American Robin Facts and Pictures

Updated on February 28, 2017
EricDockett profile image

Eric is an amateur birder and photographer who is amazed by the natural world just about every day.

An American Robin male surveys his territory.
An American Robin male surveys his territory.

The American Robin of Spring

The American Robin is a migratory bird that has the common sense to fly south when winter is on the way, and not come back until springtime when the weather gets better. In fact, the first Robin sighting of spring is an occasion for rejoicing in the colder climates.

If you live in the Northern United States or in Canada you probably start your Robin watch in March. A step ahead of the weather and more reliable than that silly groundhog, these birds give us hope that a long winter is coming to an end. Sure, we could still get blasted by a blizzard, but at least with the Robins near we know it can’t last for long.

Even if you aren’t into birding, you probably know the these colorful creatures. They are, perhaps, one of the most identifiable birds in North America. They’re highly visible in the way they hunt in lawns and grassy areas, and their nests and eggs are easily recognized. If you live in Michigan, Connecticut or Wisconsin the American Robin is your state bird, but you probably knew that.

But there is a lot you likely don't know about the Robin. For instance, did you know it doesn't always fly south every winter? In some pockets, they may stick around all winter long, even during the very cold months.

While they won't come to your bird feeder, if you keep an eye out they aren't hard to spot in the summer months. Read on to uncover more facts about the American Robin.

The Robin is a migratory bird common throughout the US and Canada.
The Robin is a migratory bird common throughout the US and Canada.


The North American Robin, or by its scientific name Turdus Migratorius, is a medium-sized bird of the order Passeriformes, or what we call a songbird. It’s considered a member of the thrush family, a true thrush along with the Eastern Bluebird. A black, brownish or dark-gray body and head along with its bright reddish-orange or rusty colored breast makes the Robin very easy to identify.

This bird benefits tremendously from human activity, as we make hunting for worms, beetles and other insects easy. Robins can frequently be seen on summer afternoons, inspecting lawns for something to snack on.

Especially when nesting, they can be stubborn foes for many small animals such as marauding chipmunks. But they are not impervious to predators, and their open, ground-feeding lifestyle makes them especially vulnerable to cats and hawks. Baby Robins endure threats from other birds that may raid the nest, and predators such as raccoons and even squirrels.

Robin Habitat and Your Yard

Robins will not come to your bird feeder for birdseed. In the wild, these birds eat fruit and berries along with invertebrates such as worms, grubs and beetles. But this doesn’t mean you can’t encourage the American Robin to come around with a little planning.

If you have taken the time to transform your yard into a bird habitat you are already a step ahead. Well-placed vegetation makes for good hunting grounds. Freshly mowed lawns are particularly enticing. When we plant flower and vegetable gardens they attract insects, and that means lunch for an enterprising Robin.

You can try offering fruit or mealworms in a ground feeder, although if you are doing all of the above you probably don’t need to put out these special foods to attract the American Robin. They will also appreciate a bird bath or other water feature, and you’ll frequently see them taking a quick dip on summer days.

The American Robin is a True Thrush that loves to hunt in grassy lawns.
The American Robin is a True Thrush that loves to hunt in grassy lawns.


In many parts of the country Robins may remain year-round, but in most places they are long gone by the time the snow starts to fall. They gather in flocks in the early fall and then, one day, they’ve disappeared.

Just as the first Robin of spring is reason for celebration, once you realize they aren’t around anymore it’s quite a depressing feeling. So where do they go, and what do they do? And what do they eat in the winter if they stay?

The Robin’s urge to migrate is typical of why birds fly south for the winter. When food is no longer easily available, they know it is time to leave. Some insect-eating birds can survive on what they find in the bark of trees throughout the snowy months, but they struggle once the ground freezes and earthworms migrate deeper in the soil.

If Robins stay throughout the winter in your area of the country it’s because they’ve been able to find a reliable food supply, or possibly because winter has been mild enough to prevent the ground from consistently freezing. They can also get through the winter by eating berries left on bushes.

Singing in a Blue Spruce
Singing in a Blue Spruce

Robin Behavior in Spring

So, Robins will move with the food, but what makes them come back? Just as they leave in flocks, they will often return in flocks. The first sightings in the spring is often a dozen of them scattered on your lawn.

But these flocking Robins are usually still on the move, and only once they are spotted in pairs or as solitary birds can you assume they’ve arrived at their breeding range. Singing is another indication that they’ve come home, as this means they are communicating with other birds in what they consider their territory rather than focusing on migration.

The male will usually come back before the female, and spend some time scouting out his territory and singing his song. Visually, males are distinguished from females by their black or very dark gray heads, dark gray backs and vibrant orange breasts. In comparison, females are lighter-colored all around, with lighter gray backs, gray heads and more subdued orange-brown breasts.

If you live some place where winters are rough you know the joy of spotting the first Robins of spring. Their song is background music for warm, sweet summers, and when they start to come back around it is a sure sign that the worst of the cold and dark is behind us.

An American Robin's nest in spring.
An American Robin's nest in spring.

Nesting Habits

Robins begin to nest nearly as soon as they arrive in their summer breeding area, and are capable of raising up to three clutches of three or four eggs throughout the spring and summer months.

After the hassle of the courtship, the breeding pair will remain together throughout the season. They may locate their first nest of the spring in an evergreen tree for better cover, but just as well they may nest in a deciduous tree with a protective structure nearby such as a house.

The female will build the nest and incubate the eggs, but both parents take turns bringing food to the chicks once they hatch. They're doting parents who take their jobs seriously. Robins are notoriously aggressive in defending their nest, challenging all comers, including humans who might wander too close.

Chicks leave the nest a couple of weeks after hatching, but will still trail behind their parents looking for food until they are able to fend for themselves. Young Robins may resemble chubbier, fluffier versions of their parents for their first weeks out in the world.

American Robin Fledgling in Summer
American Robin Fledgling in Summer

When the Robins Fly South

By the time the weather starts to get colder the chicks have grown up and are ready to migrate. We'll begin to see Robins congregating in large flocks. Suddenly, one day, they're gone.

Before the snow falls they will leave us once again, and begin their journey south to warmer weather. They’ll continue on until they find a spot where food is abundant, and those of us left in the north won’t likely see them again until the long, cold winter has passed.

When that time comes, once again the first Robins of spring are a welcome sight. Seemingly on cue, the Red-winged Blackbirds and Rose-breasted Grosbeaks are soon back as well, and the Eastern Chipmunks begin their summer-long task of raiding bird feeders to bolster their underground caches.

Everything in nature follows cycles. Spring is a time of change and renewal, and it all starts with the first Robin.

We’ve named songs after them, you can paint your living room the color of their eggs, and there is even a super-hero sidekick bearing their name. It's definitely one of the most interesting song birds we have in North America. The colorful American Robin has etched a place in our culture unlike any other bird.

American Robins Migration Patterns

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Questions & Answers


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      • EricDockett profile image

        Eric Dockett 2 years ago from USA

        Thanks Gwenneth!

      • Gwenneth Leane profile image

        Gwenneth Leane 2 years ago from Glen Osmond, Adelaide, South Australia Australia

        This is an interesting article. The bird is very beautiful. I have been interested in your bird articles