Endangered Wild Cats of the Rainforest
Due to the territorial habits of many big cats, they require a large amount of land. Many cats, including the Florida Panther, are being affected by the deforestation that occurs as we make more cities across the world. The more land humans inhabit and the more forests, we cut down, the less area these big cats have to roam. Cats that are most affected by deforestation are those who live in the rainforest. Many of these cats have become endangered and some even extinct. These large feline creatures are all very beautiful animals, yet are also dwindling in their population. There needs to be a change in order to save these magnificent creatures.
In the wild, a jaguar can live anywhere from 11-15 years. Jaguars are the largest of the South American cats, weighing around 100-250 pounds. They measure 5 to 6 feet from head to rear, with their tail being around two and a half to three feet long.
They used to be found in the southern part of the United States near the Mexican border, although now they are only found in South and Central America. Unlike most cats, they love the water and are very powerful swimmers. They often will live near rivers where they can catch fish or turtles, although they prefer to eat deer, capybaras, and tapirs. They are very athletic and can climb trees as well.
Like the ocelot, they are becoming endangered due to their need for large areas of land and they need to live alone. Unfortunately, they are not well-protected by laws, despite that there are laws in place to protect them. They are still hunted. They have gorgeous fur that is very distinctive that are coveted by poachers. Most jaguars are tan or orange with black spots. Although there are darker jaguars that appear to be spotless, if you look closely you will notice that they actually do have the rosette shaped markings.
Another danger a jaguar encounters is that ranchers often will kill them when they see a jaguar on their land, because jaguars are notorious for killing livestock.
Photo of Ocelot
Ocelots are the smallest of the big cats at about 24 to 35 pounds. The body length is around five feet; the tail being a third of that length, with the females being slightly smaller. The ocelot is found in the US in Arizona, south Texas, and lower Rio Grande Valley. They are also found in Central America, and South America. They usually like to be near water or marshes, rather than in an open field.
In the 1960s and before, many would sell ocelots as pets to those in the United States. Many of these animals would die during transport or because of the lack of care. Fortunately, this is illegal now. It is also illegal to sell their fur for trade. Twenty ocelots are needed to make one fur coat. This is a large reason why they became endangered. Although their biggest threat is not hunting nor capturing, it is that their land is being taken over by human civilization.
Because they are solitary and territorial, they need a lot of land to survive. A male will need around 20 square miles to live, and will not overlap land with another male ocelot. This is why their species are being threatened by the habitation of humans.
Sumatran Tiger Photo
The Sumatran tiger, aka the Indonesia tiger, is one of the rarest of all tigers, and considered critically endangered with less than 400 in the wild. They are only found on the Indonesian island of Sumatra. Not only are they the rarest, but also the smallest of the tigers, weighing 165 to 308 pounds.
They are becoming extinct in large part due to deforestation, as well as poaching. Indonesia has placed very strict laws protecting these beautiful animals. Unfortunately, poachers manage to kill many each year regardless. Poachers will often sell tiger parts and products in the black market in Sumatra and the rest of Asia. In 1978, they estimated that there were one thousand Sumatran tigers left in the wild, which shows you the vast decline in a little over 30 years, which is more than double of how many are still alive in the wild today.
Bengal Tiger Photo
Information on Bengal Tigers
Bengal tigers have relatively short lives. They live about 8 to 10 years in the wild. They are also the largest members of the cat family, even larger than lions. They are very powerful and weigh anywhere from 240 to 500 pounds. Their tails are two to three feet long, while their bodies are twice that at around 5 to 6 feet long. Along with their strong bodies, they have powerful voices. Their roars can be heard as far away as two miles.
There used to be eight subspecies of tigers. Three have become extinct in the last one hundred years, due to hunting and destruction of the rainforest. There are less than 2,500 Bengal tigers left in the wild. It is believed that over a hundred years ago, there were hundreds of thousands of these beautiful beasts.
Bengal tigers live in India and are also known as Indian tigers. They are the most common of all tigers, making up half the amount in the world today, which is why it is a shame that even the Bengal tigers are endangered.
Like their ocelot and jaguar relatives, they also live alone and need a large amount of land to survive. They eat buffalo, deer, and wild pig. They usually live with their mothers for the first two or three years, which is a large percentage of their lives.
How To Save Endangered Animals
With so many animals that are endangered, it is important that we take care of our world. We need to make sure that we are recycling when possible. Many schools in your area may have recycling programs where they recycle paper. Some even will recycle tin cans and other items.
Also, make sure to use as little of wood products as possible, in order to prevent any further deforestation. One way to avoid using products from trees is by using things that can be reused; such as using a towel rather than paper towels when drying your hands. As a result of the tree byproducts that you cannot prevent from using, make sure to plant trees that will make up for the ones you use.
There is only so much that you are capable of doing on your own. There are many great organizations that help endangered animals. One of my favorite organizations is the Worldwildlife.org, where you can adopt an animal of your choice. You not only are giving money to research in helping that animal, but you also receive a photo of your animal as well as some great facts.
© 2012 Angela Michelle Schultz