Top 10 Facts About the Nile River

Updated on March 17, 2019
BigBrains2 profile image

Since completing university, Paul has worked as a bookseller, librarian, and freelance writer. Born in the UK, he now lives in Florida.

Map Showing the Delta Region. Traditionally considered to be the longest river in the world, the Nile passes through 11 different countries, including Kenya, Congo, Sudan, Uganda, and Egypt, before it eventually drains into the Mediterranean Sea.
Map Showing the Delta Region. Traditionally considered to be the longest river in the world, the Nile passes through 11 different countries, including Kenya, Congo, Sudan, Uganda, and Egypt, before it eventually drains into the Mediterranean Sea. | Source

The Nile is one of the most famous rivers in the world. Located in North Africa, it flows through 11 countries, including Kenya, Congo, Sudan, Uganda, and Egypt, before it eventually drains into the Mediterranean Sea.

The northern section of the river flows through an area which is almost entirely desert, providing fertility and a source of water. Egypt has relied on the Nile since ancient times, with most of the population living along the riverbanks or nearby.

10 Interesting Nile River Facts

  1. The Nile is Traditionally Considered to be the Longest River in the World
  2. The Source of the River was Disputed for Many Years
  3. The River Nile is Formed From Two Major Tributaries
  4. The Origins of the River's Name are Disputed
  5. The Ancient Egyptians Were Dependent on the River for Drinking Water, Food Trade and Transportation
  6. The River Played a Vital Role in the Building of the Pyramids
  7. The Southern Stretches of the River are Home to Nile Crocodiles
  8. The Aswan High Dam was Built to Control the Yearly Flooding of the River
  9. The Ancient Egyptian God of the Nile was Known as Hapi
  10. Around Half of Egypt’s Population of 80 million People Live in the Nile Delta Area

I will give a more detail on each fact below.

1. The Nile is Traditionally Considered to be the Longest River in the World

It measures 4132 miles (6650 km) in total. The starting point for rivers is often disputed and some people now consider the Amazon to be the longest.

The ancient Egyptians built most of their cities along the Nile. This statute shows the goddess, Hathor, the deity who personified joy, love, and motherhood.  Worshiped by all sections of society, she was one of the most popular and important deities
The ancient Egyptians built most of their cities along the Nile. This statute shows the goddess, Hathor, the deity who personified joy, love, and motherhood. Worshiped by all sections of society, she was one of the most popular and important deities | Source

2. The Source of the River was Disputed for Many Years

The arguments arose because the river begins in the area of Lake Victoria, which has many feeder rivers entering it. However, the biggest of these feeders, the Kagera river, is now usually accepted to be the true source of the Nile.

3. The River Nile is Formed From Two Major Tributaries

The tributaries are the White Nile and the Blue Nile, which meet in Sudan, near the capital of Khartoum, before continuing northwards to the Mediterranean Sea.

4. The Origins of the River's Name are Disputed

Some people think that the name comes from the Semitic word: Nahal, which means "river". Others think that the Greek word, “neilos”, which means valley, is the true origin.

Quotes About The Nile River

"The Egyptian Nile, though it does have its own particular hazards, is subject to none of what I find in Rhode Island. Since the Aswan High Dam was built in 1973, the Nile has become something of a grand canal. It is wide, flat, slow, and so calm it verges on the geriatric." Rosemary Mahoney

"Today the traveller on the Nile enters a wonderland at whose gates rise the colossal pyramids of which he has had visions perhaps from earliest childhood." James Henry Breasted

5. The Ancient Egyptians Were Dependent on the River for Drinking Water, Food Trade and Transportation

It also provided rich soil, that was great for growing crops. As rainfall is almost none-existent in Egypt, the people were dependent on the yearly floods, caused by heavy rainfall in Ethiopia, which supplied moisture and left thick rich mud, ideal for cultivation.

6. The River Played a Vital Role in the Building of the Pyramids

This is because the blocks of stone used for construction had to be transported by boat. The Ancient Egyptians also used the reeds growing alongside the Nile, known as papyrus, to make paper and boats with.

7. The Southern Stretches of the River are Home to Nile Crocodiles

They are one of the largest and most dangerous species of crocodile, responsible for the deaths of many people each year. At one time, these aggressive reptiles could be found all the way up to the Nile Delta, but their habitat has shrunk over the years.

8. The Aswan High Dam was Built to Control the Yearly Flooding of the River

The dam was built in 1970. Previously, high floods could wipe out crops, and drier years could result in failures and famine, but the dam now regulates water levels.

9. The Ancient Egyptian God of the Nile was Known as Hapi

The god was honored for the annual floods which brought great fertility to the land. He was known by a variety of titles, including: Lord of the River Bringing Vegetation and Lord of the Fishes and Birds of the Marshes. He is commonly depicted as an intersex person with a big belly and breasts, dressed in a loincloth and ceremonial false beard.

10. Around Half of Egypt’s Population of 80 million People Live in the Nile Delta Area

The largest city in this area is Alexandria, which has a population of over 4 million. The city of Rosetta can also be found in the delta region – it was here that the famous Rosetta Stone was found, its inscriptions helping modern people to understand Egyptian hieroglyphs.

In the ancient Egyptian religion, Hapi was the god of the flooding of the Nile, which took place each year. The image shows Hopi represented as two genies, symbolically tying together upper and lower Egypt.
In the ancient Egyptian religion, Hapi was the god of the flooding of the Nile, which took place each year. The image shows Hopi represented as two genies, symbolically tying together upper and lower Egypt. | Source

More Quotes About The Nile

"Denial ain't just a river in Egypt." Mark Twain

"The study of mathematics, like the Nile, begins in minuteness but ends in magnificence." Charles Caleb Colton

"He who rides the sea of the Nile must have sails woven of patience." William Golding

"If you look at the Nile on a map of Egypt, you don't think it has moved very much, but the river is very violent and has moved over time." Sarah Parcak

© 2014 Paul Goodman

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    • profile image

      Ashlyn ramesh 

      2 months ago

      Oh! MY GOSH!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Amazing

    • profile image

      jim 

      2 months ago

      it was cool i learned a lot of things for my report

    • profile image

      sup my dude 

      3 months ago

      im doing a research task on the nile river and i needed a lot more information on the Nile river, maybe next time add a few more facts just to make it a bit more useful

    • profile image

      ahmed 

      3 months ago

      that was really amazing

    • profile image

      -A 

      3 months ago

      This was really helpfull

    • profile image

      Hi 

      3 months ago

      All ready new all of this

    • profile image

      4 months ago

      I already knew all of this

    • profile image

      TwitchXzuHellex 

      4 months ago

      very helpful thx

    • profile image

      niggas mom 

      4 months ago

      This was helpful thank you :)

    • profile image

      yourgay 

      4 months ago

      there is good helpful knowlage in here so if u say there isnt than your WRONG

    • profile image

      unknown 

      4 months ago

      boring and stupid. i need to do an essay about the Nile and found no good info here

    • profile image

      no 

      4 months ago

      helpfull

    • profile image

      No name 

      5 months ago

      Not bad but more facks

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      iliketoeatfoodyumlol 

      5 months ago

      It wasn’t helpful at all :/ I knew all of this information already and I needed more facts.

    • profile image

      don't ask me what my name is 

      5 months ago

      pretty good info on the nile

    • profile image

      Sianeh 

      6 months ago

      thanks this was really helpful for my school project!!!

    • profile image

      Gene from bobs burgers 

      6 months ago

      thank you this was helpful

    • profile image

      Tman 

      6 months ago

      This was kind of helpful. Thank you

    • profile image

      Colt Quimby 

      6 months ago

      LOVE THIS

    • profile image

      hiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii 

      7 months ago

      this was sooooooooooooo helpful for my school project!

    • profile image

      Ninja 

      8 months ago

      Lol sorry i was fortnite grinding and thought that epic coud make this a skin. lol would be sick though. #giveninja'sideatoepic

    • profile image

      im not allowed to post my name 

      9 months ago

      This article was helpful. I liked that it told who the god of the Nile is.

    • profile image

      Mynameis-McChickenfartnuggetpotatoheadjuicemuseumturkeygobblegobbleummmmm 

      9 months ago

      Lol this was kinda useful, eh

    • profile image

      sara 

      9 months ago

      this helped a lot for my science power point presentation good job

    • profile image

      Potato 

      9 months ago

      This helped a lot

    • profile image

      someoneyoudontknow 

      9 months ago

      didnt help

    • profile image

      April 

      9 months ago

      This help me a lot ,it shows me a lot that I did not know

    • profile image

      Renegade Raider 

      9 months ago

      i agaree with u izziy

    • profile image

      izzy 

      9 months ago

      this was helpful because right now i need this for ss homework.

    • profile image

      kbub 

      9 months ago

      thanks

    • profile image

      IDEK 

      9 months ago

      It was helpful but I need facts about how it helped the ancient Egyptians :(

    • profile image

      me 

      10 months ago

      this helped a lot! Thx

    • profile image

      hi 

      10 months ago

      this was very helpful and gave lots of facts

    • profile image

      Cha Cha 

      10 months ago

      Very help full

    • profile image

      jeff 

      10 months ago

      very help full

    • BigBrains2 profile imageAUTHOR

      Paul Goodman 

      10 months ago from Florida

      In my experience, some people like to learn information through watching videos, either as well as, or instead of through reading. That is why I include videos.

    • profile image

      10 months ago

      Hi, I just have a quick question,why did you reference things in youtube videos when you could've just typed? I understand that you might be tired but just tell me why.

    • profile image

      olivia 

      10 months ago

      Sorry to be mean but this was not helpful. SORRY

    • profile image

      Rocky 

      10 months ago

      This was not helpful

    • profile image

      Not helpful 

      11 months ago

      This wasnt very helpful at all.

    • profile image

      cass 

      11 months ago

      wow, i didn't know all that.

    • profile image

      Jay 

      11 months ago

      kinda helped

    • profile image

      NOT USEFULL 

      11 months ago

      DO NOT find This Useful

    • profile image

      Jon Towns 

      11 months ago

      Thanks this is so helpful I am going to tell my class about this I hope you guys continue to produce these articles. my boys Patrick and spongebag will love this. - Miss Puff

    • profile image

      Bob 

      15 months ago

      helpful thank you

    • profile image

      Amara 

      15 months ago

      Very helpful. Thanks

    • profile image

      Sally’s Henchman 

      15 months ago

      Helpful

    • profile image

      de wae 

      15 months ago

      i like de uganda

    • Momohen profile image

      Momohen 

      17 months ago

      Hey, does the Nile start at the Nile Delta or end at the Nile Delta

    • profile image

      bro man 

      17 months ago

      the nile r5iver is the biggest in the world

    • profile image

      no name 

      18 months ago

      the Nile river video does not have any information

    • BigBrains2 profile imageAUTHOR

      Paul Goodman 

      18 months ago from Florida

      There is no single agreed source of the Nile: Lake Victoria has been proposed, others say the Kagera River, others argue in favor of various tributaries that feed that Kagera.

      As the article says, the Nile finishes by flowing into the Mediterranean Sea.

    • profile image

      person 

      18 months ago

      it does not say where the nile river start and stop

      liers

    • profile image

      Person 

      18 months ago

      This helped; I like Turtles

    • profile image

      unknow 

      18 months ago

      this did not help much

    • profile image

      jaden 

      18 months ago

      awsome

    • profile image

      alexis 

      18 months ago

      thank you for your intellegance

    • profile image

      Tom 

      18 months ago

      I am doing a report on the Nile too this was useful.

    • profile image

      Elliot 

      19 months ago

      I am doing a report on The Nile and so this info was very helpful. Thanks!

    • profile image

      Lakota 

      19 months ago

      its really useful

    • Momohen profile image

      Momohen 

      19 months ago

      Thanks it was really useful

    • profile image

      Asherm 

      19 months ago

      Hello

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      19 months ago

      Thanks a lot

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      bruh 

      20 months ago

      this is making me yawn

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      mehh 

      21 months ago

      terrible

    • profile image

      Keyaan 

      21 months ago

      Thanks for the facts

    • profile image

      aesd316740 

      21 months ago

      need help for my project

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      21 months ago

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    • profile image

      Marisol lopez 

      21 months ago

      it was great site i found some very useful facts kids should use it a great site with reading and vidoe so i would use it if i were you so that my comment i hope you liked it have a great day.!

    • profile image

      Amber Burza 

      21 months ago

      Well, this site had a lot of good facts but I am doing a school presentation, it should be in complete sentences, 6th grades facts, and also it is due on next tuesday

    • profile image

      Michelle Menendez 

      21 months ago

      This helped on my project THANKS

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      secret 

      21 months ago

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      Vanessa 

      21 months ago

      i think this is a great page how do i subcribe i am a kid so i dont know how 2.

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      secret 

      22 months ago

      very good

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      Jeff 

      22 months ago

      Thanks

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      BOIII 

      22 months ago

      Thank you

    • profile image

      Meh 

      23 months ago

      Terrible and useless

    • Jay C OBrien profile image

      Jay C OBrien 

      3 years ago from Houston, TX USA

      6. The river also had a vital role in the building of the Ancient Egyptian Pyramids, as the blocks of stone used for construction had to be transported by boat.

      Now we know the Pyramids were made of poured natural concrete. This was discovered by a French chemist. Google geopolymers and pyramids.

    • Jay C OBrien profile image

      Jay C OBrien 

      4 years ago from Houston, TX USA

      Another interesting fact is in very ancient times the Nile used to flow from east to west and empty into the Atlantic. This has been shown by satellite imagery.

      Another interesting point is a man named Edgar Cayce stated the Nile changed course (see above) and the Sahara was green back in the 1930s. Now how did he know that?

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