Ring of Fire is a common expression applied to a geographical area bordering the Pacific Ocean. Within this "Ring of Fire" earthquakes and volcanoes are more common than any other place on the planet.
The great horned owl is an avian apex predator, and perhaps the finest predator to have ever lived. In this article, I will detail just about everything you need to know about these magnificent raptors, including what they look like, what they eat, and how they live.
Exciting disciplines that combine biology and math include biostatistics, epidemiology, bioinformatics, mathematical biology, and population ecology. The disciplines offer interesting careers.
A fascinating look at the amazing hummingbird, one of nature's most beautiful creatures. The four most common hummingbirds found in Las Vegas and in the Mojave Desert.
The surface area of a triangular prism can be found in the same way as any other type of prism. All you need to do is calculate the total area of all of its faces.
What are the most dangerous scorpions in the world? All of them look deadly, but there are only a few that can do any real damage. Here is a rundown of the deadliest scorpions in the world.
North America is home to six species of wildcats. Learn more about the wildcats of North America with pictures and videos.
Snakehead fish are invasive species in North America. They are fierce predators and can breathe in air. They may be a serious threat to native wildlife.
Black Caterpillar with Spikes and Red Bands: What is it? Did you find a black fuzzy caterpillar? Does it look like this? If so, you might have a giant leopard moth caterpillar, also known as a great leopard moth or an eyed tiger moth (scientific...
What different species of animals can interbreed and how is it possible? From mules to ligers learn all about hybrids in this comprehensive article.
Looking for fun, quick, and easy science experiment ideas for an upcoming science fair? Check out these step-by-step instructions for four different Skittles science experiments.
Though there isn't much research data available, we can confidently say that the rarest eye color in the world is Green. Amber, Violet/Red and Black are also extremely rare.
Tsunamis cause have whenever they hit - death, destruction and carnage. Find out the exact effects on land and in the sea.
Researchers are embarking on studies that show a correlation between the color and pattern of the human eye iris and personality and intelligence. What do your eyes tell the world?
Science isn't confined to a lab - it is all around us. The 10 fun, cheap and easy experiments in this hub make great family projects. Above all this proves that science is fun - what other school subject helps you make slime and rockets!?
Some of the coolest, most fascinating organisms are just now being discovered by scientists, and not only at the bottom of the ocean, either.
The hedge bindweed or morning glory twines around other plants and interferes with their growth. Bindweed produces large and beautiful flowers in summer.
After installing the Community Server, you will need to install a MySQL workbench on your Windows machine to complete the process. This hub guides you in installing the MySQL Workbench 8.0.12.
To get started with MySQL installation, you need to download the MySQL installer and then configure the MySQL Server. This hub will help you with the process and see you through the finishing touches.
This article discusses the various components of a power transformer and briefly explains how they work.
When I meet someone for the first time, I always notice their eyes. Here are some cool facts about people with green eyes.
A magnet is an object that has a magnetic field strong enough to influence other materials. The molecules in a magnet are aligned to all face one way, which gives the magnet its magnetic field. Sometimes the molecules can align permanently, making a...
There are many different types of plants, ranging from grand trees to tiny algae. This is an overview with pictures.
Solving triangles using Pythagoras's theorem, the cosine rule, the sine rule and various ways of calculating the area of a triangle.
Chimaeras are strange fish that are sometimes known as ratfish, rabbitfish, elephant fish, or rhinochimaeras. The lines on their surface often look like seams.
Coral bleaching is an event in which corals lose their pigment and main source of food. It often causes corals to die. Oxybenzone in sunscreens may contribute to coral bleaching.
The uses of math for the layperson are essentially endless. No matter whether you are a struggling student, a homeowner, or someone simply trying to lose weight, math is the universal language that has an something to offer everyone.
Biology is the study of living organisms and there are many subfields of study under that umbrella. From anatomy to zoology, there are more than 30 different areas of study under biology.
Unripe lychees and ackee fruits contain toxins. Both fruits should be eaten only when ripe. In addition, it's very important that ripe ackee is prepared properly.
Unique and rare Septarian brown stones among other types are found along a narrow stretch of Lake Michigan shorelines. Find out the one other place in the world they can be found.
Saliva is made by salivary glands and has important functions. The glands may sometimes develop a stone or an infection. In Sjogren's syndrome, insufficient saliva is made. The disease may be accompanied by other symptoms.
Most people confuse bees, wasps, and hornets, but there are several significant differences between the three. This article was written to educate you about those differences.
Humpback dolphins are unusual animals. Many have a hump on their back and some are white or pink in color. Their populations are vulnerable or endangered. The Atlantic and Taiwanese humpback dolphins are critically endangered.
What role does water play in life and what would happen if we were to lose it or it didn't exist? There are already parts of the world where we can see how life would change, if there were no water. This article explores it further.
Have you ever been outside and heard the sound of wild geese flying overhead? What a wonderful sound that is. Find out more about the Canada Goose, including facts, information and pictures.
If you were designing a bomb shelter to prepare for the end of the world, what kind of metal would you build with? Find the smartest answer here.
Lichens are interesting organisms that are important in their environment and useful for humans. Some produce chemicals that are potentially dangerous for us, however.
Learn about dragonflies, what they eat and how they fly as well as the type of habitat in which they live. We'll also explore some of the more popular myths and legends surrounding the dragonfly.
Learn interesting facts about the behavior of the blue jay, view pictures, and learn how to keep this bully away from your bird feeder.
The binary or base 2 numbering system is the keystone of computer systems and digital electronics. This guide shows you how to convert from decimal to binary and binary to decimal
There are many endangered species, including the Siberian Tiger, elephants, leatherback sea turtles, snow leopards,
Regression equations are frequently used by scientists, engineers, and other professionals to predict a result given an input. These equations have many applications and can be developed with relative ease. In this article I show you how easy it is to create a simple linear regression equation from a small set of data.
Destruction of our environment is the biggest contribution that we make to the extinction of many species in the forest. It is estimated that approximately half the number of the world’s animals live in the rainforests. Learn which species are threatened and what you can do to help!
In small quantities, nitric oxide has important functions and health benefits in our body. In large amounts, however, it's toxic to nerve cells.
This article looks at ten sandy beaches of extraordinary colour, what they are composed of and how they are formed, with illustrations of all ten
Shoebill storks, or shoebills, have a huge and impressive bill. The animal's unusual features make it a unique bird. Its population has been classified in the "Vulnerable" category of the IUCN's Red List.
What are the most dreadful earthquakes of India. Below is the list of biggest earthquakes of India with images.
Because caffeine is a substance used by the young and old in every country and on every continent, it affects billions.
There are so many different types of crabs around the world. Find out more about these fascinating animals here.
Learn the most tantalizing facts about this toxic, hellish world that's ironically known as Earth's sister planet!
Many people struggle to tell these two reptiles apart, but it isn't that difficult when you know what to look for. What is the difference between alligators and crocodiles? Well, there are essentially 8 main ways to tell them apart...
Urea is a nitrogen-containing waste substance in the blood and urine that is also made in the lab. It’s used to remove thickened and scaly patches on skin, to moisturize the skin, and to fertilize soil.
A handy guide for identifying various types of clouds including information on what makes clouds look different, which are responsible for storms, and how some clouds can help in predicting weather.
Luna Moths are beautiful creatures. You will want to look closely at the photo and see the eye spots on the top wings as well as underneath. Find out more about this fascinating and large moth!
An interesting hub on velvety cushion like mites called the Red velvet mites, that are found in almost all terrestrial habitat and belong to the family Trombidiidae
Flying is the fastest mode of travel known to man but how fast is the fastest aircraft? Let’s find out.
Invertebrates are diverse forms of animals. Here are nine (9) major groups of invertebrate animals and the most common examples of invertebrates under each type. There are also pictures of different major groups of invertebrate animals.
Find all about palm trees, how they grow, flower, fruit and the uses people make of these marvelous plants...
Great wild mushroom photos! Learn why mushrooms and fungi are important and what they do in addition to providing food.
While the fearsome great white shark can grow to a massive 20 feet, most are much smaller. But what is the biggest one ever found?
Blood clotting or coagulation is a complex process that helps us survive when we're injured. Fibrin threads trap blood cells and stop blood loss.
Here are the tales of fifteen species that succumbed to anthropogenic extinction as a result of hunting or habitat destruction.
The resins that some trees secrete when they're wounded can be useful for humans. Some are used as perfumes or medicines. Others have preserved ancient life forms.
Honey bees are complex and fascinating creatures. Here are 20 questions--with answers-- to help you understand honey bees and their place in our world.
This article answer the questions: "What is Physics?" and "What are the branches of Physics?" Learn about what physics is and its many different branches.
Working with long texts can be a huge challenge, especially when you need to include code snippets within your documents. Here are three ways to confidently and conveniently do that in Microsoft Word.
Look for these silky nests on the Thistle plants about the time that the Thistles are about to flower.When the caterpillars are close to pupating at the end of the fifth instar, they will become suddenly active as they search for a good location to transform into a chrysalis.
I'm going to show you how to create simple search using PHP and MySQL. You'll learn: How to use GET and POST methods Connect to database Communicate with database Find matching database entries with given word or phrase Display results You...
Spiders both fascinate and frighten people. Check out these weird, amazing, interesting and fun facts about spiders taken from science, history, literature and mythology with cool photos and videos.
Have you ever discovered a snake in the wilds of Indiana and wanted to be able to identify it? Use this dichotomous key, which includes the most common physical characteristics of adult snakes.
Because of human destruction of their habitats, species whose geographical range is small are at the greatest risk of being endangered. Here you'll find a list of ten of the most endangered animals.
Hoatzins are South American birds with some strange features. They digest their food in an unusual way and have an unpleasant smell. Their chicks have claws on their wings.
This hub is all about calculating lottery probability or odds. In order to make it relevant, I decided to base it on the Grandlotto 6/55, the lottery game with the biggest prize money here in the Philippines. There will be two different cases in the hub: the probability of winning the game with all six numbers matching, and the probability of having n numbers matching.
Are the caterpillars in your garden toxic? Do they sting? Will they seriously damage your plants? The answers are in this easy and authoritative guide to garden caterpillars.
A collection of all the essential facts about the southern black racers snake. These snakes are non-venomous and common throughout the southeastern United States.
Bootstrap modal box is very good option for building web application that require user interaction. It provide good experience to the user of your website.
For some duckweed is a menace, for others it's a Godsend. Here in Brazil, we have built duckweed ponds and are encouraging it to grow to use as an animal feed . This is just one of its many uses.
Physics aims to give elegant explanations for the phenomena observed within in our universe. These explanations are encoded in the mathematical language of equations. What are the most important and beautiful equations in physics?
Did you know that wild ginseng root can actually be found right here in America's national parks and private woodlands?
Working out the odds of an event occurring allows us to estimate the number of times that event will take place in future trials. Permutations/combinations are also an important part of the analysis.
The lion is a multi-cultural symbol of power and strength. But how much do we really know about them? Among the things we know well about them, is their hunting ability. This Hub explores the hunting behaviour of the lion in-depth...
The safflower plant provides a useful vegetable and cosmetic oil and attractive dyes for textiles. A genetically engineered form of the plant has made insulin.
You found a caterpillar, and you want to know if it can sting you or your family. Identify that stinging caterpillar with the help of this quick and easy guide.
Need to align a graphic on a webpage? Are you trying to put captions under your images? Here's the codes you need to make things work.
The gharial is a critically-endangered relative of the crocodile. It lives in and next to rivers in India and Nepal. The animal has some unusual and interesting features.
The banana spider is famous for its beautiful web, which appears to be golden when it shines in the sun. The spider's venom is of the same type as that of a black widow, but much weaker.
At least 1000 types of fish—and probably many more—produce sounds. These sounds include pops, clicks, purrs, grunts, hums, hoots, rattles, and tinkles.
A look at the difference between the Northern Lights and the Southern Lights. Plus what makes the Aurora Borealis and Aurora Australis so spectacular.
The different types of shark that fill the oceans are fascinating animals. They have been around a long while but are still top predators...
IUCN has declared 418 animal species in the Philippines to be either vulnerable or endangered. This article lists the top 50 critically endangered animals in the Philippines.
Prior to the discovery of blood groups, blood transfusions were often deadly. Physicians attempted the use of milk and animal blood as an alternative to human blood, but met with limited success: the discovery of blood types allowed modern transfusions to safely take place. Blood typing, blood groups around the world, and the genetics of blood types are discussed in this article.
Hydrochloric acid is made in the stomach and is a very helpful chemical. Too much or too little acid or acid in the wrong place can cause problems, however.
The Himalayan blackberry is a beautiful plant in spring and summer. It produces delicious blackberries, but it's an invasive species and grows aggressively.
Plants have a reputation for being motionless, passive, and boring. These 20 plants challenge this mundane stereotype.
A growth or a culture medium is composed of different nutrients that are essential for microbial growth—here are some that are used in microbiological laboratories.
Once I was preparing to take a difficult standardized test, which evaluates math and logic skills for university entrance. It was an online exam with a timer and I had to make calculations without using a calculator. Techniques of fast mental math discussed here became a true godsend for me!
The mucus that covers fish has several functions, including protection from multiple dangers and serving as food for young fish. The substance may also be useful for us.
Tree kangaroos are unusual marsupials that move with ease through the trees and on the ground. The Lumholtz's tree kangaroo is the smallest animal in the group.
Formic acid is found in the sprayed venom of some ants and the secretions of some stinging nettles. The acid is dangerous at high concentrations but has important uses.
Puffins are most people’s favourite sea bird, and Scotland has plenty of great places to view them. Whether you are a visitor or native to Scotland, this article shows you where to go. And it’s filled with cute photos!
Why is the sky blue? Why is the moon sometimes out in the day? How much does the Earth weigh? This article gives straightforward answers to 12 of the trickiest questions I have been asked by kids while teaching. Enjoy!
A look at the diversity of Arizona's Coconino National Forest and some of the wildlife that makes its home there, in the northern part of the state, including the San Francisco Peaks near Flagstaff
While Australia is home to the most animals who will kill you, Japan seems to be home to the most animals that will make you go "d'awww". Here are my top ten favorite wild animals of Japan.
Although human blood is usually red it may have a different color, which indicates the presence of a health problem. Animals have a wide variety of blood colors.
We've all experienced a short-term power outage, but what kind of problems would we have if the power was out for a week, or even longer? We depend on electricity for a lot more than lights and TV.
This is a full guide in finding the general term of sequences. There are examples provided to show you the step-by-step procedure in finding the general term of a sequence.
The notorious Ring of Fire, which runs all the way from New Zealand to Chile by way of the Aleutian Islands, is home to many of the most potentially destructive volcanoes on the planet.
A complete list of all the sharks found in the Mediterranean Sea, with a separate list of sharks dangerous to humans.
Learn some facts about common songbirds of Pennsylvania and view pictures to help you identify and attract the birds in your backyard.
See pictures to help you identify the male and female Rose-breasted Grosbeak, plus learn facts about its migration and behavior.
The black widow and the brown recluse are the only two poisonous spiders in North Carolina. Good housekeeping can reduce the risk of being bitten by them.
Learn to identify songbirds by type and see pictures of common backyard birds. You might be surprised to discover how some of the birds you see in your garden and yard are related. They are all of the order Passeriformes, but then split into many different families.
Evolution has produced a multitude of predators down the ages, but which were the deadliest of all time?
Earwigs have a fearsome image but aren't dangerous. They sometimes become garden pests. Natural control methods can be very helpful in dealing with the insects.
What are Beta Brain Waves? How can beta brainwave entrainment help you to become a more focused and motivated person in school and in your job and more
This article is about how the inner ear helps to maintain the balance and equilibrium of the body. Read on to know in detail about how the inner ear helps to maintain balance and equilibrium.
Several external factors affect the way we perceive eye color. This article discusses how environmental factors can impact hazel eyes, making it easy to mistake them for green eyes.
A set of fun experiments that teach kids the fun of chemistry and how to tell a chemical change from a physical change.
The Malayan tapir is an unusual animal with an extensible and mobile proboscis, or mini-trunk. Despite its size and bulk, this endangered animal can move fast.
A guide to the best places in the world to see wild tigers, such as Bengal tigers in India's national parks or Sumatran tigers in Indonesia.
Northern Cardinal birds inhabit most of North America. Photos of the mating and nesting behavior of this striking red bird.
If you have red hair or blue eyes, then you're a mutant. There's nothing you can do about it except read this page to find out why nature selected you for mutantdom.
Landfills are the method of choice for disposing of the world's garbage. By means of a comprehensive chart, you will be able to learn about fifteen of the largest landfills in the world.
Cinnabar is a beautiful but toxic red mineral made of mercury (ll) sulfide. It’s used as a source of mercury and to make an artist's pigment called vermilion.
The oceans contain a vast variety of creatures. Here are some marine animals whose names span the alphabet from A to Z.
Marmots live in mountainous areas of British Columbia. They are social and very vocal animals that often form colonies. One species—the Vancouver Island Marmot—is critically endangered.
Tiny microplastic particles are produced from plastic waste. The particles enter the human body in a variety of ways. Their effects on the body are unknown.
15 extinct bird species of the world. From the Mauritius Island's dodo to the recently extinct Bachman's warbler.
Daffodils are beautiful spring flowers that have a wide variety of colours and shapes. Yellow daffodils are often used by cancer societies as a symbol of hope.
According to genetics, it is extremely rare, but still possible, for a black person to have blue eyes. This article will cover the science behind black people with blue eyes, and will provide some well-known examples.
Hercules beetles are named after the hero of ancient myths. The male has horns that may be very long. The insects can change colour and are found in both the old and the new world.
A comparison of plant and animal cells using labelled diagrams and descriptive explanations. Learn about the similarities and differences between plant and animal cells as we compare and contrast.
Michael Faraday, the son of an 18th Century blacksmith, became one of the greatest scientists of his age. One of his discoveries transformed the world and changed the way we live forever.
The orangutan is one of our closest relatives, and yet we know comparatively little about them. They are an animal, that we need to learn more about, because maybe knowing more about them will helps us understand ourselves better. Hopefully, we can do this before it's too late...
In this article, I give essential facts on six of the most dangerous snakes in Florida, all of which are venomous and can deliver potentially fatal snake bites. My list includes the southern copperhead, eastern diamondback, and the cottonmouth.
Did you know that only 6000 snow leopards are surviving in the wild today? Read more than 50 facts about this amazing creature...
A description of the historic oil drop experiment that was performed by Robert Millikan to determine the electrical charge of the electron. Included is a diagram of the apparatus used and a discussion of the forces acting on the oil droplets.
Mudskippers are unusual fish that may spend more time on land than in water. They use their pectoral fins as legs and breathe through their skin as well as their gills.
Science has proven that redheads are physically unique among all other people. Find out why, historically, some people thought they were evil, while others thought they held magical powers.
Its hard to find a simple answer to the question, How long do ants live? It could depend on caste, habitat, diet, and a lot of other factors that differ from one species to another. Ants have been around for at least 100 million years, and to this day there are at least 12,000 different ant species.
My attempt to satisfy the question 'Can Life Exist in the Sirius Star System'. I hope you find it educational and enjoyable as I did doing the research
The deadly nightshade plant, or belladonna, is extremely poisonous. It contains atropine, which is potentially dangerous but has important medical uses.
The anatomy of the European Honey Bee (Apis Mellifera) is truly amazing, from its hairy eyes to its clawed feet to its barbed stinger. Powerful jaws, two stomachs, 24 "knees," and more.
If you found a black or dark-colored caterpillar, this quick and easy guide can help you identify it.
A lot of people confuse locusts with cicadas, but they actually differ in many ways. Here are a few of the main differences.
Test which surfaces create more friction, see how strong friction is, learn how to reduce friction, and even discover the side effects of friction. There are sliding friction experiments, a phone book friction experiment, a way to make rice stick together, an experiment to create frictional heat, and lots more friction experiments for all ages.
To say there are quite a few different use of a coconut is a huge understatement, there are hundreds of uses of this fruit of the Palm Tree. Every part of the coconut and the tree has a purpose.
Narwhals are strange and fascinating Arctic whales. The males—and sometimes the females—have a very long tooth that grows through their lip, forming a tusk.
Gas is one of the three forms of matter. Every known substance is either a solid, liquid or a gas. These forms differ in the way they fill space and change shape. A gas, such as air has neither a fixed shape nor a fixed volume and has weight.
Among natural hazards and disasters, earthquakes are the most dangerous and disastrous happenings on the earth's surface.
Black widow spiders, scientific name Latrodectus mactans, are among the most venomous of all arachnids. I have been working with insects and spiders for almost 20 years and I get a lot of questions about black widow spiders. This article addresses all of your black widow concerns and curiosities.
How to convert a hexadecimal to a decimal and a decimal to a hexadecimal without using any calculators or special knowledge.
Hair color is primarily genetic, and red hair is caused by mutations in the MC1R gene. The gene for red hair also causes an increased sensitivity to sunlight and a reduced sensitivity to anesthesia. Contrary to internet rumors, redheads are not going extinct! Famous redheads include Queen Elizabeth I and Malcolm X.
The urinary system is the excretory system of the body. The nephron does all the work of the Urinary System. Find out how the nephron works.
Fun dry ice experiments. Make foggy bubbles, screaming metal, frost things over, pop the caps off containers, blow up a balloon, and more.
Roses are beautiful and often fragrant flowers that have inspired gardeners for many years. They produce a useful oil and tasty fruits called rose hips. The flowers have many symbolic meanings.
Pigments play vital roles in our bodies. These pigments include melanin in the skin, rhodopsin, zeaxanthin, and lutein in the eyes, and hemoglobin in the blood.
The base 16, hexadecimal numbering system is regularly used in computer coding for conveniently representing a byte or word of data. This guide shows you how to convert from hex to binary and binary to hexadecimal.
This article suggests a list of the 17 greatest airplanes of all time, emphasizing the importance of each during its time and place in world history.
How many eyes does a spider have? Why do they need so many eyes? Find these answers and see beautiful pictures of spiders' eyes.
Learn about how the four different types of volcanoes (composite, shield, cinder cone, and lava dome) form and watch videos of how they erupt.
Different snakes may contain different types of venom compounds, with small-scale shifts in venom composition possible within an individual snake due to age, diet, environment/captivity, and season.
Volcanoes are natural features of the Earth's lanscape. Volcanoes form from the natural internal forces acting inside the Earth. Mos volcanoes form at the boundaries of tectonic plates either in the ocean or on land. Others may form away from the boundaries of plate tectonics; however all volcanoes are formed from the natural internal energies occurring inside the planet.
The rainbow eucalyptus is an unusual tree with a beautiful, multicoloured trunk. The trunk's colours change as the tree sheds strips of bark, creating living art.
This article suggests the biggest man-made environmental disasters in the history of the United States. These disasters may not have killed people, but they severely damaged the ecosystem and will cost millions, if not billions, of dollars to clean up.
This article will introduce the reader to several flowers that don't exactly look like flowers, but more like...something else.
Learn about the most beautiful species on earth! These unusual species and wonders of evolution are illustrated with pictures and facts.
Learn the difference between the colossal and giant squid, the real sea monsters that spawned the kraken legend, is about more than just size!
Mole and worm lizards are very unusual reptiles. They have elongated bodies that resemble those of earthworms and have one pair of legs or none at all.
Mechanics is a branch of physics which deals with forces, mass and motion with applications in engineering construction, the design of machines, ballistics and space travel.
What makes the Cretaceous sea worse than any other in history is that there isn't just one predator to worry about, but a whole collection of them, including sharks, lightning fast killer fish and fearsome giant marine reptiles called mosasaurs.
Examining what it means to have Irish blood, outlining where Irish DNA comes from and who are the closest genetic relatives of the Irish in Europe. Of interest to anyone with Irish ancestry who wants to understand their genealogy.
This guide explains everything you need to know about circles, including calculation of area, segment area, sector area, length of an arc, radians, sine and cosine.
Although cockroaches are often seen as disgusting creatures, there are a lot of fascinating truths and fun facts you still don't know about them. Learn more about this amazing creature here.
Forsythia is an ornamental shrub that produces beautiful and abundant yellow flowers in late winter and early spring. The plant is named after William Forsyth, an eighteenth-century horticulturist.
The black vulture and the turkey vulture are often called "Buzzards." These birds are anything but Buzzards. Buzzards are European birds related to Eagles. Vultures and condors differ from buzzards.
It’s hard to make a true-color family portrait of the solar system. It turns out that most photos of planets aren’t true color! Here's my attempt, using the best NASA photos I could find.
Few people are aware of how black widow spiders contributed to the World War II effort, but they had a significant impact. In fact, a LIFE magazine article published on August 30thof 1943 credited each of several government employed arachnids with spinning between 100 and 180 feet of thread a week.This thread was then used to make cross hairs in the gunsights of U.S. Army instruments of war.
The Sunshine State has all sorts of over-sized bugs and creep-crawlies. This article looks at the biggest spiders in Florida.
Some chemicals in fungi can act as medicines for humans. Three of these chemicals are penicillin, lovastatin, and cyclosporine. Lentinan and eritadenine may also be medicinal.