A List of Chemistry Laboratory Apparatus and Their Uses

Updated on September 13, 2016
Jonny-Ringo profile image

Jonny-Ringo, first and foremost, loves to read and write. One of his specialities is writing on chemistry.

A List of Basic Chemistry Apparatus

In most labs, you'll encounter the same basic apparatus. Here, you will find a picture and an explanation for how to use each piece of equipment. You will learn about:

  • Safety goggles and safety equipment
  • Beakers
  • Erlenmeyer flasks, AKA conical flasks
  • Florence flasks, AKA boiling flasks
  • Test tubes, tongs, and racks
  • Watch glasses
  • Crucibles
  • Funnels
  • Graduated cylinders
  • Volumetric flasks
  • Droppers
  • Pipettes
  • Burets
  • Ring stands, rings, and clamps
  • Tongs and forceps
  • Spatulas and scoopulas
  • Thermometers
  • Bunsen Burners
  • Balances

The Equipment You Will Encounter and Their Functions

Safety goggles and safety equipment
Safety goggles and safety equipment

The first and foremost rule of any laboratory is to be safe! This may seem obvious, but people often disregard safety protocols for one reason or another, putting themselves and those around them in danger. The best thing you can do is to make sure you follow all safety protocols at all times.

Safety goggles are required wear in all chemistry labs. Not wearing them puts you in danger of eye irritation and possibly blindness in the case of an accident. A small droplet of acid could splash out of the container at any time. Better safe than permanently blinded!

Latex gloves should be used when there is a possibility of corrosive chemicals spilling onto your hands.

A lab apron or coat can also prevent injury in case of spills or splashes.

Never wear open-toed shoes or sandals in a lab.

Beakers
Beakers

A beaker is a common container in most labs. It is used for mixing, stirring, and heating chemicals. Most beakers have spouts on their rims to aid in pouring. They also commonly have lips around their rims and markings to measure the volume they contain, although they are not a precise way to measure liquids. Beakers come in a wide range of sizes.

Because of the lip that runs around the rim, a lid for a beaker does not exist. However, a watch glass (discussed below) can be used to cover the opening to prevent contamination or splashing.

Erlenmeyer flasks, AKA conical flasks
Erlenmeyer flasks, AKA conical flasks

Also known as a conical flask, the Erlenmeyer flask was named after its inventor in 1861. It has a narrow neck and expands toward its base. This allows easy mixing and swirling of the flask without too much risk of spilling. The narrow opening also allows for the use of a rubber or glass stopper. It can easily be clamped to a ring stand (discussed below) as well as heated or shaken mechanically.

Once again, the marks on the side are meant primarily for estimation rather than precision.

An important safety tip here is to never heat this flask while it is capped. This could cause a pressure build-up that could result in explosion.

Florence flasks, AKA boiling flasks
Florence flasks, AKA boiling flasks

Also known as a boiling flask, the Florence flask has a round bottom and a long neck. It is used to hold liquids and can be easily swirled and heated. It can also easily be capped by rubber or glass stoppers.

Once again, safety dictates that this flask never be heated when capped. Pressure build-up and explosions can and do occur.

Test tubes being lifted with tongs from a rack
Test tubes being lifted with tongs from a rack

A test tube is a glass tube with one end open and the other end closed. The closed end is rounded. Test tubes are used to hold small samples. They are primarily used for qualitative assessment and comparison. A common place to see these is the biochemistry lab. When a large number of samples need to be tested and compared, test tubes are used to make this easier. They are also easily capped with a rubber or glass stopper.

They are generally held in a test tube rack specifically designed for the purpose. If the test tubes become unsafe to touch with bare hands (whether due to heat or another reason), test-tube tongs can be used to move them.

Never heat a capped test tube.

Watch glasses
Watch glasses

A watch glass is just a round piece of glass that is slightly concave/convex (think of a lens). It can hold a small amount of liquid or solid. They can be used for evaporation purposes and also can function as a lid for a beaker.

Crucibles
Crucibles

A crucible is a small clay cup made of a material that can withstand extreme temperatures. They are used for heating substances and come with lids.

Funnels
Funnels

A lab funnel is just like any other funnel except that it was designed to be used in a laboratory setting. They can be made of plastic or glass and can have either a short stem or a long stem, depending on what they are needed for. There are several sizes that can be chosen from based on the amount of liquid that needs to go through them quickly.

Graduated cylinders
Graduated cylinders

This is a primary measuring tool for the volume of a liquid. There are several markings up and down the length of the container with specific increments. Graduated cylinders come in many sizes. The smaller they are in diameter, the more specific the volume measurements will be.

When reading the volume from a graduated cylinder, you will notice that the liquid seems to have an indentation. The liquid around the edges will be higher than the liquid in the center, sloping down like the sides of a trampoline when someone is standing in the middle. This is called the meniscus. Line the lowest point of the meniscus up with the nearest marking, keeping the cylinder level to properly read the volume.

Volumetric flasks
Volumetric flasks

A volumetric flask is a round flask with a long neck and flat bottom. It is used to measure an exact volume of liquid. There is a small line on the neck that indicates how far to fill the bottle (use the bottom of the meniscus). They come with special caps that will not let anything in or out.

Remember that temperature affects volume; therefore avoid using liquids that will fluctuate in temperature (hot water that will cool, for example).

Droppers
Droppers

These are small glass tubes with narrow tips on one end and a rubber bulb on the other. They suck up liquid that can then be squeezed out in small drops. These can be used to add an indicator to a solution about to be titrated.

Pipettes
Pipettes

There are a large variety of pipettes designed to accomplish specific goals. However, they are all for measuring an exact volume of liquid and placing it into another container.

A buret. These are usually attached with a clamp to a ring stand, as shown in the picture below.
A buret. These are usually attached with a clamp to a ring stand, as shown in the picture below.

A buret is a glass tube that is open at the top and comes to a narrow pointed opening at the bottom. Right above the bottom opening is a stopcock that can be turned to control the amount of liquid being released. There are markings along the length of the tube that indicate the volume of liquid present.

A buret is used for extremely accurate addition of liquid. By adjusting the stopcock, the amount of liquid that is released can be slowed to a drop every few seconds. Burets are one of the most accurate tools in the lab.

Burets are set up by using a buret clamp in combination with a ring stand, discussed below.

To determine how much liquid is added, write down how much is initially in the buret. Then when you're finished adding, write down how much is left. Subtract the final amount from the initial amount and you have the volume of liquid added.

Again, remember to measure from the bottom of the meniscus!

Attaching a buret to a ring stand
Attaching a buret to a ring stand

Ring Stands, Rings, and Clamps

Ring stands with rings attached
Ring stands with rings attached

The ring stand is used to suspend burets, beakers, flasks, crucibles, etc. above other containers or, in some cases, a heat source (such as a Bunsen burner, discussed below).

Always make sure everything is clamped to the stand tightly. When clamping glass, be careful not to shatter the glass. Only tighten until snug.

When using a ring on the stand, there are usually other pieces necessary to accomplish the goal. Wire mesh is laid across the ring to distribute evenly heat and support the beaker. A clay triangle with an open center is used to suspend crucibles.

Make sure everything is balanced! Do not let the whole setup tip over.

Two tongs above and a pair of forceps below
Two tongs above and a pair of forceps below

Tongs and forceps are for grabbing things that should not be touched by hand. Some tongs are specially made to hold beakers, others to hold test tubes, and so on. There are also general tongs.

Forceps are used to grab small things like solid chemicals that are broken into chunks, so they can be safely handled and added to containers.

Three scoopulas on the left and a number of spatulas to the right.
Three scoopulas on the left and a number of spatulas to the right.

Spatulas and scoopulas are for scooping solid chemicals. They are typically used to scoop a chemical out of its original container onto a weigh boat so that it can be weighed on a balance.

Thermometers
Thermometers

A laboratory thermometer is used for measuring the temperature of liquids. It can be made of glass or it can be a thermocouple made of different metals.

An unlit bunsen burner connected to a gas source
An unlit bunsen burner connected to a gas source

A Bunsen burner is a mechanical apparatus that is connected to a flammable gas source. There is a knob to adjust the amount of gas flow and a rotating collar that controls airflow. These both must be adjusted to get an ideal flame for heating purposes. The burner is lit with a striker.

Utmost safety is required when using a Bunsen burner.

Balances
Balances

A balance is used to weigh chemicals. The chemicals are always in some form of container and never placed directly on the balance. It is important not to move a balance because they have been calibrated for the exact position they are in. Some balances have plastic housing with small doors to keep air currents from affecting the measurement. Close these doors whenever the balance is in use.

To use a balance to determine the weight of a chemical, first put the empty container that the chemical will be in on the balance. Once you have a reading, press the "tare" or "zero" button on the balance. Remove the container from the balance and add the chemical (never add chemicals to a container while it is on the balance). Reweigh after adding the chemical to find the weight of only the chemical.

It is important to keep the balance clean.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • profile image

      Ahor Mabek Gum Deng 

      108 minutes ago

      Thanks for that very good and wealth subject , its really reminded me what i about forgot .

      wish you more Advance

    • profile image

      sagar kumar 

      25 hours ago

      thank u for help

    • profile image

      Annika TRINIDAD 

      45 hours ago

      Thanks i learned. New apparatus thanks so much this helped me for my incomng

      Test

    • profile image

      Hugo 

      2 days ago

      thanks wahahahahahahahjahahahaqhahahahahahahahqahahahaha

    • profile image

      Dylan 

      2 days ago

      thanks

    • profile image

      Reinispro 

      3 days ago

      This is helpful tao our preliminary exam ty

    • profile image

      Renzoooooo 

      4 days ago

      Yes finish na yay!

    • profile image

      waleed 

      8 days ago

      thank you

    • profile image

      GAMER099 

      8 days ago

      Thx men i finish my assignment of this thx very much and can you show the picture ckear picture plss

    • profile image

      Gebofbutuan 

      9 days ago

      Thank you po na finish na yung assignment ko

    • profile image

      BRYAN NAGSAKIT 

      10 days ago

      Thank U nalpas ko assignment kun

    • profile image

      kwyn 

      10 days ago

      i finish my assignment!!!! WELL

    • profile image

      Ayna 

      11 days ago

      Salamat dito

    • profile image

      Anniqa 

      11 days ago

      San school kayo galing?

    • profile image

      JR 

      12 days ago

      Thank you nagawa ko rin assignment ko....

    • profile image

      Aaron 

      12 days ago

      Hi classmates.

    • profile image

      miraculous 

      2 weeks ago

      its missing something that I'm searching for.

    • profile image

      ssss 

      2 weeks ago

      wow thank you

    • profile image

      jb gumobao 

      2 weeks ago

      ok lang na naka research ug ingnani

    • profile image

      Raphaela 

      2 weeks ago

      no time to waste just to chat

    • profile image

      Alyssa 

      2 weeks ago

      Thank you! I did my assignment well!

    • profile image

      Patrick 

      2 weeks ago

      I done all this for 1hour its long but thanks i finish my assignment

    • profile image

      Francis 

      2 weeks ago

      thanks for this because this is for my assignment in Science

    • profile image

      hell 

      2 weeks ago

      thanks for making this because i finally finished our just like hell assignment just like my name

    • profile image

      hvvbk 

      2 weeks ago

      helpful

    • profile image

      shocoy 

      2 weeks ago

      I THINK IT'S NOT A CRUCIBLE YOU'RE SHOWING. it's a mortar and pestle

    • profile image

      Ezra 

      2 weeks ago

      Thanks so much,Really helped me with my homework

    • profile image

      nayak 

      3 weeks ago

      thanks for help to increase my idea

    • profile image

      thank you 

      3 weeks ago

      helped my assignment too

    • profile image

      Gourav 

      3 weeks ago

      Helped in my project

    • profile image

      Kid 

      3 weeks ago

      My teacher told me to go to this site and write a table and list the name ,drawing,and its uses

    • profile image

      Aishah B.❤️ 

      3 weeks ago

      Thanks

    • profile image

      uygtfmjhklkjhgfdsfghujioiuytyuiolkfdsdfghjkjhgfdsdfghjkgfdsasdfghjklkjhgfdfghjkjhgfddfghjkjhgffghjklkjhgfdfghlkjhgfdjhgfdsdfghjkjhgfdsdfghjklkjhgfddfghjklkjhgfdsdfghjklkjhgfdsdfghjkjytdsdfghiuydfghjkk 

      3 weeks ago

      very helpful

    • profile image

      Roli 

      3 weeks ago

      Helped a lot

      Helpful in school project

    • profile image

      Jm 

      3 weeks ago

      Kulang PA ito 30 item s daw sabi ni maam

    • profile image

      ibi 

      3 weeks ago

      didnt help me at all btw

    • profile image

      Ramendra nigam 

      3 weeks ago

      Thanks a lot it helps me mosr

    • profile image

      jhopet 

      3 weeks ago

      hi all

    • profile image

      queeniee 

      3 weeks ago

      thank you po dahil po dito magagawa ko na po assingment ko

    • profile image

      3 weeks ago

      thx this helped me with my shool work i hope to get a good grade for this work

    • profile image

      Kim imee Pat 

      4 weeks ago

      Thank you very much it helped me so much for my assignment

    • profile image

      Terry 

      4 weeks ago

      Thanks,it was very helpful.

    • profile image

      Kurt 

      4 weeks ago

      Thank you for all the laborating apparatus meaning and pictures

    • profile image

      Christina 

      4 weeks ago

      Thanksssss

    • profile image

      Melba 

      4 weeks ago

      Nice

    • profile image

      Elijahkangungu 

      4 weeks ago

      thanks very much am finding it easy to do my research.

    • profile image

      Alan J 

      4 weeks ago

      Thx it realy helped me on my assignment for Science

    • profile image

      :3 

      4 weeks ago

      Thank youuu :3

    • profile image

      edna 

      4 weeks ago

      wow awsome real;ly helpedd

    • profile image

      Ranelle 

      5 weeks ago

      Thanks =)

    • profile image

      OwO 

      5 weeks ago

      noice

    • profile image

      Jimuel 

      5 weeks ago

      Thank you very much! It really helped me in my assignment.

    • profile image

      plebby poooooooooootatooo 

      5 weeks ago

      tysm

    • profile image

      alexander 

      5 weeks ago

      Thank YA!!

    • profile image

      Althea 

      5 weeks ago

      Thank you for posting it..It really helped me for my research in science

    • profile image

      jonalyn 

      6 weeks ago

      what is laboratory apparates

    • profile image

      jesse 

      6 weeks ago

      thank you so much it really help for my recitation to 7-aster

    • profile image

      Ben 

      6 weeks ago

      Thanks for posting, it really helped me

    • profile image

      Deborah 

      7 weeks ago

      This helped me thank you

    • profile image

      Star Patrick 

      7 weeks ago

      Well put and said but a little long

    • profile image

      goodness 

      7 weeks ago

      am very insterested in subjust chemistry and so i need ur help

    • profile image

      amit 

      7 weeks ago

      thank you for help

    • profile image

      Jalloh Saffaieu Mohamed 

      7 weeks ago

      I'm very interested in this subject called chemistry

    • profile image

      Avishek 

      8 weeks ago

      Thank for to help my project

    • profile image

      Aayan 

      2 months ago

      this is a very helpful site

      it helped me revise for my grade 7 final exams

    • profile image

      Rimi 

      2 months ago

      This is very useful and very important for new beginners. I would like to suggest this to every new beginners. I myself is a chemistry teacherof class10.

    • profile image

      waky 

      2 months ago

      thank you so much, this just helped me in running off my assingments

    • profile image

      taylah 

      2 months ago

      thanks now i am gonna get a good mark on my half yearly test

    • profile image

      Emmanuel Abraham 

      2 months ago

      it is good very good thank you chemistry

    • profile image

      muhallab 

      2 months ago

      This is a lot of help,it made me revise my understanding to certain apparatuses. I recommend every one to revise these every one in a while.

    • profile image

      LUKE G MANGAI 

      2 months ago

      I once to no things, about science?

    • profile image

      Harshani Weerasooriya 

      2 months ago

      Very great work

    • profile image

      OwO 

      2 months ago

      very useful OwO

    • profile image

      Andy 

      2 months ago

      This is very lovely.

    • profile image

      Shola Avwogua 

      2 months ago

      Very good job God bless you more

    • profile image

      andrew 

      2 months ago

      thank you so mutch

    • profile image

      Comfort Ackon 

      2 months ago

      Very great and good work. Well done

    • profile image

      Comfort Ackon 

      2 months ago

      Very great and good work. Well done

    • profile image

      Sam 

      2 months ago

      Good

    • profile image

      Jason 

      2 months ago

      Which combination of these would I need to purchase (custom kit) in order to perform a simple yet professional recrystalization technique?

    • profile image

      Nath Isaiah 

      2 months ago

      Very great work God blessed

    • profile image

      clement 

      2 months ago

      I sincerely appreciate for your help. Some things they haven't thought me before, I have known them today.

    • profile image

      Elijah 

      2 months ago

      Thank you so much, you helped me very much to day continue with your great works

    • profile image

      usman turaki 

      2 months ago

      thank you so much

    • profile image

      thank you so much 

      2 months ago

      thank u so much , u greatly helped us , much love from here , peace

    • profile image

      Emily Benjamin , age:11 

      2 months ago

      It was very helpful with my big assignment. Thank you very much

    • profile image

      Cheese 

      2 months ago

      Very Helpfull and informayive, thanks :)

    • profile image

      yo 

      2 months ago

      cheese

    • profile image

      Someone 

      2 months ago

      Helped me complete my practical file.

    • profile image

      Mystic music 

      2 months ago

      Everything I needed , I have found it here

      Awesome website.............Love it

    • profile image

      IG 

      2 months ago

      Just what i was looking for

    • profile image

      Mridu 

      2 months ago

      Thanks

    • profile image

      mj 

      2 months ago

      this was so amazing,everything that I wanted was sufficiently provided here, thank you so much for this, keep it up.

    • profile image

      Ogan Valerie 

      2 months ago

      Got exactly what i wanted

      I LOVE IT!!

    • profile image

      Ester Sijjo 

      3 months ago

      I love your work congratulation!

    • profile image

      udofia patience 

      3 months ago

      Thanks so much, keep it up

    • profile image

      Asif 

      3 months ago

      This information is very useful. You can also find more information

      here :

      https://www.linkchemist.com/2019/02/chemistry-lab-...

    • profile image

      Ummul salma Mohd 

      3 months ago

      thanks for your help

    • profile image

      Joyita DEBNATH. 

      3 months ago

      It's fully appropriate for projects thanku..... love you

    • profile image

      If 

      3 months ago

      If I can memorize this, I believe I can pass. Thanks dedi

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, owlcation.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://owlcation.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)