White-Winged Doves: From the Deserts of the Southwest to Backyard Bird Feeders

Updated on August 9, 2018
Casey White profile image

Dorothy McKenney is a former newspaper reporter turned researcher. Her husband, Mike, is a professional landscape/nature photographer.

The white-winged dove is very recognizable by the obvious stripe on its wings and the blue "eye-shadow" around its red eyes. All white-winged doves also have a dark line on their cheeks.
The white-winged dove is very recognizable by the obvious stripe on its wings and the blue "eye-shadow" around its red eyes. All white-winged doves also have a dark line on their cheeks. | Source

Our entire backyard has gone "to the birds," literally. Everything I have planted - proso millet, amaranth, sunflowers - was planted for their benefit. And, I guess it has paid off for the bird-lover in both of us. Here in New Mexico we always have a yard full of white-winged doves (Zenaida asiatica), mourning doves (Zenaida macroura), and Eurasian collared-doves (Streptopelia decaocto), who all insist on trying to get into our bird feeders despite the piles of food I put on the ground just for them. But, that's okay. The bird feeders haven't fallen yet and the smaller birds that visit don't seem to mind the doves. As a matter of fact, the smaller birds tend to eat the food that is out there for the doves, so I guess turnabout is fair play.

A Beautiful Sound

Some of the most common sounds around the southwest are the “whoo-ooo-oo, ooo-oo” calls of the beautiful white-winged doves, as they perch on rooftops, trees or on the ground. In the evening at about sunset, to hear that call is very soothing, indeed. To hear that sound, to me, indicates that there are no preying hawks in the immediate vicinity. One such predator recently conducted a dive-bombing maneuver in our backyard and flew away with one of our precious doves but when I hear their calls I know they are safe...for now.

When you feed any birds in your backyard, you take the chance that your yard will come on the radar of a hawk out looking for his next meal, and the "circle of life" is a depressing thing when your backyard visitors become victims. This article will, hopefully, tell you everything you need to know about the beautiful white-winged dove.

Doves as Prey

When a predator approaches the nest of a white-winged dove, the dove will often feign a broken wing to lead the unwelcome intruder in another direction. Sometimes, they escape by flying directly into dense bushes. Some of the more common predators of all doves include fox, coyote, owls, hawks, bobcats, snakes, and domestic animals such as cats and dogs, although the doves are not considered to be threatened or endangered.

The Need for Water and Safety

White-winged doves, like all birds, must have water and will fly miles to get it when necessary. Most of their drinking is done in the early morning and late evening but before they drink, as we have witnessed, they will land nearby so that they can survey the area for several minutes before approaching the water.

Once they determine the area is safe enough they drink quickly by submerging their bill and taking in the water in a continuous draft. Once they have taken in a few long sips, they are satisfied and quickly fly away. Their cautious habit usually allows them to drink in relative safety.

This is one of our beautiful backyard visitors, a white-winged dove who was apparently trying to determine if our dog, who was nearby, was going to get in the way of a cool drink of water from our birdbath.
This is one of our beautiful backyard visitors, a white-winged dove who was apparently trying to determine if our dog, who was nearby, was going to get in the way of a cool drink of water from our birdbath. | Source

Food

In the deserts of New Mexico, vegetarian white-winged doves eat the fruit of the saguaro cactus. Across much of its range, it eats grains and crops like corn, wheat, sunflower, milo, and safflower. It will also eat the fruit and large seeds from plants such as spurge, panic grass, bristlegrass, Mexican jumping beans, Chinese tallow, leatherweed, and lime prickly-ash. The White-winged dove apparently prefers large seeds because of its large bill and gape, which are typical, along with its slower eating style (unlike mourning doves, the white-winged dove pecks slowly). White-winged doves also commonly feed above ground level, on seedheads, berries, and raised bird feeders. Like many other species of birds, they will consume small stones to help pulverize plant material in their gizzards. As a source of calcium, they can even be found eating snails and small bone fragments.

White-Winged Dove Distribution Map

This map shows the distribution of the white-winged dove in the areas of North and Middle America and the western part of the West Indies.
This map shows the distribution of the white-winged dove in the areas of North and Middle America and the western part of the West Indies. | Source

Courting and Nesting Behavior

We have often been confused about the behavior of the white-winged doves in our backyard because they will occasionally slap at each other with their wings and strike at another dove's bills. We know now that all of that activity is related to their courting and nesting behavior. Apparently, when they call out or flail their tail or wings, they are defending their perches or nests.

Courtship

The male white-winged dove, when they are courting, will spiral up into the sky and return to the branch from which he began in a winged glide. Their will either bow, fan their tale or puff up their necks in an effort to entice a female dove to mate. They are monogamous and will remain together for at least one breeding season.

Nesting

When it comes to nesting, the male dove will choose the territory and a general nesting site, but the female is the one to choose a specific nest site, which will usually be on a tree branch. The white-winged doves that live in populated cities usually choose to nest in large shade trees like live oak or pecan. Away from populated areas, however, they prefer the interior of dense woodlands, especially areas along streams.

The Nest

The female and male both participate in nest-making but the male will gather the twigs, bringing them to the female who will do the actual construction over a period of a few days. The nest, mostly made of twigs, may also have weeds, moss or grasses arranged in a bowl of sorts on which to lay the eggs. Although rare, the nest may also be lined with bark, feathers, leaves or pine needles, assuming the availability of the preferred lining items is limited.

The Eggs

The female white-winged dove will usually lay one or two eggs in the nest, each of which will be about an inch in length. The eggs are a creamy white or buff color and have a dull texture. The incubation period is from two to three weeks. Once the nestlings hatch, they will remain in the nest for about the same length of time. The weak, uncoordinated hatchlings are born with their eyes closed. The skin is dark and coated with long off-white down feathers.

References

  1. https://www.audubon.org/field-guide/bird/white-winged-dove (Retrieved from website 8/08/2018)
  2. Book of North American Birds (1990), White-winged Dove, Reader's Digest Association, Inc., Pleasantville, New York/Montreal (Page 76)
  3. https://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/White-winged_Dove/lifehistory (Retrieved from website 8/08/2018)

Questions & Answers

    © 2018 Mike and Dorothy McKenney

    Comments

      0 of 8192 characters used
      Post Comment

      • profile image

        Dorothy McKenney 

        6 days ago

        Thanks Pamela. Always good to hear from you.

      • Pamela99 profile image

        Pamela Oglesby 

        8 days ago from Sunny Florida

        The white winged dove is a beautiful bird, but we don't have any in norther FL. As with so many species of birds, their unique characteristics are so interesting. I enjoyed your article.

      working

      This website uses cookies

      As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, owlcation.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

      For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://owlcation.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

      Show Details
      Necessary
      HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
      LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
      Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
      AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
      HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
      HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
      Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
      CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
      Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
      Features
      Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
      Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
      Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
      Marketing
      Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
      Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
      Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
      Statistics
      Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
      ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
      Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)