Quadratic Sequences: The Nth Term of a Quadratic Number Sequence

Updated on December 13, 2016

Here, we will be finding the nth term of a quadratic number sequence. A quadratic number sequence has nth term = an² + bn + c

Example 1

Write down the nth term of this quadratic number sequence.

-3, 8, 23, 42, 65...

Step 1: Confirm the sequence is quadratic. This is done by finding the second difference.

Sequence = -3, 8, 23, 42, 65

1st difference = 11,15,19,23

2nd difference = 4,4,4,4

Step 2: If you divide the second difference by 2, you will get the value of a.

4 ÷ 2 = 2

So the first term of the nth term is 2n²

Step 3: Next, substitute the number 1 to 5 into 2n².

n = 1,2,3,4,5

2n² = 2,8,18,32,50

Step 4: Now, take these values (2n²) from the numbers in the original number sequence and work out the nth term of these numbers that form a linear sequence.

n = 1,2,3,4,5

2n² = 2,8,18,32,50

Differences = -5,0,5,10,15

Now the nth term of these differences (-5,0,5,10,15) is 5n -10.

So b = 5 and c = -10.

Step 5: Write down your final answer in the form an² + bn + c.

2n² + 5n -10

Example 2

Write down the nth term of this quadratic number sequence.

9, 28, 57, 96, 145...

Step 1: Confirm if the sequence is quadratic. This is done by finding the second difference.

Sequence = 9, 28, 57, 96, 145...

1st differences = 19,29,39,49

2nd differences = 10,10,10

Step 2: If you divide the second difference by 2, you will get the value of a.

10 ÷ 2 = 5

So the first term of the nth term is 5n²

Step 3: Next, substitute the number 1 to 5 into 5n².

n = 1,2,3,4,5

5n² = 5,20,45,80,125

Step 4: Now, take these values (5n²) from the numbers in the original number sequence and work out the nth term of these numbers that form a linear sequence.

n = 1,2,3,4,5

5n² = 5,20,45,80,125

Differences = 4,8,12,16,20

Now the nth term of these differences (4,8,12,16,20) is 4n. So b = 4 and c = 0.

Step 5: Write down your final answer in the form an² + bn + c.

5n² + 4n

Comments

Submit a Comment

  • profile image

    louisearabiana 

    8 weeks ago

    where does this difference came from, like the 4,8,12,16,20?

  • catman3000 profile imageAUTHOR

    Mark 

    8 months ago from England, UK

    This would rarely happen, but you can still apply the same method. Just put a decimal before n squared.

  • profile image

    its ya boi 

    8 months ago

    What if the second difference is an odd number?

  • profile image

    Silver49 

    4 years ago

    Very good explanation I will recommend this site to any one who has got problem understanding quadratic sequence

  • profile image

    MKING 

    4 years ago

    its it the same if you get for example 3n+3n+3n+1 like 3 nth terms do u just go and make a third sequence from your second sequence

  • profile image

    cool guy 

    5 years ago

    what do you do if the number only repeats after 4 differences:

    1 1 2 7 21

    0 1 5 14 1

    1 4 9 2

    3 5 3

    2 4

    What is the equation?

  • profile image

    Gervasius Stephanus 

    5 years ago

    Conceptual undertanding is very important for students to comprehend quadratic sequence. Hence, the logic of determining the terms of a given sequence defined by a quadratic formula should be the starting point.

  • profile image

    Dr Gervasius Stephen 

    5 years ago

    The procedure helps far better but understanding of the concept per se in changing the sequence to arithmetic number sequence should be greatly emphasised.

  • profile image

    MathFabPhobiaCured 

    5 years ago

    dat is just dam cul. luving dis site. helpd me a lot.

    quad eqns made easy for us math phobs people.

  • profile image

    shafster 

    5 years ago

    its epic

  • profile image

    sid 

    6 years ago

    brilliant i was having trouble with quadratic sequences and this helped a lot thanks

  • profile image

    Angel 

    6 years ago

    N is number of term.

  • profile image

    Angel 

    6 years ago

    Dats cul

  • profile image

    matthias caruana 

    6 years ago

    In step one there's a mistake in the first difference

    it should be 11,15,19,23

  • profile image

    Me. 

    7 years ago

    thanks for this, had trouble understanding for my maths homework

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