose to make an edible cell model, it might also be time to break out the forks and knives. Yum!

Have You Built an Awesome 3D Cell Model? 67 comments

ellagis profile image

ellagis 5 years ago

Congratulations! your lens is so clear and precise! Every teacher could follow it, and also every interested student! It makes me regret not to work as environmental educator anymore... I would had surely used it as inspiration, otherwise! Great lens.


wildsimplicity profile image

wildsimplicity 5 years ago from Atlanta, GA Author

@ellagis: Thank you, ellagis! This was one of my favorite projects when I taught middle school. The kids loved having the opportunity to let their creativity shine in class. :)


iijuan12 profile image

iijuan12 5 years ago from Florida

I love this kind of stuff! We used cake and lots of sweet treats for our cell models. It's great seeing many other options! Blessed and liked.


wildsimplicity profile image

wildsimplicity 5 years ago from Atlanta, GA Author

@iijuan12: Thanks so much, iijuan12! :)


popothe3rd 5 years ago

thanks, you really helped me with my science cell project, which is exactly like this! :)


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