Freezing, Melting, and Boiling Points of Solids, Liquids, and Gases in general Use Today

Updated on January 3, 2018

Definition of Boiling Point

The temperature at which a liquid boils and turns into a gas. The boiling point temperature will be lower if the atmospheric pressure is decreased. For example the boiling point of pure water at standard atmospheric pressure (or sea level) is 100°C (212°F) while at 10,000 feet (3,048m) it is 90.39° C (194.7°F). This decrease will affect the time it takes to cook anything in water to the extent that any food that requires five minutes to prepare at sea level will take around 20 minutes at 3km (10,000 feet). In theory you could also calculate your altitude by recording the temperature water boils at.

Solvent based liquids will generally have a lower boiling point than water. In other words they will require less heat to turn them into vapour. Liquids with a much lower boiling point than water are generally classed as flammable.

Definition of Freezing Point

The temperature at which a liquid becomes a solid. The freezing point temperature will be higher if the pressure is increased. This may not be by a noticeable amount due to the volume change upon melting being much smaller than the volume change (expansion) when boiling. For example the freezing point of pure water at standard atmospheric pressure (or zero feet) is 0°C (32°F) while at 11km (6 miles) above sea level it would only be 0.001°C higher.

The only known liquid that does not freeze, even at absolute zero, is liquid helium unless it is under pressure.

Definition of Melting Point

The temperature that a solid substance becomes a liquid. Some solids do not have a liquid state and will change directly from a solid to a gaseous state. This is called sublimation, e.g. Carbon Dioxide (dry ice).

Melting Point/Freezing Point

The terms melting point or freezing point are often interchanged depending on whether a substance is being heated or cooled. For liquids it is known as the freezing point and for solids it is called the melting point. The melting point of a solid and the freezing point of the liquid are normally the same.

Table of Boiling and Melting/Freezing Points at Sea Level (Standard Atmospheric Pressure). The information is provided in centigrade (Celsius).

A to C

Substance
Boiling Point
Freezing/Melting Point
Aluminium
2,519
660.3
Argon
-185.8
-189.34
Butane
-1
-140
Calcium
1,484
842
Carbon
4,827
3,550
Carbon Dioxide
-57
-78
Chloroform
61.2
-63.5
Chlorine
-34
-101.5
Cobalt
2,870
1,495
Copper
2,562
1,085

E to M

Substance
Boiling Point
Freezing/Melting Point
Ethanol (Alcohol)
78.4
-114
Gold
2,856
1,064
Glycerol
290
17.8
Helium
-268.9
-272.2
Hydrogen
-252.9
-259.1
Iodine
184.3
113.7
Iron
2,862
1,538
Lead
1,750
327.5
Magnesium
1,091
650
Mercury
356.7
-38.8
Methanol
64.7
-97.6

N to P

Substance
Boiling Point
Freezing/Melting Point
Neon
-246
-248.6
Nickel
2,913
1,455
Nitric Acid
83
-42
Nitrogen
-195.8
-210
Oxygen
-183
-218.8
Phosphorus
280.5
44.2
Platinum
3,825
1,768
Plutonium
3,232
639.4
Potassium
758.8
63.4
Propane
-42
-188

R to Z

Substance
Boiling Point
Freezing/Melting Point
Radium
1,140
699.8
Radon
-61.9
-71.2
Sea Water
100.7
-2
Silicon
2,357
1,414
Silver
2,162
961.8
Sodium
882.8
97.7
Sulphur
444.7
115.2
Sulphuric Acid
337
10.3
Tin
2,603
231.9
Titanium
3,287
1,668
Uranium
4,131
1,132
Water
100
0
Zinc
907
419.5
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ @ 2013 Brian McKechnie (aka WorldEarth)

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • World Earth profile imageAUTHOR

      Brian OldWolf 

      5 weeks ago from Old Wolf Cottage

      Thanks Lucky.

    • profile image

      Lucky 

      5 weeks ago

      Wow this is great

    • World Earth profile imageAUTHOR

      Brian OldWolf 

      6 weeks ago from Old Wolf Cottage

      Thank You Mia

    • profile image

      Mia 

      6 weeks ago

      This page is fabtasic

    • profile image

      YOLO 

      7 weeks ago

      could you help me a bit more with the freezing topic,

      I have to do a ppt on it & i need a bit of help

    • profile image

      Anurag 

      2 months ago

      it is very helpfull

      but i was confused in co2 boiling pt

    • World Earth profile imageAUTHOR

      Brian OldWolf 

      2 months ago from Old Wolf Cottage

      Thanks GFJ

    • profile image

      Brian OldWolf 

      2 months ago

      Thanks GFJ

    • profile image

      GFJ 

      2 months ago

      FLIPIN COOL

    • World Earth profile imageAUTHOR

      Brian OldWolf 

      3 months ago from Old Wolf Cottage

      Well thank you Rocky.

    • profile image

      Rocky boiiiii 

      3 months ago

      It's good and fine, OK .................. ...... I like it

    • profile image

      Raplh 

      4 months ago

      Thanks

    • profile image

      Julian 

      4 months ago

      nice

    • World Earth profile imageAUTHOR

      Brian OldWolf 

      4 months ago from Old Wolf Cottage

      So pleased I could help. Good luck to you and your students.

    • profile image

      boi 

      4 months ago

      thanks forthehelp

    • profile image

      Leáh Fernanda Velasquez 

      4 months ago

      Gracias Brian. It absolutely helped my students to understand forms of substance because they could never understand my teachings.

    • profile image

      AJ Inengite 

      4 months ago

      Wow, its Mind blowing.

    • profile image

      oliver 

      4 months ago

      helped a lot

    • profile image

      Puppy 

      4 months ago

      Thanks a lot, it helped in my chemistry homework.

    • profile image

      jabob sartorius 

      4 months ago

      thank's oh so very's much mate,,,,, it helpe'd ayyyy lots matey

    • profile image

      Dumpcow 

      4 months ago

      this helped

    • profile image

      iuhh 

      4 months ago

      it helped me in my chemistry homewok!!

    • World Earth profile imageAUTHOR

      Brian OldWolf 

      4 months ago from Old Wolf Cottage

      Thanks !!!

    • profile image

      bob 

      4 months ago

      wow this is sooooooooo strange

    • profile image

      Person 

      5 months ago

      Thanks this really helped me

    • profile image

      nameless 

      6 months ago

      heeeeeeeeeelllloooooo. nice article.

    • profile image

      awsome surrviwar 

      6 months ago

      super cool and interesting

    • profile image

      Anonymous 

      6 months ago

      This was very helpful with my homework as i am in year 7.

    • profile image

      World Earth 

      7 months ago

      Glad to be of help Emoney.

    • profile image

      Emoney 

      7 months ago

      Thnks this helped me with an extra credit about argon

    • profile image

      wyattoleffsnoodle 

      7 months ago

      THX :)

    • profile image

      ... 

      7 months ago

      Thank you so much

    • profile image

      kitten 

      7 months ago

      why is hydrogens melting point -259.1 but silvers melting point is 961.8

    • profile image

      xavierjbriscoe@gmail.com 

      8 months ago

      its cool that thats what it looks like...but i like seeing the new things about it. its cool...and interesting...but can you tell us something new about it? I'm in science class and i'm in 5th grade and we are learning about this stuff. kind of...we are learning solids, liquids and gases

    • profile image

      Er lakkhu 

      8 months ago

      I very intrested

    • profile image

      Unknown 

      8 months ago

      Thanks so much it really helped

    • profile image

      jim 

      8 months ago

      thx so much

    • profile image

      Xxx yyyy 

      8 months ago

      Thx for the help.

    • profile image

      World Earth 

      8 months ago

      Thanks

    • profile image

      cc 

      8 months ago

      why do you still answer all the comment when your article is from 3 years ago

    • profile image

      squid 

      9 months ago

      these comments are the best part of this website lol

    • World Earth profile imageAUTHOR

      Brian OldWolf 

      9 months ago from Old Wolf Cottage

      Thanks

    • profile image

      Navnath jadhav 

      9 months ago

      Nice

      I will ao that your good

    • profile image

      unknown 

      9 months ago

      too much info

    • profile image

      Anonymous 

      9 months ago

      For those asking what measurement it is in, it's in Celsius, as it says before the first table.

    • profile image

      Anonymous 

      10 months ago

      Hi this is very help full just next time add celsius,degree and fahrenheit

    • profile image

       

      10 months ago

      Interesting but it would be better if u added a bit more pesific info.

      Thanks

    • profile image

      Suryansh 

      10 months ago

      Nice

    • profile image

      Huh 

      11 months ago

      Lol nice

    • profile image

      Aleya 

      12 months ago

      Is these degree Celsius or Fahrenheit?

    • profile image

      Unknown 

      12 months ago

      It is lol and useless can't Brian can give answers in point to point manner. Actually brian u r useless

    • profile image

      brayden 

      13 months ago

      good websight

    • profile image

      Non-smart person 

      13 months ago

      Thanks smart person

    • profile image

      devin 

      14 months ago

      hi thanks

    • profile image

      none 

      14 months ago

      hi thx kids

    • profile image

      Tom Janet Monks 

      14 months ago

      Yeah Maths!!!!!!!!!!!

    • profile image

      maddie 

      14 months ago

      Classify a substance as solids, liquids and gases by looking at melting point and boiling point

    • profile image

      joe 

      14 months ago

      good.thanks for education.

    • profile image

      Teresa 

      14 months ago

      Can you help me name a liquid with a melting point of -15°C

    • profile image

      Typical gamer 

      14 months ago

      Helpful

    • profile image

      Joel 

      14 months ago

      Epic and fun and interesting I love this

    • profile image

      Fat guy 

      14 months ago

      Cool and helpful in school

    • profile image

      Haltee 

      16 months ago

      Can u please provide the reference for the information

    • profile image

      mobin 

      16 months ago

      fine

    • profile image

      Garrit Stauts 

      17 months ago

      What is the overall Celsius degree at which an average solid melts?

    • profile image

      Angelina 

      18 months ago

      Great i was looking for fahrenheit though

    • profile image

      finn 

      18 months ago

      this site is boss.

    • profile image

      some dude 

      18 months ago

      do you reply to everyone along the lines of Glad to help. Also pleased that you love science. Brian

    • profile image

      John 

      20 months ago

      Could you please add in more substances such as Dry Ice and Liquid Nitrogen? Also, please add Fahrenheit as a unit. Other than that, I love it. Thanks!

    • World Earth profile imageAUTHOR

      Brian OldWolf 

      20 months ago from Old Wolf Cottage

      Ha ha appreciate your comment Slayer

    • profile image

      Slayer6705 

      20 months ago

      Hi I have a Science Test Tomorrow About Matter so Thanks! This will Really help me out so Thank you Again and may be comfort in your life.

      P.S(I am not always this nice so yea :)

    • profile image

      you 

      20 months ago

      really good for revision

    • World Earth profile imageAUTHOR

      Brian OldWolf 

      20 months ago from Old Wolf Cottage

      Glad I could help.

    • profile image

      Hi 

      20 months ago

      This helped me with homework

    • profile image

      sadaf 

      22 months ago

      Melting point: -189.4 °C

      Boiling point: -185.8 °C for argon please make correction

    • profile image

      ReTurtle9 

      2 years ago

      Amazing got so much interesting information

    • profile image

      world earth 

      2 years ago

      cute dog

    • profile image

      vasanth 

      2 years ago

      Yeah ..its good

    • World Earth profile imageAUTHOR

      Brian OldWolf 

      2 years ago from Old Wolf Cottage

      Glad you like it.

    • profile image

      krishna chaitanya 

      2 years ago

      its really very nice

    • World Earth profile imageAUTHOR

      Brian OldWolf 

      3 years ago from Old Wolf Cottage

      Hope it's useful anyway

    • profile image

      lamb123 

      3 years ago

      tell me about it

    • World Earth profile imageAUTHOR

      Brian OldWolf 

      3 years ago from Old Wolf Cottage

      My pleasure. It's not any easy read though.

    • profile image

      lamb123 

      3 years ago

      Awesome helped A LOT thanks

    • World Earth profile imageAUTHOR

      Brian OldWolf 

      3 years ago from Old Wolf Cottage

      Water water everywhere !!!

    • profile image

      CINDY 

      3 years ago

      BORING, I need (LIQUIDS) and their boiling point

    • World Earth profile imageAUTHOR

      Brian OldWolf 

      3 years ago from Old Wolf Cottage

      No problem

    • profile image

      lol 

      3 years ago

      thanks

    • World Earth profile imageAUTHOR

      Brian OldWolf 

      3 years ago from Old Wolf Cottage

      Cheers

    • profile image

      ..... 

      3 years ago

      nice

    • World Earth profile imageAUTHOR

      Brian OldWolf 

      3 years ago from Old Wolf Cottage

      Thank you

    • profile image

      3 years ago

      i love this

    • World Earth profile imageAUTHOR

      Brian OldWolf 

      4 years ago from Old Wolf Cottage

      confused !!! now removed. Thanks.

    • profile image

      Topeka, KS 

      4 years ago

      Why is aluminium listed twice, with two different melting and boiling points?

    • World Earth profile imageAUTHOR

      Brian OldWolf 

      4 years ago from Old Wolf Cottage

      Tongue firmly in cheek.. I presume !!!

    • World Earth profile imageAUTHOR

      Brian OldWolf 

      4 years ago from Old Wolf Cottage

      Thanks Ross for your input.. changes made. Brian

    • profile image

      Ross 

      4 years ago

      The boiling point temperature will be lower if the pressure is increased.

      Shouldn't that be The boiling point temperature will be HIGHER if the pressure is increased.

    • World Earth profile imageAUTHOR

      Brian OldWolf 

      4 years ago from Old Wolf Cottage

      Glad to help. Also pleased that you love science. Brian

    • profile image

      will 

      4 years ago

      I love science but need 15 boiling and melting points for homework gets a bit boring.... 8-p

    • World Earth profile imageAUTHOR

      Brian OldWolf 

      5 years ago from Old Wolf Cottage

      Glad to hear it. It can be rather interesting and sometimes a bit overwhelming !!!

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, owlcation.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://owlcation.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)