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Types and How Mountains are Formed – For kids

Updated on August 19, 2013
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Livingsta is a writer who writes about anything that fascinates, provokes or interests her by putting in her best of efforts and thoughts.

Introduction to mountains:

Mountains can be explained as landforms that rise well above the surrounding land for a limited area in the form of a peak. Mountains are steeper, larger and taller than hills and are more than 600 metres in height. Mountainous regions are called montane. The Oxford English Dictionary defines a mountain as a natural elevation of the earth surface rising more or less abruptly from the surrounding level and attaining an altitude which, relatively to the adjacent elevation, is impressive or notable. Many mountains are so high that they reach the colder layers of the atmosphere. This fact leads to different climates forests, flora and fauna in the same mountain. Mountain life is less preferable due to harsh climates, less suitability for agriculture and also less oxygen as we go higher up.

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Continental-continental convergenceContinental-oceanic convergenceOceanic-oceanic convergenceFormation of dome mountainsFormation of block mountainsFormation of block mountainsFormation of fold mountainsFormation of block mountains
Continental-continental convergence
Continental-continental convergence
Continental-oceanic convergence
Continental-oceanic convergence
Oceanic-oceanic convergence
Oceanic-oceanic convergence
Formation of dome mountains
Formation of dome mountains
Formation of block mountains
Formation of block mountains
Formation of block mountains
Formation of block mountains
Formation of fold mountains
Formation of fold mountains
Formation of block mountains
Formation of block mountains

How are these mountains formed?

The earth’s crust is made up of large plates called tectonic plates that fit into each other. These plates keep moving a few centimetres every year. Mountains form along the boundaries where the tectonic plates move towards each other (convergent boundaries). The tectonic plates collide triggering deformation and thickening of the crust. This in turn leads to crustal uplift and mountain formation. This process is a horizontal compression that leads to deformation folding and faulting of layers into folds or wrinkles along the convergent plate boundaries. This crustal uplift can be either a hill or a mountain depending upon the height and slope of the formation. But also to balance the weight of the earth surface, much of the compressed rock is forced downward, producing deep mountain roots making mountains for both upward and downward.

Convergence due to converging plates can be either continental-oceanic convergence, oceanic-oceanic convergence or continental-continental convergence.

  1. When a plate of continental crust converges with a plate of oceanic crust, the heavier oceanic crust will move under the continental crust and this process is called subduction. This is the process through which mountains and volcanoes are formed when the subducted oceanic crust is melted and recycled to the surface (e.g. West coast of North and South America).
  2. When a place of oceanic crust converges with another plate of oceanic crust, the older crust will subduct under the newer crust that is less dense leading to volcanic ring islands (e.g. Japanese islands).
  3. When two plates of continental crusts come into contact with each other, neither of them will subduct beneath the other due to their densities. So this collision leads to formation of big mountains with fragments of oceanic sediments in them even in the highest peaks (e.g. Alps in Europe, Himalayas in Asia).

 

Types of mountains:

Mountains can be classified into five different basic types based on the cause that formed the mountain, type of rocks, shape and placement on land.

  1. Fold Mountains (Folded Mountains)
  2. Fault-block Mountains (BlockMountains)
  3. Dome Mountains
  4. Volcanic Mountains
  5. Plateau Mountains

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Lewis thrust fold
Lewis thrust fold
Lewis thrust fold

Fold Mountains:

These are the most common types of mountains. These are formed when two continental tectonic plates collide and their edges crumble to form mountains. The crust is uplifted forming folds on top of the other. Vast mountain ranges stretching across thousands of kilometres areFold Mountains. The Rocky Mountains in North America, the Alps in Europe, the Andes in South America, the Urals in Russia and the Himalayan Mountains in Asia are examples of Fold Mountains.

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Sierra Nevada Mountains Harz areaHarz MountainHarz MountainSierra Nevada Mountains
Sierra Nevada Mountains
Sierra Nevada Mountains
Harz area
Harz area
Harz Mountain
Harz Mountain
Harz Mountain
Harz Mountain
Sierra Nevada Mountains
Sierra Nevada Mountains

Fault-Block Mountains:

The Fault-block Mountains or block mountains are created when faults or cracks in the Earth's crust force materials or blocks of rocks upward or down. The uplifted blocks are Block Mountains or horsts. The intervening dropped blocks are called graben, which can be small or form rift valley systems. These block mountains break up into chunks or blocks and move either up or down. When they move apart blocks of rock get stacked on one another Fault-block Mountains usually have a steep front side and then a sloping back side. The Sierra Nevada Mountains in North America and the Harz Mountains in Germany are examples of Fault-Block Mountains.

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this figure clearly shows why Fault block mountains are steeper on one side and slope on the otherFigure shows exact structure of earth's crust beneath the Mountain
this figure clearly shows why Fault block mountains are steeper on one side and slope on the other
this figure clearly shows why Fault block mountains are steeper on one side and slope on the other
Figure shows exact structure of earth's crust beneath the Mountain
Figure shows exact structure of earth's crust beneath the Mountain
Click thumbnail to view full-size
Dome MountainsBlack HillsDome Mountain
Dome Mountains
Dome Mountains
Black Hills
Black Hills
Dome Mountain
Dome Mountain

Dome Mountains:

Dome Mountains are also called Upwarped Mountains. These mountains are formed when large amounts of molten rock or magma push the earth’s crust from underneath. The magma in this case never reaches the top surface of the earth. So even before it can erupt the source of magma goes away leaving the pushed up Rock as such. This rock then cools and forms a mountain. With time the mountain forms a dome shape, where it gets warped due to erosion. The Black hills of South Dakota in the USA and the Adirondack Mountains in New York are examples for Dome Mountains.

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Mount RainerVolcanic MountainMauna KeaMount fuji
Mount Rainer
Mount Rainer
Volcanic Mountain
Volcanic Mountain
Mauna Kea
Mauna Kea
Mount fuji
Mount fuji

Volcanic mountains:

Volcanic mountains are created by volcanoes as the name suggests. They are created when magma pushes its way from beneath the earth to the crust, and when it reaches the surface, it erupts as lava, ash, rocks and volcanic gases. These erupting materials build around the vent through which they erupted. These mountains are then shaped by further eruptions, lava flows, and collapses. Mount Fuji in Japan, MountRainer in the US, including Mauna Loa and Mauna Kea on the Big Island of Hawaii are examples of volcanic mountains.

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Argentina, Patagonia, grassy plateau, mountains in backgroundColorado Plateau at Canyonlands National ParkColorado Plateau Mount Wutai, literally Five Plateau MountainMountain rising from the valleysTable Mountain
Argentina, Patagonia, grassy plateau, mountains in background
Argentina, Patagonia, grassy plateau, mountains in background
Colorado Plateau at Canyonlands National Park
Colorado Plateau at Canyonlands National Park
Colorado Plateau
Colorado Plateau
Mount Wutai, literally Five Plateau Mountain
Mount Wutai, literally Five Plateau Mountain
Mountain rising from the valleys
Mountain rising from the valleys
Table Mountain
Table Mountain

Plateau Mountains:

Plateau Mountains are formed by Erosion. These are large areas of high levels of flat land, over 600 meters above sea level formed due to earth’s internal activity. Over billions of years, the rivers can cut deep into a plateau and make tall mountains. These mountains are found near Fold Mountains. The mountains in New Zealand and the Catskills of New York are examples of Plateau Mountains.

The highest mountain on Earth is Mount Everest in the Himalayas. Mauna Loa, stands taller than Mount Everest when measured from its base on the ocean floor but not in terms of summit altitude. The tallest mountain in the solar system is Olympus Mons, located on Mars.

Mountains and mountain ranges throughout the world have been left in their natural state, and are primarily used for recreation, while others are used for logging, mining, grazing. Hiking, backpacking, mountaineering, rock climbing, ice climbing, downhill skiing, and snowboarding are recreational activities enjoyed on mountains.

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      harves 9 days ago

      im only 8 but that advice,WOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOW!!!! I loved it.

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      Rheanna 12 days ago

      Thank you so much for this helpful information. I fell off a mountain once.

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      Fastspeed 360 2 months ago

      Thanks For The Information. (:

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      Nour 4 months ago

      thank you this helped me a lot in my science research

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      kajal 5 months ago

      this really helped in my assignment thanksss

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      Jose Perez 6 months ago

      Hi Livingsta, this article about types of mountains is very interesting. I got a picture of a mountain with a very particular types of rocks and terrain that i`ve been trying to indentifiy some time ago. There is no matches for this site in Google Images Search, but maybe you know some database of photos of mountains or mountains chains that may help me to identify this place. This is very important for me because this picture is part of a study i am doing. I would appreciate any suggestion from you. Jose Perez, The Caribbean Islands.

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      livingsta 17 months ago from United Kingdom

      Hello Katrinastormsx5, you're welcome. Glad that it helped! :)

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      Hello Alisha, great to hear that. All the best! :)

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      Hello Orange Apple, glad that this was helpful. All the best! :)

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      Thank you Utkarsh Tandon :)

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      Hello Daniel, you're welcome. All the best! :)

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      Hello Wess, thank you. I am glad that you found this helpful. All the best! :)

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      Thank you Derpman. Glad that you found this helpful. All the best! :)

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      livingsta 17 months ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you Bob, glad that this was helpful! All the best! :)

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      eyamon pokemon 19 months ago

      this year im gonna get an A+ in scholl

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      Katrinastormsx5 19 months ago

      This really helped me in my exams THANKS!!!!

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      maureen 21 months ago

      thanks guyz for your coments

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      alisha 22 months ago

      It is amazing. I got yo know a great information

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      orange apple 2 years ago

      Add Your Comment.. wow this will help a lot on my geography project

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      Utkarsh Tandon 2 years ago

      It's awesomeeeeeeeeee

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      Utkarsh Tandon 2 years ago

      It is amazing

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      Brandon 2 years ago

      Coool

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      Daniel 2 years ago

      this helped me thanks great hub!

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      Wess Heglar 2 years ago

      that really help a lot to me lol,:):):):):):):):):)!

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      Wess Heglar 2 years ago

      hi I'm wess

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      Derpman 2 years ago

      This is sooooooo helpful!

      Wow!

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      De roman 2 years ago

      Deep

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      bob 2 years ago

      thanks this really helped a lot

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      roaa kassem 2 years ago

      i love mountains

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      livingsta 3 years ago from United Kingdom

      Aww, all the best to you Sarah :)

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      livingsta 3 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you, I'm glad that you found this useful @Bigmama :)

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      livingsta 3 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you Bigmama :)

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      You're welcome Jasmin, all the best :)

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      You're welcome Lovi, all the best :)

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      You're welcome LRR :)

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      Thank you Mils, all the best :)

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      You're welcome Lamine and all the best :)

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      livingsta 3 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you Rijul, all the best :)

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      Sarah 3 years ago

      This is so gona get me a A+ on my Science test.

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      Bigmama 3 years ago

      all the things i need are in here!! your a genius, well to me anyway

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      Bigmama 3 years ago

      nice!!

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      Jasmin 3 years ago

      Wow!!! Omg thxs so much !! Im gona get an A+ thxs to

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      Lovi 3 years ago

      Thanks for these very useful infos,,keep up the good work

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      LRR 3 years ago

      Thank. U soooooooo much!!!!!!

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      Mils 3 years ago

      yes this is gr8 info!! i am only 10 bt this is extreemleeyyyyy helful!!!! lol

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      Pradeep 3 years ago

      Wonder full very nice

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      Lamine s kallay 3 years ago

      thanks for these good works

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      rijul 3 years ago

      this information has worked for my project

      thank you

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      livingsta 3 years ago from United Kingdom

      Hi Sameal, thank you and I am pleased that you found this useful and interesting. All the best.

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      Sameal 3 years ago

      Whoa!!!!

      Very good. I never seen before that good.

      Sorry I speak half English (you could understand)

      : )

      Thank you

      livingsta. Your the best!

      Sincerely,

      Sameal

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      livingsta 3 years ago from United Kingdom

      Hi Cool Story Of Mountains, thank you. Glad you like this!

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      Cool Story Of Mountains 3 years ago

      Man! This is really a GREAT Information. It:

      - good for projects

      - good for studying

      - good for helping

      AND

      - good for kids (if necessary)

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      livingsta 3 years ago from United Kingdom

      Hi Marah, you're welcome!

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      marah 3 years ago

      thank you Hub.

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      livingsta 3 years ago from United Kingdom

      Hi William, thank you for stopping by. I am glad that you found this interesting. All the best :-)

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      William 3 years ago

      Im 8 this is amazing

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      livingsta 3 years ago from United Kingdom

      Hi MD, sorry, it was a mistake and I was not aware of so many rules regarding usage of pictures when I posted this hub back in 2009. Thank you for pointing this out. I have removed that picture and I need to go through all of my old hubs to see through the usage of pictures.

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      MD 3 years ago

      Nice article however I am not really pleased to see my image "Himalayan Mountain" appear here without my approval or knowledge. Can you please remove the image?

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      Teejay 3 years ago

      I reckon its very interesting to read :-]

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      Teejay 3 years ago

      The information saved my work

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      Teejay 3 years ago

      Thank you for letting me use hubpages

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      livingsta 3 years ago from United Kingdom

      That's good Teejay. Well done and all the best :-)

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      Teejay 3 years ago

      I got 2 and a half pages in my own words

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      Teejay 3 years ago

      I didn't know it was very helpful for my school work

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      Teejay 3 years ago

      I didn't know it was very helpful for my scool work

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      Thank you Teejay, glad you liked.

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      I love it

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      livingsta 4 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you Musical Heart, Glad it was helpful. All the best!

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      Musical Heart 4 years ago

      this was very help ful with my project for science

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      livingsta 4 years ago from United Kingdom

      Wow SpeedBump, thank you for the appreciation. I am glad it helped. You will get a good score. Wishing you all the best!

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      SpeedBump 4 years ago

      This is great for my science project, has nice info, hopefuly i get a 4:)

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      Thank you Loler123, I am glad it was useful!

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      loler123 4 years ago

      thanks this helped me with my homework

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      livingsta 4 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you Tyler, I am glad it helped!

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      tyler 4 years ago

      it was very helpful thanks

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      livingsta 4 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you Aditya!

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      aditya 4 years ago

      it's a cool information

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      livingsta 4 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you Rani, glad you liked it!

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      rani 4 years ago

      nice

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      livingsta 4 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you Mariyam, glad it was useful for you :-)

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      mariyam 4 years ago

      thank u so much it was a good material for me because my subject is geography.

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      livingsta 4 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you Ally, glad it was useful for you!

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      Ally with hard work 4 years ago

      Thanks this REALLY helped thx so much!!

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      livingsta 4 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you Ally, I am glad it helped! All the best!

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      Ally from texas 4 years ago

      I am in GT in my school i am learning about volcanoes this really helped (well actulauly i haven't read it all yet but fixing to)

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      livingsta 4 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you Sahej!!!

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      sahej sodhi 4 years ago

      such a good speech for scienceperhaps the best speech award will go to the sayer of this

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      livingsta 4 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you Selina !

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      Selina 4 years ago

      So useful for school homework

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      livingsta 5 years ago from United Kingdom

      @a Thank you !

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      livingsta 5 years ago from United Kingdom

      @Mwaka, Thank you :)

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      @Stella, Thank you :)

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      livingsta 5 years ago from United Kingdom

      @Aney, I am glad it helped! :)

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      5 years ago

      thank you hub

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      Mwaka G. 5 years ago

      Very useful information..

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      anonymous 5 years ago

      blah ):

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      Stella 5 years ago

      This is what you call beast info.

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      Aney 5 years ago

      hi thanks 4 tis informative piece it was of gr8 help

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      hyruleking 5 years ago

      thanks this helped with my homework

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      joselin 5 years ago

      your sorces helped me thanks

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      livingsta 5 years ago from United Kingdom

      Yes very true Jesusfreak ! Thanks for stopping by !

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      livingsta 5 years ago from United Kingdom

      Elliane, as long as you understand and read it over again to get the points in!

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      livingsta 5 years ago from United Kingdom

      You are welcome Sophie, I am glad it helped!

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      Jesus♥freak 5 years ago

      God is so amazing at how He created all these amazing mountains!!! He is our AWEsome Creator!! :-D

      John 3:16-17?

      John 14:6?

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      elliane 5 years ago

      hi thx i copied it for my homework my teacher said it was so good he cant believe a child wrote that though he dosnt know i copied it

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      sophieluvsbobby 5 years ago

      OMGosh thankyou soooo much!I got a A from revising on this website THANKS!

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      livingsta 5 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you Thithi...am glad it helped !

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      thithi 5 years ago

      helpful

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      livingsta 5 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you so much Pink... :-)

      Am glad it helped !

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      livingsta 5 years ago from United Kingdom

      You are most welcome Queen Esther !

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      PinkRox 5 years ago

      wow!!! great stuff!!!!!!!!!!!

      some good ideas are to maybe even put more information about more things!!! you have the talent! :-)

      By the way this is a homework saver!!!

      -PINK(not the singer)

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      livingsta 5 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you Blogger101 !

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      livingsta 5 years ago from United Kingdom

      I am glad it helped. You are most welcome Sneakyfish !

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      livingsta 5 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you !

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      blogger101 5 years ago

      cool spreading worg thx a lot

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      sneakyfish10 5 years ago

      this is awesome i was doing my home work and ran across some hard terms and your hub helped a bunch thx. -sneakyfish10

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      hhi 5 years ago

      awesome

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      livingsta 5 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you Angel !

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      livingsta 5 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you so much Miriam !

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      livingsta 5 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you Victorius!

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      livingsta 5 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you Hari !

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      livingsta 5 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you so much Olukunle !

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      livingsta 5 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you Tinodude!

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      livingsta 5 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you FASD !

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      livingsta 5 years ago from United Kingdom

      I am sorry about it ! Hope you found what you wanted elsewhere !

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      livingsta 5 years ago from United Kingdom

      You are most welcome Issac !

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      livingsta 5 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you Ella !

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      livingsta 5 years ago from United Kingdom

      You are welcome Ammtara

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      livingsta 5 years ago from United Kingdom

      Yes Roar, that is what the heading states too ! :-)

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      livingsta 5 years ago from United Kingdom

      You are most welcome Nyon...I am glad it helped !

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      livingsta 5 years ago from United Kingdom

      You are most welcome Innocent !

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      livingsta 5 years ago from United Kingdom

      I am glad it helped KJ !!!

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      olugid 5 years ago

      yeah

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      Angel 5 years ago

      hiii livingsta...uR hub is really very awesome...!!it's very easy for kids...!!very helpful...[^_~]

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      miriam 5 years ago

      Hey i'm frm tanzania i saw your project its cul and quite impressed for kids and very subprb excellent woomen like it

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      victorius fan 5 years ago

      That's great livingsta gud job girl

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      olukunle comfort 5 years ago

      dis a very gud work keep it up

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      Tinodude 5 years ago

      Your mountain information is very interesting.Great Stuff!

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      you suck 5 years ago

      i dont like it very much it didn't answer my question

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      Issac boady 5 years ago

      I am happy that i have been able to use this site to answer some of my questions..

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      ella fort 5 years ago

      well done now my homework is done cheers :) ()_()

      ( **)

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      ammtara 5 years ago from london

      thx! a lot! i rlly needed dis info for school homework! r u rlly 86 for bein dat smart?! lol :)

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      Roar 5 years ago

      This is for kids

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      Innocent 5 years ago

      Thanks i have gotting what i want

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      kj 5 years ago

      homework done;)

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      livingsta 5 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you Aqsa, Tony and Ben !

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      Ben 6 years ago

      Thx this helped me a lot for my homework :D

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      tony 6 years ago

      this was the best thingy i have ever seen in my whole life rock on mountains!!!!!!!!!!!:):))):):):):):)-_-:D

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      aqsa yaqoob 6 years ago

      it is very informative good job

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      6 years ago

      you welcome

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      livingsta 6 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thanks a lot everyone !

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      susanne 6 years ago

      really help full site, i found it great to understand

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      Delali Apoh. 6 years ago

      I am interesting at types of Mountains.

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      amit k singh 6 years ago

      well done

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      livingsta 6 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you Rucka Ali, Preet Shah, Rachelle !

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      RAchelle 6 years ago

      tnx!

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      HI 7 years ago

      This didn't help. Im looking for infromation on : Mountain Formation at an Oceanic Convergent Bounadry. Email me if you have any info about it:

      emilyxox248@live.ca

      WE are doing a science project and thats our topic and we have NO clue what it is! Please help! Thanks!

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      preet shah 7 years ago

      It was very imformative

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      rucka rucka ali 7 years ago

      yo dawg i wish had this when i was da mini gangsta in school.this great for edu man>! live it up! push your dreams

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      livingsta 7 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you so much BL Tween for reading and dropping a few words :)

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      BL Tween 7 years ago

      Lots of good info here. Science is Cool! God is Amazing!

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      livingsta 7 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you prasetio30, I am glad that the students will be benefited

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      prasetio30 7 years ago from malang-indonesia

      I'll bookmark this one. As a teacher, this is great information. I'll give this to my student. thanks

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      livingsta 7 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you Mani for the comments

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      livingsta 7 years ago from United Kingdom

      Hi PWalker281, thank you for passing by and writing so much in appreciation. I feel happy when i get inspiring comments from readers.

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      Mani 7 years ago

      nice work

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      PWalker281 7 years ago

      Great hub with wonderful images! I live at the base of the Ko'olau Mountains on the winward (east) side of O'ahu, HI. They are volcanic, and because of the rainfall here, one of the most beautiful, GREEN mountain ranges I've ever seen, producing loads of good-feeling negative ions. Sometimes, I can feel their "shimmer." Good luck in the voting!

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      livingsta 7 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you very much Duchess, for the wishes and reading the hub :)

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      Duchess OBlunt 7 years ago

      Awesome job. Good information and so very well presented. Thumbs up!

      It certainly deserves the HubNugget Nomination. Good luck!

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      livingsta 7 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you Redelf, for your wishes :)

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      RedElf 7 years ago from Canada

      Congratulations on your HubNugget nomination and welcome to Hub Pages.

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      livingsta 7 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thanks a lot Rmcrayne for your wishes and comments :)

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      rmcrayne 7 years ago from San Antonio Texas

      Wow this was quite a big project! Congrats on your HubNuggets nomination.

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      livingsta 7 years ago from United Kingdom

      Oh my..Thank you Flightkeeper. Thanks a lot for reading and dropping a few words :) I am happy that many readers liked it !!!

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      Flightkeeper 7 years ago from The East Coast

      Hi livingsta. This hub is incredible. I never thought so much about mountains other than for its aesthetic appearance, but this hub was really informative and not boring.

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      livingsta 7 years ago from United Kingdom

      Oh my God..thank you so much Lorlie..thanks a lot for your votes and thank you so much for taking the time to read and comment and vote as well..

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      Laurel Rogers 7 years ago from Bishop, Ca

      I loved this hub, livingsta! Voted for it and wish you the best-this hub, you realize, is also for some of us adults, as well!

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      livingsta 7 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you for reading my hub, and also thank you for your wishes Judydianne

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      judydianne 7 years ago from Palm Harbor, FL

      Very informative hub. Good luck on your nomination.

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      livingsta 7 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thanks a lot RebekahELLE, for reading my hub and also for the words of appreciation and encouragement.

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      livingsta 7 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you so much Retellect for reading my hub and also thank you for the wishes :)

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      rebekahELLE 7 years ago from Tampa Bay

      what a great hub! excellent job and so thorough, perfect for students as it's not too long and yet very informative. :)

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      retellect 7 years ago from United Kingdom

      Great hub livingsta and congrats on the hubnugget wannabe! Good luck!

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      livingsta 7 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thanks a lot Sunita, for the encouraging words

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      livingsta 7 years ago from United Kingdom

      Hi Lulu, thank you so much for your appreciation

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      livingsta 7 years ago from United Kingdom

      thanks a lot for your comments Franc

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      livingsta 7 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you Giirii..for your comments

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      Sunita 7 years ago

      Hey Its really very good and informative. Good work :-)

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      Lulu Robin 7 years ago

      This is a great bit of information! Thanks Livingsta!

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      Franc 7 years ago

      hey really its very nice...... even i didn't know it before..... thanks for ur nice valuable messages...........

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      giirii 7 years ago

      u have done a gr8 wrk

    • livingsta profile image
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      livingsta 7 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you so much for your comments Ria :)

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      Ria Dixit 7 years ago

      Very informative, and easy to understand - great for kids :) Keep up the good work!

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      livingsta 7 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you for your wishes Ripplemaker. I am happy and excited to have my hub being chosen on October's Hubnuggets list!!!

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      Michelle Simtoco 7 years ago from Cebu, Philippines

      Hello livingsta, congratulations for this hub being on the Hubnuggets List for October! Yup, the sky is full of interesting things and volcanoes are in! To vote for this hub, please follow the link: http://hubpages.com/hubnuggets10/hub/October-Sky-F...

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      livingsta 7 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thanks a lot for your comments Coffeesnob. God Bless :)

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      coffeesnob 7 years ago

      Very good work. I am bookmarking it to share with family.

      Blessings,

    • livingsta profile image
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      livingsta 7 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you for you comments Varghese...

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      livingsta 7 years ago from United Kingdom

      Thank you Abbas for your comments

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      varghese 7 years ago

      pictorial presentation is awesome........

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      abbas14 7 years ago from Luton, United Kingdom

      amazing hub it is.. !

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