AcademiaHumanitiesSTEMSocial SciencesAgriculture & Farming
  • Water has some properties that can make it a good refrigerant. It also possesses some undesirable properties that makes its application as a refrigerant very challenging and inefficient to implement.

    Should Water Be Used as a Refrigerant?

    Should Water Be Used as a Refrigerant?

    by C Amoabeng2

  • Learn some facts about common songbirds of Pennsylvania and view pictures to help you identify and attract the birds in your backyard.

    15 Common Songbirds of Pennsylvania

    15 Common Songbirds of Pennsylvania

    by Eric Dockett31

  • Exciting disciplines that combine biology and math include biostatistics, epidemiology, bioinformatics, mathematical biology, and population ecology. The disciplines offer interesting careers.

    Careers That Combine Biology and Mathematics

    Careers That Combine Biology and Mathematics

    by Linda Crampton42

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  • It's not a dinosaur, whale, or giant deep-sea creature. In fact, the world's largest known living organism is an underground fungus that most people wouldn't notice even if it was right beneath their feet..

    Humongous Fungus: The Largest Living Thing on Earth

    Humongous Fungus: The Largest Living Thing on Earth

    by Kate P0

  • Most commonly, you see brown, blue, or hazel eyes, but some people, whether it be luck or a medical condition, wind up with really cool and rare eye colors.

    6 Rare and Unique Eye Colors

    6 Rare and Unique Eye Colors

    by Tatiana147

  • Test which surfaces create more friction, see how strong friction is, learn how to reduce friction, and even discover the side effects of friction. There are sliding friction experiments, a phone book friction experiment, a way to make rice stick together, an experiment to create frictional heat, and lots more friction experiments for all ages.

    How to Do a Friction Science Experiment

    How to Do a Friction Science Experiment

    by Candace Bacon33

  • For some duckweed is a menace, for others it's a Godsend. Here in Brazil, we have built duckweed ponds and are encouraging it to grow to use as an animal feed . This is just one of its many uses.

    The Benefits of Growing Duckweed

    The Benefits of Growing Duckweed

    by Mary Wickison81

  • Who doesn't love oak trees? They're big, beautiful, useful, and can live for hundreds of years. Here's a list of some, with pictures of bark and leaf descriptions to aid in identification. Happy oak hunting!

    Types of Oak Trees (With Pictures of Trunk Bark)

    Types of Oak Trees (With Pictures of Trunk Bark)

    by Rachel Koski7

  • When we think of the great predators of the animal kingdom, chimpanzees don't normally spring to mind. Yet, they are in fact among the deadliest predators on the planet. But how exactly do they catch and kill their prey?

    How Do Chimpanzees Hunt and Kill Their Prey?

    How Do Chimpanzees Hunt and Kill Their Prey?

    by James Kenny7

  • Destruction of our environment is the biggest contribution that we make to the extinction of many species in the forest. It is estimated that approximately half the number of world’s animals live in the rain forests. Due to the rapid disappearance of rain forests many animals living in them are now endangered. Every plant and animal needs an ideal environment where they can survive. No life can exist without proper and sufficient source of food, water and shelter. There should be a balance betwe

    Endangered Animals in the Rainforest

    Endangered Animals in the Rainforest

    by livingsta172

  • The orangutan is one of our closest relatives, and yet we know comparatively little about them. They are an animal, that we need to learn more about, because maybe knowing more about them will helps us understand ourselves better. Hopefully, we can do this before it's too late...

    10 Interesting Facts About Orangutans

    10 Interesting Facts About Orangutans

    by James Kenny40

  • The notorious Ring of Fire, which runs all the way from New Zealand to Chile by way of the Aleutian Islands, is home to many of the most potentially destructive volcanoes on the planet.

    12 Dangerous Volcanoes Along the Ring of Fire

    12 Dangerous Volcanoes Along the Ring of Fire

    by Harry Nielsen2

  • This hub is solely written bearing in mind helping school kids with their assignments. I have written down briefly with illustrations where possible, what mountains are, how they are formed, the types of mountains and how you identify the different types of mountains. I hope you enjoy reading this, and it helps you with your requirements.

    Types and How Mountains are Formed – For kids

    Types and How Mountains are Formed – For kids

    by livingsta225

  • A comparison of plant and animal cells using labelled diagrams and descriptive explanations. Learn about the similarities and differences between plant and animal cells as we compare and contrast.

    Plant Cells vs. Animal Cells (With Diagrams)

    Plant Cells vs. Animal Cells (With Diagrams)

    by Glen Nunes149

  • The banana spider is famous for its beautiful web, which appears to be golden when it shines in the sun. The spider's venom is of the same type as that of a black widow, but much weaker.

    Facts About Banana or Golden Orb Spiders

    Facts About Banana or Golden Orb Spiders

    by Paul Goodman62

  • Since ancient times, the Moon has fascinated and inspired people. The Moon is often associated with magic and mystery. Now science has unveiled those mysteries. Ready for a moonwalk? Read on!

    Top Ten Interesting and Fun Facts About the Moon

    Top Ten Interesting and Fun Facts About the Moon

    by Amanda Littlejohn36

  • The marginal rate of technical substitution of Labor (L) for Capital (K) is the slope of an isoquant multiplied by -1. Since the slope of an isoquant is moving down, the isoquant is given by –ΔK/ΔL...

    Marginal Rate of Technical Substitution

    Marginal Rate of Technical Substitution

    by Sundaram Ponnusamy1

  • This contains facts and information about the world’s most deadly animals on land, water, and air. Some are able to live symbiotically with humans while others are better left in the wild.

    10 Deadliest Animals on the Planet

    10 Deadliest Animals on the Planet

    by Jennifer Gonzales3

  • The black widow and the brown recluse are the only two poisonous spiders in North Carolina. Good housekeeping can reduce the risk of being bitten by them.

    Poisonous Spiders in North Carolina

    Poisonous Spiders in North Carolina

    by Thomas Byers27

  • Learn to identify songbirds by type and see pictures of common backyard birds. You might be surprised to discover how some of the birds you see in your garden and yard are related. They are all of the order Passeriformes, but then split into many different families.

    Common Types of Backyard Birds in the Northeast

    Common Types of Backyard Birds in the Northeast

    by Eric Dockett5

  • Here's the old-fashioned way of using HTML and CSS codes to tile graphics side-by-side on a webpage. Handy for photo galleries, strips of buttons, or other kinds of images arranged in a grid.

    How to Align Images Side-by-Side Using HTML

    How to Align Images Side-by-Side Using HTML

    by Ellen Brundige131

  • A growth or a culture medium is composed of different nutrients that are essential for microbial growth—here are some that are used in microbiological laboratories.

    Types of Culture Media

    Types of Culture Media

    by hassam176

  • The uses of math for the layperson are essentially endless. No matter whether you are a struggling student, a homeowner, or someone simply trying to lose weight, math is the universal language that has an something to offer everyone.

    Practical Applications of Mathematics in Everyday Life

    Practical Applications of Mathematics in Everyday Life

    by CWanamaker46

  • Buchholz relay is a type of protection relay universally used on all oil immersed transformers having rating more than 500 kVA. From this article its principle and working can be understood.

    What Is a Buchholz Relay and How Does It Work?

    What Is a Buchholz Relay and How Does It Work?

    by OSBERT JOEL C43

  • According to genetics, it is extremely rare, but still possible, for a black person to have blue eyes. This article will cover the science behind black people with blue eyes, and will provide some well-known examples.

    The Origin of Black People With Blue Eyes

    The Origin of Black People With Blue Eyes

    by Edmund Custers34

  • This article suggests the biggest man-made environmental disasters in the history of the United States. These disasters may not have killed people, but they severely damaged the ecosystem and will cost millions of dollars to clean up.

    11 Worst Man-Made Environmental Disasters in American History

    11 Worst Man-Made Environmental Disasters in American History

    by Kelley Marks4

  • If you are worried about the possible presence of dangerous sharks in British waters, you may feel somewhat reassured by how few there really are. Out of the 29 different types of sharks that have been spotted around Britain's coastline, there are only 7 potentially dangerous sharks, not including the great white whose sightings have never yet been confirmed, but are highly suspected of being present.

    Are There Dangerous Sharks in British Waters?

    Are There Dangerous Sharks in British Waters?

    by sharkfacts21

  • We experience many Boyle's law applications in real life every day. Most people don't know it, but an example of Boyle's law is responsible for every moment we are alive.

    Boyle's Law Examples in Real Life

    Boyle's Law Examples in Real Life

    by Steven Pearson67

  • There are supposedly dozens if not hundreds of poisonous herbs that grow around the world. Doctors and pharmaceutical companies warn us about these herbs..yet some of these herbs are used in our meds.

    4 "Poisonous" Herbs Used in Western Medicine

    4 "Poisonous" Herbs Used in Western Medicine

    by Kitty Fields20

  • A hydrate is a compound that absorbs water molecules and incorporates them into its structure. Inorganic, organic, and gas hydrates exist. The latter may become an important energy source.

    What Is a Hydrate (Chemistry)?

    What Is a Hydrate (Chemistry)?

    by Linda Crampton29

  • What is a snake? Which snake is the most venomous or the longest? How can I identify venomous snakes in the US? These frequently asked questions (faqs) about snakes (and many more) are answered here.

    Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) About Snakes

    Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) About Snakes

    by ChristopherJRex16

  • The lion is a multi-cultural symbol of power and strength. But how much do we really know about them? Among the things we know well about them, is their hunting ability. This Hub explores the hunting behaviour of the lion in-depth...

    How Do Lions Hunt and Kill Their Prey?

    How Do Lions Hunt and Kill Their Prey?

    by James Kenny40

  • Tsunamis cause have whenever they hit - death, destruction and carnage. Find out the exact effects on land and in the sea.

    What Are the Effects of a Tsunami?

    What Are the Effects of a Tsunami?

    by Rickrideshorses394

  • Invertebrates are diverse forms of animals. Here are nine (9) major groups of invertebrate animals and the most common examples of invertebrates under each type. There are also pictures of different major groups of invertebrate animals.

    9 Major Groups of Invertebrate Animals

    9 Major Groups of Invertebrate Animals

    by Ray5

  • If you see yellow garden spiders in your garden, don't squash them! Be thankful. Argiope aurantia are large, bright, beautiful and beneficial predators. They are also a sign of healthy garden ecology.

    The Yellow Garden Spider

    The Yellow Garden Spider

    by Jill Spencer51

  • A fascinating look at the amazing hummingbird, one of nature's most beautiful creatures. The four most common hummingbirds found in Las Vegas and in the Mojave Desert.

    Types of Hummingbirds in Las Vegas

    Types of Hummingbirds in Las Vegas

    by KathyH12

  • The base 16, hexadecimal numbering system is regularly used in computer coding for conveniently representing a byte or word of data. This guide shows you how to convert from hex to binary and binary to hexadecimal.

    How to Convert Hex to Binary and Binary to Hexadecimal

    How to Convert Hex to Binary and Binary to Hexadecimal

    by Eugene Brennan6

  • The constellation Virgo is one of the oldest-named constellations. It has a great mythological history and hundreds of galaxies and "Messier" objects within its boundaries. Find out more about the "Diamond of Virgo" and the "Field of the Nebulae."

    The Constellation Virgo—Mythology, Stars, and More

    The Constellation Virgo—Mythology, Stars, and More

    by Cynthia Calhoun27

  • What role does water play in life and what would happen if we were to lose it or it didn't exist? There are already parts of the world where we can see how life would change, if there were no water. This article explores it further.

    Why Water Is Important to Life

    Why Water Is Important to Life

    by watergeek33

  • The astrolabe has been used by mariner's for centuries. Although its use has largely fallen by the wayside due the development of more sophisticated instruments such as telescopes and GPS, it is still an instrument worthy of study. Build your own simple astrolabe to determine your latitude as did the ancient sailors or use it in conjunction with trigonometry to determine the height of a very tall object!

    The Astrolabe: How to Make One and Understanding Its Use

    The Astrolabe: How to Make One and Understanding Its Use

    by Teresa Coppens17

  • Students have an excellent chance of doing well on a physics exam if they work efficiently throughout the physics course and follow some tips for writing exams.

    How to Pass a High School Physics Exam

    How to Pass a High School Physics Exam

    by Linda Crampton24

  • Science isn't confined to a lab - it is all around us. The 10 fun, cheap and easy experiments in this hub make great family projects. Above all this proves that science is fun - what other school subject helps you make slime and rockets!?

    Top 10 Science Experiments to Try at Home

    Top 10 Science Experiments to Try at Home

    by Rhys Baker98

  • The hull (or outerlayer) of a corn kernel is made up of mostly cellulose. Cellulose does not break apart easily when chewed, and we humans don't have the enzyme to break it down.

    Why Does Corn Come Out Whole in My Poop?

    Why Does Corn Come Out Whole in My Poop?

    by Barkley Rosehill42

  • This article suggests a list of the thirteen greatest airplanes of all time, emphasizing the importance of each during its time and place in world history.

    13 Best Airplanes of All Time

    13 Best Airplanes of All Time

    by Kelley Marks40

  • A look at the diversity of Arizona's Coconino National Forest and some of the wildlife that makes its home there, in the northern part of the state, including the San Francisco Peaks near Flagstaff

    Wildlife of the Coconino National Forest

    Wildlife of the Coconino National Forest

    by Deb Kingsbury45

  • Varanus salvator, the Asian water monitor, is one of the most accessible large lizards on Earth. If you know where to look, one can get up close and personal with these giants of the reptilian world

    The Asian Water Monitor Lizard; Varanus salvator

    The Asian Water Monitor Lizard; Varanus salvator

    by Greensleeves Hubs41

  • Is it possible to travel through time? Perhaps it will be in the future, but a lot of technological hurdles must be overcome before time travel can become a real possibility.

    Is Time Travel Possible?

    Is Time Travel Possible?

    by Melvin Porter51

  • There are many extinct animals that once lived in the rainforest, and many more that are endangered. We, who have the best capability of protecting these animals, should take actions to preserve life.

    Extinct Animals of the Rainforest

    Extinct Animals of the Rainforest

    by Angela Michelle Schultz27

  • Different Types of Stars in the Universe - Physical characteristics and images of the many different kinds of stars, from red giants to white dwarfs.

    Different Types of Stars in the Universe

    Different Types of Stars in the Universe

    by Thomas Swan37

  • Tsunamis are a natural disaster with devastating effects. Here you'll find a detailed breakdown of what causes a tsunami, which is perfect for school projects and essay answers.

    What Causes a Tsunami?

    What Causes a Tsunami?

    by Rickrideshorses253

  • This hub is all about calculating lottery probability or odds. In order to make it relevant, I decided to base it on the Grandlotto 6/55, the lottery game with the biggest prize money here in the Philippines. There will be two different cases in the hub: the probability of winning the game with all six numbers matching, and the probability of having n numbers matching.

    How to Calculate Lottery Probability

    How to Calculate Lottery Probability

    by dezalyx20

  • Overuse of our groundwater resources has resulted in an ever prevalent problem of Earth fissures. As a property owner or potential buyer of land, there are several things you need to know about these large cracks in the ground in order for you to make an informed decision.

    Geologic Hazards: What You Need to Know About Earth Fissures

    Geologic Hazards: What You Need to Know About Earth Fissures

    by CWanamaker2

  • What separates human language from that of other animals. Can animal communication exhibit some of the qualities, such as displacement and dual patterning, which are said to set human language apart?

    The Difference Between Animal and Human Communication

    The Difference Between Animal and Human Communication

    by Johnson M Jose80

  • Everyone know about the physical differences between mean and women. But why are they different anatomically? The answer lies just below our skin in our blood and other cells in the body.

    Biological Differences Between Men and Women

    Biological Differences Between Men and Women

    by Melvin Porter8

  • The rapid development of land for use by humans all over Asia poses a serious threat to many animal species, and many Asian governments do too little too late to protect their own environments.

    List of Top 10 Endangered Animal Species in Asia

    List of Top 10 Endangered Animal Species in Asia

    by Edweirdo13

  • Did you know that only 6000 snow leopards are surviving in the wild today? Read more than 50 facts about this amazing creature...

    55 Facts about Snow Leopards

    55 Facts about Snow Leopards

    by Rehana Stormme334

  • It’s hard to make a true-color family portrait of the solar system. It turns out that most photos of planets aren’t true color! Here's my attempt, using the best NASA photos I could find.

    True-Color Photos of All the Planets

    True-Color Photos of All the Planets

    by Ellen19

  • Discover some of the theories and ideas of one of the most unique minds of our time: Stephen Hawking. This is also a brief biography and bibliography of that brave and original soul.

    What Discoveries Were Made by Stephen Hawking?

    What Discoveries Were Made by Stephen Hawking?

    by Paradise773

  • Gas is one of the three forms of matter. Every known substance is either a solid, liquid or a gas. These forms differ in the way they fill space and change shape. A gas, such as air has neither a fixed shape nor a fixed volume and has weight.

    The Theories and Behavior of Gas

    The Theories and Behavior of Gas

    by Liwayway Memije-Cruz186

  • We've all experienced a short-term power outage, but what kind of problems would we have if the power was out for a week, or even longer? We depend on electricity for a lot more than lights and TV.

    What Could Happen in a Long-Term Power Outage?

    What Could Happen in a Long-Term Power Outage?

    by Sherry Hewins43

  • The Sunshine State has all sorts of over-sized bugs and creep-crawlies. This article looks at the biggest spiders in Florida.

    6 Biggest Spiders in Florida

    6 Biggest Spiders in Florida

    by Paul Goodman11

  • Hair color is primarily genetic, and red hair is caused by mutations in the MC1R gene. The gene for red hair also causes an increased sensitivity to sunlight and a reduced sensitivity to anesthesia. Contrary to internet rumors, redheads are not going extinct! Famous redheads include Queen Elizabeth I and Malcolm X.

    Redheads: The Genetics of Hair Color

    Redheads: The Genetics of Hair Color

    by Leah Lefler96

  • What are the most dangerous scorpions in the world? All of them look deadly, but there are only a few who can do any real damage. Here is a rundown of the deadliest scorpions in the world.

    Three of the Most Dangerous Scorpions in the World

    Three of the Most Dangerous Scorpions in the World

    by BuddySquid38

  • The oceans contain a vast variety of creatures. Here are some marine animals whose names span the alphabet from A to Z.

    List of Sea Animals A-Z

    List of Sea Animals A-Z

    by leibwood169

  • Commercial farming of one of the world’s most popular types of seafood is causing environmental degradation on a large scale and is a potential source of health issues.

    The Dirty Secret of Shrimp Farming

    The Dirty Secret of Shrimp Farming

    by Rupert Taylor8

  • To say there are quite a few different use of a coconut is a huge understatement, there are hundreds of uses of this fruit of the Palm Tree. Every part of the coconut and the tree has a purpose.

    Different Uses for a Coconut

    Different Uses for a Coconut

    by Suzanne Ridgeway33

  • Volcanic eruptions are a stunning sight. But how do they happen? Learn more about the science of volcanoes and volcanic eruptions in this article.

    What Causes a Volcano to Erupt?

    What Causes a Volcano to Erupt?

    by Rickrideshorses57

  • Have you ever discovered a snake in the wilds of Indiana and wanted to be able to identify it? Use this dichotomous key, which includes the most common physical characteristics of adult snakes.

    How to Identify the Snakes of Indiana

    How to Identify the Snakes of Indiana

    by ChristopherJRex1

  • The Jerusalem cricket is an interesting insect with bizarre looks that can be pretty frightening, but as long as you don't provoke them unnecessarily, they won't bite - and they aren't poisonous.

    The Jerusalem Cricket: It's Really Just a Potato Bug

    The Jerusalem Cricket: It's Really Just a Potato Bug

    by Mike and Dorothy McKenney7

  • The great horned owl is an avian apex predator. Possibly this bird is the finest predator to have ever lived.

    The Great Horned Owl

    The Great Horned Owl

    by Wesman Todd Shaw28

  • In this article, I give essential facts on six of the most dangerous snakes in Florida, all of which are venomous and can deliver potentially fatal snake bites. My list includes the southern copperhead, eastern diamondback, and the cottonmouth.

    6 Most Dangerous Snakes in Florida

    6 Most Dangerous Snakes in Florida

    by Paul Goodman20

  • North America is home to four native species of wildcats. Learn more about the wildcats of North America with pictures and videos.

    The Five Wildcats of North America

    The Five Wildcats of North America

    by Sheila Brown71

  • There are four species of owls native to North Carolina. These owls and their distinctive calls are captivating creatures.

    Owls In Western North Carolina

    Owls In Western North Carolina

    by TMHughes37

  • The dragon blood tree of Socotra Island has an unusual appearance. It secretes a red resin known as dragon's blood when its bark is injured. The resin is used in many ways. The island is home to other fascinating and often unique organisms besides the tree.

    The Strange Dragon Blood Tree of Socotra Island

    The Strange Dragon Blood Tree of Socotra Island

    by Linda Crampton52

  • A collection of all the essential facts about the southern black racers snake. These snakes are non-venomous and common throughout the southeastern United States.

    Facts About Southern Black Racer Snakes

    Facts About Southern Black Racer Snakes

    by Paul Goodman21

  • Mucus has vital functions, such as trapping germs in the airways, protecting the stomach lining from an acid attack, and lubricating the passage of materials through the digestive tract. Excess mucus can cause health problems, however. Mucus in the nose is often referred to as snot.

    Mucus in the Human Body: Functions and Health Problems

    Mucus in the Human Body: Functions and Health Problems

    by Linda Crampton43

  • This article answer the questions: "What is Physics?" and "What are the branches of Physics?" Learn about what physics is and its many different branches.

    Physics: Definition and Branches

    Physics: Definition and Branches

    by Muhammad Rafiq160

  • Fascinating facts and photos featuring the most common and some more unusual stones found along Lake Michigan's shorelines. Including various types of basalt, septarian brown stones, limestone, granite, gabbro, diorite, gneiss, schist, sandstone, silt stone, mud stone, geodes, chalcedony and agate.

    I Found a Rock on the Beach and Wondered

    I Found a Rock on the Beach and Wondered

    by Kathi12

  • Article answering: Does having a blood transfusion change your DNA? Transfusion cannot change your DNA but bone marrow transplants can change your DNA. So, Does a blood transfusion change your DNA and if so, will it be for the worse? Doubtful. Will a blood transfusion change your DNA in future?

    Does Having a Blood Transfusion Change Your DNA?

    Does Having a Blood Transfusion Change Your DNA?

    by Justin Muir0

  • 5 properties of water: cohesion, high specific heat, high heat of vaporization, lower density of ice, and high polarity.

    5 Properties of Water

    5 Properties of Water

    by livingconsciously129

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