The Benefits of Natural Disasters: Floods, Volcanoes, and Hurricanes

Updated on June 14, 2016

Natural disasters refer to environmental phenomenon that are destructive and occur naturally. Natural disasters include floods, volcanic activity, hurricanes, droughts, and earthquakes. While some of these disasters can be predicted and prepared for, they cannot be completely avoided and may result in damage. Some disasters can be so devastating that it wipes out human life in some areas. Whatever the disaster may be, it affects societies both negatively and positively.

What Is A Flood?

A flood is as a large body of water in areas where it becomes destructive and impedes the natural cycle of living organisms. A flood may be the result of long periods of heavy rain, or rivers or lakes that have overflown their banks. High temperatures can also cause flooding when it causes ice caps and snow to melt quickly. Heavy floods can be so disastrous that infrastructure is washed away, people and animals drown, and people can be stranded for long periods.

Disadvantages of a Flood

The society and economy of a country suffers in many ways after a flood. The loss of lives, vegetation, and infrastructure means there will be fewer people on the labor force, less agriculture available for locals and exportation, and less businesses to contribute to the economy of the country. There will be mass dislocation of people, many of whom may be left homeless and jobless. In order to fill this gap the government will have to spend a little more. The country may seek assistance from foreign countries to supply food and materials to clean and replace infrastructure. While some countries will assist freely, some will charge for its efforts, putting the country in debt and at an economic loss.

Benefits of a Flood

There are benefits of flooding despite its immediate ill effects. For farmers and those in the agricultural sector, it helps them in the long run by providing nutrients to the soil that were lacking. This makes the soil more fertile and increases agricultural production. Nutrients are also added to rivers and lakes, improving the health of fishes that can be consumed. There may be relocation of fishes and organisms living in water bodies. This may improve the ecosystem. New predators and prey are introduced to areas, balancing the aquatic population.

Volcanoes

While there are a few benefits to floods, there are a few more for volcanoes. A volcanic eruption is the emission of hot magma, ash, and lava from a volcano. Volcanoes can result in other natural disasters such as earthquakes, tsunamis, and floods.

An erupting volcano
An erupting volcano | Source

Benefits of Volcanoes

After a volcanic eruption, the soil becomes rich due to the nutrients from the volcano. Precious stones and gems that were once deep within the earth are brought to the earth's surface and will contribute greatly to the economy of the country. Some valuable emissions from volcanoes are pumice, opal, gold, mercury, and metals. It also releases good chemicals into the atmosphere. Chemicals such as carbon dioxide and hydrogen that contributes to the water cycle.

Disadvantages of Volcanoes

In the event of a volcanic eruption, the people and animals in the area are threatened and they must be evacuated. The evacuation of these individuals will require the efforts of the government and social groups to see to it that the individuals receive shelter. This places a dent in the socioeconomic factors of a country as families may be separated, and buildings used as shelters will not be available for their regular use. The eruption of a volcano releases large amounts of smoke and dust that may form dust clouds. Dust clouds will restrict the amount of light available to plants and animals, resulting in less food and more lives being lost.

Hurricanes

Many lives are lost every year in the Caribbean due to hurricanes. Hurricanes are a type of cyclone that consists of heavy rain and very strong winds.

Disadvantages of Hurricanes

Hurricanes result in the destruction to infrastructure and loss of lives, vegetation, and livestock. Many hurricanes cause floods, which can wash away homes and people. The strong winds can destroy large trees and buildings, or use objects as missiles that can cause great damage. The loss of life resulting from hurricanes mean the labor force will be lessened. The destruction of vegetation and livestock means countries will have to source more of their food from other countries.

Benefits of Hurricanes

  • The winds from a hurricane can also contribute to the agricultural sector in the long run. The wind will cause the topsoil to be distributed to areas in which it was lacking.
  • Through the redevelopment of infrastructure, the property value and living conditions in some areas will improve.
  • Hurricanes help to bring people together as they help each other in the aftermath.
  • Lowers temperature.
  • It helps to build up the coastal areas of islands, making the island wider.

In all instances of natural disasters, the social and economic aspects of a country will be negatively affected. The redistribution of population will affect the country negatively as overcrowding may become an issue. It may lead to increased illnesses and social problems. Families will be separated, disrupting the socialization of many. Jobs will be lost and the economy will take a hit. Countries will receive loans from various international institutions. This money should not only be used to repair damages caused by the disaster, it should also be invested in something that can produce great returns.

Questions & Answers

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      • profile image

        Yourmom 

        3 weeks ago

        Thanks this helped me on my 48 page essay

      • profile image

        Pratiksha singh baghel 

        2 months ago

        I like it too much it is very useful and it is in simple language.

      • Loi-Renee profile imageAUTHOR

        Loi-Renee 

        3 months ago from Jamaica

        Thank you. Glad you liked it.

      • Loi-Renee profile imageAUTHOR

        Loi-Renee 

        3 months ago from Jamaica

        You're most welcome Pili

      • profile image

        chetan 

        3 months ago

        very good

      • profile image

        Diya 

        4 months ago

        Thanks it was helpful for my seminar

      • profile image

        THANKS 

        4 months ago

        This help me so much thank you

      • profile image

        Sanjana 

        4 months ago

        Thanks a lot this really helped me out in homework

      • profile image

        Sunaina 

        4 months ago

        Thanks for giving such general knowledgw

      • profile image

        shrey 

        5 months ago

        It helped me a lot in my research

      • profile image

        Antje Ellynlee 

        5 months ago

        Thank u so much

      • profile image

        Charlo 

        8 months ago

        Great!! Assisted me in my final exam preparations!

      • profile image

        Nusaiba 

        8 months ago

        I actually win a national school debate with this

        Thank u so much

      • profile image

        lopa 

        9 months ago

        nice points

      • profile image

        Johnny 

        9 months ago

        What event/disaster took place that cause a company to suffer loss or vice versa

      • profile image

        Bum bum 

        10 months ago

        Thx for GOOD imformation! Every other website are trash

      • profile image

        gouthami 

        10 months ago

        thanks helped me a lot in my school project

      • profile image

        poopy but 

        10 months ago

        its kind of good

      • profile image

        Bean 

        10 months ago

        I hope you have a goood day

      • profile image

        your mom 

        10 months ago

        thx helped with home work

      • profile image

        timmy 

        12 months ago

        floods are so destructive !

      • profile image

        lol 

        12 months ago

        don't understand at all , sorry

      • profile image

        ben 

        13 months ago

        great job

      • profile image

        Dharmik 

        13 months ago

        very helpful in my project

      • profile image

        Eve 

        15 months ago

        what are some positive consequences?

      • profile image

        Eggkid 

        15 months ago

        Thanks

      • profile image

        Eggkid80 

        15 months ago

        Thanks for helping me on my report.

      • profile image

        Jay 

        16 months ago

        I like the facts

      • profile image

        Aa Lava 

        16 months ago

        I didn't get any BENEFITS of natural disasters. You have to state the benefits

      • profile image

        kghdsfnuyfgfjhgbfcy 

        17 months ago

        nice its better than others

      • profile image

        Hellllllllooooooo 

        18 months ago

        I like turtles

      • profile image

        Macmillan M 

        21 months ago

        Thanks this really helped me on homework

      • profile image

        Disha 

        21 months ago

        please give some more points on benefits of floods.

      • profile image

        Kelly Galoome 

        22 months ago

        what are the advantages and disadvantages of environmental disasters??.not natural but environmental

      • profile image

        xyz 

        23 months ago

        okay but i am expecting more information

      • profile image

        Saniyah 

        23 months ago

        U r the best thanx a lot for helping me in my project on natural calamities

      • profile image

        saiful 

        2 years ago

        great for my geography h/w

      • profile image

        KFaith 

        2 years ago

        You pretty much ripped off (without citing) Science Online. Very disappointing. http://www.online-sciences.com/the-environment/the...

      • profile image

        mark 

        2 years ago

        cool

      • profile image

        Sarah 

        2 years ago

        Quiet informative

      • profile image

        Blabla 

        2 years ago

        Add more info

      • profile image

        alex 

        2 years ago

        sorry but there are inappropriate adds on the side

      • profile image

        raju 

        3 years ago

        one of the best hub

      • profile image

        fareen 

        3 years ago

        thanks

      • profile image

        Ganga Bisht 

        3 years ago

        I am a teacher at govt. School mandal my son anshumaan bisht liked it.

      • profile image

        tuaneaziba benriche 

        4 years ago

        loi Renee hit d points I need on The head,making things easy to outline very Well, you just make me to get (A) IN MY COURSE under civil engineering,I appreciate, thanks

      • Loi-Renee profile imageAUTHOR

        Loi-Renee 

        4 years ago from Jamaica

        You are most welcome L1v. I am glad I could help. Hope your project went well.

      • profile image

        Akkulung Apang 

        4 years ago

        Nice.. Got some knowledge about about natural disaster

      • wheelinallover profile image

        Dennis Thorgesen 

        4 years ago from Beatrice, Nebraska U.S.

        All aspects of life can be bad in the short term and good in the long term. Water is one of our most precious commodities. Floods in my local area always help the trees and crops grow better the following year.

        I remember seeing 11 foot tall corn a year after a flood when in normal years they rarely reach 7 ft.

      • profile image

        L1v 

        5 years ago

        Helped a lot for the project in working on . Thumbs up! :)

      • iguidenetwork profile image

        iguidenetwork 

        5 years ago from Austin, TX

        I'm fairly surprised that a hurricane and flood also offer a lot of benefits. I learned a lot of from this hub. Very informative. :)

      • profile image

        nitin punia 

        6 years ago

        cool information

      • sgbrown profile image

        Sheila Brown 

        7 years ago from Southern Oklahoma

        Very interesting hub. Very good information and love the videos. Vote up and interesting! Have a great day! :)

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