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Top 10 Interesting and Fun Facts About Gold

Amanda is a retired educator with many years of experience teaching children of all ages and abilities in various contexts.

Gold is one of the most fascinating, rare, beautiful and dangerous metals ever discovered.

Gold is one of the most fascinating, rare, beautiful and dangerous metals ever discovered.

What Is Gold?

Gold is defined as a precious metal. Its unique status among the other metals comes from its intrinsic beauty, rarity, and physical properties.

It's one of the basic elements with an atomic number of 79. If you are keen on chemistry, you can look it up on the periodic table. Its chemical symbol is Au.

Its pure form has a deep yellow color and is incredibly soft, malleable and ductile. These properties have led to its widespread use in making jewelry and art.

Another of the many reasons why gold is so highly prized is because it is incredibly resistant to corrosion, rust and decay. Because of this quality of resistance, it is a reliable 'yardstick' of value.

For that reason, coupled with its rarity, it is used as the standard against which we measure the value of money.

No single substance on Earth has had such a huge influence on the course of human history and the shaping of society, culture and science as has gold.

Let's discover some amazing facts about gold—its history, chemistry, mythology and more.

Once it has been purified, gold is made into bars called ingots and carefully guarded. It is a very heavy metal. Each of the gold bars shown above weighs 1 kilogram, which is about 2.2 pounds.

Once it has been purified, gold is made into bars called ingots and carefully guarded. It is a very heavy metal. Each of the gold bars shown above weighs 1 kilogram, which is about 2.2 pounds.

Gold: A Blessing or a Curse?

Since it was first discovered, gold has been valued for its uses in making jewellery, art and crafts, as well as money.

Culturally, it is often associated with wealth and as a symbol of happiness, love, justice and divinity.

Only about 10% of the gold that we have extracted is actually used in manufacture.

The rest is carefully stored as it is used as the constant against which the value of the world’s financial markets is measured.

Undoubtedly, human love for gold has brought great pleasure and beauty to many people.

At the same time, it has also been responsible for terrible wars, poverty and suffering.

Gold in Mythology and History

One of the most famous of all the Ancient Greek myths tells of the journeys of Jason and the Argonauts and their quest to find The Golden Fleece.

Interestingly, this myth may have some basis in history.

Archaeologists and historians have discovered that the ancient Greeks used to collect flecks of gold that was being washed down their rivers by stretching sheep fleeces across the water.

The tiny particles of gold would entangle in the wool and could be shaken out once the fleece was dry.

Mansa Musa, the Malian Emperor, holding an ingot of gold in his hand.

Mansa Musa, the Malian Emperor, holding an ingot of gold in his hand.

While today we think of gold as a very rare metal, in Ancient Egypt it was considered relatively common. Certainly, the Egyptians were mining for gold from as early as 2,600 B.C. A hieroglyphic inscription has been discovered which states that Egyptian gold was 'more common than dirt.'

The Romans also mined gold, extracting vast quantities across the countries of their great empire.

In medieval times, an African Emperor called Mansa Musa travelled on a diplomatic visit to Egypt.

It is said that he distributed such a large quantity of gold during his stay that Egyptian money was significantly devalued for many years after he left!

How Much Gold Is There?

Extracted gold was certainly a lot rarer in ancient times than it is today.

Since the advent of the Industrial Revolution and refined methods for the location and mining of gold, more gold has been discovered.

About 75% of all the gold that there is in storage or circulation today has been mined since 1910.

Current estimates suggest that well over 170,000 metric tonnes of gold have been extracted.

So what happens to all this gold?

Well, something like 50% of it is made into jewellery and art, about 10% is used in chemistry, science and food production. The remaining 40% is carefully controlled and stored in bank vaults to protect the value of currencies.

The value of gold increases with its age.

The gold held by the US Government is stored in a specially built repository at Fort Knox. Watch the video below to find out about the history, romance and truth of this famous stronghold.

Gold Leaf

Gold Leaf is a sheet of gold that has been beaten so thin that it is practically translucent.

Gold is so soft and malleable that it can easily be formed and shaped in many ways.

If you take a single gram of gold and beat it out flat, you can get a sheet one square meter in size and a fraction of a millimeter thick out of it!

Gold Leaf has been used in the decoration of medieval Bibles and other manuscripts, religious iconography and in the work of secular artists such as Gustav Klimt who incorporated it into many of his most famous paintings.

Gustav Klimt's most famous painting, "The Kiss," incorporates the use of gold leaf in its design. It is currently on display in the Belvedere Art Gallery in Austria.

Gustav Klimt's most famous painting, "The Kiss," incorporates the use of gold leaf in its design. It is currently on display in the Belvedere Art Gallery in Austria.

Inside a Gold Leaf Workshop

There are still a few fine craftspeople who work with gold leaf, using the old techniques perfected back in the days of Queen Victoria and the British Empire.

Watch the following video for a fascinating insight into the workshop of one of these artists, living and working today in a small workshop in the southwest of the UK.

The Lost Cities of Gold

From the time when Europeans first discovered the South Americas, there were tales told of lost cities built entirely of gold.

In fact, no such cities ever existed. However, as with many traveler's tales, there was truth behind the legends.

The Aztecs did mine gold and use it in personal decoration and religious rituals. To them, gold was a sacred metal. They believed that it was made by the gods and the way they thought the gods made it is indicated by their word for it, which translates as 'god poop.' Strange but true!

While the fabled Lost Cities of gold have yet to be found, many modern cities have been founded on gold in another sense.

During the Nineteenth Century new gold reserves were frequently uncovered across America, Canada and Australasia. The wealth arising from these reserves—and the settlement of prospectors in those areas—led to the foundation of towns that became cities and established centers of modern civilization.

A Golden Treasure Trove

Many have dreamed of finding buried treasure.

The funny thing is—it does sometimes happen. And the modern technology of the metal detector has been responsible for some amazing finds of gold in recent times.

In 2009, one of the most extraordinary stashes of treasure was found by an enthusiastic metal detector user in the UK.

He was using his machine in a field near his home in the county of Staffordshire when it started bleeping like crazy. Beginning to dig, he uncovered a hoard of gold weaponry, helmets, decorations, jewelry, tableware, chalices, coins and crosses.

The gold treasure trove dated back to AD 700 and remains the largest find of its kind to this day.

Many people have found lesser but still very valuable treasures by the use of metal detectors.

Who knows who will be the next to uncover a hoard of ancient gold? It could even be you!

Gold Medals

Every sports person dreams of winning a gold medal.

Gold medals are also awarded with the Nobel Prizes.

While the Nobel Prize medals are genuinely made of pure gold, the Olympic gold medals aren't: they are made of silver and then plated with a thin layer of gold.

Fake gold medals and coins are also made to fool the unwary.

However, real gold will always have a hallmark stamped on it, which proves that it has been tested.

A hallmark shows:

  • the carat (how pure the gold is),
  • the maker of the gold, and
  • which authority tested the gold.

With old gold especially, the hallmark can help to understand its history.

A Golden End

I hope you've enjoyed finding out about gold.

Before you go, why not share your opinion in the poll below? Your opinion is important.

And if you want to ask a question or share your thoughts, please don't be shy of the comments box below.

I love to read your comments and always reply.

And if you have no comments . . . silence, they say, is golden!

One Question Quiz

For each question, choose the best answer. The answer key is below.

  1. Which substance is used in photography to produce toners that have rich color and stability.
    • Silver
    • Gold

Answer Key

  1. Gold

© 2014 Amanda Littlejohn

Got something to say? Come right out and say it.

Amanda Littlejohn (author) on July 17, 2017:

Hi Monika,

You're welcome! I'm glad you found the information about gold you needed here.


Monika bushan on July 16, 2017:

I was very eager to know about gold which was fulfilled after seeing this so thanks for your valuable information. ....

Amanda Littlejohn (author) on September 23, 2016:

Hi Alun,

Thank you so much for your comments - as generous and thoughtful as ever. There will be more Top Tens eventually!

Bless you. :)

Greensleeves Hubs from Essex, UK on July 13, 2016:

Another good article in your series of top tens Amanda, on a subject which fascinates so many. And I see from some of the other comments that it was awarded Hub Of The Day, so very very belated congrats on that! (Shame that's no longer given out).

Hope you write more in a similar vein in future. Alun x

Amanda Littlejohn (author) on April 01, 2016:

Hi Levon!

Thank you so much for your comment. Sorry it has taken me so long to reply, but I have only just received my notifications. Seems there was a glitch on some hubs.

Thanks for doing that calculation - what a fascinating contribution to the hub!

Bless you :)

Levon on January 06, 2016:

Wonderful article! That figure of 170,000 metric tonnes have been mined is amazing in that it is so little. If gold truly were money we wouldn't have enough to go around. That comes out to less than 6 billion ounces which means there is LESS than 1 ounce of gold per person alive. It would be impossible for everyone to even possess 1 ounce. Amazing!

Anne Harrison from Australia on September 20, 2014:

a really interesting hub - and, as Heidi Vincent so rightly noted, not just for kids! Congratulations on HOTD, voted up, &I look forward to reading more of you articles.

Amanda Littlejohn (author) on September 20, 2014:

Thank you, Heidi!

"stuff4kids - not just for kids" I like that. Has a good ring about it. Maybe I should make it my Hubpages slogan!

Glad you enjoyed reading about gold and thanks again for the comment.

Bless you!

Heidi Vincent from GRENADA on September 20, 2014:

Awesome and interesting Gold facts, stuff4kids! Not just for kids :) Thanks for sharing!

Amanda Littlejohn (author) on September 19, 2014:

Hi firstday!

Thanks for coming back - and you're always welcome. One of the most enjoyable things about hub-writing is a lively and interesting comments section with such intelligent and thoughtful contributions as these.

Bless you :)

Rebecca Be from Lincoln, Nebraska on September 19, 2014:

stuff4kids I like your comment on your entire personal gold and I must say that gold is priceless.

I gave his Hub pluses all the way across five days ago, and I enjoy coming back to the comments. Great Hub!

Amanda Littlejohn (author) on September 19, 2014:

Hi cheeluary!

Many thanks for your interesting contribution. 8133.5 tonnes of gold is a lot, isn't it?

My entire personal gold reserve wraps around a single ring finger!

Bless you :)

cheeluarv from INDIA on September 19, 2014:

Very interesting and informative hub on gold. Well deserving hub for HOTD. Congratulations. China is the major producer but you know, which country has the highest reserve of gold, United States, the world's largest economy, also has the world's highest gold reserves of 8133.5 tonnes.

Amanda Littlejohn (author) on September 18, 2014:

Thank you norma!


Amanda Littlejohn (author) on September 18, 2014:

Hi Katya!

Thank you for your very kind and generous words. I'm glad that you found out some new and interesting facts about gold from this.

Bless you :)

Amanda Littlejohn (author) on September 18, 2014:

Hi nightcats!

Thank you for your comment. Bless. :)

Amanda Littlejohn (author) on September 18, 2014:

Thank you, Marina7, I'm glad you found this article about gold informative and interesting. Yes, you are right about the banks.

Bless you :)

Amanda Littlejohn (author) on September 18, 2014:

Hi viryabo!

Thanks so much for your comment.

Bless you :)

norma-holt on September 17, 2014:

Congrats on your achievement with this lovely lens. You certainly have done your research for this and it is an enjoyable read.

Katya Drake from Wisconsin on September 17, 2014:

Hello Stuff4kids! I loved this Hub! Congratulations on getting Hub of the Day. You deserve it. This Hub was very different and interesting. I learned a lot about gold and why it is such a big deal!

You obviously spent a lot of time researching and organizing this topic. Great job! You are a very talented writer too.

This Hub is amazing all around!

June Campbell from North Vancouver on September 17, 2014:

Great info on our favorite metal. Congrats on HOTD

Marina from Clarksville TN on September 17, 2014:

A great article about gold. Gold is important to people and without it there would be no value in banks (I think). Your article is an eye opener about gold.

viryabo from Lagos, Nigeria. on September 17, 2014:

Thank you for this well detailed article on gold.

Amanda Littlejohn (author) on September 17, 2014:

Hi Marlene!

I'm so glad that you enjoyed this article and learned a few new things. It is extraordinary that gold is still used in food. It has to be said, that in the US and Europe it is primarily given a decorative role in the luxury food industry, frequently being used to coat foods - although it is indeed edible.

Gold is authorized for use in culinary products by the US Government (hence the attribution of an E number - basically the sign that a substance has been rigorously tested and deemed fit for human consumption).

By far the largest consumer of culinary, edible gold, is India. As a nation, India eats an estimated 12 tons of gold per year!

Swiss chocolatiers are also very keen on using it in their exquisite creations.

Thanks again for your contribution and your generous congratulations.

Bless you :)

Marlene Bertrand from USA on September 17, 2014:

I learned a LOT of new and interesting things about gold. I never, ever would have thought it would be put in food. One of the most fascinating things about gold is gold leaf. I am amazed at how thin gold can be pounded out and still we are able to handle it for projects in art and otherwise. By the way, congratulations on writing a fabulous hub and for receiving Hub of the Day.

Amanda Littlejohn (author) on September 17, 2014:

Hi Cassandra!

Thanks for that - I am amazed that no-one has mentioned that before! I think it is the best of all the facts about gold - *laughs* Glad you enjoyed it. You heard it first here!

Bless you :)

Cassandra M. Knudsen from Gulfport, MS on September 17, 2014:

I legitimately laughed out loud at "god poop." I'll be sure to dazzle my friends with this random fact next time we all go out to dinner!

This is a really excellent read, and very informative! Thanks for sharing your knowledge on gold with us. :)

Amanda Littlejohn (author) on September 17, 2014:

Hi Nancy!

Thanks for your contribution. Yes, even with a history of thousands of years of gold mining , it wasn't until the 1900s that we had the technologies - and access to the massive reserves in the Americas - that such vast quantities of gold could be extracted.

Thanks for the congrats, too - very kind. Bless you :)

Amanda Littlejohn (author) on September 17, 2014:

Hi RTalloni,

Thanks for coming back. What you say, is so true. But even if it is, it is only half the truth, don't you think? Over time many advances have been made and much good is being done in the world every day - even if it isn't often given news time. And there's always hope. :)

Thanks for the congratulations! Bless you :)

Amanda Littlejohn (author) on September 17, 2014:

Aw, thanks Shelley!

You're very sweet. :)

Amanda Littlejohn (author) on September 17, 2014:

Hi saisarannaga!

Thanks for reading and I'm glad you found out some new information about gold here today.

Bless you :)

Amanda Littlejohn (author) on September 17, 2014:

Thanks, Swisstoons!

Maybe you have contracted gold fever - you wouldn't be the first!

Bless you :)

Amanda Littlejohn (author) on September 17, 2014:

Hi Susan!

Thanks for your comment - I'm delighted that you got plenty of 'Hmm' and 'Wow' out of it! Your comment is pure gold.

Bless you :)

Nancy Owens from USA on September 17, 2014:

Congratulations on your Hub of the Day! It is interesting to know that most of the gold has been mined since the early 1900s.

Amanda Littlejohn (author) on September 17, 2014:

Thanks, MartieG!

Bless you :)

Amanda Littlejohn (author) on September 17, 2014:

Hi DealForALiving!

Thanks for your kind words.

Bless you :)

Amanda Littlejohn (author) on September 17, 2014:

Hi Shades-of-truth!

That is really very interesting. Thanks for making such a great contribution to the subject of gold with the details you so kindly offer regarding the meaning of hallmarks and the actual figures associated with various degrees of purity in gold.

Thanks again - great contribution! Bless you :)

RTalloni on September 17, 2014:

The story is indeed familiar--our fallen nature is one reason the quote "there is nothing new under the sun" is true. If the human condition weren't so blind, we would gain from what we learn from history. As it is, each generation thinks that their advancements mean that they are different, better, improved…and it's sad business.

Congrats on your Hub of the Day!

FlourishAnyway from USA on September 17, 2014:

Back to say Congratulations on HOTD!

saisarannaga on September 17, 2014:

Hats off to you for the beautiful hub which contains wealthy information. I have learned a lot about Gold today from your hub! May you continue to entertain the knowledge hungry people like me!

Thomas F. Wuthrich from Michigan on September 17, 2014:

Learned a lot about this precious metal and was mesmerized by it's beauty in the accompanying photos and videos. I wonder if I've contracted gold fever.

Susan Deppner from Arkansas USA on September 17, 2014:

This is one of those articles that I read through and say "Hmm" about a dozen times, "Hmm" as in "Wow, I didn't know that!" I learned a lot here and definitely enjoyed the read, including the comments. Congratulations on the well-deserved HOTD honors!

MartieG aka 'survivoryea' from Jersey Shore on September 17, 2014:

Very interesting facts about gold (which I love BTW) enjoyed reading this.

Nick Deal from Earth on September 17, 2014:

Congrats on HOTD!

Emily Tack from USA on September 17, 2014:

Great article! In my business, we are involved with gold every single day, and it never ceases to amaze me. There is simply no other metal that we find more versatile.

Often, we have gold come in to our establishment, that bears no stamp, so we have to acid test it.

While most of what we see is 14K, we have also dealt with many other purities. Once in a long while, we come across 8K gold, stamped 333, which is from Europe. Usually, we see 9K, stamped 375 - 9.5K, stamped 395, 10K, stamped 417 - and so on. Over the years, we have dealt with all of the following:







16K - usually dental gold


18.5K - one custom piece





24K - pure gold.

We would be most pleased if the price of gold was similar to what it was back in the 1990s, though, as its volatility makes for a "roller-coaster" ride!

Amanda Littlejohn (author) on September 17, 2014:

Hi Nadine, thanks for your insightful and interesting contribution to the conversation.

I doubt that any alchemist ever managed to turn base metal into gold, so I don't think that's an explanation for the large amounts boasted by the ancient Egyptians!

However, you raise a fascinating point about the true value of gold as a measure of the value of currency. The situation is very complex and many countries have printed 'extra' money that actually has no real value . We have seen the consequences of that in terms of inflation and fiscal crashes, time and time again, going back hundreds of years.

Nevertheless, gold remains the *official standard* for the protection of currencies and that 40% is still kept under lock and key, even if, as you suggest, the markets do not reflect that. Essentially, most of out money is worthless, and we all live under the shadow of a global debt crisis.

Thanks again for a great comment. Bless you :)

Amanda Littlejohn (author) on September 17, 2014:

Hi Chitrangada!

That's really kind of you to come back to offer your congratulations. very much appreciated.

Bless you :)

Nadine May from Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa on September 17, 2014:

What a delightful post on Gold. It did reminded me of the alchemists who claimed to turn metal into gold. That is maybe why there was so much of it in ancient Egypt? You wrote that the remaining 40% is carefully controlled and stored in bank vaults to protect the value of currencies. This maybe have been true in the past but today there is a lot of speculation that countries just print more money and its not backed up by gold, but by the birth certificates each country has on their data base. Look it up.

Chitrangada Sharan from New Delhi, India on September 17, 2014:

I came back to congratulate you for HOTD!

Well deserved, loved this hub! Thanks!

Amanda Littlejohn (author) on September 17, 2014:

Hi mySuccess8!

I'm delighted that you found this article illuminating - it is surprising once you start to look into it, just how many areas of life and history have been influenced, either directly or indirectly, by the discovery and valuing of gold.

Bless you :)

mySuccess8 on September 17, 2014:

Some interesting facts we did not know well enough about this precious metal we all love, until revealed in this well-written Hub, make us appreciate its value even more. Thanks and congrats on the HotD!

Amanda Littlejohn (author) on September 13, 2014:

Hi firstday!

Thanks so much for your visit and votes - that's great! You're worth your weight in gold...

Bless you :)

Amanda Littlejohn (author) on September 13, 2014:

Hi starstream!

Why, thank you so much for your kind words. I'm glad you enjoyed watching the videos about the history of gold, mining gold and making gold leaf.

Bless you :)

Amanda Littlejohn (author) on September 13, 2014:

Hi Thief12!

Puns are welcome! Delighted that you enjoyed learning some facts about gold and found it interesting.

Thanks for your comment. Bless you :)

Amanda Littlejohn (author) on September 13, 2014:

Hi Rajan!

Thanks for stopping by. Gold certainly seems to be a fascinating subject for many people!

Bless you :)

Rebecca Be from Lincoln, Nebraska on September 13, 2014:

Great article on gold… I read the side notes and learned wonderful facts. I gave pluses all the way across.

Dreamer at heart from Northern California on September 13, 2014:

Your article is super. I enjoyed reading about the golden fleece which explains the name. You really explored this topic and included many videos. Thanks!

Carlo Giovannetti from Puerto Rico on September 13, 2014:

Well, this Hub was golden! (pun intended) Seriously, a very interesting and informative read. Loved it.

Voted Up, Helpful, and Interesting!

Rajan Singh Jolly from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on September 13, 2014:

What an interesting and informative hub! Very well done! Voted up and shared.

Amanda Littlejohn (author) on September 08, 2014:

Hi misterhollywood!

Thanks for reading this and I'm glad you enjoyed it. You collection of gold - however small - is probably a good investment, as gold is one of the very few things that does not lose value with the passing of time!

Bless you :)

John Hollywood from Hollywood, CA on September 08, 2014:

Loved this hub on gold. I am a big fan of this precious metal and try to collect some here and there whenever I can!

Amanda Littlejohn (author) on September 05, 2014:

Hi RTalloni!

Thanks for your interesting contribution to this article about gold. To answer your question, as far as we know, it seems that Mansa Musa's generosity in Egypt was entirely innocent.

Musa was one of the great African Emperors of the medieval period. We have to remember that the continent of Africa was, before European influence, the wealthiest and most powerful in the world at that time. He was also a devout Muslim.

Every Muslim must make a pilgrimage at least once in her lifetime, to the 'Holy City' of Mecca. This pilgrimage is known as 'Haj'. Traditional Islam places great emphasis on alms-giving and that is certainly a very important aspect of the Haj. He was simply fulfilling his duty as a good Muslim as he understood it, as he journeyed through Egypt on his way to Mecca.

He gave away literally thousands of gold ingots. Egyptian merchants put their prices up, of course, and the economy collapsed - so really his generosity back-fired completely. Not only that but on his return to Mali, his native land, he was stone broke and had to borrow money to shore up the economy back home!

Sounds a bit familiar - although our money is spent on religious wars abroad while we sink deeper into debt at home. Seems nothing much has changed.

Thanks again for your comment and interesting question! Bless you :)

RTalloni on September 05, 2014:

An interesting read, but you've really started me thinking with the consequences of Mansa Musa's diplomatic activity. I now have questions. Did he know what he was doing or was he unaware of the effect he would have on the economy? His story also reminds me that change can occur in unexpected ways.

Will have to return to see the documentaries and your neat hub will make it easy to remember that they are here. :)

Amanda Littlejohn (author) on September 02, 2014:

Thank you DealForALiving, I'm glad you enjoyed learning about gold.

Nick Deal from Earth on September 02, 2014:

This is a really well-designed hub with great content. Nice job!

Amanda Littlejohn (author) on September 02, 2014:

Hi Chitrangada!

Thank you for your contribution to this hub about gold. Yes, I have seen many Indian women during special festivals beautifully adorned with gold threads in their saris and exquisite golden jewellery.

I can see why it is your favorite - a very beautiful and precious metal indeed!

Bless you :)

Chitrangada Sharan from New Delhi, India on September 02, 2014:

Very interesting facts about the precious metal Gold, my favorite! I must admit that I did not know so many wonderful details about Gold.

It is considered auspicious in India to wear Gold. And you can hardly find a woman who is not in love with their Gold jewelry.

I loved your pictures and video. Very useful and informative, voted up and shared on HP!

Amanda Littlejohn (author) on September 01, 2014:

Hi Maggie!

Thanks for reading and your comment. Yes, it is an extraordinary thought that one of the 'e numbers' that everyone gets in such a fuss about is actually gold!

Not sure how many products you'd have to get to extract sufficient to retire on, however... :)

Maggie.L from UK on September 01, 2014:

Hi stuff4kids, What an interesting and informative hub! I've certainly learned things I didn't know about gold. To think that gold is still sometimes used in food production. Thanks for sharing your wealth of knowledge about pun intended!

Amanda Littlejohn (author) on August 29, 2014:

Hi Sanjay!

Nice to hear from you. Thanks for your kind words and your contribution about the length of gold wire that can be got from a gram - amazing!

Bless you :)

Sanjay Sharma from Mandi (HP) India on August 29, 2014:

Really a very informative and golden hub. thanks for sharing. Gold is so malleable that one Kilometer long wire could be made of one gram of it.

Amanda Littlejohn (author) on August 29, 2014:

Hi Shelley!

Yes, I tried to find some lesser known facts about gold to put in here, along with the more fundamental things.

Thanks for your comment. Bless you :)

Amanda Littlejohn (author) on August 29, 2014:

Hi Bill,

Thanks so much for reading this and I'm happy you're enjoying the series and learning new things along the way!

Bless you :)

FlourishAnyway from USA on August 28, 2014:

I learned quite a few new facts here, Mindi! Fascinating hub that is bound to teach and entertain as well. I always wondered why Gold's abbreviation is Au in the periodic table. I should've know it was Latin. Well done.

Bill Holland from Olympia, WA on August 28, 2014:

I always enjoy these articles. Some of it I know. Some of it is brand new and fascinating. Thanks for the enjoyable education. :)