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10 Impressive Moths in the Family Saturniidae: Facts and Photos

Linda Crampton is a writer and teacher with an honors degree in biology. She loves to study nature and write about living things.

The Saturniidae moth family is impressive for multiple reasons. In some species, the adult is colorful and beautifully patterned. The caterpillar is often attractive as well. Some members of the family have intriguing methods of defense. Saturniid moths may be large and very noticeable insects. One species (the Hercules moth) is so big that it’s sometimes mistaken for a bird.

Many members of the family Saturniidae have large spots on their wings surrounded by concentric rings of color. The pattern reminded earlier scientists of the planet Saturn with its surrounding rings and was responsible for the family's scientific name. The animals' bodies are thick and hairy. Over 2,000 species exist in the family, and I describe ten of them in this article.

Physical Features

Like other insects, a moth's body is made of a head, a thorax, and an abdomen. The animal has six legs and four wings. The wings are arranged in two pairs. The front and upper wings are known as forewings. The back and lower ones are called hindwings.

A pair of antennae extend from a moth's head. They are sometimes branched or feathery and often lack the knob found at the end of many butterfly antennae. The antennae are very sensitive to odors.

Activity and Diet

Many adult moths are nocturnal (active at night), but some species are crepuscular (active at dawn or dusk) or diurnal (active during the day). Some moths pollinate flowers, especially those that bloom at night.

Adults feed on liquids such as nectar from flowers, juice from decaying fruit, honeydew, tree sap, and even liquid from manure. Some adults don't eat at all due to their short lifespans once mature. The caterpillars eat solid food, especially leaves. Immediately after emergence from the egg, they may eat the eggshell.

Taxonomy

Moths and butterflies belong to the order Lepidoptera within the class Insecta. The order contains many families. One of them is the family Saturniidae, which is also known as the giant silk moth family.

Life Cycle

The first stage of the life cycle is the egg. The egg hatches into a larva, or caterpillar. The caterpillar goes through several developmental stages, which are known as instars. A caterpillar molts (sheds its skin) between each instar.

In some species, each instar looks the same as the previous one except for its larger size. In others, a later instar differs in color, features, and size from an earlier one. The varying appearance may make identification difficult, but it's interesting to see the different forms of the larva.

When a caterpillar has matured, it creates a protective cocoon of silk around its body and then becomes a pupa. Inside the pupa, the body structure of the insect changes dramatically as the caterpillar becomes an adult moth.

Many adults don't live for long, but this isn't the case for all species. Some die only one or two weeks after leaving the pupa. Others live for months. The main purpose of the adults seems to be to mate and propagate the species.

A caterpillar of Saturnia pavonia

A caterpillar of Saturnia pavonia

1. Small Emperor Moth (Saturnia pavonia)

Saturnia pavonia is known as the small emperor moth or simply as the emperor moth. It's found in Europe and northern Africa. The front part of the animal's body bears white and brown hair, and its abdomen has horizontal bands. The wings of the male are beautifully colored. The female is also attractive, but she is less colorful than the male. Her wings are mostly grey, white, black, and brown but have small patches of other colors.

The male and the female have a large, vivid, and attention-grabbing eyespot on each wing. Eyespots are believed to scare some of the insect's predators and stop them from attacking the moth. The female is nocturnal, but the male flies during the day.

The caterpillar of Saturnia pavonia is black or green, based on its instar. The video above shows the different stages in the insect's development, including different instars of the larva.

During the day, males can be seen flying swiftly about and can be mistaken for butterflies. The females rest in low vegetation during the day, releasing a special scent to attract males.

— The Wildlife Trusts (with respect to Saturnia pavonia)

2. Cecropia Moth (Hyalophora cecropia)

Cecropia moths (Hyalophora cecropia) live in North America and are nocturnal. They have a wingspan of five to seven inches and are the largest moths on the continent. They are attractive animals whose wings display red, brown, black, and white markings in an interesting design. The front of their body has white and red or orange hair and their abdomen is banded. Their legs are also red or orange.

The insects live in forests, but like some other moths the adults are attracted by porch lights and can be seen by homes. They don't eat. Their behavior focuses on mating and egg release. The female produces and releases a pheromone. A pheromone is a chemical with a distinctive scent that attracts a mate. After mating, the female lays up to a hundred eggs. Only some of these lead to the production of an adult due to predation and other factors.

The caterpillar of the cecropia moth varies in appearance. According to the University of Florida, there are usually five caterpillar instars, and they each last for about a week. The first instar is black and has short black spikes extending from its body. The second instar in orange with black spots and spikes. By the third instar, the body of the caterpillars has become greenish-yellow and some of their spikes have become the same color. The fifth instar has the appearance shown above. The rounded spikes on the animal are technically known as tubercles.

Bolas spiders are able to mimic the pheromones produced by insects like the cecropia moth. Male moths then follow the scent of the pheromones and end up becoming the spider’s next meal.

— National Wildlife Federation

3. Atlas Moth (Attacus atlas)

The atlas moth, or Attacus atlas, can be a large insect. It sometimes has a wingspan of around ten inches. It's red-brown in color and has translucent patches on its wings. It also has an interesting projection at the edge of each forewing. The design on the projection reminds me and many other people of a snake's head with an eye and a mouth. The design can also be seen in the first cecropia moth photo, though it's not as obvious.

Scientists speculate that the snake's head design is a defense mechanism. The atlas moth is thought to open its wings to display the snakes when it's threatened by an attack and (presumably) when it can't fly away. Not all scientists are convinced about this scenario. In the video above, it's interesting to see the atlas moth's "snake heads" vibrate as the insect moves on the person's hand. It has been suggested that the translucent patches on the wings act as eyespots and are also protective.

Atlas moths are endemic to Asia and live in rainforests. Their snake design looks like the head of a cobra. Cobras are found in the insect's forest habitat. The caterpillar of the animal is pale green, white, or pale blue.

Three insects vie for the "largest moth" designation. Attacus atlas is one of them. The other two are the Hercules moth, which is described later in this article, and the white witch moth (Thysania agrippina), which doesn't belong to the Saturniidae family. It has a white body with brown markings. An old claim says that a white witch specimen with a wingspan of twelve inches was discovered, but I've haven't yet found irrefutable evidence that this claim is valid.

4. The Rosy Maple Moth (Dryocampa rubicunda)

A pink and yellow moth is probably an unusual sight for many people. It's not often that a moth is referred to as cute, but that adjective has been used to describe Dryocampa rubicunda, or the rosy maple moth. Many people seem to find its pink and yellow wings, its furry yellow body, and its pink appendages appealing. The insect lives in eastern North America. In some parts of its range, the animal is not as colorful as the one shown in the photo above.

The caterpillar of Dryocampa rubicunda is known as the green-striped mapleworm. As in many other moths, the appearance of the caterpillar changes dramatically as it develops. The larva lives in forests and feeds on maple leaves (and on the leaves of other trees), as its name suggests.

5. Imperial Moth (Eacles imperialis)

Eacles imperialis is also known as the imperial moth. Its range extends from Canada to Argentina. The University of Florida says that it's "highly variable" in appearance and refers to the species as a complex. The different forms of the insect are often attractive. The animals have brown, dark red, purple, orange-brown, yellow, and pale green markings (or a selection of these colors) that form various designs. The colors and designs may help to camouflage the animals in their forest habitat.

In addition to the fact that the caterpillars in different instars look different, some of the caterpillars in a particular instar exist as color variants. The larvae feed on the leaves of several trees, including maple, oak, sweet gum, and sassafras.

This female comet moth is resting under a cocoon. Her eyespots remind me of buttons.

This female comet moth is resting under a cocoon. Her eyespots remind me of buttons.

6. Comet/Madagascan Moon Moth (Argema mittrei)

The comet or the Madagascan moon moth (Argema mittrei) is another attractive insect. Males and females look similar, except for the fact that the male has longer and thinner 'tails'. The tails give the animal its comet name. The body ranges from greenish yellow to yellow brown and is decorated with other colors that form various patterns. An eyespot is located on each wing.

The tail spins as the moth flies. It's thought that the spinning process might be protective. It may interfere with a bat's echolocation process, or it may attract the bat to the tail and cause it to leave the rest of the body unharmed. Scientists need to do more research is clarify the effects of the spinning tail.

The moth lives in the rainforest of Madagascar and is nocturnal. The male's antennae are feathery, which helps it detect the female's pheromone. Unfortunately, due to the loss of rainforest the animal is in trouble in its native habitat. It's kept in captivity, which may be important for its survival.

Comets moths fly at night. Some people may wonder why color on the body of nocturnal animals such as comet moths is necessary or beneficial. One benefit is that when nocturnal animals sleep during the day, suitable colors and patterns can help them blend into their background and protect them from predators. This is the case for the comet moth.

Sadly as far as an individual Argema mittrei is concerned, the camouflage is only required for five to eight days. After this time, the animal dies. The Natural History Museum in the UK says that the adult has a mouth and a gut but that neither of these body parts work.

7. Polyphemus Moth (Antheraea polyphemus)

The polyphemus moth (Antheraea polyphemus) lives in North America. The female and the male look roughly the same. I think the most imposing feature of the adult is the eyespots on its wings. They appear to have a three-dimensional appearance.

The name of the insect has an interesting origin that is related to the eyespots. Polyphemus was a character in Ancient Greek mythology. He was one of the Cyclopes, which were a group of giants with a large eye in the middle of their forehead. The moth's name refers to the large eyespot in the middle of each hindwing.

The University of Florida describes some interesting behavior of the caterpillar when it's threatened by a predator. At least in the green, late-instar stage, when a predator approaches the caterpillar, the insect raises the front part of its body into the air. This may make it look less like a caterpillar and more imposing. If this strategy doesn't discourage the predator, the caterpillar may produce a clicking sound and then release gut fluid. The fluid apparently has a bad taste and may repel the predator.

8. Regal/Royal Walnut Moth (Citheronia regalis)

Citheronia regalis is known as the regal, royal, or (my favorite name) the royal walnut moth. The last name comes from the fact that the larva eats walnut leaves. The insect lives in the eastern United States. Its forewings are grey and are decorated with orange veins and pale yellow or white spots. Its hindwings are mostly orange but have some grey and yellow markings.

The adults have vestigial (small and non-functional) mouthparts. They begin mating the second day after emergence and start laying eggs on the third day. The caterpillar that develops is given its own name: the hickory horned devil.

The hickory horned devil has a fearsome name and a dramatic appearance, as shown in the video below, but it's harmless to humans. The caterpillar's body is large and sturdy, especially in the last instar. The body is green or blue-green and is decorated with short black spikes that point backwards. It also displays a group of long, thick, and curved spikes (the "horns") behind its head. The horns are brown with a black tip and are covered with their own short spikes. The spikes may discourage predators.

The caterpillar eats leaves from walnut, hickory, sweet gum, sumac, and other trees. It pupates in the ground inside a burrow that it creates. The insect stays in the pupal form during the winter and generally emerges as an adult in the next summer. Some animals are able to stay in the pupal form for a second year before they emerge.

This (the hickory horned devil) is the largest caterpillar found in North America but it does not turn into the largest moth in North America; that honor goes to the cecropia moth (Hyalophora cecropia).

— Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

9. Automeris metzli

Automeris metzli (no common name) is a saturniid moth found in Central and South America and in Trinidad. It's shown in the video above. The insect has dramatic eye spots on its hindwings. They are surrounded by vividly colored rings. In the resting position, the markings are hidden by the plainer forewings.

The caterpillar bears spines with feathery branches. The spines are said to be urticating because they sting. When a spine pierces our skin, the tip breaks off and venom is released. The venom causes pain in people and animals that touch the caterpillar. At least in Automeris io (the io moth), a North American member of the genus, both the spines and their branches are urticating.

10. Hercules Moth (Coscinocera hercules)

The Hercules moth is very often said to be the largest moth in the world. According to the Queensland Museum, it has a wingspan of up to 10.6 inches. The animal's scientific name is Coscinocera hercules. Its common name is derived from that of a mythical hero. Hercules is a character in both Ancient Greek and Ancient Roman mythology. He was the son of Zeus and was known for his great strength.

The moth is mainly brown in color, but a white stripe travels down each wing. In addition, the wings have translucent patches. Male Hercules moths have a similar coloration to that of the females, but their shape is different. The males have a more triangular body, and they have two long and slender extensions at the end of their hindwings, as shown in the video screen below.

The insects live in rainforest in Australia and New Guinea. The adults are seen on trees and buildings near the forest. The size of the animals is certainly impressive, but as is the case for many other species in their family, the adults don't eat and they don't live for long.

The video below shows a living male Hercules moth. The insect looks purple in the lighting conditions that were used during filming. The male is actually brown, though I have seen a few photos of males with a purplish tinge on the edge of their body.

The last instar stage of Hercules moth caterpillars is an attractive light blue color, as shown below. Red eyespots are located along the caterpillar's sides. The head and the upper surface of the body bear yellow spikes. Early instars are white with dark markings.

The larvae feed on the leaves from multiple trees and shrubs, including the bleeding heart tree or Queensland poplar (Homalanthus populifolius), the red bean tree (Dysoxylum mollissimum), and the cheese tree (Glochidion ferdinandi). The last plant was given its common name because people thought that its fruit looked like a wheel of cheese.

H. populifolius was once known as H. nutans and as Omalanthus nutans and is occasionally still referred to by these names. The Hercules moth is sometimes said to feed on H. novoguineensis, which is also known as the bleeding heart tree. The insect might feed on more than one species in the genus Homolanthus.

A Fascinating Family

The Saturniidae family contains other impressive insects besides the ones described in this article. I think the appearance and behavior of the animals is fascinating. Unlike moths, most butterflies are diurnal and are probably more familiar for many people. Though butterflies are often admired for their beauty, I think that moths can be attractive, too. It's worth observing and studying the insects.

References

  • Saturniid moth entry from the Encyclopedia Britannica
  • Facts about Saturnia pavonia from The Wildlife Trusts
  • Cecropia moth information from the National Wildlife Federation
  • Hyalophora cecropia description from the University of Florida (The site also contains information about other North American moths.)
  • Facts about the Attacus atlas from the California Academy of Sciences
  • The rosy maple moth entry at the Critter Catalog, University of Michigan (Though the website is designed for children, the article is written at an adult level.)
  • The Madagascan moon moth entry from the Natural History Museum in the UK
  • Hickory horned devil PDF document from the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
  • Automeris information from Bug of the Week (The article is written by an entomologist.)
  • Hercules moth information from James Cook University
  • Facts about Coscinocera hercules from Rainforest Rescue

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2020 Linda Crampton

Comments

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on August 29, 2020:

Thank you for the comment, Adrienne. Coming into contact with multiple irritating caterpillars sounds very unpleasant.

Adrienne Farricelli on August 29, 2020:

I always found moths cute with their fuzzy bodies. The caterpillars not so much. Last year in Arizona, there were many black caterpillars and some of them fell off trees landing on my arms and shoulders and causing me unpleasant irritations. I love all the colorful moths you have portrayed in this article.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on August 27, 2020:

Thanks for the comment, Mel. The tricks that nature plays can be very impressive!

Mel Carriere from San Diego California on August 27, 2020:

Very wonderful moth family. The Imperial is the only one that doesn't look very imperial, it resembles a fallen leaf. Amazing the tricks nature plays to sustain life and proliferate species. Great work.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on August 17, 2020:

Thank you for the comment, Drew. I think moths have some very interesting features.

Drew Agravante from Philippines, Currently in Qatar on August 03, 2020:

Wow, I never thought these kinds of moths exist. The largest I have seen was about thumb size. Anyway, they looked fascinating. Thanks for this colorful article.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on July 29, 2020:

Hi, Cynthia. Yes, the bigger moths can be startling. I find this especially true when I see them in a lighted area at night. I sometimes find the sight a bit mysterious as well as startling.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on July 29, 2020:

Thank you very much, Umesh. I appreciate your visit.

Cynthia Zirkwitz from Vancouver Island, Canada on July 29, 2020:

Fascinating, Linda!

I remember one summer gathering as a child with various adults chatting-' father, uncles, maybe grandfather-- seated in a circle inside our old log house when a huge "something," suddenly flitted into the circle and out. It wasnt a bird but it did have a furry little head. The conversation died down down momentarily until it left

The non'verbal cues were that its presence was startling at first, but ultimately, benign and unworthy of comment.

Umesh Chandra Bhatt from Kharghar, Navi Mumbai, India on July 29, 2020:

Exhaustive and interesting.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on July 27, 2020:

Hi, Rajan. Yes, some moths are as attractive as butterflies. They are an interesting group of animals to study.

Rajan Singh Jolly from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on July 26, 2020:

These moths as colourful as butterflies. Such vivid colours and designs. It was interesting reading about them. Thank you.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on July 25, 2020:

Hi, Nithya. Some moths are amazing! Nature holds many surprises.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on July 25, 2020:

Thank you for the visit and the comment, Ernest.

Nithya Venkat from Dubai on July 25, 2020:

These moths are amazing. I enjoyed reading about them along with the stunning photos. So many colors and sizes, a fascinating read. The Rosy Maple moth is small, with pleasant pink and yellow colors. Thank you for sharing these amazing facts with wonderful photos.

Ernest Festus Awudey from Ho, Ghana. on July 25, 2020:

Whoosh....such an eye-opener. Thanks for sharing these facts about moths.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on July 23, 2020:

I appreciate your visit, Nishika. Thank you for the comment. Some moths are dull in color, but it's surprising how attractive many of them are.

Brights and Blues by Nishika Chhabra from India on July 23, 2020:

I have never seen moths that are so colorful. For me, they have always been a dull version of butterflies ;D This was a very informative read and I am definitely sharing it with my friends.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on July 16, 2020:

I appreciate your comment, Devika. Moths are fun to explore.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on July 16, 2020:

Hi, Denise. Yes, the pink and yellow version of the rosy maple moth is cute. It's unusual to see such a color arrangement in moths.

Blessings to you as well.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on July 16, 2020:

Hi, Dora. I think they're beautiful animals, too. I wish more of them could be seen during the day.

Devika Primić from Dubrovnik, Croatia on July 16, 2020:

Impressive! These moths are beautiful and such fascinating facts. I like the well-researched hub on Moths. Colorful and a beauty to nature.

Denise McGill from Fresno CA on July 16, 2020:

They are all so beautiful. That Rosy Maple Moth is downright cute. I've never seen one. We have mostly the whitish cabbage moths around here.

Blessings,

Denise

Dora Weithers from The Caribbean on July 16, 2020:

Such beautiful creatures. I didn't think they were as many as ten, but you say there are others. Amazing! their features and habits are very interesting. I've got some bleeding hearts in my yard; I'll be paying attention.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on July 16, 2020:

Hi, Heidi. Yes, the camouflage ability of some moths is impressive. I appreciate your visit.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on July 16, 2020:

Hi, Maren. Thanks for the comment. I find it very interesting that the caterpillar looks so different from the adult. The complex design on the surface of some of the caterpillars is impressive.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on July 16, 2020:

Thank you very much, Chitrangada. Some insects can be very attractive. They are an interesting group of animals.

Heidi Thorne from Chicago Area on July 16, 2020:

I've always thought moths were just as beautiful as butterflies, though in different ways. These specimens are lovely! And moth species that I've seen in our area are camouflage experts. Sometimes I didn't even know it wasn't a leaf.

Thanks for sharing more of the biological world we often don't see!

Maren Elizabeth Morgan from Pennsylvania on July 16, 2020:

I learned a new word: crepuscular! Thank you. The caterpillars of many of these moths are very artistically complex.

Chitrangada Sharan from New Delhi, India on July 16, 2020:

Those Moths are so beautiful and you have provided interesting information about all of them. I don’t think, I have seen them, from such a close distance. Such fine colours, so many details! Looks amazing indeed.

Thanks for sharing this wonderful and well researched article.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on July 15, 2020:

That sounds like an interesting discovery, Peggy. Thank you for the visit and the comment.

Peggy Woods from Houston, Texas on July 15, 2020:

I once spotted a huge moth on the side of our home. It had those eyespots and must have been a part of this family of moths. Thanks for giving us this fascinating information.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on July 15, 2020:

Thank you, John. Some moths have surprising features. I think they are an intriguing group of animals.

John Hansen from Queensland Australia on July 15, 2020:

A very interesting and informative article, Linda. These months and caterpillars are amazingly beautiful and their size is impressive. Thanks for sharing.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on July 15, 2020:

Thank you very much, Fran. I think that biology is a fascinating subject.

fran rooks from Toledo, Ohio on July 15, 2020:

Absolutely fascinating!! I'd forgotten how huge the moths can be. Looks just like my biology book from school. Great article.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on July 15, 2020:

Hi, Manatita. Thanks for the visit. Some moth features are dramatic. Nature has many surprises for us!

manatita44 from london on July 15, 2020:

Looks like an Emperor all right. A bit rabbity too. Fascinating species! Imperial and regal, all right ... absolute miracles of the Supreme. Yes, their eyes are quite dramatic and it was good seeing the motion from cocoon to moth. Thorough and well researched. Amazing stuff!

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on July 15, 2020:

Hi, Bill. The size of the biggest moths is amazing. It seems that nature has many surprises for us!

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on July 15, 2020:

Hi, Liza. The camouflage in the imperial moth is certainly impressive. Moths can be surprising!

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on July 15, 2020:

Thank you for the kind comment, Eric. I appreciate it very much!

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on July 15, 2020:

Hi, Pamela. The markings can be lovely. Butterflies are known for their beauty, but I think some moths are beautiful, too.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on July 15, 2020:

Thank you, Ankita. I appreciate your visit and comment.

Bill Holland from Olympia, WA on July 15, 2020:

My God those things are huge! I would be dumbstruck if I saw a moth of that size. Thanks for sharing. I had no idea.

Liza from USA on July 15, 2020:

Who would think that moth is surprising can be an attractive insect? I think people can get confused by its similarity to a butterfly. My favorite one is the camouflage imperial moth. The one in the photo you've shared almost looks like a leaf! I love that. It is an impressive list, Linda. Thanks for sharing. I have furthered my knowledge this morning!

Eric Dierker from Spring Valley, CA. U.S.A. on July 15, 2020:

Thank you Linda. For science "class" yesterday my son and I did this one and the one on Wolf Spiders. Great stuff for learning. Seems like we will just do "Linda's Articles" for science for a few weeks. That is so cool.

He will be going into 5th grade and I think this is a few years higher level. So we say, bring it!

Pamela Oglesby from Sunny Florida on July 15, 2020:

It is amazing that this moth has so many types. Their markings are so interesting also. The dark spots with a ring around them look like eyes. This is really a very interesting, well-written article. I don't ever remember seeing this type of moth as it really is beautiful.

Ankita B on July 14, 2020:

Amazing article about the various species of moths with beautiful photos.Thank you for sharing.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on July 14, 2020:

Hi, Linda. The resemblance of moths and their features to leaves and eyes is impressive. I enjoy exploring the group.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on July 14, 2020:

Thank you very much for the kind comment, Alyssa.

I think that some moths are beautiful as well as interesting.

Linda Chechar from Arizona on July 14, 2020:

Many of the moths are amazing colors and designs that look like eyes! Some that look like fall leaves and others just like ginkgo biloba leaves. The colorful caterpillars also have spikes.

Alyssa from Ohio on July 14, 2020:

Wow, this is an incredible wealth of knowledge about moths! I didn't realize just how fascinating, and beautiful they could be! I was surprised at how large some species are and how fuzzy. I love the variances in camouflage and mimicry. Thank you for sharing!

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on July 14, 2020:

Hi, Bill. Yes, some moths that get into the house can definitely be annoying, but there are many other members of the group that I think are fascinating and beautiful. Thank you for the comment.

Bill De Giulio from Massachusetts on July 14, 2020:

When thinking of a moth I always envisioned a small brown insect that annoyingly gets into the house. Oh how that has changed. I had no idea there were so many colorful and very large species of moth. I found this fascinating, thank you for the education.

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