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Chemical Bonding: How Do Atoms Combine? What Are the Forces That Bind the Atoms Together?

The atoms of molecules are linked together through a reaction known as chemical bonding.

The atoms of molecules are linked together through a reaction known as chemical bonding.

Atomic structure of carbon atom showing the particles of an atom: protons, electrons, neutrons.

Atomic structure of carbon atom showing the particles of an atom: protons, electrons, neutrons.

When a hydrogen atom loses its single electron. It becomes a positive hydrogen ion (H+). A negative chlorine ion (Cl-) is a chlorine atom with one additional electron.

When a hydrogen atom loses its single electron. It becomes a positive hydrogen ion (H+). A negative chlorine ion (Cl-) is a chlorine atom with one additional electron.

Electrons in the outermost shell are called valence electrons.

Electrons in the outermost shell are called valence electrons.

Introduction

Atomic Structure

To understand how elements are combined to form compounds, it is necessary to understand the structure of atoms. Atoms consist mainly of electrically charged particles called electrons and protons. Each electron has negative charge and each proton has a positive charge. Neutrons, which are also present in atoms, have no charge. Normally, an atom contains as many electrons as protons. The negative charges and the positive charges balance each other and the atom is neutral (uncharged). If the balance between electrons and protons is upset, the atom becomes an electrically charged unit called anion. An atom becomes positive ion if it loses one or more electrons and they are called cation. For example, when a hydrogen atom loses its single electron. It becomes a positive hydrogen ion (H+). A negative chlorine ion (Cl-) is a chlorine atom with one additional electron.

Electrons revolve in various distances from the nucleus of an atom. The path of the electron forms a series of shells with the nucleus at the center. Each succeeding shell is farther from the nucleus from the one below it. Scientist has found that each shell can contain no more than a certain number of electrons. The first shell holds no more than 2 electrons. The second can hold 8; the third, no more than 18 and so on. Most interactions among atoms take place in the outermost shell of each atom. The number of each electron in this shell determines how an atom combines with other atoms to form compounds. When atoms combine they gain, lose or share electrons in such a way that the outer shells become chemically complete.

Valence is the property related to the electrons in an atom’s outer shell. The valence of an element is the number of electrons the elements gain or loses when it forms compounds with other elements. Electrons in the outermost shell are called valence electron.

Chemical bonding

Chemical bonding

What is chemical bonding?

Atoms, in a sense, are tied together to form molecules. The atoms of molecules are linked together through a reaction known as chemical bonding. A chemical bond is a force that holds atom together. How do atoms combine? What are the forces that bind them? These questions are fundamental in the study of chemistry since a chemical reaction is essentially an alteration of chemical bonds. An important clue to the understanding of the driving force for chemical bonding was the discovery of the noble gases and their apparently inert chemical behavior. Elements tend to attain this configuration of completely filled outer shells in order to gain stability.

The transfer or sharing of electrons of the atoms in a compound forms a linkage between them which chemists call the chemical bond. There are two types of chemical bonds, (1) ionic bond and (2) covalent bond.

Octet Rule

In order to acquire an inert gas configuration, there is a need for 8 electrons to occupy the s p distribution in the highest energy level of an atom.

Consider the individual elements Na and Cl. Sodium has the electronic configuration:

Na = 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s1

And its outer shell configuration is 3s

Cl = 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p5

And its outer shell configuration is 3p5

How could Na and Cl attain the outer-shell octet?

There are three possible ways for any atom to take in pursuit of an octet:

1. Electrons could be given up to some other atoms or group of atoms.

2. Electrons could be gained from some other atoms.

3. Electrons could be shared between two atoms.

The three choices are depicted in the figure below. Apply these choices to sodium and chlorine.

Let us consider first Sodium and apply each of these choices:

In the first choice, if the 3s1 is lost, the second shell becomes the outer-shell, with a configuration of 2s2 2p6, an outer-shell octet. The sodium now has 11 protons and 10 electrons, giving it a net charge of +1 (Na +1).

For the second possibility, a total of 7 electrons would have to be gained to produce the outer-shell octet3s2 3p6. Each time an electron is gained, the Na atom acquires one unit of negative electrical charge, therefore, a gain of seven electrons produces a net charge of -7, which is noted as Na -7.

If the third choice is taken and electrons are shared, Sodium could provide one electron (the 3s1) and the other atom(s), would have to provide a total of seven more.

Now which of the three possibilities will Na choose?

In general, atoms will follow the "course of action" which results in the most stable situation - the lowest energy state. It is difficult for any atom to find other atoms, which will give up a total of 7 electrons.

Also, the Na -7 is not stable, because the 11 protons of Sodium could not be able to exert a strong force of attraction to hold on to the 18 electrons. And in an attempt to share electrons, Sodium will have the trouble finding atoms, which have the trouble finding atoms, which must provide the majority of electrons shared. Figure 6-2 illustrates these points.

Therefore, the best possibility for Na to achieve an outer-shell octet is the loss of one electron to form Na +1.

Apply the same type of reasoning to chlorine atom. Because there are seven electrons in the outer energy level, Chlorine needs only one electron to complete an octet in the third energy level. Therefore, the possibility that Cl will follow most likely is by gaining an electron from some other atom, forming Cl-1. Since an electron has been gained, the configuration of Chlorine ion is:

Cl - 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6

Outer-shell octet structures of Na and Cl

Sodium Octet Shell

Sodium Octet Shell

An example of how an atom complete its octet and become stable

An example of how an atom complete its octet and become stable

Duplet and Octet of Inert Gases

Duplet and Octet of Inert Gases

Ionic or electrovalent bond

An ionic bond is formed in a compound when the electrons from the outermost shell of an atom are actually transferred to the outermost shell of the combining atom.

This transfer occurs from one who has a lesser attraction to one who has a greater attraction for electrons. After the transfer has occurred, the atom, which gained the electron(s), now contains more electrons than protons thus, it is negatively charge.

That one from which the electron(s) have been removed has more protons than electrons and is therefore positively charged. These charged particles are called ions. A positively charged ion is called cation, and a negatively charged ion is called an anion. Since these ions have opposite charges, there is an attractive force between them. This attractive force constitutes the ionic bond otherwise called electrovalent bond. However, the ions are free and exist as separate particles whether they are in dissolved or solid form. A typical example of an ionic or electrovalent bond is the bond formed between sodium and chlorine atoms when they enter into chemical combination.

An illustration of Ionic Bonding

An ionic bond is formed in a compound when the electrons from the outermost shell of an atom are actually transferred to the outermost shell of the combining atom.

An ionic bond is formed in a compound when the electrons from the outermost shell of an atom are actually transferred to the outermost shell of the combining atom.

Illustrations of covalent bonds

The chemical bond in which two atoms share a pair of electron and form molecules is called covalent bond.

The chemical bond in which two atoms share a pair of electron and form molecules is called covalent bond.

Covalent bonds are classified into non polar and polar covalent bonds.

Covalent bonds are classified into non polar and polar covalent bonds.

Covalent bond

Some compounds are formed when electrons are shared between two atoms to fill up the incomplete outer shell of both in order to attain the stable configuration of an inert gas. This usually occurs when reaction takes place between atoms of Group IV, V, and VII. The chemical bond in which two atoms share a pair of electron and form molecules is called covalent bond. The atoms of covalent compounds are not free like those in ionic compounds. They are tightly linked to one another by the covalent bond. Hence each independent particle is a combination of the atoms.

What is the nature of the bond formed between H and F in the molecule HF?

The electron configurations:

Hydrogen (H) 1s1

Fluorine (F) 1s2 2s2 2p5

Make clear that H needs one electron to attain a stable 1s2 outer shell configuration, and F needs one electron to attain an octet. Since neither can easily lose electron, sharing occurs and a covalent bond is formed.

Covalent bond is the bond formed in which two atoms share a pair of electrons and form molecules. The bond that results whenever unequal sharing occurs is called polar covalent bond while equal sharing of electrons is called non polar covalent bond.

Summary

Chemical bonds are produced when the outer-shell electrons are either transferred or shared from one atom to another. The formation of chemical bonds usually enables an atom to acquire a chemically stable outer-shell consisting of an octet of electrons. There are two types of chemical bonds. (1) Ionic bond, in which electrons are actually transferred from the outer-shell of one atom to the second atom. The resulting particles are ion – atom or groups of atoms with an unbalance electrostatic charge. (2) Covalent bond, in which two atoms share a pair of electrons and form molecules. The bond that results whenever unequal sharing occurs is called a polar covalent bond. Equal sharing of electrons is called non polar covalent bond.

This two minute animation describes the Octet Rule and explains the difference between ionic and covalent bonds.

Questions for Study and Review

A. Classify the bond formed by the following pairs of atoms as ionic or covalent

  1. Silicon and Fluorine
  2. Boron and Carbon
  3. Lithium and Chlorine
  4. Hydrogen and Oxygen
  5. Aluminum and Chlorine
  6. Magnesium and Nitrogen
  7. Cesium and Bromine
  8. Hydrogen and Iodine

B. Draw the Lewis Dot Structure of the following compounds:

  1. H2
  2. MgF2
  3. CH4
  4. H2O

Comments

smilepass on September 25, 2019:

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Krichelle kae Calderon Enriquez from San Miguel, Bulacan, Philippines on August 01, 2018:

Enriquez, Krichelle kae C. (BSMT 1), Chemical Bonding a lasting attraction of between atoms, ions, or molecules that enables the formation of chemical compound. The may result from the electrostatic force of attraction between oppositely charged ions as in ionic bonds or through the sharing of electrons as in covalent bonds. With the help of this power point, this make us easily understand about the chemical bonding.

Jeriemae DelaCruz on August 01, 2018:

Jeriemae Dela Cruz BSMT1

I learned how to share the electrons and also how to transfer the electron. If it is a covalent bond this is about sharing of electrons while the ionic bond it is about of bond formed by the transfer of electrons.

trixie anne on August 01, 2018:

SILVESTRE, TRIXIE ANNE C. BSMT 1 This lesson help us to understand well the chemical bonding. Almost everything a person sees or touches in daily life the air we breathe, the food we eat, the clothes we wear. Is the result of a chemical bond, or, more accurately, many chemical bonds. Not all chemical bonds are created equal: some are weak and some very strong, a difference that depends primarily on the interactions of electrons between atoms.

Nhiza Mae Fajardo on August 01, 2018:

Fajardo, Nhiza Mae A. BSMT-1

It is important to have an understanding or knowledge about chemical bonding. It is the attraction of atoms into another. The relevance of this study to us medtech students is that we will get to know the do's and don'ts in chemical bonding. Thank you so much to the author, mam liwayway for this article.

Joyce Nicole on August 01, 2018:

Dungo, Joyce Nicole B. (BSMT 1) - Chemical bonds is important because without it, everything that we have would not exist. Because chemical bonds connect atoms and molecules and thus literally make all mass possible. And if atoms and molecules did not connect with each other, so all matter could not be formed.

Allen Tuazon BSMT on August 01, 2018:

Tuazon, Allen Patrick F. (BSMT-1)

Chemical bonding states that each atoms creates a attraction to each other for them to be able to form another substance that contains two or more atoms. This process results a electrostatic force that creates a attraction to each substance.

Pauline Venzon on August 01, 2018:

VENZON, PAULINE CHARM S. BSMT-1

Chemical bond is a attraction between atoms that allows the formation of chemical substances that contain two or more atoms . Bond caused by the electrostatic force of attraction between opposite charges , either between electrons, nuclei or as the result of dipole attraction.

Jimelle Conson from Bulacan on August 01, 2018:

CONSON, JIMELLE - BSMT 1. Chemical bonding is the sharing and transferring of electrons from the outermost shell. Ionic bonding is the transferring of electrons while covalent bonding is the sharing of electrons--- classified into 2: Polar and Non- Polar Covalent. This lesson enabled us to know more about the different chemical bonding. In which it will surely help us to widen our knowledge about chemistry.

pascualangelou on July 31, 2018:

Pascual, Mary Angelou C. ( BSMT1)

Chemical bonds is a lasting attraction between atoms that enables the formation of chemical compound and it is also force that hold atoms. This lesson is a big help for us to learn because it help us to know how it combine and form a new compound.

John Derrick Chan on July 31, 2018:

CHAN, JOHN DERRICK L. (BSMT1) Chemical bonding is a force the keeps elements attracted to each other forming a compound. In this article, we learned about Ionic bonding (Transferring of electron) and Covalent bonding (Sharing of electron) which is sub-divided into polar covalent which has unequal sharing and non-polar covalent which has an equal sharing of electrons. In our future experiments, we will deal with chemical reactions that can form another substance and so, learning these things can help a lot since, we already have a background on what's really happening when a reaction is occuring. Moreover, in our future workplace, we will deal with a lot of chemicals as well, letting us to identify what reaction is being exhibit by our specimen.

Darah Arthria Cristobal from San Ildefonso, Bulacan on July 31, 2018:

CRISTOBAL, DARAH ARTHRIA DC. BSMT1. Chemical bonding is a powerful attraction between the atoms of molecules. It is a force that holds atom. Ionic bond is transferring of atom while Covalent bond is sharing a pair of electron. Polar bond is unequal sharing of electrons and Non-polar bond is equal sharing of electrons.

kathlenecalague on July 31, 2018:

CALAGUE KATHLENE JADE BSMT1 Chemical bonds hold a huge amount of energy. The bonds connect atoms and molecules that make all mass possible. So without chemical bonding, everything here on earth would not exist, even humans.Because atoms would not connect and so all matter could not be formed.

KristineCassandra on July 31, 2018:

Jota, Kristine Cassandra B.

BSMT1

Chemical Bonding is the linkage of atoms through a reaction. It is also a force that holds atom. It is either ionic bond (transferring of electrons) or covalent bond (sharing of electrons). Chemical bonding is important because with the help of this, we will know how to combine substances to form new compounds.

Kimberly Reforsado on July 31, 2018:

As it is discussed, chemical bond is the force that holds atoms together. Through this topic, we, medical technology students, can be able to learned how do atoms combine and if there is variations when it comes to the force that holds the atoms. This topic is very important to us in order for us to gain certain knowledge that can be useful in the future that can serve as a tool that will help us to understand the things around us more clearly and can also be used for future experiments.

De Leon, Ma. Roselle Angela S. on July 31, 2018:

(BSMT - 1) Chemical bonding happened when two elements or compound reacts with each other. This is important because with these we can form new compounds that our very helpful to us and sometimes in our daily lives. We should learn how to do chemical bonding because this is one of the basis of chemistry.

Elaine Herrera on July 31, 2018:

Herrera, Mary Elaine V. (BSMT) Chemical bonds are important, believe it or not. The chemical properties of almost any substance or material in the world depend upon the chemical bonds that make it up. if it weren't for chemical bonds, every material in the world would have to be one of the 118 elements in the Periodic Table. Instead, atoms form these elements bond together to create chemical compounds.

Abe Puzon from Bulacan, Philippines on July 31, 2018:

Puzon, Abegail S. (BSMT-1)

Why are chemical bonds important? Believe it or not, the chemical properties of almost any substance or material in the world depend upon the chemical bonds that make it up. People like to bond with each other, we can not live in isolation. People can have strong connection , similarly some atoms can also have strong bonds between them. Some atoms can have weak connections , just like two person can have weak connections. The Proteins we need, Carbohydrates we eat are all result of chemical bonding between atoms. Gas we use in our car is a result of Chemical bonding. Oxygen we breathe is a result of chemical bond. Medicines we need to cure ourselves are results of Chemical bonding between atoms.

Chloe Bundalian on July 31, 2018:

Bundalian, Chloe Jane L.

Chemical bonds are used when creating chemical compounds that allows us to find new substances. These substances can be used to in new technology, medicine and products.

Emman Payuran on July 31, 2018:

Villasenor Emmanuel P

(BSMT 1)

Chemical bond is an attraction between atoms that allows the formation of chemical substances that contain two or more atoms. The bond is caused by the electrostatic force of attraction between opposite charges, either between electrons and nuclei, or as the result of a dipole attraction. We should study chemical bonding and chemical reactions for our daily living and especially for our field.

Pinky Miranda on July 29, 2018:

MIRANDA, MA. PINKY RAMEI V. (BSMT 1) - Chemical bonding is a powerful attraction of atoms that forms either ionic or covalent and this bondings forms substances or compounds that we used in our daily lives. So, in the future when we became Medical technologist, though we will not focus on the bonding of the compounds we have combined it is still important to have background about it because most of the things that we see or touch is a bond of elements.

anjelacastro2 on July 12, 2018:

CASTRO, ANJELA V. (BSMT-1)- As so we know, chemical bonds are the basis for most substances that exist, as well as the energy that powers them. It is important to study chemical bonds and their reactions because chemical reactions involve the interactions of the types of systems while chemical bonds creates substances /compounds that everyone uses, even if they aren't aware of it. In general, without chemical bonds, life would be completely different. In all likely hood, there would be no life, as chemical bonds are so important

SHIELA MARI S. CALDERON BEED-IV (Tutorial) on July 08, 2018:

A chemical bond is a lasting attraction between atoms, ions or molecules that enables the formation of chemical compounds. The bond may result from the electrostatic force of attraction between oppositely charged ions as in ionic bonds; or through the sharing of electrons as in covalent bonds.

tanveerhussalvi on May 17, 2018:

chemical bond usually considered the force of attraction between two atoms or nuclei and the outermost shell of atoms, there are three types of chemical bonds. (1)ionic bonds (2) covalent bonds (3) dative or coordinate-covalent bonds.

to read more please follow this link :

http://guidancecorner.com/chemical-bond/

carlo crisanto v sapiendante on April 29, 2018:

A Chemical Bond is a mutual electrical attraction between the nuclei and valence electrons of different atoms that binds the atoms together.Energy is the energy required to break a chemical bond and form neutral isolated atoms.Likewise, a Shared Pair is a pair of electrons that is shared between two atoms. the bond result whenever unequal sharing of electrons is called non polar covalent bond. this is just like people who would like bond similarly some atoms have a very strong bonds between them. although some atoms may have weak connections.

John Lawrence P. Delos Santos on April 24, 2018:

Summer Tutorial

Chemical bonds are produced when the outer-shell electrons are either transferred or shared from one atom to another. There are two types of chemical bonds. Ionic bond, in which electrons are actually transferred from the outer-shell of one atom to the second atom. The resulting particles are ion – atom or groups of atoms with an unbalance electrostatic charge. Covalent bond, in which two atoms share a pair of electrons and form molecules. The bond that results whenever unequal sharing occurs is called a polar covalent bond. Equal sharing of electrons is called non polar covalent bond. In Our every day life we can apply it just like an atoms for example People like to bond with each other, we can not live in isolation. People can have strong connection , similarly some atoms can also have strong bonds between them. Some atoms can have weak connections , just like two person can have weak connections.

ivoryshanesalonga on February 01, 2018:

ivory shane salonga

bstm 4-1

the relevance on my course is that Almost everything a person sees or touches in daily life the air we breathe, the food we eat, the clothes we wear, and so on is the result of a chemical bond. thats why me as a tourism everything i use is composed of chemical bond.

Jerielen Mangahas on January 18, 2018:

Jerielen Mangahas

BSTM4 (FRIDAY-TUTORIAL)

A chemical bond is the physical phenomenon of chemical substances being held together by attraction of atoms to each other through sharing, as well as exchanging, of electrons -or electrostatic forces.

ivoryshanesalonga on January 18, 2018:

ivory shane f. salonga

BSTM 4

(TUTORIAL/FRIDAY)

Living things are made up of atoms, but in most cases, those atoms aren’t just floating around individually. Instead, they’re usually interacting with other atoms or group of atoms.

Tedyliza Ramos on January 11, 2018:

RAMOS TEDYLIZA ROSE C.

BSTM 4

(TUTORIAL/FRIDAY)

Chemical bonds hold molecules together and create temporary connections that are essential to life. Types of chemical bonds including covalent, ionic, and hydrogen bonds and London dispersion forces.

RUSSELL BERNARDINO BSTM4 on July 25, 2017:

There are currently 118 different elements on the periodic table. Without chemical bonds there would only be 118 different materials in the world. There are seven kinds of chemical bonds that have been identified so far by the scientific community. Chemical bonds allow all of the elements to combine in a variety of ways to create everything on Earth. Without these chemical bonds life as we know it would not be able to exist as every living organism is created from compounds of elements that work together in specific ways. :)

Jahna Carmella B. Galvez on February 25, 2017:

Jahna Carmella B. Galvez

BEED-II

Almost everything a person sees or touches in daily life—the air we breathe, the food we eat, the clothes we wear, and so on—is the result of a chemical bond, or, more accurately, many chemical bonds. Though a knowledge of atoms and elements is essential to comprehend the subjects chemistry addresses, the world is generally not composed of isolated atoms; rather, atoms bond to one another to form molecules and hence chemical compounds. Not all chemical bonds are created equal: some are weak, and some very strong, a difference that depends primarily on the interactions of electrons between atoms.

Salvador, Jucel Roma M. on February 25, 2017:

Chemical bonds play an important role in the world of biology. A chemical bond is an attraction between atoms due to sharing of electrons between atoms or a complete transfer of electrons from one atom to another. There are three types of chemical bonds. They are ionic, covalent, and polar covalent. Almost everything a person sees or touches in daily life—the air we breathe, the food we eat, the clothes we wear, and so on—is the result of a chemical bond, or, more accurately, many chemical bonds. As a future educator, the word or term "bond" means a lot. In a classroom setting, it is important to have a bonding between the teacher and the learners for them to feel the belongingness inside the classroom. Teachers cannot help the student in his or her concerns if they didn't established a bond between them. So, it is really important to have a bonding for the teachers to touch their students' lives forever.

Villaroman, Nikki D.C. BEEd III on February 24, 2017:

Chemical compounds are formed by the joining of two or more atoms. A stable compound occurs when the total energy of the combination has lower energy than the separated atoms. The bound state implies a net attractive force between the atoms ... a chemical bond. The two extreme cases of chemical bonds are:

Covalent bond: bond in which one or more pairs of electrons are shared by two atoms.

Ionic bond: bond in which one or more electrons from one atom are removed and attached to another atom, resulting in positive and negative ions which attract each other.

Other types of bonds include metallic bonds and hydrogen bonding. The attractive forces between molecules in a liquid can be characterized as van der Waals bonds.

mariseperez08 on February 24, 2017:

Perez, Nina Marise V.

BEED-II

TF-12:30-2:00pm/CAS105

A chemical bond is a lasting attraction between atoms that enables the formation of chemical compounds. The bond may result from the electrostatic force of attraction between atoms with opposite charges, or through the sharing of electrons as in the covalent bonds. Chemical bonding, any of the interactions that account for the association of atoms into molecules, ions, crystals, and other stable species that make up the familiar substances of the everyday world. When atoms approach one another, their nuclei and electrons interact and tend to distribute themselves in space in such a way that the total energy is lower than it would be in any alternative arrangement. If the total energy of a group of atoms is lower than the sum of the energies of the component atoms, they then bond together and the energy lowering is the bonding energy. Chemical Bonds are attractions between two or more atoms, which allow them to create chemical substances/compounds These bonds are formed by the electromagnetic forces between the

atoms, which can be caused for a few reasons, including the sharing or transfer of electrons (ionic/covalent bonds) These different types of bonds are very important to the world of chemistry because, Chemical bonds are used when creating chemical compounds.

Maria Luz Mendoza on February 20, 2017:

MA. LUZ MENDOZA BEED II

Chemical bonding, any of the interactions that account for the association of atoms into molecules, ions, crystals, and other stable species that make up the familiar substances of the everyday world. When atoms approach one another, their nuclei and electrons interact and tend to distribute them in space in such a way that the total energy is lower than it would be in any alternative arrangement. If the total energy of a group of atoms is lower than the sum of the energies of the component atoms, they then bond together and the energy lowering is the bonding energy. Almost everything a person sees or touches in daily life the air we breathe, the food we eat, the clothes we wear, and so on is the result of a chemical bond, or, more accurately, many chemical bonds. Though knowledge of atoms and elements is essential to comprehend the subjects chemistry addresses, the world is generally not composed of isolated atoms rather, atoms bond to one another to form molecules and hence chemical compounds. Not all chemical bonds are created equal some are weak and some very strong, a difference that depends primarily on the interactions of electrons between atoms.

Cristina Perez on January 25, 2017:

Perez, Ma. Cristina M.

BEED-II BSC206B (Inorganic Chemistry/ TF/ 12:30-2:00)

Chemical bonding, any of the interactions that account for the association of atoms into molecules, ions, crystals, and other stable species that make up the familiar substances of the everyday world. When atoms approach one another, their nuclei and electrons interact and tend to distribute them in space in such a way that the total energy is lower than it would be in any alternative arrangement. If the total energy of a group of atoms is lower than the sum of the energies of the component atoms, they then bond together and the energy lowering is the bonding energy.

Almost everything a person sees or touches in daily life—the air we breathe, the food we eat, the clothes we wear, and so on—is the result of a chemical bond, or, more accurately, many chemical bonds. Though knowledge of atoms and elements is essential to comprehend the subjects chemistry addresses, the world is generally not composed of isolated atoms; rather, atoms bond to one another to form molecules and hence chemical compounds. Not all chemical bonds are created equal: some are weak and some very strong, a difference that depends primarily on the interactions of electrons between atoms.

Carmela Perez on January 25, 2017:

Perez, Ma. Carmela M.

BEED-II BSC206B (Inorganic Chemistry/ TF/ 12:30-2:00)

Chemical bond refers to the forces holding atoms together to form molecules and solids. This force is of electric nature, and the attraction between electrons of one atom to the nucleus of another atom contribute to what is known as chemical bonds. Although electrons of one atom repel electrons of another, but the repulsion is relatively small. So is the repulsion between atomic nuclei.

The attraction force between ions are called ionic bonding. Metals such as sodium, copper, gold, iron etc. have special properties such as being good electric conductors. Electrons in these solids move freely throughout the entire solid, and the forces holding atoms together are called metallic bonds. To some extend, metals are ions submerged is electrons.

Jucel Salvador on January 24, 2017:

Salvador, Jucel Roma M.

BEED-II BSC206B (Inorganic Chemistry/ TF/ 12:30-2:00)

Chemical bonds play an important role in the world of biology. A chemical bond is an attraction between atoms due to sharing of electrons between atoms or a complete transfer of electrons from one atom to another. There are three types of chemical bonds. They are ionic, covalent, and polar covalent. Almost everything a person sees or touches in daily life—the air we breathe, the food we eat, the clothes we wear, and so on—is the result of a chemical bond, or, more accurately, many chemical bonds. As a future educator, the word or term "bond" means a lot. In a classroom setting, it is important to have a bonding between the teacher and the learners for them to feel the belongingness inside the classroom. Teachers cannot help the student in his or her concerns if they didn't established a bond between them. So, it is really important to have a bonding for the teachers to touch their students' lives forever.

Maniella de Leon on January 24, 2017:

De Leon, Maniella Assumpta M.

BEED-II BSC206B (Inorganic Chemistry/ TF/ 12:30-2:00)

the chemical properties of almost any substance or material in the world depend upon the chemical bonds that make it up. If it weren't for chemical bonds, every material in the world would have to be one of the 118 elements in the Periodic Table. Instead, atoms from these elements bond together to create chemical compounds. There are chemical bonds between the atoms in our bodies (especially the elements carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen), the atoms in the air, and the atoms in most plants and synthetic materials. In fact, chemical bonds are everywhere, and when two elements bond together, their properties often change completely.

Ma. Luz Mendoza -BEEDII on January 23, 2017:

Ma. Luz Mendoza (BEEDII)

Almost everything a person sees or touches in daily life the air we breathe, the food we eat, the clothes we wear, and so on is the result of a chemical bond, or, more accurately, many chemical bonds. Though a knowledge of atoms and elements is essential to comprehend the subjects chemistry addresses, the world is generally not composed of isolated atoms; rather, atoms bond to one another to form molecules and hence chemical compounds. Not all chemical bonds are created equal: some are weak, and some very strong, a difference that depends primarily on the interactions of electrons between atoms. chemical bonding, any of the interactions that account for the association of atoms into molecules, ions,crystals, and other stable species that make up the familiar substances of the everyday world. When atoms approach one another, their nuclei and electronsinteract and tend to distribute themselves in space in such a way that the total energy is lower than it would be in any alternative arrangement. If the total energy of a group of atoms is lower than the sum of the energies of the component atoms, they then bond together and the energy lowering is the bonding energy. As a future teacher we must know how to bond our objectives for our students learning will be more realized in an easiest ways.

Angelica Salinas on November 14, 2015:

Angelica G. Salinas BSBA 1-1

-

A chemical bond is an attraction between atoms that allows the formation of chemical substances that contain two or more atoms. The bond is caused by the electrostatic force of attraction between opposite charges, either between electrons and nuclei, or as the result of a dipole attraction. Since opposite charges attract via a simple electromagnetic force, the negatively charged electrons that are orbiting the nucleus and the positively charged protons in the nucleus attract each other. An electron positioned between two nuclei will be attracted to both of them, and the nuclei will be attracted toward electrons in this position. This attraction constitutes the chemical bond. Due to the matter wave nature of electrons and their smaller mass, they must occupy a much larger amount of volume compared with the nuclei, and this volume occupied by the electrons keeps the atomic nuclei relatively far apart, as compared with the size of the nuclei themselves. This phenomenon limits the distance between nuclei and atoms in a bond.

Leah Mae Perez on March 22, 2015:

Chemical Bonding is related on us and helpful because on our course we are learning how to communicate with other people.Chemical bonds or chemical bonding is about sharing,combining and mixing so i think it will be so useful to us to know about this

Paulo Tomas on March 10, 2015:

TOMAS J P BUHM

The importance of Chemical Bonding in our daily lives is that we have to learn how to be independent by ourselves and as we go through, we may found out that we are already stable and at the near future.

Fatima Cruz Castro on March 05, 2015:

7 CASTRO F C BUTM 2014

Chemical bonds or chemical bonding is about sharing,combining and mixing so i think it will be so useful to us to know about this. specially in our filed as a tourism student.

Zyrine Mae Taruc on March 05, 2015:

Taruc, ZM BUTM 2014

Chemical bonds are necessary in order to process the different chemicals used in preparing foods.

Clarenz Maximo on March 05, 2015:

21 MAXIMO, CR BUTM

Chemical bonding is the physical process responsible for the attractive interactions between atoms and molecules, and that confers stability to diatomic and polyatomic chemical compounds.

Phoebe Sp on March 05, 2015:

Strong chemical bonding is associated with the sharing or transfer of electrons between the participating atoms. The atoms in molecules, crystals, metals and diatomic gases indeed most of the physical environment around us are held together by chemical bonds, which dictate the structure and the bulk properties of matter.

SAN PEDRO, PM BUTM 35

Rollyne Munsayac on March 05, 2015:

23 MUNSAYAC, RE 2014

It is important because the chemical properties of almost any substance or material in the world depend upon the chemical bonds that make it up. We communicate to our guest, there should be a bond and how the ingredients will become perfect on the dish we cook.

28Quiazon,CA on March 05, 2015:

chemical bonds are attraction, between two or more atoms, which allow them to create chemical substances/compounds, And Not all chemical bonds are created equal: some are weak, and some very strong, a difference that depends primarily on the interactions of electrons between atoms.

MARCELO JME BUTM2015 on March 05, 2015:

Chemical Bond are attraction between two or more atoms, which allow them to create chemical substance/compound.

Mary Rose Banzon on March 05, 2015:

A stable compound occurs when the total energy of the combination has lower energy than the separated atoms.Chemical bond is an attraction between atoms that allows the formation of chemical substances that contain two or more atoms.

Marife DG. Montejo on March 05, 2015:

Chemical compounds are formed by the joining of two or more atoms. A stable compound occurs when the total energy of the combination has lower energy than the separated atoms. The bound state implies a net attractive force between the atoms ... a chemical bond.

Agnes Sato from Baliuag, Bulacan on March 04, 2015:

36 SATO, MA BUTM

Chemical bond is an attraction between atoms that allows the formation of chemical substances that contain two or more atoms. The bond is caused by the electrostatic force of attraction between opposite charges, either between electrons and nuclei, or as the result of a dipole attraction. We should study chemical bonding and chemical reactions for our daily living and especially for our field.

37ValerioMMBUHM on March 04, 2015:

A chemical bond is an attraction between atoms that allows the formation of chemical substances that contain two or more atoms. The bond is caused by the electrostatic force of attraction between opposite charges, either between electrons and nuclei, or as the result of a dipole attraction. The strength of chemical bonds varies considerably; there are "strong bonds" such as covalent or ionic bonds and "weak bonds" such as dipole–dipole interactions, and hydrogen bonding.

2AlcantaraMMBUHM on March 04, 2015:

02 Alcantara Kn BUHM

the chemical bond is an attraction between atoms that allows the formation of chemical substances that contain two or more atoms. The bond is caused by the electrostatic force of attraction between opposite charges, either between electrons and nuclei, or as the result of a dipole attraction.

Julien Villanueva on March 04, 2015:

Villanueva Julien / BSHM 2014 - 2015

Knowledge about chemical bonding is important. We should crave about this kinds of knowledge. By reading this hub I gained some knowledge that I didn't know of about atoms and how the chemical bonding works.

Sarah Aligato on March 04, 2015:

Chemical bonding is like combining or mixing the ingredients for our menu.So we must know how to do the chemical properly.

Glenric Samaniego on March 04, 2015:

We have to know why atoms combine, but we all know its for a better cause to help our lives.

Leah Mae Perez on March 04, 2015:

20,PEREZ LM BUHM14

Chemical bonding has a great role in our field. Our industry, Hospitality Management relies on people. So having this knowledge will also lead us to better relation with our costumers. Also, in Food and Beverage Department we mixed or the ingredients that we used is compatible or not to each other. That’s why we need to study Chemical Bonding to know how the things join together or how things connected to each other.

Patrisha Anne D.Vanguardia from San Ildefonso,Bulacan on March 04, 2015:

As HM student, its like in bar-tending we will mix and combine the beverages so that it will taste delicious. In people is like developing the love for each other giving back each other's love.

Miguel Panlilio from Baliuag Bulacan on March 04, 2015:

PANLILIO M.A.R BUHM14

chemical bonding is transferring and sharing of electrons. this is helpful for us to be aware of how chemicals form and how to form a new chemical. just like in hospitality industry we should know how a product and service is done and how to make a new one.

Jahana Nicole on March 04, 2015:

As we all know, atom is having an important role in our lives. Without chemical bonding we cannot understand how atoms and molecule combined. Its relevance in our life is that, We are having bonds in the people that we love or some people that we interact with. It's Like mixing chemicals, because we are blending together until we became a pure substance.

John Carlo Viola on March 04, 2015:

chemical bonding is important for HM students, the relevance of chemical bonding is mixing and combining the ingredients.

simplyariannejoy on March 04, 2015:

17 Flores, AJ BUHM

For me, Chemical bonds are what keep the atoms in a molecule together, without them you won't exist, the tables and chairs and anything visible would no exist. No compounds would exist but because of the way atoms are held together these bonds exist. It is impossible for them not to make bonds with their current structure. chemical bonds are necessary in order to perform most of life's processes. Many biochemical pathways important to life involve the breaking and joining of numerous chemical bonds. The world is generally not composed of isolated atoms; rather, atoms bond to one another to form molecules and hence chemical compounds. Not all chemical bonds are created equal: some are weak, and some very strong, a difference that depends primarily on the interactions of electrons between atoms.

renzocauzon on March 04, 2015:

09 Cauzon,RA BUHM

The importance of Chemical Bonding in our daily lives is that we have to learn how to be independent. Chemical Bonding is all about sharing and transferring electrons.

winnie rose inoncillo aquino from San Rafael, Bulacan on March 04, 2015:

2 Aquino, WR BUHM 2014

Chemical Bonding is all about sharing and transferring electrons. This is related in life, because it is all about sharing blessings, ideas, knowledge, especially when Filipino does. So in as a student of Hospitality Management, we are not studying not only for the addition knowledge of our course but also in future, to promote the good culture and beliefs of every filipinos.

Johnmarverickr on March 04, 2015:

Chemical reactions are important to all levels of biology. In the simplest terms, a reaction requires reactants and products. Reactants are the atoms or molecules that are involved with the change, and products are the resulting changed atoms or molecules.

Rose Joy Geronimo on March 04, 2015:

GERONIMO, R J BUTM IRREG

Chemical bonding is important because it can make the atom bond. No compounds would exist but because of the way atoms are held together these bonds exist.

Sanguyo nicko on March 04, 2015:

Chemical Bonding is very important to us as a Future Hotelier. We must know the right bond of chemicals we use to improve quality service. We must bond in our guest to they feel comfortable with us.

Patricia Rivera on March 04, 2015:

Chemical Bonding has many connection in our lives because just like in my field Tourism Management interacts with different human being in which needs to bond and communicate well in different types of human beings.

Bernadette Devera on March 03, 2015:

8 Devera B BUTM 2014

Chemical Bonding is related on us and helpful because on our course we are learning how to communicate with other people. Bonding itself means, the process of development of a close, interpersonal relationship.

Joyce De Guzman from San Ildefonso, Bulacan on March 03, 2015:

Chemical bonding is really important to us and also in our industry. In the near future we will be working in a hotel and we will be using chemicals and elements, we need to know the right bonding so that we can ensure the safety our guest.Also in food and beverage department we are mixing chemicals.

AlmiraEvangelista on March 03, 2015:

Evangelista, Almira

BSTM l-l

Chemical Bonding in Chemistry is connected to my course Tourism Management, because Chemical bonding is an attraction between two or more different chemicals substances which will combined together and that also like the meeting of two personalities, like the contact of two chemical substances. If there is any reaction, both are transformed.

gelo hernandez on March 03, 2015:

Hernandez Angelo BSHM

It is important for us to know what chemical bonding because when we work in a hotel, restaurant, we will encounter different types of guest and with that we must know how to treat everyone with respect. We must learn how to give and share.

AndreaBarcita on March 03, 2015:

3 BARCITA AR M. BUHM14

Chemical Bonding

The importance of chemical bonding in our course is how we communicate to our guest, there should be a bond and how the ingredients will become perfect on the dish we cook. So that the guest will be satisfied.

AndreaBarcita on March 03, 2015:

3 BARCITA AR M. BUHM14

The importance of chemical bonding in our course is how we communicate to our guest, there should be a bond and how the ingredients will become perfect on the dish we cook. So that the guest will be satisfied.

Cea Castillo on March 02, 2015:

learning about the two main types of chemical bonds - ionic and covalent. You may even have discussed how chemical bonds form or given examples of chemical bonds. It is important because the chemical properties of almost any substance or material in the world depend upon the chemical bonds that make it up.

johnrenz santos on March 02, 2015:

24 SANTOS JRA BSHM14

it is important to us to know about bonding specially in our course (HM)

RuelGiray on February 28, 2015:

Ruel Giray BSTM2014-2015

Chemical bonding is important to learn for us because the relevance of Chemical Bonding in our course is in how we communicate or how we bond in different people we are facing.

Veronica on February 18, 2015:

Thanks for sharing this infrimatove post. Antioxidants are really good for the body. Besides eating healthy, I think it is also important to live healthy by keeping our body active. This can be done by doing different types of exercises such as, going to the gym, joining a women dance fitness program (Dance a GoGo Burlesques , jazzercize aerobic etc.) going to the gym, yoga etc.

brillant joshua Dela Cruz on February 16, 2015:

It is important for us Hospitality Management student to study chemical bonding because someday we are going to deal with food and beverages. And we are able to know what will happen to a certain chemical when we combine it.

Carl patrick tan on February 11, 2015:

33 TAN BUHM

28 Turingan, BY BUHM14

The relevance of Chemical bonding, is like, combining or mixing the ingredients for our menu. We need to know the right ingredient that is needed for that menu. So that, that food will not be fail, because of the wrong ingredient that we put. And so our guest cannot be poison, we need to know what's best for our costumers.

johncarl ballents from San Rafael, Bulacan on February 07, 2015:

Ballentes John Carl Buhm

Chemical Bonding Is Related On Hm Student. On How can Communicate To Different People We Are Facing And How Food /beverage Different Kind Of Spices That we Mix Together

AngelicaBSHM1-1 on February 01, 2015:

The relevance of this subject to our field of study is for us to know that cooking is science, especially chemistry. For us to know that whatever we are cooking or whatever the way we cooking, it is science. As your food touches the fire, the food conduct heat and it undergoes a chemical change process. Some particles of the food that we are cooking are disappearing while some are going into your food making it different in molecular structures. Just like when you grill your barbecue, the barbecue will be cooked because of the fire of course, and when you forgot that your are grilling barbecue, looked what you've had. "COAL", because your burned your barbecue it turns to a bunch of carbon stuffs.

pantan,jlbuhm on January 25, 2015:

Chemical Bonding is important to Hospitality Management because it can helps us the right mixing of ingredients that we are using.

Joshua Lim Calma from San Miguel Bulacan on January 25, 2015:

is an attraction between atoms that allows the formation of chemical substances that contain two or more atoms. bond is caused by the electrostatic force of attraction between opposite charges, either between electrons and nuclei, or other result is a dipole attraction

michael baylon on January 25, 2015:

chemical bonds when creating chemical compounds.these chemical compounds are important as most substances today are made from chemical compounds.

Rad Mesina from Calumpit, Bulacan on January 24, 2015:

23MESINA, DJ BUHM

Chemical Bonding is related on us and helpful because on our course we are learning how to communicate with other people. Bonding itself means, the process of development of a close, interpersonal relationship. On the other way around, we should know how chemicals bond because we are also doing chemical processes in the kitchen

Rollyne Munsayac on January 24, 2015:

23 MUNSAYAC RE, BUTM 2014

Chemical bonding is important because it can make the atom bond.

We are having bonds in the people that we love or some people that we interact with. It's Like mixing chemicals, because we are blending it together.

Clarisse Silverio on January 23, 2015:

26 Silverio, A.C G. BUHM14

The relevance of chemical bonding in our course is like interacting with different guest,costumer because we all know that we all have different attitude so what we need is that we should know how to interact with the different guest that we encounter. And we are able to know what will happen to a certain chemical when we combine it.

19 GARCIA RGBUHM on January 21, 2015:

As we all know, atom is having an important role in our lives. Without chemical bonding we cannot understand how atoms and molecule combined. And these will help us a lot to understand how they can be form, and to know the difference between ionic and covalent and how the forces affect in the way of sharing electrons.

James Leoni III from Candaba, Pampanga on January 21, 2015:

20 Leoni James BUHM

The Relevance of of chemical bonding in BSHM is to interact with other people to to attract them.

James Leoni III from Candaba, Pampanga on January 21, 2015:

20 Leoni James BUHM

The Relevance of of chemical bonding in BSHM is to interact with other people to to attract them.

Reniel Carillo on January 21, 2015:

The significance of chemical bond in hospitality management are chemical bond is an attraction between atoms that allows the formation of chemical substances that contain two or more atoms.

CARILLO,RENIEL M. BUHM 2014-2015

1Alavar, MM BUHM from Villa Katrina, Tangos Baliwag Bulacan on January 21, 2015:

1ALAVAR, MM BUHM

This is not only in relevant on our field but for all. Studying and knowing this, is very useful in a way that we interact with other people. Bonding typically refers to the process of attachment that develops between romantic partners, close friends, or parents and children. It would very interesting for us to know about this because these are not only used for chemicals and experiments with different processes but also on how we deal with other people specially for us who are looking forward to be professionals someday this can be used in business.

Melanie Samson on January 19, 2015:

31 SAMSON, MH BUTM1-12014-2015

The importance of Chemical Bonding in our daily lives is that we have to learn how to be independent by ourselves and as we go through, we may found out that we are already stable and at the near future, we will learned that we may now have bond with someone that we chose to spend our lives with. :)

Arel Zcirem on January 11, 2015:

8 CANIMO, AZ B BU HM 15

The relevance of chemical bonding in our course is that we need to study on what will happen if we combine one substance to another.

The topics are connected to each other and this report will help us to learn more.

Louise Jerome P. Cruz on January 11, 2015:

9 CRUZ, L.J.,P. BU HM 14

For me, it is also important for us to know what chemical bonding is. Because when we work in a hotel, restaurant, cruiselines we will encounter different types of guest and with that we must know how to treat everyone with respect so that we will have harmonious relationship as well as with our co staff we must learn how to respect each other, learn how to share what's on your mind, learn how to give what is right and in end you and your co staff will be successful just like in atoms if some atoms need to become stable they must find another atom that is fit for them to become stable. We must learn how to give and share because in Hospitality Industry it's a must and i must say everyone must have this capability to share and give to others.

mchristinelopez on January 11, 2015:

LopezMT BUHM1-1

It is important for us Hospitality Management student to study chemical bonding because someday we are going to deal with food and beverages. We need to know the reaction when we mix chemicals if it can harm the guest.