55 Facts about Snow Leopards

Updated on June 8, 2016

Facts about Snow Leopards 1-10

  1. The scientific name for the snow leopard is Uncia Uncia.
  2. It is a descendant of the wild cat and panther families.
  3. Native to the rugged and snowy highlands of Central Asia, the endangered snow leopard is particularly found in the Himalaya region.
  4. China holds 60% of the snow leopard population.
  5. They are widely spread over Central and South Asia in countries like Pakistan, Nepal, Afghanistan, India, Mongolia, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Bhutan, Russia and Kazakhstan.
  6. They prefer living in ridges, cliffs and rock outcrops. These locations are convenient because they provide camouflage for stalking and sneaking up on prey.
  7. They are found in altitudes as high as 3500 meters above sea level.
  8. In summer, the snow leopard may climb higher to cooler altitudes of as high as 5000 meters above sea level!
  9. They are one of the most beautiful creatures in the world. They have gorgeous smoky-grey coats, patterned with black spots and rosettes.
  10. The fur on their belly is about 5 inches thick!

Russian Snow Leopard: They have thick and dense  bodies and a heavy furry tails to protect them from the biting low temperatures of the highland and mountain zones they live in.
Russian Snow Leopard: They have thick and dense bodies and a heavy furry tails to protect them from the biting low temperatures of the highland and mountain zones they live in.

Facts, Continued...

11. Snow leopards are generally smaller than most cats, weighing only about 30-55 kg.

12. In length, they measure about 80-135 cm long.

13. At shoulder, they stand at almost 2 meters tall!

14. The tail of a snow leopard is almost as long as its body.

15. Having a long furry tail is one of their unique aspects. The tail aids in balancing when walking over steep and narrow ledges.

16. Why is the tail so thick and furry? Unlike most wild cats, the snow leopard lives in very harsh cold climate so its tail acts as a muffler to shield its nose and mouth.

17. The female is about 30% smaller than the male.

18. They have well-adapted paws for walking on snow and even wading across thick snow cover.

19. They very closely resemble the leopards.

20. Often described as shy creatures, they are rarely seen out in the open.

Angry Snow Leopard baring its vicious canines. The snow leopards are generally non-aggressive cats but like any other threatened creature, they may only attack to defend themselves or their cubs.
Angry Snow Leopard baring its vicious canines. The snow leopards are generally non-aggressive cats but like any other threatened creature, they may only attack to defend themselves or their cubs.

Facts about Snow Leopards 21-30

21. When they sense human presence, they become nocturnal animals to avoid unnecessary encounters with humans that may be a threat or danger.

22. Because of being reserved creatures, they are very mysterious and very little is known about them.

23. They are very independent and solitary creatures, living alone most of the time and only socializing during the mating season.

24. In areas where prey is abundant, they are closely packed within a near range of 30-65 km.

25. In contrast, areas with flat terrain, may not host a lost of prey but they offer protective travelling routes and snow leopards are widely distributed over an area of 1000 km.

26. Areas with little or no shrubbery for example the Tibetan Plateau contain many ridges and rocky cliffs that offer protective traveling routes for snow leopards.

27. Unlike other big cats, the snow leopard is a non-aggressive animal that when threatened by another predator, may choose to back away, leaving its well-earned kill to be finished by the invader.

28. Reports of snow leopards attacking or killing humans are unheard of; in fact, snow leopards are known to avoid human presence than any other big cat.

29. They may only become aggressive to defend themselves or their cubs when threatened.

30. Being an agile hunter, they are known to stealthily attack prey from behind, lunging for it in one go and tearing it to shreds.

Snow Leopards are opportunistic creatures that eat whatever meat available in their habitats, including carrion and domestic farm animals.
Snow Leopards are opportunistic creatures that eat whatever meat available in their habitats, including carrion and domestic farm animals.

Facts 31-40

31. Feeding on a variety of herbivores that are found in their mountain range habitats, the snow leopards are the only known opportunistic predators among big cats.

32. Their common prey include gazelles, deer, wild goats, sheep, snow cocks, pikas, rodents like hares, mice and rabbits, markhor, bobak, tahr, marmots, and wild boars.

33. Ones that live in the Himalayan mountain ranges mainly feed on the bharals also known as the Himalayan blue sheep.

34. In winter, when large herds of herbivores migrate to warmer places with rich pastures, the snow leopard may encroach on corrals and kill off all the domestic animals in one go.

35. In average twice in a month, they may hunt large mammals and feed off their flesh for several days.

36. After hunting down an animal, some drag their food into snow tunnels for storage and safe keeping.

37. Goats and sheep are their most common prey.

38. They eat slowly and a kill may last for 2 to 3 days.

39. They usually have spots on a less-dense thin coat in summers.

40. Their gestation period is about 3-3½ months.

Adorable Snow Leopard Cub Walking on the Snow: Young Snow Leopard Cubs live with their mothers for up to 2 years. After which they leave their mothers and live independent solitary lives.
Adorable Snow Leopard Cub Walking on the Snow: Young Snow Leopard Cubs live with their mothers for up to 2 years. After which they leave their mothers and live independent solitary lives.

More Facts

41. A female searches for well-sheltered rock crevices as convenient and safe locations for giving birth without having to be alert all the time in case of any possible danger.

42. An average female gives birth to a litter consisting 1 to 5 cubs.

43. The cubs do not open their eyes until they are 7 years old.

44. The young cubs live with their mothers until two years of age, which is about the same time they eat solid food.

45. During the time spent with their mothers, cubs learn how to hunt down prey and their mothers teach them handy hunting skills for survival.

46. By the end of 2 years, the cubs are already old enough to leave their mothers and live independent lives.

47. A mother may find it hard to feed her cubs and in some cases, the cubs may die to due to starvation.

48. Most cubs do not reach adulthood due to many natural and even man-made reasons like habitat destruction.

49. An average snow leopard lives between 15 to 18 years of age but some snow leopards bred in captivity are said to have lived up to 21.

50. They use scent markings to track and find mates.

51. Like most other big cats, the snow leopard frequently patrols its territory, renewing its scent markings by scratching on the ground with its hind legs, spraying urine on important landmarks like prominent rocks and fallen trees, and depositing feces around its claimed land.

52. They have unique pale green or gray eyes that are very unusual for most cats.

53. They are on the brink of extinction. Today, only 6000 snow leopards are surviving in the wild.

54. A major reason for their endangerment is that they are excessively hunted for their organs, fur and claws that are valuable in Chinese medicine.

55. However there is still a ring of hope for a few of the surviving snow leopards. A countable population of these big cats have been discovered living in 16 locations in the Wakhan Corridor in north eastern Afghanistan.

Three Siblings: Snow leopard cubs at the Cat Survival Trust, Welwyn, UK.
Three Siblings: Snow leopard cubs at the Cat Survival Trust, Welwyn, UK.

Questions & Answers

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      • profile image

        6 hours ago

        Nmssms

      • profile image

        VICKY 3 days ago

        I think this is all WRONG if u made it rewrite it CORRECTLY.

      • profile image

        Unkknown 3 days ago

        First off all, everything you are saying, bob Joe billy etc., is incorrect you do NOT EAT snow leopards, and you should not be scamming this website. I think you are a troller and should stop. And FYI stop abusing all those symbols.

      • profile image

        Ediomo inim 5 days ago

        The average female gives birth to a litter consisting 1 to 5 cubs, and the cubs do not open their eyes until they are up to 7years old.and the young cubs live with their mothers until two years of age,which is about the same time they eat solid food.During the time spent with their mothers,cubs learn how to hurt down prey and their mothers teach them handy hunting skills for survival.The mother find it difficult yo feed her cubs and in some cases,the cubs may die to due to starvation.

      • profile image

        YaY, mAlLoMeLt! 5 days ago

        I read fact 43 and then I started laughing so hard and my mom stared at me like I was from another planet ;p

      • profile image

        robo hamster 7 days ago

        These facts are not worthy for my project!

        Go back to fact 43, it's 7 days

        On 1, it's panthera uncia

        53 is supposed to be 3,600 - 7,000

        not 6,000

        so... wrong

        wrong

        wrong

        and

        wrong

        so go back and try to fix please

        (ps. do you even look at this? 5 years now and none of these typos are fixed! And, it auto comments and do more research plz.

      • profile image

        SNOW LEOPARDS RULE! 7 days ago

        What do you mean you eat them??

      • profile image

        hoi 9 days ago

        helped alot on school papers

      • profile image

        Gabriel 9 days ago

        that is awesome

      • profile image

        hamster 9 days ago

        half of the facts are true and half is not. Try going back and do some more research. there are also cuter pics.

      • profile image

        robo dwarf hamster 9 days ago

        I love snow leopards and are researching them. I love your tips! Have any more?

      • profile image

        jay 9 days ago

        half of these facts are not real. its panthera uncia

      • profile image

        logan 10 days ago

        they are cool that's what i think don't you think so to?

      • profile image

        Rose 2 weeks ago

        The female is about 30 percent smaller then the male.

      • profile image

        jazmin 2 weeks ago

        I love your work.

      • profile image

        2 weeks ago

        Great but on face 43, Snow leopards open their eyes after 7 days. Not 7 years!

      • profile image

        Anom 2 weeks ago

        Really cute!!

      • profile image

        2 weeks ago

        On fact number 43 it's 7 days not 7 years

      • profile image

        Jocelyn Porras 2 weeks ago

        They are so cool

      • profile image

        Love 2 weeks ago

        So cute !!!,

      • profile image

        jefff 3 weeks ago

        lovely

      • profile image

        lovely 3 weeks ago

        SO cute When they are babies

      • profile image

        3 weeks ago

        7 days for number 43

      • profile image

        Jeff 3 weeks ago

        I don't know what you are talking about but very nice facts.

      • profile image

        randome 3 weeks ago

        im learning...

      • Layken Sirmans profile image

        Layken Sirmans 3 weeks ago

        They r so cute

      • profile image

        Snow 3 weeks ago

        I like the facts

      • profile image

        TaRee Scott 4 weeks ago

        I love this I learned a lot tnx

      • Layken Sirmans profile image

        Layken Sirmans 4 weeks ago

        Ur welcome thunder

      • Layken Sirmans profile image

        Layken Sirmans 4 weeks ago

        The snow leopard is smaller than common leopards.

      • profile image

        thunder 4 weeks ago

        now finally something helpful thanks for being there for me

      • Layken Sirmans profile image

        Layken Sirmans 4 weeks ago

        snow leopard is really cute.

      • profile image

        Corrector 4 weeks ago

        they open their eyes when they are 7 days old

      • profile image

        ;) 4 weeks ago

        It should be seven days not seven years for number 43.

      • profile image

        unknown 4 weeks ago

        number 43 isn't correct

      • profile image

        Heybro 4 weeks ago

        This helps me

      • profile image

        Geneva 5 weeks ago

        So cute

      • profile image

        HAY 5 weeks ago

        DOOOOOOD SO COOL

      • profile image

        baba 5 weeks ago

        #43 is wrong check ur facts man

      • profile image

        deez nuts 5 weeks ago

        oh my god so cute

        ehhhhh

      • profile image

        oh on 5 weeks ago

        cute af

      • profile image

        Shanellitta 5 weeks ago

        verrrrrrrrry helpful THANKS!!!

      • profile image

        Random Person 5 weeks ago

        Also umm it states that there are exactly 6000 left in the wild. There are ABOUT 3,500 to 7,000 left in the wild.

      • profile image

        Random Person 5 weeks ago

        I searched up snow leopard cubs and it should a 3 month old cub with ITS EYES OPEN. There's no way they open their eyes when they're 7 years old!

      • profile image

        Ava 5 weeks ago

        I'm using this for a school project I admit so helpful

      • profile image

        anonimus 5 weeks ago

        they havent changed the 43 fact typo in 5 years!

      • profile image

        Siri 6 weeks ago

        Theres no way these cubs open their eyes at 7 YEARS makes me so far how many facts are correct here?

      • profile image

        Dpool 6 weeks ago

        It has great info and helped me with my project

      • profile image

        I think I love it  6 weeks ago

        This is the best

      • profile image

        logan paul 6 weeks ago

        nice

      • profile image

        Aiden Bolden 6 weeks ago

        these fact are pretty good i used it for science

        THANK BRO.

      • profile image

        daejon 7 weeks ago

        cool

      • profile image

        Wisteria Moon 7 weeks ago

        #43 is wrong it is a week or 7 days

      • profile image

        person 7 weeks ago

        thx for info

      • profile image

        something XD 7 weeks ago

        thank you so much it helped me so much but #43 is wrong its 7 days not 7 years thank

      • profile image

        Kaedens an awesome stupid idiot 7 weeks ago

        Hi great web helped lots with our project on snow Leopard

        Thannnkkkkkkkkkssssss!!!!!!

      • profile image

        Hi 7 weeks ago

        GOOD

      • profile image

        dezdez 7 weeks ago

        awesome

      • profile image

        elias 7 weeks ago

        nice facts

      • profile image

        XOXO 7 weeks ago

        Thanks!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

      • profile image

        Briann Dehmann 7 weeks ago

        Wow! Thank you! There are so many facts about snow leopards on here, and my book will turn out amazing! Thank you!

        Posted 02-26-18

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        Hi 7 weeks ago

        Soooo helpful! I had a project on animals, it helped perfectly

      • profile image

        dude bro guy man 7 weeks ago

        I'm doing a project and this really helped me out. Thank you!!!

      • profile image

        not telling 7 weeks ago

        no. 43 is wrong. it is 7 days.

      • profile image

        sss 8 weeks ago

        very useful

      • profile image

        alex 2 months ago

        cool

      • profile image

        THANKS 2 months ago

        hi and the snow leopards are sooo cute

        and my class any an other class is doing a project and it really helped me and my partner

        THANK YOU

      • profile image

        Cory 2 months ago

        there are some good facts about snow leopards.they help me on this packet about snow leopards

      • profile image

        ☺️ 2 months ago

        Thank u

        They all r very cute

        And also one of my favourite

      • profile image

        Someone 2 months ago

        Also, who else noticed on the angry Snow Leopard that he has no fourth fang? I just noticed that.

      • profile image

        Someone 2 months ago

        Thank you. I am doing an Essay at school and I have chosen a Snow Leopard. This has helped me out extremely. Fun fact, I am I am in the Fifth Grade. Again, thank you!

      • profile image

        Patrick 2 months ago

        The cubs do not open their eyes until they are 7 years old.

        And they only live with their mothers for 2 years. That's 5 years of blind cats stumbling around

      • profile image

        LOKI 2 months ago

        Oh my gosh there so majestic and cute! I wish I was one!!!

      • profile image

        bob 2 months ago

        nice information

      • profile image

        ??????????? 2 months ago

        love this

      • profile image

        Emma 2 months ago

        I loves the facts that you gave me it helped on a school assignment for this I got an A+

      • profile image

        Leka 3 months ago

        snow leopards are my favorite animal and have always been my fav, hearing about them being endangered breaks my heart. these facts help warm my heart up, but some facts are wrong. i strongly advise you to go over the facts and correct the ones that are wrong. thanks!

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        NATILE 3 months ago

        I REALLY LIKED ALL THE FACTS THAT YOU GAVE ME IT HELPED ME A LOT ON MY SCHOOL ASSIGNMENTS. I LOVE LOVE LOVE SNOW LEOPARDS BABY ONES ESPECIALLY

      • profile image

        ??? 3 months ago

        Snow leopards open their eyes when they are seven DAYS old not seven years

      • profile image

        Emmy Ann 3 months ago

        I wonder if you could do facts about monkeys!!!!!!?

        Please pretty please!

      • profile image

        cool 3 months ago

        interesting facts

      • profile image

        ???????? 3 months ago

        best site ever!!!

      • profile image

        ??? 3 months ago

        I love Snow leopards Thank You for these facts they are amazing

      • profile image

        Secret 4 months ago

        Good website to learn facts about snow leopards.

      • profile image

        connor 4 months ago

        thank you for these facts i'm doing a report all obuot these animal

      • profile image

        hi 4 months ago

        this is going to help me in school

      • profile image

        charlotte 4 months ago

        awesome stuff!!!!!!!!!

      • profile image

        Gracie 4 months ago

        I love animals so I love this

      • profile image

        sage 4 months ago

        cool

      • profile image

        whitney 4 months ago

        i love it

      • profile image

        savage shadow 4 months ago

        this animal must be saved it is cute this animal is savage.

        so cool and awesome and funny.

        great facts for me

        I give this 10000000000000000000000000000000 points.

        i vote snow leopards

        thanks for the facts.

      • profile image

        sage 4 months ago

        this animal is awesome and so is this page

      • profile image

        sage 4 months ago

        I love this animal and your page.

        thank you so much.

        great facts.

      • profile image

        savage shadow 4 months ago

        I love this animal.epic facts.

      • profile image

        sage 4 months ago

        cool

      • profile image

        riped 4 months ago

        cool

      • profile image

        Jelly belly 4 months ago

        LOL so cute

      • profile image

        love cats 5 months ago

        SO HELPFUL!!!!!!! :)

      • profile image

        lilygrace 5 months ago

        I like the facts. You should add more facts to the page

      working