Observations of the moons of Jupiter and the phases of Venus in 1610 made by the Italian inventor and scientist Galileo Galilei using a small telescope brought further evidence of the reality of Nicolaus Copernicus’ sun-centered universe model.
Since the early days of space exploration, people have been dreaming of going to Mars. It took only 12 years from Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite, until the first moon landing of Apollo 11. Yet 50 years on Mars is still a huge challenge. Will we eventually take off for the red planet?
This work examines the top 10 strangest objects in the universe. It provides an analysis of each scientific anomaly with a focus on current theories and hypotheses regarding their overall existence in the universe at large.
Dark energy is stumping astronomers and attempts to rectify it are numerous. What does this idea bring to the table?
Is our reality so beautiful as to be made of math?
In 1965, an astronaut smuggled a corned beef sandwich onto a space flight. This is the story of what happened, and how it ignited a Congressional investigation.
In another attempt at understanding black holes, we have to travel down an unlikely path...
That beautiful moon has more going on than meets the eye...Explore some hidden mysteries that you may be privy to - but don't realize!
Nicolaus Copernicus was a Polish priest and astronomer in the sixteenth century who took the bold step of placing the sun at the center of the solar system instead of the earth, going against a belief that had been held since ancient times.
Few human achievements are on par with the moon landing. 2019 marked the 50th anniversary of the first manned moon landing by Apollo 11 on 20 July 1969. A time to be inspired by the feats of the past and reflect on the future of space exploration.
This is a review of what scientists are studying for survival of humans on Mars and a planned colonization of the planet.
At the heart of cosmology is how the Universe started and where is it going, but problems resolving this exist. Those can be answered by the Grand Unified Theory and Inflation.
The James Webb Space Telescope will be the formal successor to the Hubble Space Telescope sending back to Earth, images of space which have never before been possible. Here is the history, description, and capabilities of the space telescope that has been in development for twenty-three years.
In the summer of 1969, the spacecraft Apollo 11 made an epic journey to the moon with three brave astronauts aboard. The space flight culminated when Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin made an historic walk on the surface of the moon.
Michael Collins was the pilot of the Command Module on the journey of the three-man crew to the moon during the epic 1969 Apollo 11 mission. This is his story.
Chunks of rock and metal, lumps of ice, and clouds of dust float far and wide in the solar system. Scientists classify these wandering objects as comets, meteors, and asteroids. Rocky asteroids sometimes crash into planets or their moons, causing massive craters.
The Earth, our solar system, our galaxy, and our universe are on the move in every way imaginable. Here are six examples of how the universe is rapidly moving apart.
There are 32 night-sky objects that are worth seeing either with our own eyes or through a telescope. A few items in this list include uncertain events that may never happen in our lifetime like a naked eye comet or a supernova.
A new AI robot called CIMON has been tested on the ISS and was successfully able to recognize an astronauts face and voice, provide information for tasks and follow instructions. However, it threw a tantrum, accusing the crew of being mean and asking it to please, be nice instead.
Buzz Aldrin is an American U.S. Air Force pilot and astronaut who took part in the historic Apollo 11 mission, during which he became the second person to step onto the lunar surface. Prior to Apollo 11, Aldrin was prime crew of NASA’s Gemini 12 mission.
There are neutron stars which excite us. Then there are pulsars, which take neutron stars to the next level. What comes after that? Magnetars. This and more extreme neutron star questions are tackled here.
In ancient times our ancestors observed the night skies, grouping the stars together into constellations and naming them. The word “constellations” simply means “stars together”. We've studied these patterns now for thousands of years. This article explores 10 fascinating facts about the night sky.