Rats: The Bad and the Good

Updated on May 24, 2019
Rupert Taylor profile image

I've spent half a century (yikes) writing for radio and print—mostly print. I hope to be still tapping the keys as I take my last breath.

Rats live among us and mostly we don’t like them. Originally from northern China, brown rats are now found everywhere on the planet except in Antarctica. If only we could recruit the legendary Pied Piper of Hamelin to draw the pesky rodents out of our cities. But, as with so many things, we have to be careful what we wish for.

Source

Rat-Borne Disease

The Black Death killed about 60 percent of the population of Europe in the Middle Ages. Rats take the blame for the catastrophe although it was fleas, for which the rodents were hosts, that did the heavy lifting. Rat fleas carry the bacteria that cause bubonic plague and then transmit the disease to humans they bite for a blood meal.

The overcrowded and filthy cities in which Europeans lived meant they were in close proximity to rats and their fleas. Those same unsanitary and congested conditions exist in many developing world communities, so bubonic plague is still a scourge in some areas.

Source

Rats also carry leptospirosis, which “Without treatment … can lead to kidney damage, meningitis (inflammation of the membrane around the brain and spinal cord), liver failure, respiratory distress, and even death” (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention).

Other rat-borne infections include:

  • Lassa fever is common in West Africa and kills about 5,000 people a year;
  • Salmonella is a common diarrheal illness in humans and can be caused by contact with rat feces;
  • Rat Bite Fever is pretty much self explanatory and you don’t want it. Typical symptoms are vomiting, fever, muscle pain, joint pain, and headache. In about 10 percent of people it is fatal.

While Rats Are Reviled in Western Societies in Asia They Are Often Respected and even Worshipped.

Everything You Didn’t Want to Know About Rats

Caroline Bragdon is the city of New York’s rat expert. She holds “rat academies” to educate people about the rodents. The New Yorker reported on one of her training sessions in 2018. She said that rats:

  • “Make lots of babies fast;
  • “Live well with people; and,
  • “They can cut anything softer than steel.”

And here is some other trivia about rats:

  • They eat their own droppings for additional nutrition;
  • They can tread water for up to three days;
  • They can recognize people they have seen before;
  • The collective noun for rats is a “pack” or a “mischief;”
  • Rats can collapse their skeletons making it possible for them to crawl through a hole about three-quarters of an inch in diameter;
  • When they bite, rats can exert pressure similar to that of a crocodile; about 7,000 pounds per square inch;

Movies Tell Children to Hate Rats from an Early Age

  • Some rats have learned to dangle their tails in water to attract fish that mistake the appendage for a worm. If the fish bites, the rat jumps into the water and snags it;
  • In theory, a single pair of rats could produce 359 million descendants in three years; predators, infant mortality, and disease keep this astonishing number from being achieved;
  • Rats can live without water longer than camels;
  • Estimates vary, but it’s said the average human is never more than 10 feet away from a rat; some say the distance is as small as three feet. But in the Canadian province of Alberta you are always a long way from rats.

Rat-Free Alberta

Rats first appeared in the Canadian province of Alberta in about 1950, migrating across the Prairies from the East. This is when the province put up a stop sign on its border with Saskatchewan.

Phil Merrill heads up the rat control programme. He told the BBC that when the rats first appeared “we checked all the farms along the border where they were and poisoned them out. And we just don’t allow any more rats to come in.”

Source

Geography helped. Alberta is bordered by the Rockie Mountains to the West and South. These are too thinly populated and cold in winter to attract rats. To the north Arctic temperatures persuade rats to stay in warmer places.

But, the war never ends. Pest control officers are ever-vigilant about invaders from the East. The population is mobilized by posters with pictures of the offending critter and slogans such as “Kill Rats At Sight.” Some rodents slip through the cordon but they don’t get far before they are hunted down and bumped off.

In some parts of the world rats are on the menu.
In some parts of the world rats are on the menu. | Source

The Upside of Rats

It’s time for rats to get new spin doctors. Unwillingly perhaps, they provide numerous services to humans.

Rats are similar to humans physiologically, hormonally, and neurologically; this makes them ideal subjects for medical experiments. They can be infected with human diseases and then studied as to how they respond to various therapies. Obviously, this is not something that pleases animal rights activists or the rats themselves for that matter.

A Belgian charity called Apopo makes use of the acute sense of smell common among rats. The group trains African pouch rats to sniff out landmines in areas that have been conflict zones. The rodents detect the explosives but are light enough that they don’t trigger a blast. Apopo also trains rats to detect difficult-to-diagnose tuberculosis.

Lab rats have been used in studies about the psychology of learning. They have even been trained by electricians to pull wires through wall cavities.

And, they are sanitation workers. They clean up a lot of our food waste, although that does mean they leave behind mountains of rat poop.

Also, we have to remember that rats, like all other life forms, are part of the food web. If we knock them out of existence - something that is very unlikely - there will be negative impacts up and down the food chain of which they, and us, are a part.

And, here’s something else to be concerned about. Researchers at the University of British Columbia say that rats have an amazing ability to host pathogens. If the rats are exterminated, the pathogens will look for other hosts and that could turn out to be us.

Source

Bonus Factoids

Jack Black was Queen Victoria’s official rat catcher. He domesticated one rodent and started the keeping of rats as pets in England. In the United States, there are thought to be half a million pet rats.

It is a great irony that many people who have a horror of rats are kept alive by taking the blood thinner Warfarin, that was first developed as a rat poison.

The famous “You dirty rat” of James Cagney fame (He never actually said those exact words although he came close) does a grave disservice to the rodents because rats bathe up to six times a day.

Sources

  • “Detecting Landmines.” Apopo.org, undated.
  • “Rats: Dangerous Vermin or Useful Members of Society?” Deutsche Welle News, undated.
  • “Bubonic Plague Still Kills Thousands.” Tia Ghose, LiveScience, September 27, 2013
  • “Rats May Be Disgusting, but It’s People Who Have Made the World They Thrive In.” Steven Belmain, The Guardian, February 25, 2015.
  • “Rat Academy Is in Session.” Tyler Foggatt, New Yorker, August 13, 2018.
  • “20 Things You Didn’t Know About ... Rats.” Liza Lentini and David Mouzon, Discover Magazine, December 7, 2006.
  • “Why We Should Learn to Love Rats.” Jonathon Brown, The Independent, March 26, 2009.
  • “How these Cities Became Rat-Free Zones.” Philippa Fogarty, BBC, May 21, 2019.
  • “Rats Are Everywhere, but Rarely Studied. One Canadian Project That Is Filling the Gap Has Made Disturbing Discoveries.” Oliver Moore, Globe and Mail, April 30, 2019.

© 2019 Rupert Taylor

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, owlcation.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://owlcation.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)