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Endangered Animals in the Rainforest

Updated on November 19, 2016
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Livingsta is a writer who writes about anything that fascinates, provokes or interests her by putting in her best of efforts and thoughts.

Endangered Rainforest Animals

Destruction of our environment is the biggest contribution that we make to the extinction of many species in the forest. It is estimated that approximately half the number of world’s animals live in the rain forests. Due to the rapid disappearance of rain forests many animals living in them are now endangered. Every plant and animal needs an ideal environment where they can survive. No life can exist without proper and sufficient source of food, water and shelter. There should be a balance between the prey and the predator, without which the population might either vanish or explode. It is estimated that every hour 240 acres of natural habitat disappear.

Photo credit: Corcovado Trail
Photo credit: Corcovado Trail

The main reasons for the endangered species are,

i. destruction of the ecosystem

ii. low level of genetic variability

iii. poor dispersal ability

iv. pollution

v. large area requirements

vi. hunting and fishing

vii. concentrated population

viii. introduction of exotic species

ix. concentrated population

x. long distance migration

xi. and many other reasons, the list can go on…

Listed below is the endangered species of the rain-forest. It is the best known species that are listed, but in fact there are many other species that are endangered as well.

Golden Lion Tamarin Monkey:

Golden lion tamarin monkeys are squirrel-sized monkey with long, silky reddish-brown fur that live in the lowland rainforest of the Atlantic coast of Brazil. They eat fruit, flowers, gums and nectars of plants, insects, snails, frogs, lizards and birds' eggs. They are the smallest monkeys in the world. They are the most endangered species in the world. There are approximately 800 of these monkeys left in the wild. The reason for their extinction is their beautiful coloured fur, which the poachers sell for an amount close to $20,000.

Gorilla:

Gorillas are shy, gentle, peaceful animals. Mountain Gorillas are found in the Virunga volcanoes region in eastern Zaire, Rwanda and Uganda, and eastern lowland gorilla is found in eastern Zaire and western lowland gorilla is found in the West Africa and Congo basin. Mountain and eastern lowland gorillas are completely vegetarian; eating leaves, stems and fruit of plants such as bamboo whereas Western lowland gorillas also eat insects and small invertebrates. It is estimated that about 80 percent of the gorilla population is extinct. Gorillas face threat in wherever place they live. Destruction of habitat, hunting by humans and diseases caused by Ebola virus are the reasons for extinction.

Poison Dart Frog:

The poison dart frogs live in the tropical rainforest which usually stay near a water source, such as a pond or stream. They are found in the Central and South America mostly in the Amazon rainforest. There are around 234 species of poison dart frogs known to humans, of which twenty eight percent are endangered due to destruction of rainforests. This beautiful and deadly, frog comes in a variety of blue colours with black spots on its head. They eat termites, crickets, ants and fruit flies. Chemicals from their food are converted into poisons, which they release from the skin and can be lethal to their predators. It is believed that Poison arrow frogs have about 200 micrograms of poison in their systems where it would take only 2 micrograms to kill a human. The poison from the poison dart frogs from Colombia and South America are utilized by Indians to poison the tips of blowgun darts.

Manatee:

Manatees are gentle, plant-eating herbivores sometimes nicknamed "sea cows". They are thick-skinned, streamlined, and have almost hairless bodies with their forelimbs modified into flippers. The tail is enlarged and horizontally-flattened. They are found in the warm waters of coastlines and rivers in rainforest regions of Florida, the Caribbean, Africa, the AmazonBasin and parts of Asia. They are quite rare with only 2,500 left in the USA. They spend most of their time feeding, resting or travelling and prefer shallow saltwater bays, slow-moving rivers, canals, estuaries and coastal waters. Manatees eat aquatic and semi-aquatic plants which include manatee grass, turtle grass, and various species of algae, mangrove leaves, and water hyacinths. Manatees are migratory animals adapted to both saltwater and freshwater habitats and can live up to a period of sixty years. Their main threat is destruction of habitat.

Bengal Tiger:

The Bengal tiger is an extremely endangered species living in the mangrove forests of the Sundarban regions of India, Bangladesh, China, Siberia and Indonesia. They are nocturnal and so hunt at night. They stalk their prey and kill them with a bite on the back of the neck and large prey with a bite to the throat. They usually hunt wild ox and buffaloes but in the Sundarbans region of India and Bangladesh, they hunt deer, wild boar, and monkeys and rarely porcupines. They can eat around sixty five pounds of meat in a night. At present there are less than 2,500 of this species left, while there were more than 45,000 in 1900. Poaching and destruction of habitat are the reasons for this species getting endangered. India's National Parks are being mismanaged, and there are not enough guards to stop the poaching of tigers. Tigers are rarely killed with guns, as a bullet hole affects the value of the skin. So they are given poisoned meat, and suffer a slow and agonising death which sometimes takes several days.

Chimpanzee:

Chimpanzees are found in Africa, from Guinea to western Uganda and Tanzania. They live in Rainforest and savannah. They feed on mainly fruit (including bananas, pawpaw and wild figs), but also leaves, buds, flowers, bark, resin, honey, ants, termites and rarely birds eggs and chicks and animals such as young bushbucks, bush pigs, colobus monkeys and young baboons. The chimpanzee exhibits a lot of human qualities such as facial expressions, problem-solving abilities and a high level of parental care. They even suffer from human diseases such as malaria. Chimpanzees are regarded as a nuisance when they attack banana plantations. Destruction of habitats, hunting and trapping chimpanzees for zoos and experimental use (testing drugs) have put chimpanzees on the endangered animals list.

Harpy Eagle:

Harpy Eagles are found in tropical lowland rainforests of Central and South America, from south eastern Mexico and Bolivia to northern Argentina and southern Brazil. They prefer to live in large areas of continuous forests. They feed on animals that live in the trees, like sloths, monkeys, opossums, and some reptiles and birds. They are considered to be one of the largest and most powerful of the eagle species in the world. They can only fly with prey weighing up to approximately one half of their body weight. They bring fresh green twigs and branches to their nest, which help eradicate the nest from insects and parasites, also providing a cool environment. The major threats to this endangered species are loss of habitat, destruction of nesting sites and hunting.

Orang-utan:

The word orang-utan literally means a 'person of the forest'. They live in the dense tropical rainforests of the islands of Borneo and Sumatra. They are heavy with human-like body, very long arms, grasping hands and feet. They have dark grey skin and reddish hair. They feed on tropical fruits, leaves, shoots, bark, insects and eggs. They are very intelligent. An orang-utan may stay in a place where there is plenty of food for as long as the supply lasts. Orang-utans make simple nests every night to sleep, by bending branches together to form a platform, sometimes with a roof over the nest to protect them from the rain. This species is highly endangered due to destruction and loss of habitat as well as poaching and hunting for the wild animal trade. The orang-utan population has declined approximately 80 percent in the last 75 years.

Jaguar:

The jaguar is the only member of the panthera family to be found in the Americas and is the biggest cat on the continent. The Jaguars were once found in the southern states of the USA down to the tip of South America. But now they are found only in the north and central parts of the South American continent. They are found mostly in the lowland rain forests of the AmazonBasin, and also in dry woodland and grassland. It preys on large domestic livestock such as cattle and horses, Marsh deer, Brocket deer, various species of Peccary, larger rodents such as Capybara, Paca and Agouti, reptiles, monkeys in the lower branches of the large rain forest trees and will often eat fish, turtles and large caiman. It is estimated that there are now only around 15,000 jaguars left in the wild and conservation. Jaguar is facing complete extinction due to poachers who hunt the cat for its fur and the destruction of its rain forest habitat.

Leopard:

The leopards are found all over Africa, from the Arabian Peninsula through Asia to Manchuria and Korea. They can adapt to almost any type of habitat where there is sufficient food and cover, which excludes only the interior of large deserts. It is the only large predator in the rain forests. Leopards consume protein in any form, from beetles up to antelopes twice its own weight. It readily eats dead rotten meat, storing the killed animals in trees and returning in the night to feed on them. Their main diet include medium sized antelopes and the young topi, hartebeest, wildebeest, zebra. They also feed on hares, birds and small carnivores including baboons. These beautiful leopards are on the endangered list because of their habitat being destroyed, being hunted for their fur.

Three-toed Sloth:

The three toed sloths are found in central and South American rain forests. They are the world's slowest mammal, and are so inactive that algae grow on its furry coat. They live their lives in the canopy of the forest. They only descend the trees once a week to urinate and defecate, and communicate through scent. They spend most of their time on top of trees hanging from branches with their long claws. Dead sloths have been known to retain their grip and remain suspended from a branch. Sloths even sleep in trees from 15 to 20 hours every day. At night they eat leaves, shoots, and fruit from the trees and get almost all of their water from juicy plants. They are an endangered species due to destruction of habitat and are also more vulnerable to predators. They are mostly found in the Amazon.

Hyacinth Macaw:

The hyacinth macaws are found in southern Brazil, eastern Bolivia and north eastern Paraguay. They are the largest parrot in the world. They live in the Amazon rainforest. It is believed that there were more than 100,000 hyacinth macaws before the arrival of Amerindians in South America. But in 1990, the wild population was estimated to be 2,500 birds. The hyacinth macaw eats seeds, nuts, fruits, and vegetable matter and also eight species of palm. Its large beak allows it to eat inaccessible nuts and seeds. Macaws can eat some poisonous seeds and unripe fruits that no other animal can digest. Macaws are captured for local sale and about 50 percent of hyacinth macaws trapped in Brazil were bought by Brazilians rather than being sold overseas. The hyacinth macaw and many other macaws are highly endangered, because their habitat has been lost due to hydroelectric power development. Vast riverside habitats have been flooded by building dams. Apart from that ranchers kill macaws because they believe that hyacinths damage palm trees and in some places, local people still hunt macaws for meat.

Toucan:

The toucans are beautiful forest birds found in the rain forests of Central and South America from Mexico to Argentina. They have enormous and colourful bill, and red, yellow, blue, black or orange plumage. They feed on fruits, nuts and berries and nest in tree holes, laying glossy white eggs that are incubated by both parents. They are friendly and cute birds and nest in tree holes. They are very popular pets, and are captured to supply demand for this trade. There are around 40 species of toucan many of which are endangered. The threat is due to destruction of habitat and also capture for sale in pet markets.

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    • profile image

      ivy 2 weeks ago

      this really help me on my homework

    • profile image

      Emily mitchell 4 weeks ago

      This is the most helpful website!

    • profile image

      kitty 5 weeks ago

      i love kittys

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      Chicken Nugget 2 months ago

      This is very interesting and helpful.

    • profile image

      Laialni 3 months ago

      Hi I am a 5th grader and thanks for the grate info and the support for saving the rainforest

    • livingsta profile image
      Author

      livingsta 15 months ago from United Kingdom

      You're most welcome!

    • livingsta profile image
      Author

      livingsta 15 months ago from United Kingdom

      Hello josey, you're most welcome!

    • livingsta profile image
      Author

      livingsta 15 months ago from United Kingdom

      Hello josey, I am glad that you found this helpful!

    • livingsta profile image
      Author

      livingsta 15 months ago from United Kingdom

      Hello josey, thank you for stopping by. I totally agree with you. It is sad to see that a lot of our flora and fauna are extinct or highly endangered. Only us humans can help to save our planet. Have an awesome 2016!

    • livingsta profile image
      Author

      livingsta 15 months ago from United Kingdom

      Hello Claire, thank you. I am glad that you found this useful!

    • profile image

      bitch 2 years ago

      Thanks for the help

    • profile image

      anonmus 3 years ago

      AND MANATEES

    • profile image

      Anonomus 3 years ago

      good info SAVE THE FROGS!!!!!!!!!

    • profile image

      josey 3 years ago

      omg

      this website is fantasstic

      we should take care of animals not destroy them

      please post my comment

    • profile image

      josey 3 years ago

      hi, im on a free period and i thought id catch up on my facts ready for my exam on wednesday thanks for all the great info

    • profile image

      josey 3 years ago

      yay, now I can do my endangered animal assessment thank so much:)

    • profile image

      josey 3 years ago

      wow great website its not fair we are are endangering them

    • profile image

      claire 3 years ago

      wow this is brilliant website

    • livingsta profile image
      Author

      livingsta 3 years ago from United Kingdom

      Hi Bill, yes it does look interesting. Thank you for the encouragement and support Bill. Have a good day :-)

    • billybuc profile image

      Bill Holland 3 years ago from Olympia, WA

      The Harpy Eagle is a rather interesting looking bird, isn't it?

      Great work you are doing here. As I have told you before, all we can do is raise awareness and hope that we make a difference by doing so. Thank you for this article and the others like it.

    • livingsta profile image
      Author

      livingsta 3 years ago from United Kingdom

      Hi Kidscrafts, Wow, that is so kind of you. And also, how interesting to know that you are using environment friendly materials. Glad to hear that. :-)

    • kidscrafts profile image

      kidscrafts 3 years ago from Ottawa, Canada

      I am looking forward of reading your next hubs with the same theme. In a lot of my projects, I try to use simple materials or recycle because it has less impact on the environment as well!

    • livingsta profile image
      Author

      livingsta 3 years ago from United Kingdom

      Hi kidscrafts, yes, this is a very important subject and as you say, removing one animal will have a serious effect on the chain. I am also preparing a few more hubs on this series which I will be publishing soon.

      I am glad that you found this interesting. Have a great week ahead.

    • kidscrafts profile image

      kidscrafts 3 years ago from Ottawa, Canada

      Great article about endangered animals in the rainforest. It's so important to talk about this subject as they are so many animals disappearing from the Earth. Removing one animal from one place will disturb the rest of the chain. We lost already to many species!

      Thank you for writing about this important subject!

      Voted up, interesting and awesome!

      Great pictures!

    • livingsta profile image
      Author

      livingsta 3 years ago from United Kingdom

      Hi TaleahOwens, I am glad that this was helpful. All the best.

    • profile image

      TaleahOwens 3 years ago

      thank you know i can do my proect xD YAY

    • livingsta profile image
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      livingsta 4 years ago from United Kingdom

      Hi Bryce, yes it is not right. Thank you for reading and sharing your concerns. Spreading the word will help!

    • profile image

      Bryce 4 years ago

      It is wrong to do this to such amazing animals.

    • profile image

      Reviewer 4 years ago

      Rainforest are cool . So is this website!!!!! oll

    • profile image

      Reviewer 4 years ago

      cool

    • livingsta profile image
      Author

      livingsta 4 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you Pstraubie48. Thank you for stopping by.

      Sending angels to you too :-)

    • pstraubie48 profile image

      Patricia Scott 4 years ago from sunny Florida

      It breaks my heart to read of these amazing creatures disappearing from the planet and so little is being done it seems to stop it.

      Calling attention to this problem is one way maybe to cause everyone to pay attention.

      Sending Angels to you :) ps

    • livingsta profile image
      Author

      livingsta 4 years ago from United Kingdom

      True Amanthkr01. Thank you for your appreciation and votes. I am glad you liked it. Have a wonderful New Year!

    • livingsta profile image
      Author

      livingsta 4 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you Sgbrown. True, we all need to work together on it!

      Thank you for the appreciation, votes and share! Have an awesome New Year!

    • livingsta profile image
      Author

      livingsta 4 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you so much Au fait! Yes we need to be aware of the destructions done by humans to this beautiful Earth and take every measure to stop them.

      Thank you for your appreciation and votes and shares! Have a wonderful NewYear!

    • amanthkr01 profile image

      Aman Thakur 4 years ago from India

      This is really a superb hub. I liked the way you presented the information and your concern with these wild animals of the forest.

      I also think now the high time has come to act survive this animals who are at the verge of extinction.

      Voting Up and useful!!!!!!!!!!!

    • sgbrown profile image

      Sheila Brown 4 years ago from Southern Oklahoma

      Very good hub! Saving our rain forests and the animals that depend on them is crucial! As the most intelligent of all "animals", we as humans need to find a way to create a good balance. We need to save our rain forests and the animals that live there. Great hub! Voting up and sharing!

    • Au fait profile image

      C E Clark 4 years ago from North Texas

      Beautiful photos. We all need to think about what we are doing before we find ourselves alone on this planet except for the only thing that can survive in just about anything -- cockroaches!

      I've noted you have a wide variety of extremely interesting subjects that you have written about and I look forward to reading more.

      Voted you up, and BAUI (Beautiful, Awesome, Useful, Interesting), and will share with my followers!

    • livingsta profile image
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      livingsta 4 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you Sweetie! I am glad you enjoyed reading it!

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      sweetie1 4 years ago from India

      I loved this hub. Bengal tigers are my favorite. Very beautiful pictures. There are less than 1400 tigers left in India.

    • profile image

      jules 9 dubai 4 years ago

      it is very interesting

    • livingsta profile image
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      livingsta 4 years ago from United Kingdom

      Yes @animal crazy, they are. Thank you for reading!

    • profile image

      animal crazy 4 years ago

      these are very helpful and amazing

    • livingsta profile image
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      livingsta 4 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you for reading and writing down your feelings and thoughts AnnaCia.

    • AnnaCia profile image

      AnnaCia 4 years ago

      Our poor rainforests! I am originally from Puerto Rico where we have the only tropical rainforest of the USA. Such beautiful places need our help by letting them breathe and grow. Thank you for the hub.

    • livingsta profile image
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      livingsta 4 years ago from United Kingdom

      Yes they are Midget38, thank you for reading!

    • midget38 profile image

      Michelle Liew 4 years ago from Singapore

      As humans encroach, the animals suffer. Thanks for the share, Dahlia! Some of these animals are really exotic!

    • livingsta profile image
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      livingsta 4 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you Ahe, I am glad you liked!

    • profile image

      ahe 4 years ago

      great stuff your website rocks

    • livingsta profile image
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      livingsta 4 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you Charlie!

    • livingsta profile image
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      livingsta 4 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you Natasha!

    • profile image

      charlie (funkymonkey10) 4 years ago

      this is gr8

      plz post my comment

    • profile image

      charlie (funkymonkey10) 4 years ago

      im really soz if i hurt your feelings :(

      SORRY

      i hve now read some of your site and it is actually a pretty good 1!

    • profile image

      Natasha 4 years ago

      Beautiful pictures and some cool information.

      GREAT WEBSITE........................

      KEEP IT UP...........................

    • livingsta profile image
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      livingsta 4 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you Divith, that was kind of you!

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      divith jain 4 years ago

      hi u r so sweet

    • livingsta profile image
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      livingsta 4 years ago from United Kingdom

      @zaidatout, thank you :)

    • livingsta profile image
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      livingsta 4 years ago from United Kingdom

      @casady, you are welcome !

    • livingsta profile image
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      livingsta 4 years ago from United Kingdom

      @kary, you are welcome!

    • livingsta profile image
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      livingsta 4 years ago from United Kingdom

      @Nina, you are welcome!

    • livingsta profile image
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      livingsta 4 years ago from United Kingdom

      @whatevas, am glad it helped !

    • profile image

      blank 4 years ago

      great

    • profile image

      zaidatout 4 years ago

      GREAT WEBSITE!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

    • profile image

      julie 4 years ago

      awesome pictures I can really understand them.

    • profile image

      heather 5 years ago

      really injoyed it but needed what humans do to hurt these animals and why?

    • profile image

      casady 5 years ago

      yes thank you, i am also writing an essay and this site helped me. it made it easy.

    • profile image

      kary 5 years ago

      thank u it helped me with my essay

    • profile image

      Nina 5 years ago

      Thanks

    • profile image

      whatevas 5 years ago

      yeah thanks it helped a lot with science in school!

    • livingsta profile image
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      livingsta 5 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you Lunatic, am glad it helped !

    • profile image

      lunatic 5 years ago

      it really helped me thank u

    • livingsta profile image
      Author

      livingsta 5 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you so much ! am glad it helped !

    • livingsta profile image
      Author

      livingsta 5 years ago from United Kingdom

      I am glad it helped. Good luck !

    • profile image

      me 5 years ago

      that helped heaps and i luv the photos

      u are gr8

    • profile image

      duuuuuuuuuuuuude 5 years ago

      really helped with school project

    • livingsta profile image
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      livingsta 5 years ago from United Kingdom

      You are most welcome Turbo !

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      turbo2702 5 years ago

      Thanks for all the great information. Helped me a lot with a school project!

    • livingsta profile image
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      livingsta 5 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you so much for stopping by and for the valuable comments @Melis Ann..!

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      Melis Ann 5 years ago from Mom On A Health Hunt

      Your hub makes a great resource which I've posted a hub of mine. So much tragedy and destruction occurs in the rainforest habitat. The images you've included in your hub make it more memorable and hopefully anyone who sees this will remember all of these beautiful creatures.

    • livingsta profile image
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      livingsta 5 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you everyone, I am glad it was helpful !

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      abc123 5 years ago

      thanx that helped

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      sr123 6 years ago

      this is a great website. keep up the good work!

    • profile image

      xx123 6 years ago

      thanks this really helped me with my geography homework!

      and very cute pictures :D

    • profile image

      izzy 6 years ago

      thanks now i can do my geography assessment!

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      livingsta 6 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you lilmiss for reading...and yes they are cute !

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      lilmiss  6 years ago

      ahhw how cute r they x

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      livingsta 6 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you everyone for stopping by and for the appreciation :)

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      Ben  6 years ago

      well done it looks fantastic :)

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      Sanjvwin Santhosh 6 years ago

      Thank you for your information

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      livingsta 6 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you...happy about that 12345 :)

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      12345 6 years ago

      thanks this was a school asinment and it helped me

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      bazz 6 years ago

      what are we talking about

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      Angela Michelle Schultz 6 years ago from United States

      Beautiful pictures, and very thorough on a very important topic. :) Good job. My favorite endangered animal is the civet. Any animal they make dung coffee from, has to be cool.

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      sydney 7 years ago

      thanks a lot thanksssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssss

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      1996girl 7 years ago

      thanks so much for this it has saved my skin for my geography essay. thanks :)

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      blondie 7 years ago

      thank you a lot. You really saved my skin. you're gr8

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      livingsta 7 years ago from United Kingdom

      You are most welcome Snipe2468. Thank you so much for the comments

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      snipe2468 7 years ago

      thanks a lot livingsta

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      livingsta 7 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you Pala igt , for the comments

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      pala igt 7 years ago

      thank u kc luv it

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      livingsta 7 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank u Giirii

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      giirii 7 years ago

      gr8

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      livingsta 7 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thanks a lot for your appreciation Natalie

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      natallie 7 years ago

      good hub, keep it up.

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