The ionosphere is a layer of the earth that is electrified; this permits the refraction and reflection of radio waves throughout the planet
Together with many social and economic benefits of urbanization, there are also environmental problems. Cities comprise less than 3% of the Earth's surface, but there is a massive local pollution.
Hurricanes bring high winds and flooding. They also display more unusual natural phenomena many of us rarely see. I share 4 unusual natural phenomena I've witnessed during hurricanes.
For eons agriculturalists have been fighting what they call "bacterial speck" on tomatoes and other crop plants, without anyone realizing that the same bacteria is at the heart of rain and snow.
Introduction The science of remote sensing has emerged as one of the most fascinating subjects over the past three decades. Earth observation from space through various remote sensing instruments has provided a vantage means of monitoring land...
This article suggests the biggest man-made environmental disasters in the history of the United States. These disasters may not have killed people, but they severely damaged the ecosystem and will cost millions of dollars to clean up.
Chemical weathering is one of the forces that shapes our landscapes. Man-made structures are affected, too, Find out how...
Decades ago, in 1982, the World Meteorological Organization chose the name Sandy in their alphabetical list of named Atlantic storms, never knowing that this would become a storm of immense proportions that would affect much of the eastern seaboard,...
Seeing the Hurricane Harvey path, one can understand how it became our nation's costliest natural disaster. Hurricane Harvey's damage affected more than a dozen states and cost nearly $200 billion. The devastating results of 2018's Hurricane Michael in Florida may well exceed Harvey's record.
While just about everybody celebrates the arrival of the four seasons according to the calendar, there's a group of scientists who see the seasons differently. Read on.
Since the dawn of the aviation age, a new type of cloud has been appearing in our skies. Contrails, or condensation trails, are clouds that form in the wake of a passing aircraft at high altitude.
The atmosphere is a thin layer of gases surrounding the surface of the Earth. The gases composing the atmosphere are distributed in a layer of approximately 150 km (93 miles).
Hurricane season officially lasts until late November. Though the last six weeks are not overly abundant with these storms, deadly hurricanes can still occur in October, November, and even December.
Mark Lynas's "Six Degrees" is a modern classic, outlining potential effects of various levels of global warming. It's summarized, evaluated, and updated here, with links to 7 supplementary Hubs.
Earth has its own share of "unworldly" happenings that even science cannot explain. Some are similar to biblical phenomena that people will not believe easily. But these are real and they exist!..
If someone asked you what the biggest concern for the environment is today, what would you answer? The question is overwhelming because there are so many different aspects of the environments which are being impacted today. There are problems with...
Hurricanes are one of the most common natural disasters to happen near ocean waters. They can be very destructive dependent on category and location.
The question “Has Global Warming Stopped?” can be answered both “yes” and “no”, based on the data sets analyzed and the length of time used to compare global temperature changes.
The practice of cloud seeding (weather manipulation) for rain has spread throughout the world during the 50 years since its methods were first discovered. What does it look like now as an industry?
What were the most destructive natural disasters in the history of our planet? Earth has weathered many hurricanes, earthquakes, and tsunamis. Are humans responsible for some of these disasters?
A look at the difference between the Northern Lights and the Southern Lights. Plus what makes the Aurora Borealis and Aurora Australis so spectacular.
Instead of irregularities in Earth's orbit, temperature changes are now caused by changes in atmospheric greenhouse gasses released by human activity, primarily the burning of fossil fuels.
A photographic odyssey explaining the progression and formation of the ice shelves forming on The Great Lakes before and after the 2014 historic polar vortex event. Includes hidden dangers!
NOAA is a scientific agency with almost 12,000 personnel globally. With this kind of scope, they have the manpower and the means to make some stunning discoveries.
In 2 years, we saw five disastrous hurricanes; Harvey, Irma, Maria, Florence, and Michael. How might Climate Change Cause Hurricanes to Become More Common? Read more to find out.
In some of the driest regions on earth people are using low-tech nets to harvest droplets from mist and fog. This technique can bring fresh water to some of the world's most arid places.
A detailed guide explaining everything you need to know about the water cycle, processes and the different types of rainfall all explained with beautiful diagrams.
By using a nifty acronym and a fun little song, you can easily remember the order of the rainbow colors.
Health risks that arise due to human activities can be as subtle as sub-clinical effects, and can lead to severe of impaired pulmonary function and physiological changes in the cardiovascular system.
Real Green solutions come from deep thinking about the causes of problems we created over centuries. Natural crises have deep roots in human actions.