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Interesting Careers That Combine Biology and Mathematics

Linda Crampton has an honors degree in biology. She has taught high school biology, chemistry, and physics as well as middle school science.

Math can be useful in analyzing population data in biology.

Math can be useful in analyzing population data in biology.

Interesting and Compatible Subjects

To most people, biology and mathematics probably seem like two completely different disciplines. Biology is the scientific study of living things; mathematics is the study of quantities, patterns, and relationships between quantities. A knowledge of math can help a biologist, however, just as understanding biology may be useful to mathematicians. Biologists often collect large quantities of data about animals, plants, or microbes, but they may not have the necessary skills to analyze the data properly. Mathematicians know how to analyze data, but they often lack sufficient knowledge of biology to make their analysis of biological data meaningful.

As the biologist’s tools for making observations and collecting data improve, there is a growing need for people who are trained in both biology and mathematics. Math can be useful in almost any area of biology as well as in allied sciences like medicine and agriculture. Undergraduate math courses are helpful for anyone who enters the workforce with a bachelor’s degree in biology. They are essential for people who plan to get an advanced degree and seek a career involving both subjects. These careers include biostatistics, epidemiology, bioinformatics, mathematical biology, and population ecology.

Computer skills are useful in many careers, including many biology ones.

Computer skills are useful in many careers, including many biology ones.

The Importance of Computer Knowledge

A knowledge of mathematical processes and experience in mathematical reasoning are necessary for someone hoping to enter a biology career that involves math. In the workforce, math calculations will probably be done by computer software. Therefore, in addition to studying math, someone hoping to have a career that combines biology and mathematics needs to gain experience in using computers.

Practice in using different operating systems and different types of software will be useful, especially if the systems and software are popular in science. Even if the software that is used in school or at home is not identical to that likely to be used in a career, a person's prior experience will almost certainly be helpful.

Biology and Math: Symmetry in Star Anise

Biology and Math: Symmetry in Star Anise

The career information in this article applies to North America. It may well apply to other parts of the world as well, but in some countries the facts related to a specific career may be slightly different. A student should investigate the relevant information in their own country after reading this article.


Biostatistics is the use of statistical methods to help researchers define a problem that needs to be solved, gather data, analyze the data, draw conclusions, and publish their results. It's sometimes known as biometry. Biostatisticians commonly work in the fields of medicine, public health, biology, agriculture, and forestry. They collect data from populations and look for meaning in the data.

Here are some examples of questions that biostatisticians might refine and then investigate:

  • Does coffee reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes?
  • Does a specific medication lower the LDL cholesterol level in the blood?
  • Does walking improve lower body strength in seniors?
  • Does the presence of a certain pesticide on produce increase the risk of cancer?
  • Does a specific nutrient increase the lifespan of AIDS patients?

When we read the results of clinical trials telling us that a particular nutrient or medication is beneficial or detrimental in some way, the conclusion has been reached by statistical analysis.

It's possible to get a bachelor's degree in biostatistics, but most jobs in the field require that a student attends graduate school to get a master's degree or a PhD. In addition to majoring in biostatistics as an undergrad, students can also qualify for graduate school by studying for a math degree and including biology courses in their studies or by studying for a biology degree and taking lots of math courses. Someone interested in a biostatistics career should check the postgraduate program of their choice to discover which math courses they should take as an undergrad and to find out whether a math degree or a biology degree is preferred as an entrance requirement.

What Does a Biostatistician Do?


Epidemiology is the study of the causes, distribution, and solutions for health-related events and diseases in populations. An epidemiologist is often referred to as a "medical detective". He or she tries to find out why a health-related event or disease has appeared in a community, how it's being spread, why it occurs in some people or areas and not in others, and how it can be corrected, stopped, and prevented. A "health-related event" could be smoking, the use of a certain drug, a nutrient deficiency, or obesity, for example. Examples of infectious diseases that might be investigated include hepatitis A, AIDS, a certain type of influenza, and a specific type of coronavirus infection, such as COVID-19.

Epidemiologists don't have to be medical doctors, although some are. Medical personnel perform diagnostic tests and treatments and give the epidemiologists data that they need for their investigation and analysis.

In general, a master's degree in epidemiology is required in order to work in the field, or a PhD for some jobs. Epidemiologists use computers and statistical techniques in their jobs, so undergrads need to take biology, math, and computer courses to prepare for their postgraduate studies.

What Does an Epidemiologist Do?


Bioinformatics is the management and analysis of information in biology or medicine with the aid of a computer. It's an interdisciplinary subject that requires a knowledge of biology, math, computer science, and information technology.

Bioinformatics is often used in the fields of molecular biology and genetics. As scientists are gathering more information about genomes and the molecules in cells, bioinformatics is becoming increasingly important in dealing with the data. A "genome" is the complete genetic information or set of genes in an organism. Our genes give us many of our characteristics.

Computers not only store information in databases but also allow researchers around the world to access the data that they need, such as the complicated structure of a particular protein or the gene map for a chromosome. A "gene map" indicates where specific genes are located on chromosomes. The data can be extremely useful. For example, it's helping scientists to understand the processes that occur in cells during disease.

Just as in biostatistics and epidemiology, while collecting data in bioinformatics is important, it's not the only goal of the discipline. Interpreting the data is very important. New math formulas and algorithms are being designed to extract meaning from the data. An "algorithm" is the series of steps that a computer performs as it carries out its programmed task.

People who want to work in the bioinformatics field need at least a master's degree, but a PhD degree is preferable.

What Is Bioinformatics?

In Silico Experiments on a Computer

An exciting area of bioinformatics is the use of in silico experiments. This term is derived from the names of the two main types of biology experiments. In vivo experiments are done in living things; in vitro experiments are done in laboratory equipment. The term "vivo" means "living" in Latin, while "vitro" means "glass", which refers to the glassware used in experiments. The word "silico" refers to the silicon chips in computers. In silico biology experiments involve the analysis of stored data by a computer and the use of computer simulations and models. It might seem odd to do biology experiments on a computer. The process can sometimes be useful, especially in certain aspects of biology.

Bioinformatics and Cancer

Mathematical Biology or Biomathematics

Mathematical biology is sometimes known as biomathematics. Like bioinformatics, it's an interdisciplinary field involving biology, math, and the use of computers. Biomathematicians use mathematical models to explain biological phenomena. For example, they are trying to create models that describe wound healing, tumor behavior, the behavior of social insects, the spread of infectious diseases, and the movement of cells.

If mathematical models are accurate, they can be used to make predictions. They may enable us to discover things that we didn't know about a natural phenomenon. Parameters can be altered and the results observed sooner in a mathematical model created on a computer than when using live organisms or their cells. In some cases, the models are already useful. They should become even more helpful as we discover further information about the phenomena that they describe and then update the models. The continuing increase in computer abilities should be very beneficial in both bioinformatics and mathematical biology.

People who want to work in the field of mathematical biology need an advanced degree in the field.

Using Math in Biology

Population Ecology

Population ecology is a branch of biology that is concerned with the size, structure, and dynamics of populations. Population ecologists study the interactions between a group of organisms and both their living and nonliving environment. They look for factors that control the population's size, density, and growth. They examine the population makeup with respect to gender and age and determine the birth rate, death rate, immigration rate, and emigration rate. They also examine factors such as the average age at which a female gives birth and the average number of babies born per female. The researchers record data in the field and then analyze it later.

A population ecologist is primarily a biologist but has a good knowledge of statistics and math. He or she must enjoy field work, which may sometimes take place in unpleasant conditions, and must be comfortable using computers and appropriate software. In addition, like all the careers described in this article, the ecologist will need to present his or her discoveries to other people, usually in written form, so English courses are important for undergrads.

It's possible to get a job related to population ecology with a bachelor's degree, but someone is far more likely to get the job that they want with a postgraduate degree.

Population Ecology Study of Weddell Seals

A Biology and Math Career

A professor teaching a relevant subject, course information published by a university or college, a school or college counselor, and someone working in a relevant field could be useful sources to consult for someone who wants a career that combines biology and math.

Important Subjects to Study

If you're an undergrad at a college or university and are majoring in biology, it’s a good idea to include both math and computer science in your studies. You'll probably be required to take introductory courses in these areas. If you want the greatest number of career options, however, you should keep taking appropriate math and computer science courses for as long as you can fit them into your schedule. A good knowledge of these subjects will be helpful if you want to find a job when you've obtained your bachelor's degree in biology.

If you're aiming for a career that involves both biology and math, or if you're thinking of studying for this career at graduate school, it's very important that you take lots of math courses as an undergrad as well as biology ones. It's also important that you check the requirements of several postgraduate institutions so that you choose the right type and number of courses for your undergrad studies.

Some universities offer undergraduate degrees in one or more of the specialities described in this article. This is another factor for a student to consider when choosing courses to take or a program to follow.

It's an exciting time for students who like both biology and math. The union of the two subjects is progressing rapidly, offering the potential for some very interesting and important job opportunities for qualified people.

References and Resources

  • How to Prepare for a Career in Biostatistics from the American Statistical Association
  • Information about epidemiologists from the Bureau of Labor Statistics
  • Facts about careers in bioinformatics from the International Society for Computational Biology
  • Information about biomathematics from North Carolina State University
  • Population ecology information from Nature Education (which is part of the Nature Publishing Group)

Questions & Answers

Question: I really would like to do biology, psychology, and maths for A level but I'm not sure what career paths would be available with these subjects?

Answer: After further training, you might find that being a psychologist would be an interesting career. Maths—especially statistics—is useful for psychologists, as is biology. The three subjects that interest you could also be useful for pre-med studies. It would be a good idea to visit a career advisor in your school to get some more ideas.

Question: How can I discover the perfect career for me?

Answer: I can’t tell you the perfect career for you. Only you know which subjects and topics interest you the most and only you know what job conditions are acceptable to you, such as salary, tasks, and activities involved in the job, and opportunities for advancement. Reading about different careers, speaking to career counselors, and asking people who work in the desired job questions about their work life can all be helpful, but ultimately you’ll have to make the decision about a career yourself.

Question: I did advanced mathematics, but I want to become a biologist. What should I do?

Answer: It's hard to answer your question with complete accuracy because I'm not familiar with the opportunities in your area. I would think that you could find a university, college, or other educational institution where you can take an equivalent course to A-level biology, though. You may have to take this course before you apply to a specialty program in biology at university or you may be able to take it at the university. You'll need to check the opportunities and requirements at your local institutions and the University of your choice.

Question: I'm totally confused about my career. I have taken biology and math but am unable to choose a career. How can I discover a career that is right for me?

Answer: The career that you choose must be one that you like. Although it’s important to make enough money from a career to live comfortably (if this is possible), the career must also be enjoyable. You’ll probably be working at a job for many days every week (except during vacation time) and for many years, so it’s important that you like what you’re doing.

Perhaps you could talk to a career counsellor in your school to ask them questions. You might be able to contact people who work in the careers that interest you and ask them about what they do every day and what the benefits and disadvantages of the career are. Some schools and colleges have career days during which different organizations and companies have displays. These events could be useful to attend. Doing lots of research on the Internet and in libraries about specific careers could also be useful.

Question: I am interested in math and biology (genomics). What higher studies would be right for me?

Answer: The answer depends in part on the courses that are available where you live. A career or college counselor would be the best person to advise you because they’ll know what educational programs are available in genomics in your country. You’ll probably find that in addition to biology, an advisor will recommend that you take computer science since computers are widely used in genomics. Biology courses that are recommended will likely include cell biology, genetics, molecular biology, and biochemistry. You will probably be advised to take statistics courses as well.

Question: How many college credits does mathematical biology require? What AP courses should I take in high school to prepare for this?

Answer: Different colleges and programs have different requirements. The answers to your questions depend on the college that you plan to attend to study mathematical biology. You would have to check their website or their academic calendar to find the number of credits required and the AP courses that would be helpful.

I suspect that AP biology and statistics courses would be useful for the program that you plan to enter, but I’m only guessing. Your school counselor may have copies of the relevant academic calendars and can probably give you advice that is relevant to where you live and to the college or colleges that interest you.

Question: Can I do an education course in math and biology?

Answer: In secondary school or high school, you would most likely have to take biology and math as separate courses. In university or college, you may be able to take a course that combines aspects of the two subjects, such as mathematical biology or biomathematics.

Question: I am doing mathematics, biology, and chemistry. l want to be an aeronautical engineer. Is that possible?

Answer: Math will be very helpful if you want to become an aeronautical engineer. You may need to take physics and computer science, too. Chemistry may be helpful, but biology probably less so. You should check the entrance requirements for aeronautical engineer training programs in your country and investigate the courses offered at your local colleges or universities. It may be possible to take introductory physics and computer science courses at a college (if these courses are required) and then enter a training program for aeronautical engineers afterward.

Question: I am an undergraduate student currently majoring in mathematics. Would a minor in biological sciences be sufficient for me to qualify for these career paths or should I go down the double-major road?

Answer: You need to consult a career counselor in the institution where you are studying before you make any changes in your studies. They will know the requirements for relevant careers in your country. There may be advantages to the double-major route, but you need to be certain that this is the case because a double major will require a lot more work than a major in math and a minor in biology. You should have some specific careers in mind when you visit the counselor so that he or she can give you the best advice possible.

Question: If I take crop science, biology, and pure mathematics at A-Level (Advanced Level), what career will I study for at university?

Answer: Your choice of career is entirely up to you. Some possibilities based on your A-Level courses are agriculture, horticulture, research or education in an area related to your course topics, or a lab technician or sales career related to the course areas. You should consult a career counselor in your part of the world to learn about local opportunities and to get suggestions about the best courses to take in order to prepare for these opportunities. You should also investigate whether an advanced degree or specialized courses after your degree are needed in order to enter a specific career.

Question: I would like to be a dietitian but I don't have physics. I have math and life sciences. Is it possible to be one?

Answer: You need to check the admission requirements of the dietitian program in the institution where you hope to get your training. A major university in my area requires applicants to the program to have passed university-level biology, chemistry, writing, and social science courses. There is no mention of a physics requirement. The requirements may be different in your part of the world, however.

If you need to take some university courses before entering the dietitian program, as in my part of the world, you will need to investigate the requirements for admission to the university as well.

Question: Is it possible to get a job teaching both Biology and Maths?

Answer: In Canada (where I live) it is possible, but the situation depends entirely on what a specific school is looking for and what curriculum they are following. The situation may well be the same in your country. A school may need someone who can teach Biology and Chemistry, Biology and General Science, Biology and Maths, only Biology if the school is very big, etc. It's a good idea to take courses to enable one to teach Biology plus related subjects. There's no way to know for certain what you will be required to teach (if anything) in addition to Biology until you graduate and see what jobs are available, however.

Question: What other jobs will I find if I study maths, biology, and physical science?

Answer: Becoming a high school or secondary school science and math teacher could be a good option for someone who has studied biology, physical science, and math. This would only be true if the person likes the idea of educating young people, however. Additional studies in order to get a teaching certificate would probably be necessary for this career.

It may be possible for someone with a knowledge of science and math to work in certain businesses, such as ones that sell science equipment or deal with environmental problems. Once again, further training may be needed, though some positions may be available without this training.

Science writing or journalism or science illustration are other possibilities for someone with general science knowledge, although getting a full-time job in these areas could be difficult. Writing or artistic skills would be required for these careers.

© 2012 Linda Crampton


Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on April 01, 2020:

A genetic engineer requires a degree in biology, preferably an advanced one. The student generally studies biology, molecular genetics, biochemistry, and biophysics as part of their bachelor’s degree program. You should look at the entry requirements for the college or university that you hope to attend. You need to discover which high school courses are required in order to enter the biology program.

iv!e on March 27, 2020:

which subjects are considered to become a genetic engeneer

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on January 30, 2020:

Hi, Alia. I can give you suggestions for careers, as I’ve done in the article, but I can’t tell you the best choice of career for you. That’s a personal decision that you have to make for yourself. In addition, I notice that you don't mention biology in your list of courses. My article is about possible careers for students studying biology and math. The main subject that I teach is biology, so most of my career

knowledge is related to this subject.

First, you need to decide what career or careers interest you the most. It won’t be pleasant having a job that you don’t enjoy. Next, you need to research the demand for people working in that career in your country. It may not be worthwhile preparing for a specific career if there are very few jobs available where you live (or where you are prepared to live).

You also need to investigate other topics, such as the opportunity for advancement in the career and the average salary. While I don’t think that salary should be the main motivator for choosing a job, it is important to have enough money to live on and to reach certain goals in life.

A career counselor in your part of the world could be very helpful. Before you visit him or her, it would be good to have some ideas about jobs that you would enjoy in order to help them guide you. If you don't have any ideas, the counselor should still be able to help you.

I am not a designer or a teacher of design and can’t give you advice about courses in that area.

Good luck with your search for a career, Alia.

Alia on January 30, 2020:

I am actually doing IGCSE exams and I am taking english, maths, physics and two other subjects so can I have a best recommendation in which career I can go in?

And I actually have some interest in designing so if I want to do designing coarse what subjects should I take?

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on June 06, 2019:

I'm glad the article was helpful for you, Marcia.

marcia muteiwa on June 06, 2019:

l think that this page is really helpful,l for one was struggling choosing a university course bt after reading this , l think l know what to do

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on May 16, 2019:

That decision is up to you, Hamid. You need to choose a career that interests you. Perhaps one of the ones that I've described appeals to you. It's important to check that a career is likely to offer you enough money to support yourself. It's also important to check that you will probably be able to afford the training. Enjoying a job is vital, however. You will be spending a lot of time at work, so it's important to enjoy the job. That's why a career must be your personal choice.

Speaking to a school or career counsellor to learn about opportunities in your part of the world, reading descriptions of university and college courses and programs, and communicating with people who have a job that interests you can help you choose a career path. Good luck.

hamid on May 16, 2019:

what should i do with A levels in biolgy and maths

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on February 08, 2019:

That sounds like an interesting and useful combination of courses. I’m not familiar with the career opportunities in Zimbabwe. Perhaps your teachers would have some ideas about possible careers for you to investigate.

nicol on February 08, 2019:

I want to take a combination of maths geo bio and statistics in a.level although i am not sure what career I will pursue with that in a country like Zimbabwe

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on February 03, 2019:

I think the ideal career for anyone is one that they will enjoy and that pays a sufficient salary. A career guidance counsellor would probably be the best person to talk to. You might want to investigate careers in ecology or population biology to see if they appeal to you.

Noble on February 02, 2019:

I want to do mathematics,biology and geography at A level but l need a career guidance to which career l can take

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on May 25, 2018:

The answer depends on what part of the world you live in and what the universities there offer. Where I live, university students either enter a special program devoted to mathematical biology, major in mathematical biology, or pursue a joint major in biology and math. I think the meaning of a "major" subject in my country is the same as the meaning of an "honour" subject in some other countries.

Ching Thianhoih V. on May 25, 2018:

Is biomathematics/ mathematical biology possible to be opted as the honour subject ?

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on May 22, 2018:

The requirements for becoming a dental therapist seem to be different in different areas, but they all include a period of specialized training at a college or university. A biology background would be excellent for this training. Experience in using computers would also be useful. The statistics topic in math could be helpful as well.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on May 03, 2018:

You're welcome, Roozo.

roozo on May 03, 2018:

thanks, helped a lot!

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on January 05, 2018:

Hi, Riyaj, I don't know what your problem is.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on August 17, 2017:

Thank you very much, Confidenceon.

Confidenceon on August 17, 2017:

Thanks alot this information was inspiring

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on June 12, 2017:

Thanks, Puneeth. I appreciate your comment.

Puneeth Deraje on June 12, 2017:

Great Information. I was going through this delimma to choose between math and bio. It surely helped

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on December 24, 2016:

Thank you, Jael. I appreciate your comment.

Jael on December 24, 2016:

It's informative.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on April 10, 2015:

Hi, pipvictor. I think you chose an interesting combination of courses! The career choices in this article may help you, but another thing you could do is talk to a school counsellor. He or she will probably have some career suggestions.

pipvictor on April 10, 2015:

Surely, i was confused of the course to take since Biology, math, Agriculture and sub ITC were my my favoured subjects i have chosed as a combination in A. level....they all look different but now i have picked a hope for biology and math.....Please! Is there zany other career that fit in the above mentioned subjects..

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on August 05, 2013:

Hi, Pathum sameera. This article should give you some ideas for a career that combines biology and math. It would also be a good idea for you to talk to a career counsellor. He or she should be able to help you choose a suitable career.

Pathum sameera on August 05, 2013:

I'm intereted in both maths and biology and also i'm good at both.i love biology so i need to know what is the best career for me and the path to it.please help me

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on March 28, 2013:

Thanks for the visit and the comment, serin.

serin on March 28, 2013:


Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on May 23, 2012:

Thank you very much, mbyL! I appreciate your visit.

Slaven Cvijetic from Switzerland, Zurich on May 23, 2012:

How interesting! I love maths and biology is not bad too and it was interesting to read it! Shared Interestind and up with this hub!

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on May 22, 2012:

Thank you for the visit and the comment, girishpuri!

Girish puri from NCR , INDIA on May 22, 2012:

Very useful for my son who studies in class 10th, and was looking for this, thanks

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on May 22, 2012:

Hi, Stella. All these new terms being created for disciplines that combine biology and math are sometimes confusing! Computational biology is often used to refer to a discipline that encompasses both bioinformatics and mathematical biology.

StellaSee from California on May 22, 2012:

Hi Alicia I have a question~ so biostats is applying statistics to study of biological problems, then what's computational biology? Is that the same thing as bioinformatics?

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on May 22, 2012:

Thank you, Peggy! Yes, the amount of data that's being collected in biology is amazing. It's very important that researchers analyze this data so that they can make new and hopefully very significant discoveries about biology and medicine. Thank you very much for the share and the votes.

Peggy Woods from Houston, Texas on May 22, 2012:

Hi Alicia,

This is great information for students to have in order to maximize their job and earning potential in the years ahead. With the aid of computers, it is amazing the data that can be collected and analyzed and disseminated world-wide. Sharing this so that more people might consider these options when considering careers. Up, interesting and useful votes, in addition.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on May 21, 2012:

Thank you, Danette. It would be good if more people were interested in math and science. They're important subjects, and I think they're interesting too!

Danette Watt from Illinois on May 21, 2012:

Interesting information on careers. If only we had more students showing an interest in the math and sciences.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on May 21, 2012:

Hi, Nell. Yes, combining biology and math is a very worthwhile endeavour! I think that the number of ways in which math can be applied to biology will continue to increase. Thank you for the comment, the vote and the share.

Nell Rose from England on May 21, 2012:

This is great information for anyone going into this field of work. I was never interested in maths particularly which was a shame because as I got older I would love to have been a physicist. But the field of biology and maths sounds really worthwhile, and the data they collect can only be for the good of everyone, voted up and shared nell

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on May 21, 2012:

Thank you very much for the comment and all the votes, GoodLady! Yes, it is wonderful that the all data that's collected can be analyzed and interpreted. A knowledge of biology and math is very useful!

Penelope Hart from Rome, Italy on May 21, 2012:

This is such a helpful resource for people, (such as my niece for example), who are interested in careers which implement their biology and math studies to the max. I'm in awe of such capability and talent, especially when I have health check ups - and all that data is analyzed.

Voting and also ticking 'useful' 'awesome' and 'interesting'

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on May 20, 2012:

Hi, prasetio! Thank you for the comment and for the rating and the vote.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on May 20, 2012:

I'm glad that your statistics class has been useful in at least one way, drbj!! Thank you very much for the comment. I appreciate your visits.

prasetio30 from malang-indonesia on May 20, 2012:

Nice career and good combination between biology and mathematics. Once again, I learn many things from you. Good job, ALicia. Rated up and useful. Take care!


drbj and sherry from south Florida on May 20, 2012:

This is excellent, detailed information, Alicia, for students who may be uncertain of which path to follow for a rewarding career. For myself, the sciences have always attracted me, but statistics - not biostatistics, but plain everyday statistics - that subject was something else. I worked harder for my A in that class than any other class I ever attended.

Although I have found it handy when playing Black Jack.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on May 20, 2012:

Thank you very much for the lovely comment and for all the votes, Joyce!

Joyce Haragsim from Southern Nevada on May 20, 2012:

You've written and researched this great hub. Hopefully this will help all of your followers.

Voted up across the top except for fuuny and beautiful, Joyce.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on May 20, 2012:

Hi, Ely. Yes, most of these careers are in demand, and at least in North America the salary is good. Thanks for the visit and the comment.

Ely Maverick from The Beautiful Archipelago of the Philippines on May 20, 2012:

BioMath careers are always in-demand nowadays. Branching out and growing old with these careers will give those experts huge savings, right?

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on May 19, 2012:

Hi, teaches. Thanks for commenting! Yes, these careers would all be very rewarding for someone who enjoys both biology and math. They are very important careers too, and offer the opportunity to make significant contributions to human life and to animal life.

Dianna Mendez on May 19, 2012:

Interesting hub topic. I don't believe I could handle the requirements for such high level math requirements. It must be very rewarding for those who have the talents to pursue these options. Thanks for sharing.