Gas is one of the three forms of matter. Every known substance is either a solid, liquid or a gas. These forms differ in the way they fill space and change shape. A gas, such as air has neither a fixed shape nor a fixed volume and has weight.
Rediscovered by David Hudson, Ormus is an m-state element used by alchemists to revitalize the mind, body, and spirit. Ormus is used for health, anti-aging, meditation, and connecting to the divine.
In this site I discuss 3 possible avenues to nitric acid preparation. They all involve a nitrate salt and a strong acid.
Chocolate is a snack beloved by millions. But what exactly is in the sweet treat? How long has it been around for? Is it really an aphrodisiac and antidepressant? And why on earth is it so addictive?
A redox reaction is a reaction that involves both oxidation (the loss of electrons) and reduction (the gain of electrons). In order to identify whether a reaction is redox or not, you can write separate half equations that show how electrons are...
A set of fun experiments that teach kids the fun of chemistry and how to tell a chemical change from a physical change.
Barium is an elusive element with not many industrial uses when compared with other metals such as aluminum. However, from a medical drink to rat poison, it would be inaccurate for one to say it didn't have an interesting array of applications.
Chemistry is involved with various and diverse interactions of matter either around us or simply inside the laboratory. These are described using the language of chemistry which consists of symbols, formulas and equations..
Formic acid is found in the sprayed venom of some ants and the secretions of some stinging nettles. The acid is dangerous at high concentrations but has important uses.
Chemistry can be a very difficult subject to grasp, but is essential for understanding how the world around us truly works. To truly understand Chemistry, one must start with the basics.
Fun dry ice experiments. Make foggy bubbles, screaming metal, frost things over, pop the caps off containers, blow up a balloon, and more.
You've probably used a good few glow sticks in your life, but do you know how they work? What's in them? Who invented them? This article answers all those questions and more.
Paper chromatography is a type of planar chromatography which can be performed faster and in an easy way. It is useful for detection of components in a mixture.
Organic herbicide. Deodorizer. Pesticide. Weed killer. Learn about the extraordinary abilities of vinegar in this article.
A look at the active ingredients in Clorox wipes and Clorox Clean-up and a description of how they work on a scientific level.
There are many deadly things in the world that can easily bring our lives to an end. But what are the deadliest? Did you know a Japanese delicacy actually contains the 5th deadliest poison known?
Here is an example of A-level biology coursework on the effect of substrate concentration (hydrogen peroxide) on the rate of activity of the enzyme catalase.
Paper chromatography is a useful technique used to separate the components of a solution. Kids can learn some simple chemistry by watching or performing this process.
A detailed guide on how to make litmus paper using red cabbage to test whether substances are acidic or basic. Bases turn green or blue whilst acids turn it red.
List of Substances and the Temperatures they Freeze, Melt, or Boil at. Definition of Boiling Point, Freezing Point, Melting Point.
A fuel is defined as a material that stores potential energy that, when released, can be used as heat energy.
As human beings we live, breathe and eat chemicals every day. However, that doesn't mean that some chemicals aren't insanely dangerous. This article lists 10 of the most dangerous chemicals known to man kind, including ones that are explosive, poisonous, carcinogenic, and corrosive.
Our world will run out of fresh water if we cannot find a way to purify other forms of water. Using these hydrates, a means to provide drinking water anywhere is achieved.
A detailed article on neutral litmus paper, acids and bases, testing for acid rain, and how to make acids or bases neutral.
Caffeine is the world's most widely used drug, but despite this not many people stop to consider how it actually works. What is it, where does it come from and how does it make you feel so good? This article answers all of these questions and more.
This article aims to answer some tricky chemistry questions I have come across in my experience as a high school teacher: What is an acid? How do fireworks change color? How do glow sticks work?
5 properties of water: cohesion, high specific heat, high heat of vaporization, lower density of ice, and high polarity.
It is truly amazing to think about how water has so many unique and amazing properties. But just what is it about water that makes it so versatile, useful, essential, and unique?
If you're worried about the dangers of chemical fires, and are curious as to how they start and how to douse them, come take a look at this article!
The alkene family is one of the most important classes of molecules in all of organic chemistry. This article details the structure of alkenes, how to name them, their relation to benzene, their uses, and some of their most common reactions.
Teach kids about mass, volume and density by doing this simple experiment with sugar and water. It's the easiest way to make rainbow water.
Lithium is never found in its pure state in nature because of its highly reactive nature. It can be found as a component of minerals and salts present in rocks, springs and in brine water of the oceans. Read on to know more about Lithium.
The world has lived in fear of nuclear warfare for over sixty years. But how do atomic bombs work? What's the science behind weapons of mass destruction? What does uranium have to do with them and what exactly is nuclear fission? This article gives a simple overview of how nuclear bombs work.
Because caffeine is a substance used by people in every country and on every continent, it affects billions. In order to better understand these effects, we must examine its impact in nature on animals, plants and the environment. Then we can decide how this relates to our health. Is it bad for us?
If all the elements are arranged in the order of their atomic weights, a periodic repetition of properties is obtained. This is expressed by the law of periodicity.— Dmitry Ivanovich Mendeleev
Electrolysis is the process in which a chemical reaction is started with electricity (Andersen). This is usually done with liquids and especially with ions dissolved in water. Electrolysis is used widely in today's industry and is a part of the...
How is form related to function? How does primary structure influence tertiary structure? What is the secondary structure of a protein? What is tertiary for that matter? This hub answers these questions and more.
This article discusses the differences between some of the most basic units of chemistry: atoms, molecules, and compounds. Though they might seem to be similar, particularly molecules and compounds, there are actually distinct differences between each one.
A completed lab report that explains the process of determining different aldehydes and ketones, thus classifying them in their respective groups. Includes Method, Abstract, Results, Intro etc.
This article lists the 118 elements of the periodic table and explains when each was discovered as well as which scientist was the first to isolate them.
This article takes a look closer look at the oxidizing type of permanent hair dye and how it works on a scientific level.
A hydrate is a compound that absorbs water molecules and incorporates them into its structure. Inorganic, organic, and gas hydrates exist. Gas hydrates may become an important energy source.
TLC chromatography or thin layer chromatography is an analytical technique for easy identification of photo-constituents.
What is fractional distillation? How does it work Why is crude oil both important and useless? What is cracking? What is supply and demand? Why do long hydrocarbons have higher boiling points? Modern living is built on crude oil - this hub explains how crude oil is changed into the things we use everyday, from petrol to plastic!
Recent advancements in the field of food processing and packaging have been focused on improving the quality and product shelf life. Edible packaging film is one such advancements that can meet many of the current problems. This article gives you the basic idea about edible films and coatings.
This article lists five fool-proof methods to help you memorize the elements of the periodic table, their chemical symbols, and their atomic numbers. Whether you're studying for a periodic table quiz or just a chemistry enthusiast, these methods will help you memorize the elements in no time!
Caffeine isn't a simple additive to your morning drink, it is in fact a psychoactive drug. Here is a brief understanding of the course and actions it takes once it enters your system.
Chemical reactions take place at the molecular level, when the atoms and molecules of the things you start with (reactants) turn into something new (products). All chemical reactions can be split generally into six different categories: ...
The reactions of matter whether occurring in natural processes or in the laboratories can be interpreted using another language of chemistry – the equation. A chemical reaction transforms one or more substances into a set of different substances. The substances that enter into a chemical reaction are called reactants and the substances formed are the products.
Recycling plastic is essential for the well-being of our planet. This article gives simple guidelines to easily identify different types of plastic in line with the international plastic identification code.
Having trouble with naming chemical compounds? Perhaps you're taking a General Chemistry class in college. I take you through naming step-by-step with discussion and examples!
As a teacher, particles are one of the first topics I teach pupils upon entering High School. This hub investigates the weird and wonderful world of particles. How do you draw particle diagrams? How many states of matter are there? What is Plasma? What is absolute zero?