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Why We Should Protect the Florida Panther Wildlife Refuge

Angela, an animal lover, has a passion for learning and understanding God's creatures. As a born teacher, she enjoys sharing her knowledge.

Dark Green: Primary Habitat - Light Green: Secondary Habitat - Lime Green Slashes: Florida Panther Wildlife Refuge - Dark Purple Slashes: Everglades National Park - Magenta Slashes: Big Cypress National Preserve

Dark Green: Primary Habitat - Light Green: Secondary Habitat - Lime Green Slashes: Florida Panther Wildlife Refuge - Dark Purple Slashes: Everglades National Park - Magenta Slashes: Big Cypress National Preserve

History of the Florida Panther National Wildlife Refuge

Florida Panther National Wildlife Refuge (NWR) in southwest Florida, covers nearly 26,400 acres. The sanctuary has protected natural plants and wildlife since 1989. It is located twenty miles east of Naples in Collier County at the center of Big Cypress Basin. The Collier family sold the resort for 10.3 million dollars.

They made this refuge not only for the endangered species that live there, including its namesake the Florida panther but also because of the mass deforestation that took place during World War II. For hundreds of years, cypress trees towered 130 feet over the area and stood 25 feet in circumference. People logged the area to provide wood for the soldiers at the beginning of the war in 1944. The trees were cut down at an alarming rate, averaging one million board feet per week. The last of the trees were chopped down in 1957. The only trees that remained were on Corkscrew Audubon Preserve. Amazingly, today, the cypress trees are slowly replacing the ones lost long ago.

The cypress trees are just one of the significant factors as to why we need the Florida Panther NWR. They are working on the Orchid Restoration and Conservation Project since this is home to many rare species of orchids. There were 43 known kinds in this area, but only 30 have been seen in the past 30 years.

They also spend a lot of their resources ensuring the survival of the Florida panther, since this is the only known spot it is protected today, although it resides in at least nine counties of Arkansas and other parts of Florida. Unfortunately, southern Florida remains the only area they can assure the protection of these beautiful cats. To better protect them, they have researched how these creatures live through radio technology collars and infrared cameras. Panthers use to roam throughout all areas east of the Mississippi River before the reserve existed. Unfortunately, much of its land has been lost.

his refuge not only uses its funding towards these magnificent cats, but also in researching, monitoring, and evaluating ways to improve the natural ecosystem of southern Florida, along with educating people to stop the destruction of their natural habitat. One of the things they need to do to help is to remove non-native plants, due to the harm they are causing on the natural native ecosystem of Florida.

Plant Life in Florida Panther NWR

There are at least 700 species of plant life native to this area, including:

  • bromeliads
  • cypress trees
  • glades lobelia
  • hydric pinelands
  • prairie milkweed
  • rare orchids
  • saw palmetto
  • splash pine
  • tickseed
  • tropical hardwood hammocks
  • wet prairies
This Florida Panther climbed a tree in the Wildlife Reserve, where he has been able to stay safe from such harms as cars and illegal hunters.

This Florida Panther climbed a tree in the Wildlife Reserve, where he has been able to stay safe from such harms as cars and illegal hunters.

Dangers of Non-Native Species

One of the greatest threats to the natural habitat of southern Florida is the many non-native plants that have been planted in the area, such as the Brazilian pepper tree, the old world climbing fern, and the Australian pine. These exotic trees have spread throughout the region, invading land where the plant species native to the area used to live, which has also changed the natural processes that allow for the species to better live, such as natural forest fires.

Many areas need natural fires to begin to allow for the vegetation to flourish the best. These invasive plants have caused a reduction in natural fires in some areas, and causing other areas to have the fires cause more damaging effects than they would have years before the introduction of these exotic plants. Another reason, we do not want these foreign plants to be around is because the animal species native to the area, eat the native plants, and do not eat the non-native plants. By the non-native species taking over, this allows less edible vegetation for the native creatures to eat.

To reduce these other plants, we need to discourage people from planting foreign species in the area, especially ones that spread. Also, the Florida Panther NWR is working on removing many of these through herbicides, biological means, and controlled fires.

Fires are significant to many of the plants even without the encroachment of these exotic species because they allow the reduction of the debris and build up that would be hazardous to the flourishing of natural plants. These human-made fires usually target shrubs such as wax myrtle and willows that are foreign to these areas when conditions are ideal. The fires are very well controlled. To fund these operations, the Florida Panther WLR gets donations and encourages visitors in parts of the reserve.

Wildlife in Florida



Big Cypress

Fox Squirrel

Black Bear

Black Rat


Common Opossum


Diamondback Rattlesnakes

Eastern Cottontail Rabbit

Eastern Gray Squirrel

Eastern Mole

Eastern Pipistrelle Bat

Evening Bat

Everglades Mink

Feral Hog

Florida Black Bear

Florida Panther

Florida Water Rat

Grey Fox


Hispid Cotton Rat

Long-tailed Weasel

Marsh Rabbit

Norway Rat



Rice Rat

River Otter

Shorttail Shrew

Shorttail Skunk

Striped Skunk

Whitetailed Deer

Wild Turkeys

Yellow Bat

This butterfly is one of the many creatures that have found a home in the Florida Panther National Wildlife Refuge.

This butterfly is one of the many creatures that have found a home in the Florida Panther National Wildlife Refuge.

Read More From Owlcation

Visiting the Wildlife Refuge

The reserve has eighteen staff members and approximately 8,000 visitors a year. The visitors are only permitted to walk on specific trails, while the majority of the land can only be visited through limited tours.

Many people hope to see a panther while visiting, although this is very unlikely since, like most cats, they are nocturnal or active at night. Plus, there is only an average of 5-11 Florida Panthers that den, hunt, roam, and lounge in the area, due to their dwindling numbers. They do not travel in groups, which is why so few can live in a particular area since they like to have their own space. Plus, only limited areas are allowed for visitors to view, to enable panthers and other animals to live undisturbed. Keep in mind the purpose of the reserve is not for human enjoyment, but to keep the animals from becoming extinct.

There are two trails humans can walk on that are open only during the daytime. Keep in mind that during the summer, the refuge has rain showers that flood the area. During the winter, these areas dry out. One trail, which floods during the summer and fall time, is located north of the intersection of State Road 29 and I-75, and loops one and a third mile. This trail is also unable to be mowed during the wet season, which is excellent if you like a challenge, but not if you are looking for a stroll.

The other is a third-mile wheelchair-accessible loop known as the Leslie M. Duncan memorial Trail that meanders through a hardwood hammock and other tropical vegetation. Panthers seldom visit either of the trails, although occasionally you will find a path from one, as well as from deer or bears. Morning and evening is the best time to see active wildlife in these areas.

This shows a beautiful section of the National Wildlife Reserve, where a Florida Panther has found a home.

This shows a beautiful section of the National Wildlife Reserve, where a Florida Panther has found a home.

Protecting Endangered Animals

We should not leave the protection of our world's resources, animals, and vegetation to only professionals. There are things we can do as well.

  • Educate others by talking, the more people who are interested in protecting endangered animals, the better impact we will have on our environment.
  • Visit national parks and nature reserves and take part in paid guided tours to help fund their projects. While there, make sure you abide by the rules because they have them for a reason.
  • Make your backyard as much like a wild reserve as possible. The more like a reserve your yard is, the more inhabitants can live there.
  • Plant a tree that is native to your area. Although it will take a hundred years to grow to the same height as trees chopped down for wood, at least you are protecting the land a hundred years from now.
  • Have a bird feeder during the winter and a birdbath during the summer.
  • Use compost rather than chemical fertilizer in your garden. The more natural fertilizer will benefit you as well as any animals that live in your area.
  • Recycle, many places will do this for free, or you can have a door service very cheaply.
  • Reduce how much disposable products you use, for instance, a washcloth instead of a paper towel.
  • Donate old toys rather than throwing them away.
  • Turn off lights and water when not in use. For instance, while brushing your teeth, don't let the water run.
  • Write articles or letters to inform others of endangered species.


  • Bramwell, Alex. “Endangered Animals in Panama.” Animals -, 26 Sept. 2017,
  • “Florida Wildlife.” State of,
  • Godsea, Kevin. “U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.” Official Web Page of the U S Fish and Wildlife Service, Florida Panther NWR,

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2013 Angela Michelle Schultz


Angela Michelle Schultz (author) from United States on May 01, 2018:

I have heard that they have had to move some to prevent inbreeding. i wonder how big of an interference it has been with the livestock. from upstate, NY on May 01, 2018:

Collier Country is such a beautiful area and the Florida Panthers are so intriguing. I visited the Everglades last year and the park rangers shared some interesting insights on these majestic creatures.

I believe they've brought some Panthers from out west to boost the Panther population and prevent inbreeding. Although some local farmers aren't to thrilled about the Panthers attacking their livestock, on a whole, the Panthers probably help the tourist industry in the area.

Dianna Mendez on November 23, 2013:

I saw a panther at the zoo last week and I did not realize they were such big cats. It was so pretty. I like your list on helping to save wildlife. You are so right, toys can be a hazard to animals. Wonderful post!

Peter Dickinson from South East Asia on November 21, 2013:

Nice hub....interesting. Thank you.

Elizabeth Parker from Las Vegas, NV on November 20, 2013:

Thank you for sharing the information about this place. I enjoyed reading about it!

Angela Michelle Schultz (author) from United States on November 19, 2013:

Thank you!

Randy Godwin from Southern Georgia on November 19, 2013:

I've observed three panthers near my home here in southeastern Georgia over the years. Of course, the bays and swamps here is good cover for them and provides food as well. Great hub!

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