Calculator Techniques for Polygons in Plane Geometry

Updated on July 11, 2018
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JR has a Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering and specializes in Structural Engineering. He loves to write anything about education.

What Are Polygons?

Polygons are closed plane surfaces with n number of sides and n number of vertices. There are two types of polygons, a convex and a concave polygon. A convex polygon is a polygon in which no side, when extended will pass inside the polygon, otherwise, the polygon is called concave.

There are also subcategories for polygons. Equilateral polygons are polygons whose sides are equal, while polygons whose angles are equal are called equiangular polygons. Then, a polygon which is both equilateral and equiangular is called a regular polygon. Polygons have diagonals which are line segments joining two non-adjacent sides of the polygon.

Polygons in Plane Geometry
Polygons in Plane Geometry | Source

Polygons are classified based on the number of sides. Here is a list of different polygons from two-sided polygon to the thousand-sided polygon.

Number of Sides
Name of the Polygon
Number of Sides
Name of the Polygon
1
No name
16
Hexadecagon
2
Digon
17
Heptadecagon
3
Triangle
18
Octadecagon
4
Quadrilateral (Tetragon)
19
Enneadecagon
5
Pentagon
20
Icosagon
6
Hexagon
30
Triacontagon
7
Heptagon
40
Tetracontagon
8
Octagon
50
Pentacontagon
9
Nonagon
60
Hexacontagon
10
Decagon
70
Heptacontagon
11
Undecagon
80
Octacontagon
12
Dodecagon
90
Enneacontagon
13
Tridecagon
100
Hectogon
14
Tetradecagon
1000
Chilliagon
15
Pentadecagon
10000
Myriagon

Calculator Techniques for Polygons

Calculator techniques for problems related to polygons are more on algebra and trigonometry. Memorization of formulas is what is needed. Here are the contents of the article.

  • Sum of interior angles of a polygon
  • Number of sides of a polygon
  • Area of polygons given the length of one side
  • Number of diagonals of a polygon
  • Number of sides of a polygon given the number of diagonals
  • Polygons inscribed in a circle
  • Polygons circumscribed a circle
  • Five-pointed star inscribed in a circle
  • Variation of problems

Problem 1: Sum of Interior Angles of a Polygon

The sum of the interior angles of a polygon is 1,440. Find the number of sides.

Calculator Technique

a. The formula for solving the sum of the interior angles is:

Sum of Interior Angles = (n - 2) (180)
1440 = (n - 2) (180)
1440 / 180 = n - 2
8 = n - 2
n = 8 + 2
n = 10 sides

Final Answer

The polygon has ten sides. Therefore, it is a decagon.

Problem 2: Number of Sides of Equiangular Polygons

How many sides are in an equiangular polygon if each of its interior angles is 165°?

Calculator Technique

a. Let n be the number of sides. Use the same formula and solve for the number of sides

(n - 2) (180) = Sum of Interior Angles
(n - 2) (180) = 165n
n = 24 sides

Final Answer

The equiangular polygon has twenty-four sides. Therefore, it is a Tetra Icosagon.

Problem 3: Finding the Area of a Polygon Given a Side

One side of a regular octagon is three units. Find the area of the octagon.

Calculator Technique

a. Divide the octagon into eight equal parts. Calculate the interior and exterior angles of the octagon.

Interior Angle = 360 / n
Interior Angle = 360 / 8
Interior Angle = 45 degrees

180 = 2 (Exterior Angle) + 45
Exterior Angle = 67.5 degrees
Finding the Area of a Polygon Given a Side in Plane Geometry
Finding the Area of a Polygon Given a Side in Plane Geometry | Source

b. Use sine law in solving for the remaining sides.

a / sin (alpha) = b / sin (beta)
x / sin 67.5 = 3 / sin 45
x = 3.92 units

c. Solve for the area of the triangle. Multiply it by the number of sides which is 8.

Area = 1/2 (b) (h)
Area = 1/2 (3) (3.92 sin 67.5)
Area = 5.43 square units

Total Area = 8 (Area)
Total Area = 8 (5.43)
Total Area = 43.44 square units

Final Answer

The total area of the octagon is 44.34 square units.

Problem 4: Diagonals of a Polygon Given the Number of Sides

How many diagonals have a dodecagon?

Calculator Technique

a. The formula for solving the diagonals of a polygon is:

Diagonals = n (n - 3) / 2
Diagonals = 12 (12 - 3) / 2
Diagonals = 54

Final Answer

The total number of diagonals in a dodecagon is 54.

Problem 5: Number of Sides of a Polygon Given the Number of Diagonals

The number of diagonals of a polygon is 252. How many sides are there?

Calculator Technique

a. The formula for solving the diagonals of a polygon is:

Diagonals = n (n - 3) / 2
252 = n (n - 3) / 2
n = 24 sides

Final Answer

The total number of sides is 24.

Problem 6: Number of Sides of a Polygon

How many sides has a polygon is the sum of its exterior angles equals the sum of its interior angles?

Calculator Technique

a. The formula for solving the sum of the interior angles is:

Sum of Interior Angles = (n - 2) (180)
Sum of Exterior Angles = 360 degrees

(n - 2) (180) = 360 degrees
n = 4 sides

Final Answer

The total number of sides of a polygon whose sum of its exterior angles equals the sum of its interior angles is 4.

Problem 7: Area of Big and Small Polygons

A regular pentagon has sides of 25 cm. An inner pentagon with sides of 15 cm is inside and concentric to the larger pentagon. What is the area inside the larger pentagon and outside the smaller pentagon?

Area of Big and Small Polygons in Plane Geometry
Area of Big and Small Polygons in Plane Geometry | Source

Calculator Technique

a. Solve for the value of h for both the small and larger triangle formed.

Larger Triangle:
tan 36 = 12.5 / h
h = 17.20 centimeters

Smaller Triangle:
tan 36 = 7.5 / h
h = 10.32 centimeters

b. Solve for the area of the big and small pentagon.

Area of bigger triangle = 1/2 (25) (17.20)
Area of bigger triangle = 215 square centimeters
Area of bigger pentagon = 5 (215) 
Area of bigger pentagon = 1075 square centimeters

Area of smaller triangle = 1/2 (15) (10.32)
Area of smaller triangle = 77.40 square centimeters
Area of smaller pentagon = 5 (77.40)
Area of smaller pentagon = 387 square centimeters

c. Solve for the area difference between the larger pentagon and smaller pentagon.

Area difference = Area of bigger pentagon - Area of smaller
Area difference = 1075 - 387 
Area difference = 688 square centimeters

Final Answer

The area inside the larger pentagon and outside the smaller pentagon is 688 square centimeters.

Problem 8: Five-Pointed Star Inscribed in a Circle

Find the sum of the interior angles of the vertices of a five-pointed star inscribed in a circle.

Five-Pointed Star Problems in Plane Geometry
Five-Pointed Star Problems in Plane Geometry | Source

Calculator Technique

a. Solve for the value of the interior angles using the formula:

Interior angle = 360 / n
Interior angle = 360 / 5
Interior angle = 72 degrees

b. Solve for the sum of interior angles of the vertices.

Sum of interior angles = 5 (36 degrees)
Sum of interior angles = 180 degrees

Final Answer

The sum of the interior angles of a five-pointed star is 180 degrees.

Problem 9: Area of a Circle Inscribed in a Hexagon

The side of the hexagon is h. Find the area of the biggest circle inscribed in a hexagon.

Circle Inscribed in a Hexagon
Circle Inscribed in a Hexagon | Source

Calculator Technique

a. Solve for the radius of the circle which is same as the height of the triangle shown.

radius = h sin(60)
radius = 0.866 (h)

b. Calculate the area of the circle.

Area = (pi) (r)^2
Area = (pi) (0.866 (h))^2
Area = 2.356 h^2

Final Answer

The area of the largest circle inscribed in a hexagon is 2.356h2.

Problem 10: Equilateral Triangle Inscribed in a Hexagon

Given a variable 'h' as the side of a hexagon, find the area of the equilateral triangle that can be inscribed in a hexagon.

Equilateral Triangle Inscribed in a Hexagon
Equilateral Triangle Inscribed in a Hexagon | Source

Calculator Technique

a. Set your calculator in Complex mode. Then input the equation below. The variable 'x' is the length of the side of the triangle.

x = | 1 < 120 - 1 | (h)
x = 1.732 (h)

b. Solve for the area of the equilateral triangle. The formula in solving for the area of equilateral triangles is:

Area = (x)^2 √(3) / 4
Area = (1.732h)^2 √(3) / 4 
Area = 1.3 h^2

Final Answer

The area of the equilateral triangle inscribed in a hexagon is 1.3h2.

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    © 2018 John Ray

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