Age and Mixture Problems and Solutions in Algebra
Age and Mixture Problems in Algebra
Age and mixture problems are applications of creating equations from given algebraic problems. It requires good analytical thinking skills and understanding when answering age and mixture problems in algebra. Sometimes, you have to see the word problem twice to understand it fully. Then, write the equations from every phrase or sentence carefully. As much as possible, create a table and categorize the elements of the problem. Write the data in the table in an orderly and organized way. In that way, the formulation of equations will be uncomplicated. Here are some problems in algebra about age and mixtures that you can practice.
Age and Mixture Article Contents:
 Father and son's ages
 A person's age
 Comparison of ages
 Steel containing nickel mixture problems
 An alloy containing gold mixture problems
 The ratio of mixture quantities problems
 Salt solution mixture problems
Problem 1: Father and Son's Ages
Two times the father's age is eight more than six times the son's age. Ten years ago, the sum of their ages was 36 years. The age of the son is:
Solution
a. Let x be the age of the son and y be the age of the father.
2y = 6x + 8 y = 3x + 8
b. Create a mathematical relation between the father's age and the son's age ten years ago.
(x  10) + (y  10) = 36 x + y = 56
c. Substitute the value of y into the equation x + y = 56.
x + y = 56 y = 3x + 8 x + (3x + 8) = 56 4x + 8 = 56 4x = 56 8 4x = 48 x = 12
Final Answer: The son's age is 12 years old.
Problem 2: A Person's Age
John's age 15 years ago was 1/3 of his age nine years hence. How old is John?
Solution
a. Let x be the age of John now. His age 15 years ago was x 15 and his age nine years hence is x + 9.
x  13 = (1/3) (x + 9) x  13 = (1/3) x + 3 x  (1/3) x = 3 + 13 (2/3) x = 16 x = 24
Final Answer: Therefore, John's age is 24 years old.
Problem 3: Mother and Daughter's Ages
A mother is 41 years old, and in seven years she will be four times as old as her daughter. How old is her daughter now?
Solution
a. Let x be the age of the daughter and y be the age of the mother.
4 (x + 7) = 41 + 7 4x + 28 = 48 4x = 48  28 4x = 20 x = 5
Final Answer: The daughter is five years old.
Problem 4: Father and Son's Ages
A father is four times as old as his son. Six years ago, he was five times as old as his son was at that time. How old is his son?
Solution
a. Let x be the present age of the father and y be the age of the son.
x = 4y
b. Create a mathematical relation between the father's age and the son's age six years ago.
(x  6) = 5 (y  6) x  6 = 5y  30 x  5y = 30 + 6 x  5y = 24 x = 5y  24
c. Substitute the value of x = 5 to the first equation.
(5y  24) = 4y 5y  4y = 24 y = 24
Final Answer: The son is 24 years old now.
Problem 5: Father and Son's Ages
The ages of the father and son are 50 and 10, respectively. How many years will the father be three times as old as his son?
Solution
a. Let x be the required number of years. Create a mathematical relation between their ages.
50 + x = 3 (10 + x) 50 + x = 30 + 3x 50 + 30 = 3x  x 80 = 2x x = 40
Final Answer: After 40 years, the father will be three times as old as his son.
Problem 6: Comparison of Ages
Peter is 24 years old. Peter is twice as old as John was when Peter was as old as John is now. How old is John?
Solution
a. Let x be the present age of John. The table shows the relationship between their past and present ages.
Past
 Present
 

Peter
 x
 24

John
 24 / 2
 x

b. The difference between the ages of two persons is constant.
x  12 = 24 x x + x = 24 + 12 2x = 36 x = 18 years
Final Answer: John is 18 years old now.
Problem 7: Steel Containing Nickel
Mixing steel containing 14% nickel with another steel containing 6% nickel will make two thousand (2000) kg of steel containing 8% nickel. How much of the steel comprising 14% nickel is required?
Solution
a. Create a table representing the equation.
Mixture 1
 Mixture 2
 Final Mixture
 

Steel
 x
 y
 2000 kg

Nickel
 14%
 6%
 8%

b. Create a mathematical equation for both steel and nickel. Then, create an equation for the summation of mixtures.
Steel: x + y = 2000 y = 2000  x Mixture 1 + Mixture 2 = Final Mixture 14x + 6y = 8 (2000) 7x + 3y = 8000
c. Substitute equation 1 to equation 2.
7x + 3(2000  x) = 8000 x = 500 kg
Final Answer: 500 kg of steel containing 14% nickel is needed.
Problem 8: Alloy Containing Gold
A 20gram alloy containing 50% gold melts a 40gram alloy containing 35% gold. How much percentage of gold is the resulting alloy?
Solution
a. Solve for the total number of grams of the alloy.
Total alloy = 20 + 40 Total alloy = 60 grams
b. Create a table representing the mixtures.
Mixture 1
 Mixture 2
 Final Mixture
 

Alloy
 40 g
 20 g
 60 g

Gold
 35%
 50%
 x

c. Create an equation for the mixtures.
35% (40) + 50% (20) = x (60) x = 40%
Final Answer: The resulting alloy contains 40% gold.
Problem 9: Ratio of Mixtures
In what ratio must a peanut costing $240 per kilogram be mixed with a peanut costing $340 per kilogram so that a profit of 20% is made by selling the mixture at $360 per kilogram?
Solution
a. Let x be the quantity of $240 per kilogram and y be the quantity of $340 per kilogram of peanuts. Write an equation for the capital and total sales.
Capital = 240x + 340y Total sales = 360 (x + y) Total sales = 360x + 360y
b. The formula for profit is:
Profit = Total Sales  Capital Profit = (360x + 360y)  (240x + 340y) Profit = 120x + 20y
c. Since profit is 20% of the capital, the equation would be:
120x + 20y = 0.20 (240x + 340y) 120x + 20y = 48x + 68y 72x = 48y
d. Write the ratio of x and y variables.
(x) / (y) = 48 / 72 (x) / (y) = 2 / 3
Final Answer: The final ratio is 2/3.
Problem 10: Salt Solution
A 100kg salt solution initially 4% by weight. Salt in water is boiled to reduce water content until the concentration is 5% by weight. How much water evaporated?
Solution
a. Create a mathematical equation for the mixtures.
4% (100)  0 = 5% (100  x) 400 = 500  5x x = 20 kg
b. Check the water.
96% (100)  100% (x) = 95% (100  x) 1920  20x = 1900  19x 1920  1900 = 19x + 20x x = 20 kg
Final Answer: 20 kg of water evaporated.
Problem 11: Sum of Ages
A boy is onethird as old as his brother and eight years younger than his sister. The sum of their ages is 38 years. How old is his sister?
Solution
a. Let x be the age of the boy. Create a mathematical equation for the ages.
3x = age of the brother x + 8 = age of sister x + 3x + (x + 8) = 38 5x = 30 x = 6 years (age of boy) x + 8 = 14 years
Final Answer: The age of the sister is 14 years old.
Did you learn from the examples?
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© 2018 John Ray
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