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55 Facts about Snow Leopards

Updated on June 8, 2016

Facts about Snow Leopards 1-10

  1. The scientific name for the snow leopard is Uncia Uncia.
  2. It is a descendant of the wild cat and panther families.
  3. Native to the rugged and snowy highlands of Central Asia, the endangered snow leopard is particularly found in the Himalaya region.
  4. China holds 60% of the snow leopard population.
  5. They are widely spread over Central and South Asia in countries like Pakistan, Nepal, Afghanistan, India, Mongolia, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Bhutan, Russia and Kazakhstan.
  6. They prefer living in ridges, cliffs and rock outcrops. These locations are convenient because they provide camouflage for stalking and sneaking up on prey.
  7. They are found in altitudes as high as 3500 meters above sea level.
  8. In summer, the snow leopard may climb higher to cooler altitudes of as high as 5000 meters above sea level!
  9. They are one of the most beautiful creatures in the world. They have gorgeous smoky-grey coats, patterned with black spots and rosettes.
  10. The fur on their belly is about 5 inches thick!

Russian Snow Leopard: They have thick and dense  bodies and a heavy furry tails to protect them from the biting low temperatures of the highland and mountain zones they live in.
Russian Snow Leopard: They have thick and dense bodies and a heavy furry tails to protect them from the biting low temperatures of the highland and mountain zones they live in.

Facts, Continued...

11. Snow leopards are generally smaller than most cats, weighing only about 30-55 kg.

12. In length, they measure about 80-135 cm long.

13. At shoulder, they stand at almost 2 meters tall!

14. The tail of a snow leopard is almost as long as its body.

15. Having a long furry tail is one of their unique aspects. The tail aids in balancing when walking over steep and narrow ledges.

16. Why is the tail so thick and furry? Unlike most wild cats, the snow leopard lives in very harsh cold climate so its tail acts as a muffler to shield its nose and mouth.

17. The female is about 30% smaller than the male.

18. They have well-adapted paws for walking on snow and even wading across thick snow cover.

19. They very closely resemble the leopards.

20. Often described as shy creatures, they are rarely seen out in the open.

Angry Snow Leopard baring its vicious canines. The snow leopards are generally non-aggressive cats but like any other threatened creature, they may only attack to defend themselves or their cubs.
Angry Snow Leopard baring its vicious canines. The snow leopards are generally non-aggressive cats but like any other threatened creature, they may only attack to defend themselves or their cubs.

Facts about Snow Leopards 21-30

21. When they sense human presence, they become nocturnal animals to avoid unnecessary encounters with humans that may be a threat or danger.

22. Because of being reserved creatures, they are very mysterious and very little is known about them.

23. They are very independent and solitary creatures, living alone most of the time and only socializing during the mating season.

24. In areas where prey is abundant, they are closely packed within a near range of 30-65 km.

25. In contrast, areas with flat terrain, may not host a lost of prey but they offer protective travelling routes and snow leopards are widely distributed over an area of 1000 km.

26. Areas with little or no shrubbery for example the Tibetan Plateau contain many ridges and rocky cliffs that offer protective traveling routes for snow leopards.

27. Unlike other big cats, the snow leopard is a non-aggressive animal that when threatened by another predator, may choose to back away, leaving its well-earned kill to be finished by the invader.

28. Reports of snow leopards attacking or killing humans are unheard of; in fact, snow leopards are known to avoid human presence than any other big cat.

29. They may only become aggressive to defend themselves or their cubs when threatened.

30. Being an agile hunter, they are known to stealthily attack prey from behind, lunging for it in one go and tearing it to shreds.

Snow Leopards are opportunistic creatures that eat whatever meat available in their habitats, including carrion and domestic farm animals.
Snow Leopards are opportunistic creatures that eat whatever meat available in their habitats, including carrion and domestic farm animals.

Facts 31-40

31. Feeding on a variety of herbivores that are found in their mountain range habitats, the snow leopards are the only known opportunistic predators among big cats.

32. Their common prey include gazelles, deer, wild goats, sheep, snow cocks, pikas, rodents like hares, mice and rabbits, markhor, bobak, tahr, marmots, and wild boars.

33. Ones that live in the Himalayan mountain ranges mainly feed on the bharals also known as the Himalayan blue sheep.

34. In winter, when large herds of herbivores migrate to warmer places with rich pastures, the snow leopard may encroach on corrals and kill off all the domestic animals in one go.

35. In average twice in a month, they may hunt large mammals and feed off their flesh for several days.

36. After hunting down an animal, some drag their food into snow tunnels for storage and safe keeping.

37. Goats and sheep are their most common prey.

38. They eat slowly and a kill may last for 2 to 3 days.

39. They usually have spots on a less-dense thin coat in summers.

40. Their gestation period is about 3-3½ months.

Adorable Snow Leopard Cub Walking on the Snow: Young Snow Leopard Cubs live with their mothers for up to 2 years. After which they leave their mothers and live independent solitary lives.
Adorable Snow Leopard Cub Walking on the Snow: Young Snow Leopard Cubs live with their mothers for up to 2 years. After which they leave their mothers and live independent solitary lives.

More Facts

41. A female searches for well-sheltered rock crevices as convenient and safe locations for giving birth without having to be alert all the time in case of any possible danger.

42. An average female gives birth to a litter consisting 1 to 5 cubs.

43. The cubs do not open their eyes until they are 7 years old.

44. The young cubs live with their mothers until two years of age, which is about the same time they eat solid food.

45. During the time spent with their mothers, cubs learn how to hunt down prey and their mothers teach them handy hunting skills for survival.

46. By the end of 2 years, the cubs are already old enough to leave their mothers and live independent lives.

47. A mother may find it hard to feed her cubs and in some cases, the cubs may die to due to starvation.

48. Most cubs do not reach adulthood due to many natural and even man-made reasons like habitat destruction.

49. An average snow leopard lives between 15 to 18 years of age but some snow leopards bred in captivity are said to have lived up to 21.

50. They use scent markings to track and find mates.

51. Like most other big cats, the snow leopard frequently patrols its territory, renewing its scent markings by scratching on the ground with its hind legs, spraying urine on important landmarks like prominent rocks and fallen trees, and depositing feces around its claimed land.

52. They have unique pale green or gray eyes that are very unusual for most cats.

53. They are on the brink of extinction. Today, only 6000 snow leopards are surviving in the wild.

54. A major reason for their endangerment is that they are excessively hunted for their organs, fur and claws that are valuable in Chinese medicine.

55. However there is still a ring of hope for a few of the surviving snow leopards. A countable population of these big cats have been discovered living in 16 locations in the Wakhan Corridor in north eastern Afghanistan.

Three Siblings: Snow leopard cubs at the Cat Survival Trust, Welwyn, UK.
Three Siblings: Snow leopard cubs at the Cat Survival Trust, Welwyn, UK.


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    • Diana Lee profile image

      Diana L Pierce 5 years ago from Potter County, Pa.

      Snow leopards are very beautiful animals. Thanks for the collection of information regarding them. Voted up.

    • Paradise7 profile image

      Paradise7 5 years ago from Upstate New York

      They are indeed beautiful cats. I'm sorry that they are so close to extinction. It's a matter of human beings encroaching on the snow leopard habitat and sometimes can't really be helped, as the human population expands.

    • Rehana Stormme profile image

      Rehana Stormme 5 years ago

      @ Diana Lee and @Paradise7 - Welcome to the hub above and thank you for reading and commenting! Snow leopards are absolutely stunning and I am simply in love with them! It saddens me that their total population of less than 6,000 are struggling to survive while humans abhorrently and selfishly destroy the habitat they live in.

    • theclevercat profile image

      Rachel Vega 5 years ago from Massachusetts

      Love it! Who doesn't love fact lists and great photos? Voted up and and beautiful.

    • Cat R profile image

      Cat R 5 years ago from North Carolina, U.S.


    • Rehana Stormme profile image

      Rehana Stormme 5 years ago

      @theclevercat and @Cat R - Thank you for commenting and voting up! :)

    • Suhail and my dog profile image

      Suhail Zubaid aka Clark Kent 5 years ago from Mississauga, ON

      Snow leopards are my favorite wild animals. Others include wolves, orcas, sharks, polar bears, etc. All of them are threatened. I am a proponent of protecting our top predators, because they ensure healthy ecology. Unfortunately however, top predators have many human enemies. I like your hubs on Snow Leopards because they go on to educate readers.

      My 2 brothers and I are planning to visit Chitral (Pakistan) Gol Nallah National Park next year and try to catch a glimpse of this elusive animal. I hope we are successful. Even if we are not, we would have hiked in the territory of this beautiful cat, which is an accomplishment of some sort.

      Finally, although it may be difficult to call, my next dog's name will be Snow Lep (like Deff Lep short for Deff Leppard).

    • profile image

      KiTilena 5 years ago

      Snow leopards are beautiful animals

    • Cathleena Beams profile image

      Cathleena Beams 5 years ago from Lascassas, Tennessee

      Wild, beautiful and awesome hub. I'm glad they're shy and avoid humans because they look absolutely fierce, except for the cubs - How adorable!

    • profile image

      little bill 5 years ago

      hii clever turds

    • profile image

      qudsia 4 years ago

      very useful

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      ck puppy lover 4 years ago

      I love all animals and its pretty sad humans just can't stay on there own teretory. Well i voted up, awesome,beautiful,and interesting.

    • profile image

      Izzy 4 years ago

      They are ghost cats.

    • profile image

      jenna 4 years ago

      this was very helpful for the report i am working on. thank you so much. by the way the pictures were beautiful

    • profile image

      aj 4 years ago

      the cat is a holiday best people say but i don't

    • profile image

      dj 4 years ago

      snow leopards are cute but very indangerd

    • GetitScene profile image

      Dale Anderson 4 years ago from The High Seas

      Always been fascinated with these beautiful creatures. My wife and I saw one not long ago at the L.A zoo (which is a terrible zoo by the way.)

    • profile image

      Ava 4 years ago

      I just found this its AWESOME and EPIC i needed to facts for some extra wrk thanks for the facts! :) ;)

    • profile image

      poo 4 years ago


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      neve 4 years ago


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      hey 4 years ago

      this website....

    • profile image

      mmm 4 years ago


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      wowza 4 years ago

      this is a very fun website to use for projects and stuff! very useful!

    • profile image

      ant 4 years ago


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      may 4 years ago


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      your right 4 years ago

      they should leave them alone get your own medicine

    • profile image

      Juliana 3 years ago

      Thanks for all the great facts now Ill get an A for sure

    • profile image

      I'm a kitty cat 3 years ago

      No they are not allowed to go exctinct.

    • zaton profile image

      Zaton-Taran 3 years ago from California

      Incredible snow leopard pictures, to go along with an informative hub. They are truly a majestic cat.

    • iguidenetwork profile image

      iguidenetwork 3 years ago from Austin, TX

      Snow leopards seem to be really shy and mysterious creatures and that's what makes them beautiful. The cubs are adorable! I hope they won't fall into extinction. Thanks for the educational hub :)

    • Rasimo profile image

      Rasimo 3 years ago


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      ;) 3 years ago

      There is a mistake in #43. The cubs don't open their eyes until they're 7 days old, not 7 years lol

    • profile image

      Jess 3 years ago

      Snow tigers are the best tigers in the world

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      awesome 3 years ago


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      kass 3 years ago

      They can't go extinct they have to survive they are beautiful

    • profile image

      Ekaterina 2 years ago

      there are many errors in this post:

      1. the taxonomic name is wrong, it's Panthera Uncia since 2008

      2. cubs don't open their eyes until 7 DAYS old

      3. the total number of the individuals in the wild is wrong, it cannot be determined exactly, and lays somewhere btwn 4,510 amd 7,350 and around 600 in captivity.

      4. the major danger besides poaching include heavy habitat and prey loss, retribution killing, lack of the legislation to protect them etc.

      I think it's nice that you took your time to put these together, but maybe you need to check your sources :)

    • profile image

      steven 2 years ago

      cool facts

    • profile image

      mai 2 years ago

      really good facts for kids

    • Kristen Howe profile image

      Kristen Howe 2 years ago from Northeast Ohio

      Great hub with lots of interesting facts about snow leopards. Voted up!

    • profile image

      reader 2 years ago

      Cubs open eyes after 7-9 days

    • mtariqsattar profile image

      Tariq Sattar 18 months ago from Karachi

      I loved reading this finely written hub, as it contained so much vital information about snow leopard. I also happen to have written a hub about this superbly beautiful but endangered specie. Regards.

    • profile image

      RangaTempest 12 months ago

      "43. The cubs do not open their eyes until they are 7 years old."

      is this perhaps months?

    • profile image

      jimmy 7 months ago

      these are beautiful creatures and awesome article!

    • profile image

      Jjjijjjk 6 months ago

      I like it is awesome

    • profile image

      ddd 6 months ago


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      conner 6 months ago

      this is more intresting than i thought

    • profile image

      Hi 6 months ago

      Poor cubs, open their eyes at seven years, but on their own at two. Great post, I'll definitely use this for a project.

    • profile image

      Me 5 months ago

      This really helped me with some homework on snow leopards.

    • profile image

      Teri 5 months ago

      #13 and #43 are drastically incorrect. They're approximately 2 feet tall at the shoulders, not 2 meters. And cubs open their eyes at 7 days not 7 years.

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      jemma lie 5 months ago

      i love the snow leopard i am 12 years old and i love just spreading awerness about the snow leopards and doing easays about them and reaserching about them i was 8 when i first learnt about the snow leopards and i thought they were amazing i wanted to adopt one so bad and now i reaserch about them all the time and i made my friends adopt one each and they made their big brothers and/or sisters and their parents adopt one each and for my 12th birthday i got to adopt one.

      ps. sorry for my spellings i have never been good at spellings

    • profile image

      poo 5 months ago

      thank you for the facts

    • profile image

      Gabbie 5 months ago

      so cool

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      Thanks 4 months ago

      Thank you for helping me on my animal project I'm glad to know I'm not the only one who loves and adores these animals

    • profile image

      moises mendoza 4 months ago

      i like snow leopards there awsome.

    • profile image

      Cat  4 months ago

      Doing research this was very helpfully awesome

    • profile image

      Jill 4 months ago

      I think you have a typo: 43. The cubs do not open their eyes until they are 7 years old. Did you mean seven days? :)

    • profile image

      kel 4 months ago

      I love snow leopards they are lovely and i am sad if all of them die and i will blam people if they all die i will be soooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo sad

    • profile image

      keidren 4 months ago

      snow leopards are almost rare

    • profile image

      Rosie 4 months ago

      Thank you guys so much this helped me with my education and school it also helped me with my sip I had to do for school so thank you very much

    • profile image

      keidren 4 months ago

      snow leopards are amazing creatrues thank you for the 55 information vote up

    • profile image

      Ayden.weddington 4 months ago

      i love snow leopard

    • profile image

      snow leopards rule 4 months ago

      cute and cool vote up

    • profile image

      keidren 4 months ago

      did you put the ads on this!!!!

    • profile image

      Snow Leopard1311 3 months ago

      Some of these facts are fake!

    • profile image

      Reece Meenan 3 months ago

      very good website for projects thanks for help

    • profile image

      Qyiara Davis 3 months ago

      Hey Snow Leopards Are Beautiful !!! Juss Like @ me

    • profile image

      Jelly 3 months ago

      People kill them to much

    • profile image

      Angel samsung 3 months ago

      I ❤️ snow leopards

    • profile image

      Alex 3 months ago

      I love snow lepards

    • profile image

      Gidion 3 months ago

      Snow lepards are so so so so so so so so so cute!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

    • profile image

      jenna 3 months ago

      create used this for research :-)

    • profile image

      nicole 3 months ago

      im hoping that Q 43. means 7 weeks, not 7 years.

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      RetroWolf21 3 months ago

      Some of this info is you mixed up the hight and the lenght.... And the cubs open their eyes after 7 weeks not years...There are more mistakes and I hope to fix it because some people like me need info for presentation for school and wrong info could cost us a grade....

      Good day, Ela

    • profile image

      hanna 2 months ago

      cool and cute

    • profile image

      lolo 2 months ago

      this is rad

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      ricky bobby 2 months ago

      great page. snow leapords rule. saw some one time at sydney zoo. just wanted to point out though that the babies open their eyes after 7 days not 7 years old.

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      john 2 months ago

      good job

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      univerce 2 months ago

      I love how they use their hunting instincts to catch prey.

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      Bibas chhetri 2 months ago

      thank you for great information and snow leopards are so beautiful animals thanks.

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      Halle 2 months ago

      I'm doing a class report on snow leopards. i hope someday they don't become extinct.

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      Bri 2 months ago

      The scientific name is panthera uncia

    • profile image

      furby 2 months ago

      it is very helpful

    • profile image

      Leopard ❤️ 2 months ago

      They r so cute I love their fur

    • profile image

      enflammablenikefron@#$ 2 months ago

      This website gives useful information that is valid and informing thanks

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      Asher 2 months ago

      The Snow Leopard is a beautiful animal. I think that people should try to save the Snow Leopard.

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      ColeDoser52 2 months ago

      I'm not against hunting if it's legal, but snow leopards are 1. Endangered 2. Illegal in the 12 countries they live in 3. Awesome (not a valid reason, but I still like 'em.) They are hunted for medicine sometimes, this might be helpful to poor Asian's because they can sell a pelt for $6k and get a lot of money but it still is illegal. And it's their fault when they go 30k broke for being caught. Instead of raising money for zoo's and stuff, focus on Snow Leopard proofing farms and raising money for medicine. I hope camera traps (activated by motion) may catch and eventually deter poachers from snow leopards. TEAM SNOW LEOPARD #101awesome

      (Another good place for info is WWF [World Wildlife Fund])

    • profile image

      ColeDoser52 2 months ago

      Thumbs up good article (my previous chat isn't showing up and wasn't anti social)

    • profile image

      Azhar Khan 8 weeks ago

      thanks. i was researching about snow leopards at school but did not find any facts

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      The RevRob 7 weeks ago

      China should start a Breeding Program in Order to Help Restore the Snow Leopard to the Wilderness!

    • profile image

      Nathan 7 weeks ago

      They are beautiful and I hope they don't get extinct. I also loved the facts.

    • profile image

      Alice 6 weeks ago

      Not helpful at all!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

    • profile image

      person 5 weeks ago

      This is very useful for a school project.

    • profile image

      Doryan 5 weeks ago

      So cute

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      september 5 weeks ago

      I love snow leopards but I cannot belive how little there are left!

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      september 5 weeks ago

      Thank you so much for collecting these facts. I have to do a project about snow leopards and I am doing a trivia game. This helped me so much!! Thank so very much for all the interesting facts. I think my class will love it and learn so much about snow leopards! I am trying to spread the fact that snow leopards are very endangered and this helps me so much!

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      maly 5 weeks ago

      i like it

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      cute girl kid 5 weeks ago

      This is a great informational website. I am a kid in 5th grade doing a project about 'animal adaptations poster'! this has all the info I need. (:

    • profile image

      ;) 4 weeks ago

      i am doing a project and this helps me a ton! It is very useful

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      unkown 4 weeks ago

      #43 is not true. im sure its seven months.

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      A Richardson 4 weeks ago

      I love snow leopards and I want to be a zoo vet and this site gives me more info. about them. THANKS!!!!!!!!!!!

    • profile image

      Angel 4 weeks ago

      Lots of information I love it

    • profile image

      ggygfgh 3 weeks ago

      #43 is not right because it's 7 days old not 7 years.



    • profile image

      cohen peterson 3 weeks ago

      omg so cool

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      Destiny Hixon 3 weeks ago

      this would be great if i was studying about snow leopards.........

      But i'm not!

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      John Tonwik 2 weeks ago


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      jerome brown jr randolf 2 weeks ago

      very helpfu;l thank u

    • profile image

      Victoria W 13 days ago


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      Hi 13 days ago

      This was very informational and helped me out on my project. Thanks!

    • profile image

      xx 10 days ago


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      terande 9 days ago


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      Billy 9 days ago

      So they are blind for 7 years? (fact 43)

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      AnnaJem 8 days ago

      You said the cubs only opened their eyes until they were 7YEARS old do you mean 7days old??

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      lol 6 days ago


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      Isabelle 2 days ago

      aww this is so sad to read because they are highly endangered but incredibly intelligent creatures and I think they absolutely deserve better!! Voted up

    • profile image

      Divya choudhary 2 days ago

      It is superb i like this sooo much as i want to do my holiday homework and it's help me a lot and now i am sooo happy

    • profile image

      This is so asome 46 hours ago

      This was so interesting lol

    • profile image

      snow leopard lover 40 hours ago

      leave them alone they have kids !

    • profile image

      emma 39 hours ago

      I love them to

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      molly 18 hours ago

      this is a lot of fact

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