55 Facts about Snow Leopards

Updated on June 8, 2016

Facts about Snow Leopards 1-10

  1. The scientific name for the snow leopard is Uncia Uncia.
  2. It is a descendant of the wild cat and panther families.
  3. Native to the rugged and snowy highlands of Central Asia, the endangered snow leopard is particularly found in the Himalaya region.
  4. China holds 60% of the snow leopard population.
  5. They are widely spread over Central and South Asia in countries like Pakistan, Nepal, Afghanistan, India, Mongolia, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Bhutan, Russia and Kazakhstan.
  6. They prefer living in ridges, cliffs and rock outcrops. These locations are convenient because they provide camouflage for stalking and sneaking up on prey.
  7. They are found in altitudes as high as 3500 meters above sea level.
  8. In summer, the snow leopard may climb higher to cooler altitudes of as high as 5000 meters above sea level!
  9. They are one of the most beautiful creatures in the world. They have gorgeous smoky-grey coats, patterned with black spots and rosettes.
  10. The fur on their belly is about 5 inches thick!

Russian Snow Leopard: They have thick and dense  bodies and a heavy furry tails to protect them from the biting low temperatures of the highland and mountain zones they live in.
Russian Snow Leopard: They have thick and dense bodies and a heavy furry tails to protect them from the biting low temperatures of the highland and mountain zones they live in.

Facts, Continued...

11. Snow leopards are generally smaller than most cats, weighing only about 30-55 kg.

12. In length, they measure about 80-135 cm long.

13. At shoulder, they stand at almost 2 meters tall!

14. The tail of a snow leopard is almost as long as its body.

15. Having a long furry tail is one of their unique aspects. The tail aids in balancing when walking over steep and narrow ledges.

16. Why is the tail so thick and furry? Unlike most wild cats, the snow leopard lives in very harsh cold climate so its tail acts as a muffler to shield its nose and mouth.

17. The female is about 30% smaller than the male.

18. They have well-adapted paws for walking on snow and even wading across thick snow cover.

19. They very closely resemble the leopards.

20. Often described as shy creatures, they are rarely seen out in the open.

Angry Snow Leopard baring its vicious canines. The snow leopards are generally non-aggressive cats but like any other threatened creature, they may only attack to defend themselves or their cubs.
Angry Snow Leopard baring its vicious canines. The snow leopards are generally non-aggressive cats but like any other threatened creature, they may only attack to defend themselves or their cubs.

Facts about Snow Leopards 21-30

21. When they sense human presence, they become nocturnal animals to avoid unnecessary encounters with humans that may be a threat or danger.

22. Because of being reserved creatures, they are very mysterious and very little is known about them.

23. They are very independent and solitary creatures, living alone most of the time and only socializing during the mating season.

24. In areas where prey is abundant, they are closely packed within a near range of 30-65 km.

25. In contrast, areas with flat terrain, may not host a lost of prey but they offer protective travelling routes and snow leopards are widely distributed over an area of 1000 km.

26. Areas with little or no shrubbery for example the Tibetan Plateau contain many ridges and rocky cliffs that offer protective traveling routes for snow leopards.

27. Unlike other big cats, the snow leopard is a non-aggressive animal that when threatened by another predator, may choose to back away, leaving its well-earned kill to be finished by the invader.

28. Reports of snow leopards attacking or killing humans are unheard of; in fact, snow leopards are known to avoid human presence than any other big cat.

29. They may only become aggressive to defend themselves or their cubs when threatened.

30. Being an agile hunter, they are known to stealthily attack prey from behind, lunging for it in one go and tearing it to shreds.

Snow Leopards are opportunistic creatures that eat whatever meat available in their habitats, including carrion and domestic farm animals.
Snow Leopards are opportunistic creatures that eat whatever meat available in their habitats, including carrion and domestic farm animals.

Facts 31-40

31. Feeding on a variety of herbivores that are found in their mountain range habitats, the snow leopards are the only known opportunistic predators among big cats.

32. Their common prey include gazelles, deer, wild goats, sheep, snow cocks, pikas, rodents like hares, mice and rabbits, markhor, bobak, tahr, marmots, and wild boars.

33. Ones that live in the Himalayan mountain ranges mainly feed on the bharals also known as the Himalayan blue sheep.

34. In winter, when large herds of herbivores migrate to warmer places with rich pastures, the snow leopard may encroach on corrals and kill off all the domestic animals in one go.

35. In average twice in a month, they may hunt large mammals and feed off their flesh for several days.

36. After hunting down an animal, some drag their food into snow tunnels for storage and safe keeping.

37. Goats and sheep are their most common prey.

38. They eat slowly and a kill may last for 2 to 3 days.

39. They usually have spots on a less-dense thin coat in summers.

40. Their gestation period is about 3-3½ months.

Adorable Snow Leopard Cub Walking on the Snow: Young Snow Leopard Cubs live with their mothers for up to 2 years. After which they leave their mothers and live independent solitary lives.
Adorable Snow Leopard Cub Walking on the Snow: Young Snow Leopard Cubs live with their mothers for up to 2 years. After which they leave their mothers and live independent solitary lives.

More Facts

41. A female searches for well-sheltered rock crevices as convenient and safe locations for giving birth without having to be alert all the time in case of any possible danger.

42. An average female gives birth to a litter consisting 1 to 5 cubs.

43. The cubs do not open their eyes until they are 7 years old.

44. The young cubs live with their mothers until two years of age, which is about the same time they eat solid food.

45. During the time spent with their mothers, cubs learn how to hunt down prey and their mothers teach them handy hunting skills for survival.

46. By the end of 2 years, the cubs are already old enough to leave their mothers and live independent lives.

47. A mother may find it hard to feed her cubs and in some cases, the cubs may die to due to starvation.

48. Most cubs do not reach adulthood due to many natural and even man-made reasons like habitat destruction.

49. An average snow leopard lives between 15 to 18 years of age but some snow leopards bred in captivity are said to have lived up to 21.

50. They use scent markings to track and find mates.

51. Like most other big cats, the snow leopard frequently patrols its territory, renewing its scent markings by scratching on the ground with its hind legs, spraying urine on important landmarks like prominent rocks and fallen trees, and depositing feces around its claimed land.

52. They have unique pale green or gray eyes that are very unusual for most cats.

53. They are on the brink of extinction. Today, only 6000 snow leopards are surviving in the wild.

54. A major reason for their endangerment is that they are excessively hunted for their organs, fur and claws that are valuable in Chinese medicine.

55. However there is still a ring of hope for a few of the surviving snow leopards. A countable population of these big cats have been discovered living in 16 locations in the Wakhan Corridor in north eastern Afghanistan.

Three Siblings: Snow leopard cubs at the Cat Survival Trust, Welwyn, UK.
Three Siblings: Snow leopard cubs at the Cat Survival Trust, Welwyn, UK.

Questions & Answers

    Comments

      0 of 8192 characters used
      Post Comment

      • profile image

        hi 

        3 days ago

        We must save these animals!!!

      • profile image

        robert beale 

        3 days ago

        snow leopards are rlly cool

      • profile image

        Me mysterious 

        11 days ago

        Check ya facts

      • profile image

        snow leopard 

        12 days ago

        It says that cubs take 7 years to open their eyes, but leave their parents at two. Edits are in order!

      • profile image

        Snow leopord girl!!! 

        2 weeks ago

        U guys need to check your work

      • profile image

        Jay 

        2 weeks ago

        This dude in my class think the tazmanian devil is the devils pet. And he likes it because it's a killing animal.

      • profile image

        Vicky 

        2 weeks ago

        Sooooooo cute

      • profile image

        Yo-yo 

        2 weeks ago

        Sooooo cute

      • profile image

        boi 

        3 weeks ago

        so cute

      • profile image

        Pam Tropp 

        3 weeks ago

        I think you have error about snow leopards

        "43. The cubs do not open their eyes until they are 7 years old."

      • profile image

        Frog 

        4 weeks ago

        Cooll

      • profile image

        Kangaroo 

        4 weeks ago

        Soooooooooooooooooooooooooooo cute! I luv it❤️!

        The

      • profile image

        Edomite 

        4 weeks ago

        Cute and cuddly! Now that I read this I want one.

      • profile image

        Person 

        4 weeks ago

        Snow leopards are so cute and cuddly! I want to have one

      • profile image

        violite 

        4 weeks ago

        I LOVE SNOW LEOPARDS

      • profile image

        tobias 

        5 weeks ago

        doo yoo know i dont read articles?

      • profile image

        5 weeks ago

        Never-everknewany of these facts

      • profile image

        Da Greek Myth Guy 

        6 weeks ago

        This stuff is amazing!!!!!!!!!!1

      • profile image

        Foxygirl 

        6 weeks ago

        Never knew any of these facts

      • profile image

        Boy 

        6 weeks ago

        Baby’s ones are cute

      • profile image

        daniyal 

        6 weeks ago

        hi landon

      • profile image

        6 weeks ago

        you mess up on 42 you put years?

      • profile image

        hello leopards! 

        7 weeks ago

        they are so cute

      • profile image

        jake 

        7 weeks ago

        these are great facts

      • profile image

        lol 

        7 weeks ago

        it isnt 7 years its 7 days. Wow u guys need to check these facts

      • profile image

        Justin Bieber 

        8 weeks ago

        People say I’m just a singer but I also have a heart for snow leopards they are my favourite animal.

      • profile image

        Alyce 

        2 months ago

        I love snow leopards they are my new favourite animal.

      • profile image

        Alyce 

        2 months ago

        I have learned lots of facts about snow leopards

      • profile image

        EMMA 

        2 months ago

        so cool!!!!!

      • profile image

        landon 

        2 months ago

        I was doing a proget on snow leperds and be couse of this I got an a plus.

      • profile image

        Juanita 

        2 months ago

        Hello im doing a project on snow leopards and i want some more detailed facts about these amazing animals could some one help me

      • profile image

        meadow koren :o) 

        2 months ago

        I am 10 years old. But I know that baby leopards don't take SEVEN YEARS to open their eyes. We all know that number nine is an opinion, and that 43 is wrong. The scientific name for the Snow Leopard is not Uncia Uncia. It is Panthera Uncia.

      • profile image

        Funky facts here 

        2 months ago

        These are so adorable thank you for this site

      • profile image

        Epnotsocool101 

        2 months ago

        Some of these facts are wrong, but some are very helpful just check it over again.

      • profile image

        jac 

        2 months ago

        they are so ADORABLE

        Thank you for this website!:D=D

      • profile image

        RIP 

        2 months ago

        mama

      • profile image

        King 

        2 months ago

        Hiii

      • profile image

        LALALLA 

        2 months ago

        HAHAHA I WILL HAUNT YOU DOWN IM ALL OF YOUR GUYS STALKERS

      • profile image

        I hate it 

        2 months ago

        I look for a school project on this site and my teacher tells me its fake wtfffff

      • profile image

        3 months ago

        Nice.

      • profile image

        pop 

        3 months ago

        pooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo

      • profile image

        blob 

        3 months ago

        lol i like it

      • profile image

        People 

        4 months ago

        I love leopards

      • profile image

        no one 

        4 months ago

        I love tis so interesting thanks

        I LOVE SNOW LEOPARDS

      • profile image

        jose 

        4 months ago

        good thing

      • profile image

        noah 

        4 months ago

        cool stuff used it for my report!!!

      • profile image

        fockurdadm8 

        4 months ago

        ur lot can go fok ur dads u fokin chavs n suck ur muddas

      • profile image

        bay 

        4 months ago

        snow

      • profile image

        herro 

        5 months ago

        i like da dimsim very yummy

      • profile image

        this thing fuck'n rigged 

        5 months ago

        its dob i don't like it you da worst

      • profile image

        Ur mom 

        5 months ago

        Fact 1 false

      • profile image

        noone dragon 9999999999999999999999990 

        5 months ago

        like your work

      • profile image

        snnn 

        5 months ago

        fact one false scientific name panthera uncia

      • profile image

        Zara 

        5 months ago

        7 days NOT 7 years..??!!!!

      • profile image

        Mackenzie M. 

        5 months ago

        they are adorable and these are amazing facts.

      • profile image

        Blob 

        5 months ago

        I love it

      • profile image

        Xavier 

        5 months ago

        Thank You

        It is helping me on my work packet

        It is helpful

        Love Xavier

      • profile image

        Hi 

        5 months ago

        11 hahahahahah wait u sireius

      • profile image

        Guinevere 

        5 months ago

        The one about them not opening there eyes till their 7 years old is wrong it is 7 days not 7 years.

      • profile image

        Kitty lover 

        5 months ago

        Cats are awesome so please do more of other cats to. Thank you. bye!

      • profile image

        amazing 

        5 months ago

        love it

      • profile image

        cool 

        5 months ago

        wow

        cool

      • profile image

        Cfcf 

        5 months ago

        All wrong!!

      • profile image

        sup 

        5 months ago

        these are some dope facts thanks :)

      • profile image

        jonathan 

        5 months ago

        COOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOL

      • profile image

        georgia 

        5 months ago

        cool

      • profile image

        hi 

        5 months ago

        your right 1 is wrong

      • profile image

        a kid 

        5 months ago

        43 is 7 months old

      • profile image

        ........ 

        5 months ago

        the #1 is meant to be panthera uncia

      • profile image

        ranidu 

        5 months ago

        cool facts

      • profile image

        mrs noboby 

        5 months ago

        the #1 one is INCORRET!!!!!

      • profile image

        one shot one kill 

        5 months ago

        This was really helpful.Thanks

      • profile image

        JAJDAJKDL 

        5 months ago

        Literally, number 9 is an opinion, and 43 is wrong. (Note, number 1 WAS correct, but it's no longer Uncia Uncia.)

      • profile image

        Gobo 

        5 months ago

        I love your facts kinda

      • profile image

        Jasmine 

        5 months ago

        First Sophie didn't sleep really right and doing snow leopards is a awsome reaport for class and this is awesome what people can be rood

      • profile image

        Kamryn (Natsu) 

        5 months ago

        I think its useful because i'm doing a

        brocher on the animal so thank you for making this.

      • profile image

        Abbigail smith 

        5 months ago

        Half of these facts are not even true facts they are opinions!!

      • profile image

        No name 

        6 months ago

        You know 9 is a opinion

      • profile image

        Anonomous 

        6 months ago

        Number 1 is incorrect and number i think 6 is an opinion!

      • profile image

        ramira 

        6 months ago

        this is awesome

      • profile image

        Nia 

        6 months ago

        I really liked it.But Why are all the people saying that this is wrong?

        Or yeah I think it is wrong please correct it !!!

      • profile image

        Me,, 

        6 months ago

        This is wrong

      • profile image

        sophie 

        6 months ago

        half of this is not true and in doing this for a topic in class rally. WRONG!

      • profile image

        icy 

        6 months ago

        how come they leave there moms at 2 years and cant open there eyes a 7 years ( but whatever at least they still see and waiting that long is worth it) :)

      • profile image

        ._. 

        6 months ago

        snow leopards live to 22 years old and they cant open their eyes until seven thats just wrong google shows it correct. please check #43 again no offence

        but its true

      • profile image

        No named 

        6 months ago

        Half of this is not true!!! It's seven days NOT seven years, also number one is SO wrong, not to be rude but half of this is fake. But I can't stand fake snow leopard information, please re write.

      • profile image

        tori 

        6 months ago

        i love these animals

      • profile image

        nothing 

        6 months ago

        this is trash most of these are not true

      • profile image

        hoolio 

        6 months ago

        thanks for the great information :D

      • profile image

        Bio 

        6 months ago

        So cute

      • profile image

        VICKY 

        7 months ago

        I think this is all WRONG if u made it rewrite it CORRECTLY.

      • profile image

        Unkknown 

        7 months ago

        First off all, everything you are saying, bob Joe billy etc., is incorrect you do NOT EAT snow leopards, and you should not be scamming this website. I think you are a troller and should stop. And FYI stop abusing all those symbols.

      • profile image

        Ediomo inim 

        7 months ago

        The average female gives birth to a litter consisting 1 to 5 cubs, and the cubs do not open their eyes until they are up to 7years old.and the young cubs live with their mothers until two years of age,which is about the same time they eat solid food.During the time spent with their mothers,cubs learn how to hurt down prey and their mothers teach them handy hunting skills for survival.The mother find it difficult yo feed her cubs and in some cases,the cubs may die to due to starvation.

      • profile image

        YaY, mAlLoMeLt! 

        7 months ago

        I read fact 43 and then I started laughing so hard and my mom stared at me like I was from another planet ;p

      • profile image

        robo hamster 

        7 months ago

        These facts are not worthy for my project!

        Go back to fact 43, it's 7 days

        On 1, it's panthera uncia

        53 is supposed to be 3,600 - 7,000

        not 6,000

        so... wrong

        wrong

        wrong

        and

        wrong

        so go back and try to fix please

        (ps. do you even look at this? 5 years now and none of these typos are fixed! And, it auto comments and do more research plz.

      • profile image

        hoi 

        7 months ago

        helped alot on school papers

      • profile image

        Gabriel 

        7 months ago

        that is awesome

      • profile image

        hamster 

        7 months ago

        half of the facts are true and half is not. Try going back and do some more research. there are also cuter pics.

      • profile image

        robo dwarf hamster 

        7 months ago

        I love snow leopards and are researching them. I love your tips! Have any more?

      • profile image

        jay 

        7 months ago

        half of these facts are not real. its panthera uncia

      working

      This website uses cookies

      As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, owlcation.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

      For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://owlcation.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

      Show Details
      Necessary
      HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
      LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
      Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
      AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
      HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
      HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
      Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
      CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
      Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
      Features
      Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
      Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
      Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
      Marketing
      Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
      Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
      Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
      Statistics
      Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
      ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
      Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)