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Chemical Bonding: How Do Atoms Combine? What Are the Forces That Bind the Atoms Together?

Updated on December 23, 2016
The atoms of molecules are linked together through a reaction known as chemical bonding.
The atoms of molecules are linked together through a reaction known as chemical bonding.
Atomic structure of carbon atom showing the particles of an atom: protons, electrons, neutrons.
Atomic structure of carbon atom showing the particles of an atom: protons, electrons, neutrons.
When a hydrogen atom loses its single electron. It becomes a positive hydrogen ion (H+). A negative chlorine ion (Cl-) is a chlorine atom with one additional electron.
When a hydrogen atom loses its single electron. It becomes a positive hydrogen ion (H+). A negative chlorine ion (Cl-) is a chlorine atom with one additional electron.
Electrons in the outermost shell are called valence electrons.
Electrons in the outermost shell are called valence electrons.

Introduction

Atomic Structure

To understand how elements are combined to form compounds, it is necessary to understand the structure of atoms. Atoms consist mainly of electrically charged particles called electrons and protons. Each electron has negative charge and each proton has a positive charge. Neutrons, which are also present in atoms, have no charge. Normally, an atom contains as many electrons as protons. The negative charges and the positive charges balance each other and the atom is neutral (uncharged). If the balance between electrons and protons is upset, the atom becomes an electrically charged unit called anion. An atom becomes positive ion if it loses one or more electrons and they are called cation. For example, when a hydrogen atom loses its single electron. It becomes a positive hydrogen ion (H+). A negative chlorine ion (Cl-) is a chlorine atom with one additional electron.

Electrons revolve in various distances from the nucleus of an atom. The path of the electron forms a series of shells with the nucleus at the center. Each succeeding shell is farther from the nucleus from the one below it. Scientist has found that each shell can contain no more than a certain number of electrons. The first shell holds no more than 2 electrons. The second can hold 8; the third, no more than 18 and so on. Most interactions among atoms take place in the outermost shell of each atom. The number of each electron in this shell determines how an atom combines with other atoms to form compounds. When atoms combine they gain, lose or share electrons in such a way that the outer shells become chemically complete.

Valence is the property related to the electrons in an atom’s outer shell. The valence of an element is the number of electrons the elements gain or loses when it forms compounds with other elements. Electrons in the outermost shell are called valence electron.

Chemical bonding
Chemical bonding

What is chemical bonding?

Atoms, in a sense, are tied together to form molecules. The atoms of molecules are linked together through a reaction known as chemical bonding. A chemical bond is a force that holds atom together. How do atoms combine? What are the forces that bind them? These questions are fundamental in the study of chemistry since a chemical reaction is essentially an alteration of chemical bonds. An important clue to the understanding of the driving force for chemical bonding was the discovery of the noble gases and their apparently inert chemical behavior. Elements tend to attain this configuration of completely filled outer shells in order to gain stability.

The transfer or sharing of electrons of the atoms in a compound forms a linkage between them which chemists call the chemical bond. There are two types of chemical bonds, (1) ionic bond and (2) covalent bond.

Octet Rule

In order to acquire an inert gas configuration, there is a need for 8 electrons to occupy the s p distribution in the highest energy level of an atom.

Consider the individual elements Na and Cl. Sodium has the electronic configuration:

Na = 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s1

And its outer shell configuration is 3s

Cl = 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p5

And its outer shell configuration is 3p5

How could Na and Cl attain the outer-shell octet?

There are three possible ways for any atom to take in pursuit of an octet:

1. Electrons could be given up to some other atoms or group of atoms.

2. Electrons could be gained from some other atoms.

3. Electrons could be shared between two atoms.

The three choices are depicted in the figure below. Apply these choices to sodium and chlorine.

Let us consider first Sodium and apply each of these choices:

In the first choice, if the 3s1 is lost, the second shell becomes the outer-shell, with a configuration of 2s2 2p6, an outer-shell octet. The sodium now has 11 protons and 10 electrons, giving it a net charge of +1 (Na +1).

For the second possibility, a total of 7 electrons would have to be gained to produce the outer-shell octet3s2 3p6. Each time an electron is gained, the Na atom acquires one unit of negative electrical charge, therefore, a gain of seven electrons produces a net charge of -7, which is noted as Na -7.

If the third choice is taken and electrons are shared, Sodium could provide one electron (the 3s1) and the other atom(s), would have to provide a total of seven more.

Now which of the three possibilities will Na choose?

In general, atoms will follow the "course of action" which results in the most stable situation - the lowest energy state. It is difficult for any atom to find other atoms, which will give up a total of 7 electrons.

Also, the Na -7 is not stable, because the 11 protons of Sodium could not be able to exert a strong force of attraction to hold on to the 18 electrons. And in an attempt to share electrons, Sodium will have the trouble finding atoms, which have the trouble finding atoms, which must provide the majority of electrons shared. Figure 6-2 illustrates these points.

Therefore, the best possibility for Na to achieve an outer-shell octet is the loss of one electron to form Na +1.

Apply the same type of reasoning to chlorine atom. Because there are seven electrons in the outer energy level, Chlorine needs only one electron to complete an octet in the third energy level. Therefore, the possibility that Cl will follow most likely is by gaining an electron from some other atom, forming Cl-1. Since an electron has been gained, the configuration of Chlorine ion is:

Cl - 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6

Outer-shell octet structures of Na and Cl

Sodium Octet Shell
Sodium Octet Shell
An example of how an atom complete its octet and become stable
An example of how an atom complete its octet and become stable
Duplet and Octet of Inert Gases
Duplet and Octet of Inert Gases

Ionic or electrovalent bond

An ionic bond is formed in a compound when the electrons from the outermost shell of an atom are actually transferred to the outermost shell of the combining atom.

This transfer occurs from one who has a lesser attraction to one who has a greater attraction for electrons. After the transfer has occurred, the atom, which gained the electron(s), now contains more electrons than protons thus, it is negatively charge.

That one from which the electron(s) have been removed has more protons than electrons and is therefore positively charged. These charged particles are called ions. A positively charged ion is called cation, and a negatively charged ion is called an anion. Since these ions have opposite charges, there is an attractive force between them. This attractive force constitutes the ionic bond otherwise called electrovalent bond. However, the ions are free and exist as separate particles whether they are in dissolved or solid form. A typical example of an ionic or electrovalent bond is the bond formed between sodium and chlorine atoms when they enter into chemical combination.

An illustration of Ionic Bonding

An ionic bond is formed in a compound when the electrons from the outermost shell of an atom are actually transferred to the outermost shell of the combining atom.
An ionic bond is formed in a compound when the electrons from the outermost shell of an atom are actually transferred to the outermost shell of the combining atom.

Illustrations of covalent bonds

The chemical bond in which two atoms share a pair of electron and form molecules is called covalent bond.
The chemical bond in which two atoms share a pair of electron and form molecules is called covalent bond.
Covalent bonds are classified into non polar and polar covalent bonds.
Covalent bonds are classified into non polar and polar covalent bonds.

Covalent bond

Some compounds are formed when electrons are shared between two atoms to fill up the incomplete outer shell of both in order to attain the stable configuration of an inert gas. This usually occurs when reaction takes place between atoms of Group IV, V, and VII. The chemical bond in which two atoms share a pair of electron and form molecules is called covalent bond. The atoms of covalent compounds are not free like those in ionic compounds. They are tightly linked to one another by the covalent bond. Hence each independent particle is a combination of the atoms.

What is the nature of the bond formed between H and F in the molecule HF?

The electron configurations:

Hydrogen (H) 1s1

Fluorine (F) 1s2 2s2 2p5

Make clear that H needs one electron to attain a stable 1s2 outer shell configuration, and F needs one electron to attain an octet. Since neither can easily lose electron, sharing occurs and a covalent bond is formed.

Covalent bond is the bond formed in which two atoms share a pair of electrons and form molecules. The bond that results whenever unequal sharing occurs is called polar covalent bond while equal sharing of electrons is called non polar covalent bond.

Summary

Chemical bonds are produced when the outer-shell electrons are either transferred or shared from one atom to another. The formation of chemical bonds usually enables an atom to acquire a chemically stable outer-shell consisting of an octet of electrons. There are two types of chemical bonds. (1) Ionic bond, in which electrons are actually transferred from the outer-shell of one atom to the second atom. The resulting particles are ion – atom or groups of atoms with an unbalance electrostatic charge. (2) Covalent bond, in which two atoms share a pair of electrons and form molecules. The bond that results whenever unequal sharing occurs is called a polar covalent bond. Equal sharing of electrons is called non polar covalent bond.

This two minute animation describes the Octet Rule and explains the difference between ionic and covalent bonds.

Questions for Study and Review

A. Classify the bond formed by the following pairs of atoms as ionic or covalent

  1. Silicon and Fluorine
  2. Boron and Carbon
  3. Lithium and Chlorine
  4. Hydrogen and Oxygen
  5. Aluminum and Chlorine
  6. Magnesium and Nitrogen
  7. Cesium and Bromine
  8. Hydrogen and Iodine

B. Draw the Lewis Dot Structure of the following compounds:

  1. H2
  2. MgF2
  3. CH4
  4. H2O

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    • profile image

      RUSSELL BERNARDINO BSTM4 4 months ago

      There are currently 118 different elements on the periodic table. Without chemical bonds there would only be 118 different materials in the world. There are seven kinds of chemical bonds that have been identified so far by the scientific community. Chemical bonds allow all of the elements to combine in a variety of ways to create everything on Earth. Without these chemical bonds life as we know it would not be able to exist as every living organism is created from compounds of elements that work together in specific ways. :)

    • profile image

      Jahna Carmella B. Galvez 9 months ago

      Jahna Carmella B. Galvez

      BEED-II

      Almost everything a person sees or touches in daily life—the air we breathe, the food we eat, the clothes we wear, and so on—is the result of a chemical bond, or, more accurately, many chemical bonds. Though a knowledge of atoms and elements is essential to comprehend the subjects chemistry addresses, the world is generally not composed of isolated atoms; rather, atoms bond to one another to form molecules and hence chemical compounds. Not all chemical bonds are created equal: some are weak, and some very strong, a difference that depends primarily on the interactions of electrons between atoms.

    • profile image

      Salvador, Jucel Roma M. 9 months ago

      Chemical bonds play an important role in the world of biology. A chemical bond is an attraction between atoms due to sharing of electrons between atoms or a complete transfer of electrons from one atom to another. There are three types of chemical bonds. They are ionic, covalent, and polar covalent. Almost everything a person sees or touches in daily life—the air we breathe, the food we eat, the clothes we wear, and so on—is the result of a chemical bond, or, more accurately, many chemical bonds. As a future educator, the word or term "bond" means a lot. In a classroom setting, it is important to have a bonding between the teacher and the learners for them to feel the belongingness inside the classroom. Teachers cannot help the student in his or her concerns if they didn't established a bond between them. So, it is really important to have a bonding for the teachers to touch their students' lives forever.

    • profile image

      Villaroman, Nikki D.C. BEEd III 9 months ago

      Chemical compounds are formed by the joining of two or more atoms. A stable compound occurs when the total energy of the combination has lower energy than the separated atoms. The bound state implies a net attractive force between the atoms ... a chemical bond. The two extreme cases of chemical bonds are:

      Covalent bond: bond in which one or more pairs of electrons are shared by two atoms.

      Ionic bond: bond in which one or more electrons from one atom are removed and attached to another atom, resulting in positive and negative ions which attract each other.

      Other types of bonds include metallic bonds and hydrogen bonding. The attractive forces between molecules in a liquid can be characterized as van der Waals bonds.

    • mariseperez08 profile image

      mariseperez08 9 months ago

      Perez, Nina Marise V.

      BEED-II

      TF-12:30-2:00pm/CAS105

      A chemical bond is a lasting attraction between atoms that enables the formation of chemical compounds. The bond may result from the electrostatic force of attraction between atoms with opposite charges, or through the sharing of electrons as in the covalent bonds. Chemical bonding, any of the interactions that account for the association of atoms into molecules, ions, crystals, and other stable species that make up the familiar substances of the everyday world. When atoms approach one another, their nuclei and electrons interact and tend to distribute themselves in space in such a way that the total energy is lower than it would be in any alternative arrangement. If the total energy of a group of atoms is lower than the sum of the energies of the component atoms, they then bond together and the energy lowering is the bonding energy. Chemical Bonds are attractions between two or more atoms, which allow them to create chemical substances/compounds These bonds are formed by the electromagnetic forces between the

      atoms, which can be caused for a few reasons, including the sharing or transfer of electrons (ionic/covalent bonds) These different types of bonds are very important to the world of chemistry because, Chemical bonds are used when creating chemical compounds.

    • Maria Luz Mendoza profile image

      Maria Luz Mendoza 9 months ago

      MA. LUZ MENDOZA BEED II

      Chemical bonding, any of the interactions that account for the association of atoms into molecules, ions, crystals, and other stable species that make up the familiar substances of the everyday world. When atoms approach one another, their nuclei and electrons interact and tend to distribute them in space in such a way that the total energy is lower than it would be in any alternative arrangement. If the total energy of a group of atoms is lower than the sum of the energies of the component atoms, they then bond together and the energy lowering is the bonding energy. Almost everything a person sees or touches in daily life the air we breathe, the food we eat, the clothes we wear, and so on is the result of a chemical bond, or, more accurately, many chemical bonds. Though knowledge of atoms and elements is essential to comprehend the subjects chemistry addresses, the world is generally not composed of isolated atoms rather, atoms bond to one another to form molecules and hence chemical compounds. Not all chemical bonds are created equal some are weak and some very strong, a difference that depends primarily on the interactions of electrons between atoms.

    • Cristina Perez profile image

      Cristina Perez 10 months ago

      Perez, Ma. Cristina M.

      BEED-II BSC206B (Inorganic Chemistry/ TF/ 12:30-2:00)

      Chemical bonding, any of the interactions that account for the association of atoms into molecules, ions, crystals, and other stable species that make up the familiar substances of the everyday world. When atoms approach one another, their nuclei and electrons interact and tend to distribute them in space in such a way that the total energy is lower than it would be in any alternative arrangement. If the total energy of a group of atoms is lower than the sum of the energies of the component atoms, they then bond together and the energy lowering is the bonding energy.

      Almost everything a person sees or touches in daily life—the air we breathe, the food we eat, the clothes we wear, and so on—is the result of a chemical bond, or, more accurately, many chemical bonds. Though knowledge of atoms and elements is essential to comprehend the subjects chemistry addresses, the world is generally not composed of isolated atoms; rather, atoms bond to one another to form molecules and hence chemical compounds. Not all chemical bonds are created equal: some are weak and some very strong, a difference that depends primarily on the interactions of electrons between atoms.

    • Carmela Perez profile image

      Carmela Perez 10 months ago

      Perez, Ma. Carmela M.

      BEED-II BSC206B (Inorganic Chemistry/ TF/ 12:30-2:00)

      Chemical bond refers to the forces holding atoms together to form molecules and solids. This force is of electric nature, and the attraction between electrons of one atom to the nucleus of another atom contribute to what is known as chemical bonds. Although electrons of one atom repel electrons of another, but the repulsion is relatively small. So is the repulsion between atomic nuclei.

      The attraction force between ions are called ionic bonding. Metals such as sodium, copper, gold, iron etc. have special properties such as being good electric conductors. Electrons in these solids move freely throughout the entire solid, and the forces holding atoms together are called metallic bonds. To some extend, metals are ions submerged is electrons.

    • Jucel Salvador profile image

      Jucel Salvador 10 months ago

      Salvador, Jucel Roma M.

      BEED-II BSC206B (Inorganic Chemistry/ TF/ 12:30-2:00)

      Chemical bonds play an important role in the world of biology. A chemical bond is an attraction between atoms due to sharing of electrons between atoms or a complete transfer of electrons from one atom to another. There are three types of chemical bonds. They are ionic, covalent, and polar covalent. Almost everything a person sees or touches in daily life—the air we breathe, the food we eat, the clothes we wear, and so on—is the result of a chemical bond, or, more accurately, many chemical bonds. As a future educator, the word or term "bond" means a lot. In a classroom setting, it is important to have a bonding between the teacher and the learners for them to feel the belongingness inside the classroom. Teachers cannot help the student in his or her concerns if they didn't established a bond between them. So, it is really important to have a bonding for the teachers to touch their students' lives forever.

    • Maniella de Leon profile image

      Maniella de Leon 10 months ago

      De Leon, Maniella Assumpta M.

      BEED-II BSC206B (Inorganic Chemistry/ TF/ 12:30-2:00)

      the chemical properties of almost any substance or material in the world depend upon the chemical bonds that make it up. If it weren't for chemical bonds, every material in the world would have to be one of the 118 elements in the Periodic Table. Instead, atoms from these elements bond together to create chemical compounds. There are chemical bonds between the atoms in our bodies (especially the elements carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen), the atoms in the air, and the atoms in most plants and synthetic materials. In fact, chemical bonds are everywhere, and when two elements bond together, their properties often change completely.

    • profile image

      Ma. Luz Mendoza -BEEDII 10 months ago

      Ma. Luz Mendoza (BEEDII)

      Almost everything a person sees or touches in daily life the air we breathe, the food we eat, the clothes we wear, and so on is the result of a chemical bond, or, more accurately, many chemical bonds. Though a knowledge of atoms and elements is essential to comprehend the subjects chemistry addresses, the world is generally not composed of isolated atoms; rather, atoms bond to one another to form molecules and hence chemical compounds. Not all chemical bonds are created equal: some are weak, and some very strong, a difference that depends primarily on the interactions of electrons between atoms. chemical bonding, any of the interactions that account for the association of atoms into molecules, ions,crystals, and other stable species that make up the familiar substances of the everyday world. When atoms approach one another, their nuclei and electronsinteract and tend to distribute themselves in space in such a way that the total energy is lower than it would be in any alternative arrangement. If the total energy of a group of atoms is lower than the sum of the energies of the component atoms, they then bond together and the energy lowering is the bonding energy. As a future teacher we must know how to bond our objectives for our students learning will be more realized in an easiest ways.

    • Angelica Salinas profile image

      Angelica Salinas 2 years ago

      Angelica G. Salinas BSBA 1-1

      -

      A chemical bond is an attraction between atoms that allows the formation of chemical substances that contain two or more atoms. The bond is caused by the electrostatic force of attraction between opposite charges, either between electrons and nuclei, or as the result of a dipole attraction. Since opposite charges attract via a simple electromagnetic force, the negatively charged electrons that are orbiting the nucleus and the positively charged protons in the nucleus attract each other. An electron positioned between two nuclei will be attracted to both of them, and the nuclei will be attracted toward electrons in this position. This attraction constitutes the chemical bond. Due to the matter wave nature of electrons and their smaller mass, they must occupy a much larger amount of volume compared with the nuclei, and this volume occupied by the electrons keeps the atomic nuclei relatively far apart, as compared with the size of the nuclei themselves. This phenomenon limits the distance between nuclei and atoms in a bond.

    • Leah Mae Perez profile image

      Leah Mae Perez 2 years ago

      Chemical Bonding is related on us and helpful because on our course we are learning how to communicate with other people.Chemical bonds or chemical bonding is about sharing,combining and mixing so i think it will be so useful to us to know about this

    • Paulo Tomas profile image

      Paulo Tomas 2 years ago

      TOMAS J P BUHM

      The importance of Chemical Bonding in our daily lives is that we have to learn how to be independent by ourselves and as we go through, we may found out that we are already stable and at the near future.

    • Castro F C BUTM profile image

      Fatima Cruz Castro 2 years ago

      7 CASTRO F C BUTM 2014

      Chemical bonds or chemical bonding is about sharing,combining and mixing so i think it will be so useful to us to know about this. specially in our filed as a tourism student.

    • profile image

      Zyrine Mae Taruc 2 years ago

      Taruc, ZM BUTM 2014

      Chemical bonds are necessary in order to process the different chemicals used in preparing foods.

    • profile image

      Clarenz Maximo 2 years ago

      21 MAXIMO, CR BUTM

      Chemical bonding is the physical process responsible for the attractive interactions between atoms and molecules, and that confers stability to diatomic and polyatomic chemical compounds.

    • profile image

      Phoebe Sp 2 years ago

      Strong chemical bonding is associated with the sharing or transfer of electrons between the participating atoms. The atoms in molecules, crystals, metals and diatomic gases indeed most of the physical environment around us are held together by chemical bonds, which dictate the structure and the bulk properties of matter.

      SAN PEDRO, PM BUTM 35

    • Rollyne Munsayac profile image

      Rollyne Munsayac 2 years ago

      23 MUNSAYAC, RE 2014

      It is important because the chemical properties of almost any substance or material in the world depend upon the chemical bonds that make it up. We communicate to our guest, there should be a bond and how the ingredients will become perfect on the dish we cook.

    • profile image

      28Quiazon,CA 2 years ago

      chemical bonds are attraction, between two or more atoms, which allow them to create chemical substances/compounds, And Not all chemical bonds are created equal: some are weak, and some very strong, a difference that depends primarily on the interactions of electrons between atoms.

    • profile image

      MARCELO JME BUTM2015 2 years ago

      Chemical Bond are attraction between two or more atoms, which allow them to create chemical substance/compound.

    • profile image

      Mary Rose Banzon 2 years ago

      A stable compound occurs when the total energy of the combination has lower energy than the separated atoms.Chemical bond is an attraction between atoms that allows the formation of chemical substances that contain two or more atoms.

    • profile image

      Marife DG. Montejo 2 years ago

      Chemical compounds are formed by the joining of two or more atoms. A stable compound occurs when the total energy of the combination has lower energy than the separated atoms. The bound state implies a net attractive force between the atoms ... a chemical bond.

    • Agnes Sato profile image

      Agnes Sato 2 years ago from Baliuag, Bulacan

      36 SATO, MA BUTM

      Chemical bond is an attraction between atoms that allows the formation of chemical substances that contain two or more atoms. The bond is caused by the electrostatic force of attraction between opposite charges, either between electrons and nuclei, or as the result of a dipole attraction. We should study chemical bonding and chemical reactions for our daily living and especially for our field.

    • Heidi Valerio profile image

      37ValerioMMBUHM 2 years ago

      A chemical bond is an attraction between atoms that allows the formation of chemical substances that contain two or more atoms. The bond is caused by the electrostatic force of attraction between opposite charges, either between electrons and nuclei, or as the result of a dipole attraction. The strength of chemical bonds varies considerably; there are "strong bonds" such as covalent or ionic bonds and "weak bonds" such as dipole–dipole interactions, and hydrogen bonding.

    • Klaudine Bianca profile image

      2AlcantaraMMBUHM 2 years ago

      02 Alcantara Kn BUHM

      the chemical bond is an attraction between atoms that allows the formation of chemical substances that contain two or more atoms. The bond is caused by the electrostatic force of attraction between opposite charges, either between electrons and nuclei, or as the result of a dipole attraction.

    • Julien Villanueva profile image

      Julien Villanueva 2 years ago

      Villanueva Julien / BSHM 2014 - 2015

      Knowledge about chemical bonding is important. We should crave about this kinds of knowledge. By reading this hub I gained some knowledge that I didn't know of about atoms and how the chemical bonding works.

    • profile image

      Sarah Aligato 2 years ago

      Chemical bonding is like combining or mixing the ingredients for our menu.So we must know how to do the chemical properly.

    • Glenric Samaniego profile image

      Glenric Samaniego 2 years ago

      We have to know why atoms combine, but we all know its for a better cause to help our lives.

    • Leah Mae Perez profile image

      Leah Mae Perez 2 years ago

      20,PEREZ LM BUHM14

      Chemical bonding has a great role in our field. Our industry, Hospitality Management relies on people. So having this knowledge will also lead us to better relation with our costumers. Also, in Food and Beverage Department we mixed or the ingredients that we used is compatible or not to each other. That’s why we need to study Chemical Bonding to know how the things join together or how things connected to each other.

    • Trisha Vanguardia profile image

      Patrisha Anne D.Vanguardia 2 years ago from San Ildefonso,Bulacan

      As HM student, its like in bar-tending we will mix and combine the beverages so that it will taste delicious. In people is like developing the love for each other giving back each other's love.

    • profile image

      Miguel Panlilio 2 years ago from Baliuag Bulacan

      PANLILIO M.A.R BUHM14

      chemical bonding is transferring and sharing of electrons. this is helpful for us to be aware of how chemicals form and how to form a new chemical. just like in hospitality industry we should know how a product and service is done and how to make a new one.

    • Jahana Nicole profile image

      Jahana Nicole 2 years ago

      As we all know, atom is having an important role in our lives. Without chemical bonding we cannot understand how atoms and molecule combined. Its relevance in our life is that, We are having bonds in the people that we love or some people that we interact with. It's Like mixing chemicals, because we are blending together until we became a pure substance.

    • profile image

      John Carlo Viola 2 years ago

      chemical bonding is important for HM students, the relevance of chemical bonding is mixing and combining the ingredients.

    • simplyariannejoy profile image

      simplyariannejoy 2 years ago

      17 Flores, AJ BUHM

      For me, Chemical bonds are what keep the atoms in a molecule together, without them you won't exist, the tables and chairs and anything visible would no exist. No compounds would exist but because of the way atoms are held together these bonds exist. It is impossible for them not to make bonds with their current structure. chemical bonds are necessary in order to perform most of life's processes. Many biochemical pathways important to life involve the breaking and joining of numerous chemical bonds. The world is generally not composed of isolated atoms; rather, atoms bond to one another to form molecules and hence chemical compounds. Not all chemical bonds are created equal: some are weak, and some very strong, a difference that depends primarily on the interactions of electrons between atoms.

    • renzocauzon profile image

      renzocauzon 2 years ago

      09 Cauzon,RA BUHM

      The importance of Chemical Bonding in our daily lives is that we have to learn how to be independent. Chemical Bonding is all about sharing and transferring electrons.

    • Winnie Aquino profile image

      winnie rose inoncillo aquino 2 years ago from San Rafael, Bulacan

      2 Aquino, WR BUHM 2014

      Chemical Bonding is all about sharing and transferring electrons. This is related in life, because it is all about sharing blessings, ideas, knowledge, especially when Filipino does. So in as a student of Hospitality Management, we are not studying not only for the addition knowledge of our course but also in future, to promote the good culture and beliefs of every filipinos.

    • profile image

      Johnmarverickr 2 years ago

      Chemical reactions are important to all levels of biology. In the simplest terms, a reaction requires reactants and products. Reactants are the atoms or molecules that are involved with the change, and products are the resulting changed atoms or molecules.

    • Rose Joy Geronimo profile image

      Rose Joy Geronimo 2 years ago

      GERONIMO, R J BUTM IRREG

      Chemical bonding is important because it can make the atom bond. No compounds would exist but because of the way atoms are held together these bonds exist.

    • profile image

      Sanguyo nicko 2 years ago

      Chemical Bonding is very important to us as a Future Hotelier. We must know the right bond of chemicals we use to improve quality service. We must bond in our guest to they feel comfortable with us.

    • Patricia Rivera profile image

      Patricia Rivera 2 years ago

      Chemical Bonding has many connection in our lives because just like in my field Tourism Management interacts with different human being in which needs to bond and communicate well in different types of human beings.

    • profile image

      KennethCorpuz 2 years ago

      30 CORPUZ KENNETH B. BUTM14

      CHEMICAL BONDING. is a types o f chemical bond in ionic bond and covalent bond. and chemical cbonding together and also known combine and force of bond and connect of (TM) tourism management because chemical bonding is mean and also known called gases.

    • profile image

      Bernadette Devera 2 years ago

      8 Devera B BUTM 2014

      Chemical Bonding is related on us and helpful because on our course we are learning how to communicate with other people. Bonding itself means, the process of development of a close, interpersonal relationship.

    • Joyce De Guzman profile image

      Joyce De Guzman 2 years ago from San Ildefonso, Bulacan

      Chemical bonding is really important to us and also in our industry. In the near future we will be working in a hotel and we will be using chemicals and elements, we need to know the right bonding so that we can ensure the safety our guest.Also in food and beverage department we are mixing chemicals.

    • AlmiraEvangelista profile image

      AlmiraEvangelista 2 years ago

      Evangelista, Almira

      BSTM l-l

      Chemical Bonding in Chemistry is connected to my course Tourism Management, because Chemical bonding is an attraction between two or more different chemicals substances which will combined together and that also like the meeting of two personalities, like the contact of two chemical substances. If there is any reaction, both are transformed.

    • gelo hernandez profile image

      gelo hernandez 2 years ago

      Hernandez Angelo BSHM

      It is important for us to know what chemical bonding because when we work in a hotel, restaurant, we will encounter different types of guest and with that we must know how to treat everyone with respect. We must learn how to give and share.

    • AndreaBarcita profile image

      AndreaBarcita 2 years ago

      3 BARCITA AR M. BUHM14

      Chemical Bonding

      The importance of chemical bonding in our course is how we communicate to our guest, there should be a bond and how the ingredients will become perfect on the dish we cook. So that the guest will be satisfied.

    • AndreaBarcita profile image

      AndreaBarcita 2 years ago

      3 BARCITA AR M. BUHM14

      The importance of chemical bonding in our course is how we communicate to our guest, there should be a bond and how the ingredients will become perfect on the dish we cook. So that the guest will be satisfied.

    • Cea Castillo profile image

      Cea Castillo 2 years ago

      learning about the two main types of chemical bonds - ionic and covalent. You may even have discussed how chemical bonds form or given examples of chemical bonds. It is important because the chemical properties of almost any substance or material in the world depend upon the chemical bonds that make it up.

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      johnrenz santos 2 years ago

      24 SANTOS JRA BSHM14

      it is important to us to know about bonding specially in our course (HM)

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      RuelGiray 2 years ago

      Ruel Giray BSTM2014-2015

      Chemical bonding is important to learn for us because the relevance of Chemical Bonding in our course is in how we communicate or how we bond in different people we are facing.

    • profile image

      Veronica 2 years ago

      Thanks for sharing this infrimatove post. Antioxidants are really good for the body. Besides eating healthy, I think it is also important to live healthy by keeping our body active. This can be done by doing different types of exercises such as, going to the gym, joining a women dance fitness program (Dance a GoGo Burlesques , jazzercize aerobic etc.) going to the gym, yoga etc.

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      brillant joshua Dela Cruz 2 years ago

      It is important for us Hospitality Management student to study chemical bonding because someday we are going to deal with food and beverages. And we are able to know what will happen to a certain chemical when we combine it.

    • Carl patrick tan profile image

      Carl patrick tan 2 years ago

      33 TAN BUHM

      28 Turingan, BY BUHM14

      The relevance of Chemical bonding, is like, combining or mixing the ingredients for our menu. We need to know the right ingredient that is needed for that menu. So that, that food will not be fail, because of the wrong ingredient that we put. And so our guest cannot be poison, we need to know what's best for our costumers.

    • johncarl ballents profile image

      johncarl ballents 2 years ago from San Rafael, Bulacan

      Ballentes John Carl Buhm

      Chemical Bonding Is Related On Hm Student. On How can Communicate To Different People We Are Facing And How Food /beverage Different Kind Of Spices That we Mix Together

    • AngelicaBSHM1-1 profile image

      AngelicaBSHM1-1 2 years ago

      The relevance of this subject to our field of study is for us to know that cooking is science, especially chemistry. For us to know that whatever we are cooking or whatever the way we cooking, it is science. As your food touches the fire, the food conduct heat and it undergoes a chemical change process. Some particles of the food that we are cooking are disappearing while some are going into your food making it different in molecular structures. Just like when you grill your barbecue, the barbecue will be cooked because of the fire of course, and when you forgot that your are grilling barbecue, looked what you've had. "COAL", because your burned your barbecue it turns to a bunch of carbon stuffs.

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      pantan,jlbuhm 2 years ago

      Chemical Bonding is important to Hospitality Management because it can helps us the right mixing of ingredients that we are using.

    • Joshua Lim Calma profile image

      Joshua Lim Calma 2 years ago from San Miguel Bulacan

      is an attraction between atoms that allows the formation of chemical substances that contain two or more atoms. bond is caused by the electrostatic force of attraction between opposite charges, either between electrons and nuclei, or other result is a dipole attraction

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      michael baylon 2 years ago

      chemical bonds when creating chemical compounds.these chemical compounds are important as most substances today are made from chemical compounds.

    • Rad Mesina profile image

      Rad Mesina 2 years ago from Calumpit, Bulacan

      23MESINA, DJ BUHM

      Chemical Bonding is related on us and helpful because on our course we are learning how to communicate with other people. Bonding itself means, the process of development of a close, interpersonal relationship. On the other way around, we should know how chemicals bond because we are also doing chemical processes in the kitchen

    • Rollyne Munsayac profile image

      Rollyne Munsayac 2 years ago

      23 MUNSAYAC RE, BUTM 2014

      Chemical bonding is important because it can make the atom bond.

      We are having bonds in the people that we love or some people that we interact with. It's Like mixing chemicals, because we are blending it together.

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      HoneyGrace Salonga 2 years ago

      21 SALONGA HGC BUHM14

      The importance or the relevance of Chemical Bonding in our course is in how we communicate or how we bond in different people we are facing. and how the food will complement in its taste when we put different kind of spices to the food if the outcome is perfectly combined.

    • Clarisse Silverio profile image

      Clarisse Silverio 2 years ago

      26 Silverio, A.C G. BUHM14

      The relevance of chemical bonding in our course is like interacting with different guest,costumer because we all know that we all have different attitude so what we need is that we should know how to interact with the different guest that we encounter. And we are able to know what will happen to a certain chemical when we combine it.

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      19 GARCIA RGBUHM 2 years ago

      As we all know, atom is having an important role in our lives. Without chemical bonding we cannot understand how atoms and molecule combined. And these will help us a lot to understand how they can be form, and to know the difference between ionic and covalent and how the forces affect in the way of sharing electrons.

    • James Leoni III profile image

      James Leoni III 2 years ago from Candaba, Pampanga

      20 Leoni James BUHM

      The Relevance of of chemical bonding in BSHM is to interact with other people to to attract them.

    • James Leoni III profile image

      James Leoni III 2 years ago from Candaba, Pampanga

      20 Leoni James BUHM

      The Relevance of of chemical bonding in BSHM is to interact with other people to to attract them.

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      Reniel Carillo 2 years ago

      The significance of chemical bond in hospitality management are chemical bond is an attraction between atoms that allows the formation of chemical substances that contain two or more atoms.

      CARILLO,RENIEL M. BUHM 2014-2015

    • Mikaela Alavar profile image

      1Alavar, MM BUHM 2 years ago from Villa Katrina, Tangos Baliwag Bulacan

      1ALAVAR, MM BUHM

      This is not only in relevant on our field but for all. Studying and knowing this, is very useful in a way that we interact with other people. Bonding typically refers to the process of attachment that develops between romantic partners, close friends, or parents and children. It would very interesting for us to know about this because these are not only used for chemicals and experiments with different processes but also on how we deal with other people specially for us who are looking forward to be professionals someday this can be used in business.

    • Melanie Samson profile image

      Melanie Samson 2 years ago

      31 SAMSON, MH BUTM1-12014-2015

      The importance of Chemical Bonding in our daily lives is that we have to learn how to be independent by ourselves and as we go through, we may found out that we are already stable and at the near future, we will learned that we may now have bond with someone that we chose to spend our lives with. :)

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      Arel Zcirem 2 years ago

      8 CANIMO, AZ B BU HM 15

      The relevance of chemical bonding in our course is that we need to study on what will happen if we combine one substance to another.

      The topics are connected to each other and this report will help us to learn more.

    • LOUISE JEROME CRU profile image

      Louise Jerome P. Cruz 2 years ago

      9 CRUZ, L.J.,P. BU HM 14

      For me, it is also important for us to know what chemical bonding is. Because when we work in a hotel, restaurant, cruiselines we will encounter different types of guest and with that we must know how to treat everyone with respect so that we will have harmonious relationship as well as with our co staff we must learn how to respect each other, learn how to share what's on your mind, learn how to give what is right and in end you and your co staff will be successful just like in atoms if some atoms need to become stable they must find another atom that is fit for them to become stable. We must learn how to give and share because in Hospitality Industry it's a must and i must say everyone must have this capability to share and give to others.

    • mchristinelopez profile image

      mchristinelopez 2 years ago

      LopezMT BUHM1-1

      It is important for us Hospitality Management student to study chemical bonding because someday we are going to deal with food and beverages. We need to know the reaction when we mix chemicals if it can harm the guest.

    • SarmientoMonic profile image

      Monic dela Cruz Sarmiento 2 years ago from San Miguel, Bulacan

      31Sarmiento, MDC BUHM

      Chemical bonding has a great role in our field. Our industry, Hospitality Management relies on people. So having this knowledge will also lead us to better relation with our costumers. Also, in Food and Beverage Department, we always want to keep a well-prepare food for them. If we know all about this we will also know how to combine such ingredients to make the food very presentable.

    • Villacoba Kaye profile image

      Villacoba Kaye 2 years ago

      35 VILLACOBA, KH BUHM

      The relevance of chemical bonding in our course is that we need to study on what will happen if we combine one substance to another. We should know on what would be the product of the combined substance to prevent accident.

    • Iana Kristine profile image

      Iana kristine leoni 2 years ago

      Chemical bonding is important because it can make the atom bond. Like in real life we are having bonds or quality time with our love ones.

      19 LEONI IK BUTM 2014

    • Iana Kristine profile image

      Iana kristine leoni 2 years ago

      Chemical bonding is important because it can make the atom bond. Like in real life we are having bonds or quality time with our love ones

    • Chlaryse Tesaluna profile image

      Chlaryse Tesaluna 2 years ago

      37 TESALUNA C BUTM 2014

      Chemical bonding is important because it makes the atom together it's like they're bonding. Its relevance in our life is that, We are having bonds in the people that we love or some people that we interact with. It's Like mixing chemicals, because we are blending together until we became a pure substance.

    • Ellen Canoza profile image

      Ellen Mae M. Canoza 2 years ago from Bonga Mayor, Bustos Bulacan

      03 Canoza, EM BUHM 2014

      Chemical bonds are what keep the atoms in a molecule together, without them you won't exist, the tables and chairs and anything visible would no exist. No compounds would exist but because of the way atoms are held together these bonds exist. It is impossible for them not to make bonds with their current structure. chemical bonds are necessary in order to perform most of life's processes. Many biochemical pathways important to life involve the breaking and joining of numerous chemical bonds.

      If bonds are very "strong" then life itself would not have existed.

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      Jen Angelo Garcia 2 years ago

      18 Garcia, JA BUHM14

      The relevance of chemical bonding in Hospitality Management are we deal to people we must know how we will create bond that can give us a harmonious relation to each and everyone Another is when we prepare food if we want to produce a good nice dish we must know how to interrelate every ingredients to complement each and everyone. Chemical bonding teach us how to bond compatibility of any elements or compounds. This chemical bonding can help us on everyday life. And again as a live laboratory everything must be interconnected with each other

    • Nicolit Fernandez profile image

      nicolite mae fernandez 2 years ago from Seoul, Korea

      14 Fernandez, NM A. BUHM 14

      The relevance of chemical bonding in our course is how we communicate to our guest or customer. We need to know what they really want to be able to satisfy our guest, or let’s say we need to bond. Or in mixing drinks or mixing ingredients we need to know if the liquids or beverages that we mixed or the ingredients that we used is compatible or not to each other. That’s why we need to study Chemical Bonding to know how the things join together or how things connected to each other.

    • James Leoni III profile image

      James Leoni III 2 years ago from Candaba, Pampanga

      20 Leoni James BUHM 1-1

      The relevance of chemical bonding and chemical reactions in HM is really important. Because we need to mix food in the right way and what substance is good bonding with the food.

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      Katrine Canoza 2 years ago

      4 Canoza, KT BUHM

      The relevance of this topic to our degree is that we should know what is the product of the chemicals we are mixing together. Would it create a harmful toxic or a helping substance.

    • Bhel Marie profile image

      36MendozaMMBUHM 2 years ago

      36Mendoza, BM BUHM1-1

      Chemical Bond is an attraction between atoms that allows the formation of chemical substances that contain two or more atoms. The bond is caused by the electrostatic force of attraction between opposite charges, either between electrons and nuclei, or as the result of a dipole attraction.

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      Daphne Santiago 2 years ago

      29Santiago, Daphne Nicole BUHM1-1

      The relevance of Chemical Bonding in Hospitality Management is how we combine solid and liquid chemical in food and for the cleaning materials we use in housekeeping.

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      Krisette Enriquez 2 years ago

      13 ENRIQUEZ, KC BUTM 2014

      In Tourism, we need to understand how to communicate with others. Just like how atoms combined. We, Tourism students should know how to cooperate with the people around us so we can understand and know what service we can do to help them.

    • Harri Nagalinngam profile image

      Harri Nagalinngam 2 years ago from Manchester, United Kingdom

      Nagalinngam, H 1-1BUHM

      chemical bonding is important in the study of hospitality management because it helps us understand what a compound is comprised. and so that we would know how many elements are needed in mixing certain elements weather in cooking or with cleaning chemicals

    • DelosSantosElaine profile image

      elaine delos santos 2 years ago from san luis,pampanga

      16DelosSantos,ESBUHM

      We, hospitality management students must know how atoms combine and how chemical bonds produce. Not only in the field of cooking but we can also apply this with the harmonious iteraction with our guest. How we and our guest will be strongly bond together like how different force bonds atom.

    • Estacio M O BUTM profile image

      Estacio M O BUTM 2 years ago

      ESTACIO M O BUTM IRREG

      Chemical bonding is important to learn. To know what may formed when two atoms combine. As they said, chemical bond is a shared electron fr. One atom to another. So, like us, the interaction between the guest, on how we shared thoughts are like chemical bond.

    • Carla Katrina profile image

      Carla Katrina Liwag 2 years ago from Baliwag, Bulacan

      Liwag, CK BUHM 2014

      Chemical bonding is very important for us HM students because someday we our dealing with mixing food, ingredients, seasoning and other terms in cooking. The word "chemical bonding" for me, It is the knowledge that we can apply when we our cleaning especially when we our using different chemicals.

    • DeGuzmanMMBUHM15 profile image

      DeGuzmanMMBUHM15 2 years ago

      Chemical bonding is important in my course hospitality management because in order to form a chemical bond, we need to make sure that we combined the right chemicals just like when mixing something in the dish or beverage we do. It must contain the right ingredients to taste good. So we must know how to do the chemical bonding properly.

    • Casil PIBUHM08 profile image

      Casil PIBUHM08 2 years ago

      Without chemical bonding there will be no chemical reaction. In relation to our course when preparing a food if we will not add some garnishes and seasonings the food will be dull and we can't produce something new for the guests.

    • paguiligan julia profile image

      Julia Ann 2 years ago

      37 PAGUILIGAN, JAT BUHM

      I relate chemical bond to hospitality management by mixing the ingredients of the food that we cook. When we cook, we mix the ingredients and stirring it to equalize the taste.

    • Josephdc profile image

      Josephdc 2 years ago

      Chemical bonding is important as matter because without chemical bonding there will be no compund that will help us in our jobs. It is important because in the industry people are like chemical we have to learn on how to bond with them to be able to work together properly.

      12Dela Cruz J,M BUHM

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      Cruz, RalphAlbert C. 2 years ago

      11 CRUZ, RALPHALBERT C. BSHM

      It is very important to know chemical bonds because we Hospitality Management, must know how to deal with people just like chemicals there should be what they call chemistry or similarities so to say.

    • Bianca Turingan profile image

      Bianca Ysabelle Turingan 2 years ago from Tangos, Baliuag, Bulacan

      28 Turingan, BY BUHM14

      Chemical bonding, is like, combining or mixing the ingredients for our menu. We need to know the right ingredient that is needed for that menu. So that, that food will not be fail, because of the wrong ingredient that we put.

    • Kyla Mae Navarro profile image

      Kyla Mae Navarro 2 years ago

      24 NAVARRO, KDG BUTM 2014

      The relevance of chemical bonding in our field in tourism is literally from the word itself, "bond" it means something that is shared between people or groups and forms a connection between them, basically our job in the tourism industry is to communicate and bond with our guests and passengers just like atoms of molecules are linked together through a reaction. And a chemical bond is a force that holds atom together.

    • Johnrenz Santos profile image

      Johnrenz Santos 2 years ago from Candaba, Pampanga

      24 Santos JRS BUHM 2014

      Chemical bonding is so important to us to know because every time we do something that we don't know we must search and learn to make us more safe and secure.

      just like every time we mix chemical it is so dangerous if we don't know about the right chemical bond.

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      Roland Daguison 2 years ago

      12 DAGUISON RL BUHM 2014

      Its important for us to know on how to bond chemicals so that we keep safe from all violent reactions.

      Its important to study it well to know the uses of each and also we know where to use it.

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      Janice Gonzales 2 years ago

      17 GONZALES JB BUTM 2014

      Chemical bonding is important in the field of tourism because it is releted to the diffirent substances for preserving foods and beverages it will add somes flavors aroma to the foods that we prepare or serve to the guest.

    • Nina de Vera profile image

      Nina de Vera 2 years ago

      09 DE VERA, MN BUT 2014

      Chemical bond types. An ionic bond is formed by the attraction oppositely charged atoms or group of atoms. When an atom gain or loses one or more electrons. It forms an ion. Ion have either a net positive or negative charged.