Endangered Animals in the Rainforest

Updated on November 19, 2016
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Livingsta is a writer who writes about anything that fascinates, provokes or interests her by putting in her best of efforts and thoughts.

Endangered Rainforest Animals

Destruction of our environment is the biggest contribution that we make to the extinction of many species in the forest. It is estimated that approximately half the number of world’s animals live in the rain forests. Due to the rapid disappearance of rain forests many animals living in them are now endangered. Every plant and animal needs an ideal environment where they can survive. No life can exist without proper and sufficient source of food, water and shelter. There should be a balance between the prey and the predator, without which the population might either vanish or explode. It is estimated that every hour 240 acres of natural habitat disappear.

Photo credit: Corcovado Trail
Photo credit: Corcovado Trail

The main reasons for the endangered species are,

i. destruction of the ecosystem

ii. low level of genetic variability

iii. poor dispersal ability

iv. pollution

v. large area requirements

vi. hunting and fishing

vii. concentrated population

viii. introduction of exotic species

ix. concentrated population

x. long distance migration

xi. and many other reasons, the list can go on…

Listed below is the endangered species of the rain-forest. It is the best known species that are listed, but in fact there are many other species that are endangered as well.

Golden Lion Tamarin Monkey:

Golden lion tamarin monkeys are squirrel-sized monkey with long, silky reddish-brown fur that live in the lowland rainforest of the Atlantic coast of Brazil. They eat fruit, flowers, gums and nectars of plants, insects, snails, frogs, lizards and birds' eggs. They are the smallest monkeys in the world. They are the most endangered species in the world. There are approximately 800 of these monkeys left in the wild. The reason for their extinction is their beautiful coloured fur, which the poachers sell for an amount close to $20,000.

Gorilla:

Gorillas are shy, gentle, peaceful animals. Mountain Gorillas are found in the Virunga volcanoes region in eastern Zaire, Rwanda and Uganda, and eastern lowland gorilla is found in eastern Zaire and western lowland gorilla is found in the West Africa and Congo basin. Mountain and eastern lowland gorillas are completely vegetarian; eating leaves, stems and fruit of plants such as bamboo whereas Western lowland gorillas also eat insects and small invertebrates. It is estimated that about 80 percent of the gorilla population is extinct. Gorillas face threat in wherever place they live. Destruction of habitat, hunting by humans and diseases caused by Ebola virus are the reasons for extinction.

Poison Dart Frog:

The poison dart frogs live in the tropical rainforest which usually stay near a water source, such as a pond or stream. They are found in the Central and South America mostly in the Amazon rainforest. There are around 234 species of poison dart frogs known to humans, of which twenty eight percent are endangered due to destruction of rainforests. This beautiful and deadly, frog comes in a variety of blue colours with black spots on its head. They eat termites, crickets, ants and fruit flies. Chemicals from their food are converted into poisons, which they release from the skin and can be lethal to their predators. It is believed that Poison arrow frogs have about 200 micrograms of poison in their systems where it would take only 2 micrograms to kill a human. The poison from the poison dart frogs from Colombia and South America are utilized by Indians to poison the tips of blowgun darts.

Manatee:

Manatees are gentle, plant-eating herbivores sometimes nicknamed "sea cows". They are thick-skinned, streamlined, and have almost hairless bodies with their forelimbs modified into flippers. The tail is enlarged and horizontally-flattened. They are found in the warm waters of coastlines and rivers in rainforest regions of Florida, the Caribbean, Africa, the AmazonBasin and parts of Asia. They are quite rare with only 2,500 left in the USA. They spend most of their time feeding, resting or travelling and prefer shallow saltwater bays, slow-moving rivers, canals, estuaries and coastal waters. Manatees eat aquatic and semi-aquatic plants which include manatee grass, turtle grass, and various species of algae, mangrove leaves, and water hyacinths. Manatees are migratory animals adapted to both saltwater and freshwater habitats and can live up to a period of sixty years. Their main threat is destruction of habitat.

Bengal Tiger:

The Bengal tiger is an extremely endangered species living in the mangrove forests of the Sundarban regions of India, Bangladesh, China, Siberia and Indonesia. They are nocturnal and so hunt at night. They stalk their prey and kill them with a bite on the back of the neck and large prey with a bite to the throat. They usually hunt wild ox and buffaloes but in the Sundarbans region of India and Bangladesh, they hunt deer, wild boar, and monkeys and rarely porcupines. They can eat around sixty five pounds of meat in a night. At present there are less than 2,500 of this species left, while there were more than 45,000 in 1900. Poaching and destruction of habitat are the reasons for this species getting endangered. India's National Parks are being mismanaged, and there are not enough guards to stop the poaching of tigers. Tigers are rarely killed with guns, as a bullet hole affects the value of the skin. So they are given poisoned meat, and suffer a slow and agonising death which sometimes takes several days.

Chimpanzee:

Chimpanzees are found in Africa, from Guinea to western Uganda and Tanzania. They live in Rainforest and savannah. They feed on mainly fruit (including bananas, pawpaw and wild figs), but also leaves, buds, flowers, bark, resin, honey, ants, termites and rarely birds eggs and chicks and animals such as young bushbucks, bush pigs, colobus monkeys and young baboons. The chimpanzee exhibits a lot of human qualities such as facial expressions, problem-solving abilities and a high level of parental care. They even suffer from human diseases such as malaria. Chimpanzees are regarded as a nuisance when they attack banana plantations. Destruction of habitats, hunting and trapping chimpanzees for zoos and experimental use (testing drugs) have put chimpanzees on the endangered animals list.

Harpy Eagle:

Harpy Eagles are found in tropical lowland rainforests of Central and South America, from south eastern Mexico and Bolivia to northern Argentina and southern Brazil. They prefer to live in large areas of continuous forests. They feed on animals that live in the trees, like sloths, monkeys, opossums, and some reptiles and birds. They are considered to be one of the largest and most powerful of the eagle species in the world. They can only fly with prey weighing up to approximately one half of their body weight. They bring fresh green twigs and branches to their nest, which help eradicate the nest from insects and parasites, also providing a cool environment. The major threats to this endangered species are loss of habitat, destruction of nesting sites and hunting.

Orang-utan:

The word orang-utan literally means a 'person of the forest'. They live in the dense tropical rainforests of the islands of Borneo and Sumatra. They are heavy with human-like body, very long arms, grasping hands and feet. They have dark grey skin and reddish hair. They feed on tropical fruits, leaves, shoots, bark, insects and eggs. They are very intelligent. An orang-utan may stay in a place where there is plenty of food for as long as the supply lasts. Orang-utans make simple nests every night to sleep, by bending branches together to form a platform, sometimes with a roof over the nest to protect them from the rain. This species is highly endangered due to destruction and loss of habitat as well as poaching and hunting for the wild animal trade. The orang-utan population has declined approximately 80 percent in the last 75 years.

Jaguar:

The jaguar is the only member of the panthera family to be found in the Americas and is the biggest cat on the continent. The Jaguars were once found in the southern states of the USA down to the tip of South America. But now they are found only in the north and central parts of the South American continent. They are found mostly in the lowland rain forests of the AmazonBasin, and also in dry woodland and grassland. It preys on large domestic livestock such as cattle and horses, Marsh deer, Brocket deer, various species of Peccary, larger rodents such as Capybara, Paca and Agouti, reptiles, monkeys in the lower branches of the large rain forest trees and will often eat fish, turtles and large caiman. It is estimated that there are now only around 15,000 jaguars left in the wild and conservation. Jaguar is facing complete extinction due to poachers who hunt the cat for its fur and the destruction of its rain forest habitat.

Leopard:

The leopards are found all over Africa, from the Arabian Peninsula through Asia to Manchuria and Korea. They can adapt to almost any type of habitat where there is sufficient food and cover, which excludes only the interior of large deserts. It is the only large predator in the rain forests. Leopards consume protein in any form, from beetles up to antelopes twice its own weight. It readily eats dead rotten meat, storing the killed animals in trees and returning in the night to feed on them. Their main diet include medium sized antelopes and the young topi, hartebeest, wildebeest, zebra. They also feed on hares, birds and small carnivores including baboons. These beautiful leopards are on the endangered list because of their habitat being destroyed, being hunted for their fur.

Three-toed Sloth:

The three toed sloths are found in central and South American rain forests. They are the world's slowest mammal, and are so inactive that algae grow on its furry coat. They live their lives in the canopy of the forest. They only descend the trees once a week to urinate and defecate, and communicate through scent. They spend most of their time on top of trees hanging from branches with their long claws. Dead sloths have been known to retain their grip and remain suspended from a branch. Sloths even sleep in trees from 15 to 20 hours every day. At night they eat leaves, shoots, and fruit from the trees and get almost all of their water from juicy plants. They are an endangered species due to destruction of habitat and are also more vulnerable to predators. They are mostly found in the Amazon.

Hyacinth Macaw:

The hyacinth macaws are found in southern Brazil, eastern Bolivia and north eastern Paraguay. They are the largest parrot in the world. They live in the Amazon rainforest. It is believed that there were more than 100,000 hyacinth macaws before the arrival of Amerindians in South America. But in 1990, the wild population was estimated to be 2,500 birds. The hyacinth macaw eats seeds, nuts, fruits, and vegetable matter and also eight species of palm. Its large beak allows it to eat inaccessible nuts and seeds. Macaws can eat some poisonous seeds and unripe fruits that no other animal can digest. Macaws are captured for local sale and about 50 percent of hyacinth macaws trapped in Brazil were bought by Brazilians rather than being sold overseas. The hyacinth macaw and many other macaws are highly endangered, because their habitat has been lost due to hydroelectric power development. Vast riverside habitats have been flooded by building dams. Apart from that ranchers kill macaws because they believe that hyacinths damage palm trees and in some places, local people still hunt macaws for meat.

Toucan:

The toucans are beautiful forest birds found in the rain forests of Central and South America from Mexico to Argentina. They have enormous and colourful bill, and red, yellow, blue, black or orange plumage. They feed on fruits, nuts and berries and nest in tree holes, laying glossy white eggs that are incubated by both parents. They are friendly and cute birds and nest in tree holes. They are very popular pets, and are captured to supply demand for this trade. There are around 40 species of toucan many of which are endangered. The threat is due to destruction of habitat and also capture for sale in pet markets.

Questions & Answers

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      • profile image

        Max 3 weeks ago

        This website is great.

      • profile image

        Gabriella 4 weeks ago

        This is actually amazing how people are saying "Cool" or "Sick" Like, these animals are going extinct and thats all you say??

      • profile image

        Mark Fischer 5 weeks ago

        The hyacinth macaw is lit I wish could see one in person.

      • profile image

        Amy 2 months ago

        The Bengal Tiger looks so majestic

      • profile image

        minnat 2 months ago

        Hey!I am doing a project too about the rainforest do you have any ideas? I am kind of confused.

      • profile image

        animal lover 2 months ago

        cool

      • profile image

        Toucan 2 months ago

        That is my favorite animal a toucan

      • profile image

        Jake Paul 2 months ago

        My favorite animal is the three-toed sloth. I'm glad he is being recognized on this web page. I've notice a lot of websites don't mention the sloth, but this one does.

      • profile image

        Ali Sarwar Maqbool 2 months ago

        very good website. i am doing this for the project.lot of information thanks. by the way i got 27 out of 32

      • profile image

        pro 3 months ago

        So good got like 13 facts on this

        I am studying so thanks for the help

      • profile image

        Three toed sloth lover 3 months ago

        Love the picture of the sloth and the baby, sooooooooooooooooooooo cute

      • profile image

        Lollipop 3 months ago

        Awesome

      • profile image

        Dany 3 months ago

        This is a great website.

      • profile image

        helped 3 months ago

        so sick

      • profile image

        do you know da way 4 months ago

        I am doing this for a project this site was so helpful for finding facts about the animals thank you very much I am in 6 grade by the way

      • profile image

        Cool 4 months ago

        Cool I love this website it helps me with my research!

      • profile image

        Gianna 4 months ago

        This helped me thank you! But this is so sad

      • profile image

        hi 4 months ago

        This is so cool

      • profile image

        i like Black-faced Lion tamarin 4 months ago

        i like Black-Faced Lion Tamarin

      • profile image

        david dobrik 5 months ago

        10/10

      • profile image

        Logan sucks (i don't watch jake either) 5 months ago

        This Is great for my report on animals affected by habitat loss this is great!!

      • profile image

        andy the logangaster 6 months ago

        its good becuase it gives good info and logans right

      • profile image

        Logan paul 6 months ago

        ummmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmm good website

      • profile image

        Logan paul 6 months ago

        NICE STUFF

      • profile image

        farid 7 months ago

        guys stop there are just animals why u wanna sell them they are wrong people thats messed up bro

      • profile image

        stephanie 7 months ago

        what percent of the rainforest animals are endangered

      • profile image

        logan paul 7 months ago

        this is the best website

      • profile image

        the bozz queen baby 7 months ago

        IM doing this for a class project and this stuff is really sad

      • profile image

        100% Authentic 7 months ago

        helpful, using for report

      • profile image

        monkey lover 7 months ago

        this was very helpful

      • profile image

        someone in 6th grade 7 months ago

        helpful for my homework i'm doing right now c;. thank you for making this

      • profile image

        jk lol 8 months ago

        im using this website for my report and it is so helpful

        im in 5th grade :)

      • profile image

        Stop it 8 months ago

        Stop hurting animals

      • profile image

        classified 8 months ago

        Reading this makes my heart melt and I don't want to see these animals disappear so quickly. I really love animals and I want to try and help. Plus, gorillas and orang-utans are our ancestors, it would be like murdering your grandparents. I want these animals to last.

      • profile image

        Ahmed Sabry 8 months ago

        This is a great deal on the rainforest

      • profile image

        why 8 months ago

        i really love animals and their characteristics

      • profile image

        Animal Lover 8 months ago

        I'm using this website for a project I'm doing in class. As I was reading this I was starting to come to tears. Why do people hunt these amazing creatures?

      • profile image

        sltohs 8 months ago

        This is helpful for my essay

      • profile image

        why 8 months ago

        interesting

      • profile image

        Anonimus 8 months ago

        Hi uhhm... I really want people to stop being mean to these animals, if you post anything in the comments about hate on these animals I will laugh at your stupidity

      • profile image

        Jake Paul 9 months ago

        GORILLAS AND ORANG-UTANS ARE OUR ANCESTORS! WE CANT KILL THEM.

        please... help me. im dying

      • profile image

        Sophia 9 months ago

        I just don't care about the animals. I just need this for a report. Thanks internet for giving me answers

      • profile image

        Matthew 9 months ago

        Im using this website for a report and it almost brought me tears. We all need to take part in saving these lovely animals

      • profile image

        vegas poona 10 months ago

        frick man crying while i do my research this is so saaad

      • profile image

        Angus 10 months ago

        So sad to see these animal species fade away

      • profile image

        Izzy 11 months ago

        It is SO sad that so many animals are fading from our world! We all need to somehow help stop animals from disappearing! This website shows how many animals are endangered! Thank you too this website!

      • profile image

        Lauren 12 months ago

        I am in year 7 and I was using this website for homework. It is shocking how many animals are slowly fading from our earth.

        #savetheanimals

      • profile image

        Dikhant 13 months ago

        I like it also

      • profile image

        Ookami furry 13 months ago

        Thank you for helping me on my report, So sad for the animals to go so soon. Save The Animals!

        I'm a 6th grader :)

      • profile image

        Mimi 13 months ago

        Hi I am a 4th grader and this website was so helpful on my homework but it is so sad to hear about so many endangered species butility that's life

      • profile image

        rafael 13 months ago

        imdoing home work on this

      • profile image

        dat boi 13 months ago

        This is a great website to use ;) DOFH

      • profile image

        Jason 14 months ago

        it is so intresting

      • profile image

        ivy 14 months ago

        this really help me on my homework

      • profile image

        Emily mitchell 15 months ago

        This is the most helpful website!

      • profile image

        kitty 15 months ago

        i love kittys

      • profile image

        Chicken Nugget 16 months ago

        This is very interesting and helpful.

      • profile image

        Laialni 17 months ago

        Hi I am a 5th grader and thanks for the grate info and the support for saving the rainforest

      • profile image

        leilani 18 months ago

        thank's for all the info it was really helpful.

        i am in 5th grade

      • profile image

        leilani 18 months ago

        hi i am in 5th grade,Thank you for the info sad for the animals to go so soon.

      • profile image

        leilani 18 months ago

        Thanks for the information i am in 5th grade and it dose brake my heart to see these animals go so soon but that's how life is supper un fare

      • profile image

        leilani 18 months ago

        it brakes my heart to hear that these little animals are dispiriting from the world in such short notice

      • profile image

        cookingcow123 19 months ago

        is the civet endangered??????

      • livingsta profile image
        Author

        livingsta 2 years ago from United Kingdom

        You're most welcome!

      • livingsta profile image
        Author

        livingsta 2 years ago from United Kingdom

        Hello josey, it's approved now. Sorry that it took so long!

      • livingsta profile image
        Author

        livingsta 2 years ago from United Kingdom

        Hello josey, you're most welcome!

      • livingsta profile image
        Author

        livingsta 2 years ago from United Kingdom

        Hello josey, I am glad that you found this helpful!

      • livingsta profile image
        Author

        livingsta 2 years ago from United Kingdom

        Hello josey, thank you for stopping by. I totally agree with you. It is sad to see that a lot of our flora and fauna are extinct or highly endangered. Only us humans can help to save our planet. Have an awesome 2016!

      • livingsta profile image
        Author

        livingsta 2 years ago from United Kingdom

        Hello Claire, thank you. I am glad that you found this useful!

      • profile image

        bitch 4 years ago

        Thanks for the help

      • profile image

        anonmus 4 years ago

        AND MANATEES

      • profile image

        Anonomus 4 years ago

        good info SAVE THE FROGS!!!!!!!!!

      • profile image

        josey 4 years ago

        omg

        this website is fantasstic

        we should take care of animals not destroy them

        please post my comment

      • profile image

        josey 4 years ago

        hi, im on a free period and i thought id catch up on my facts ready for my exam on wednesday thanks for all the great info

      • profile image

        josey 4 years ago

        yay, now I can do my endangered animal assessment thank so much:)

      • profile image

        josey 4 years ago

        wow great website its not fair we are are endangering them

      • profile image

        claire 4 years ago

        wow this is brilliant website

      • livingsta profile image
        Author

        livingsta 5 years ago from United Kingdom

        Hi Bill, yes it does look interesting. Thank you for the encouragement and support Bill. Have a good day :-)

      • billybuc profile image

        Bill Holland 5 years ago from Olympia, WA

        The Harpy Eagle is a rather interesting looking bird, isn't it?

        Great work you are doing here. As I have told you before, all we can do is raise awareness and hope that we make a difference by doing so. Thank you for this article and the others like it.

      • livingsta profile image
        Author

        livingsta 5 years ago from United Kingdom

        Hi Kidscrafts, Wow, that is so kind of you. And also, how interesting to know that you are using environment friendly materials. Glad to hear that. :-)

      • kidscrafts profile image

        kidscrafts 5 years ago from Ottawa, Canada

        I am looking forward of reading your next hubs with the same theme. In a lot of my projects, I try to use simple materials or recycle because it has less impact on the environment as well!

      • livingsta profile image
        Author

        livingsta 5 years ago from United Kingdom

        Hi kidscrafts, yes, this is a very important subject and as you say, removing one animal will have a serious effect on the chain. I am also preparing a few more hubs on this series which I will be publishing soon.

        I am glad that you found this interesting. Have a great week ahead.

      • kidscrafts profile image

        kidscrafts 5 years ago from Ottawa, Canada

        Great article about endangered animals in the rainforest. It's so important to talk about this subject as they are so many animals disappearing from the Earth. Removing one animal from one place will disturb the rest of the chain. We lost already to many species!

        Thank you for writing about this important subject!

        Voted up, interesting and awesome!

        Great pictures!

      • livingsta profile image
        Author

        livingsta 5 years ago from United Kingdom

        Hi TaleahOwens, I am glad that this was helpful. All the best.

      • profile image

        TaleahOwens 5 years ago

        thank you know i can do my proect xD YAY

      • livingsta profile image
        Author

        livingsta 5 years ago from United Kingdom

        Hi Bryce, yes it is not right. Thank you for reading and sharing your concerns. Spreading the word will help!

      • profile image

        Bryce 5 years ago

        It is wrong to do this to such amazing animals.

      • profile image

        Reviewer 5 years ago

        Rainforest are cool . So is this website!!!!! oll

      • profile image

        Reviewer 5 years ago

        cool

      • livingsta profile image
        Author

        livingsta 5 years ago from United Kingdom

        Thank you Pstraubie48. Thank you for stopping by.

        Sending angels to you too :-)

      • pstraubie48 profile image

        Patricia Scott 5 years ago from sunny Florida

        It breaks my heart to read of these amazing creatures disappearing from the planet and so little is being done it seems to stop it.

        Calling attention to this problem is one way maybe to cause everyone to pay attention.

        Sending Angels to you :) ps

      • livingsta profile image
        Author

        livingsta 5 years ago from United Kingdom

        True Amanthkr01. Thank you for your appreciation and votes. I am glad you liked it. Have a wonderful New Year!

      • livingsta profile image
        Author

        livingsta 5 years ago from United Kingdom

        Thank you Sgbrown. True, we all need to work together on it!

        Thank you for the appreciation, votes and share! Have an awesome New Year!

      • livingsta profile image
        Author

        livingsta 5 years ago from United Kingdom

        Thank you so much Au fait! Yes we need to be aware of the destructions done by humans to this beautiful Earth and take every measure to stop them.

        Thank you for your appreciation and votes and shares! Have a wonderful NewYear!

      • amanthkr01 profile image

        Aman Thakur 5 years ago from India

        This is really a superb hub. I liked the way you presented the information and your concern with these wild animals of the forest.

        I also think now the high time has come to act survive this animals who are at the verge of extinction.

        Voting Up and useful!!!!!!!!!!!

      • sgbrown profile image

        Sheila Brown 5 years ago from Southern Oklahoma

        Very good hub! Saving our rain forests and the animals that depend on them is crucial! As the most intelligent of all "animals", we as humans need to find a way to create a good balance. We need to save our rain forests and the animals that live there. Great hub! Voting up and sharing!

      • Au fait profile image

        C E Clark 5 years ago from North Texas

        Beautiful photos. We all need to think about what we are doing before we find ourselves alone on this planet except for the only thing that can survive in just about anything -- cockroaches!

        I've noted you have a wide variety of extremely interesting subjects that you have written about and I look forward to reading more.

        Voted you up, and BAUI (Beautiful, Awesome, Useful, Interesting), and will share with my followers!

      • livingsta profile image
        Author

        livingsta 5 years ago from United Kingdom

        Thank you Sweetie! I am glad you enjoyed reading it!

      • sweetie1 profile image

        sweetie1 5 years ago from India

        I loved this hub. Bengal tigers are my favorite. Very beautiful pictures. There are less than 1400 tigers left in India.

      • profile image

        jules 9 dubai 5 years ago

        it is very interesting

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