Breathing Through the Lungs and the Intestine in Mammals
The lungs are vital for life, but their function is sometimes impaired. Scientists have given animals and humans oxygen via their intestine, which has helped them.
Leptin Facts and Effects on Appetite and Lipodystrophy
Leptin is a hormone with many effects. It can reduce appetite when necessary and help people with lipodystrophy. Exploring its behavior is important but challenging.
What's the Best Chemical Exposure Standard? OSHA or ACGIH?
This article contains information concerning the OSHA permissible exposure limits (PELs) and the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) threshold limit values (TLVs). Is one better than the other?
What Is the Difference Between Plasma and Serum?
Plasma is the blood without blood cells. Serum is different from plasma mainly by the absence of fibrinogen and clotting factors II, V, and VIII. This article highlights the differences between plasma and serum.
A Cure for HIV? Past Research of the CCR5 Delta 32 Mutation
This article is about ongoing research that is being done to find the cure for H.I.V.
Anatomy of the Pelvis
The pelvis is made up of the sacrum and two ilium bones, with an array of supportive ligaments and muscles forcing it closed. An array of issues can manifest themselves causing pain or dysfunction of the pelvis. Sports, trauma, pregnancy and a sedentary lifestyle are all contributors to this.
10 Deadliest Pandemic Diseases in History
COVID-19 is considered a pandemic as of March 2020, and though it has affected the world and cost so many lives, it is not as deadly as the ones on this list...so how does COVID-19 compare to the deadliest pandemics in history? Read on and find out..
The Circulatory System: Its 4 Main Parts and How They Work
Learn the main parts of the circulatory system and how each part works. This article includes topics about the systemic circulation of blood flow, blood composition, blood flow pressure, heartbeat, and the lymphatic system.
Early Pandemic Mistakes: 5 Misconceptions About COVID-19
With COVID-19 being a global pandemic, this article addresses five possible misconceptions folks may have about this outbreak, its potential, and ways to remain safe.
Influenza Pandemics of the 20th and 21st Century
Understanding history is important as a way of making sense of the present and planning for the future. In this article we will look at how various influenza pandemics have affected the world's population, its economy, political and cultural perceptions. History does not necessarily repeat itself.
6 Ancient Medical Treatments We Consider Insane Today
It has been said by some experts that the golden age of medicine started sometime in the 1950s. Certainly today we are fortunate to enjoy advancements in medical treatments our grandparents could have never imagined. Unfortunately, for the people that lived in premodern times this was not the case.
Acidity Drugs Linked With Risk for Kidney Disease
Link of common heartburn medicines with the risk of developing kidney injury has gained increased attention from the researchers in the past few years. A recent study reports, yet again, the link of these drug with kidney diseases. This article includes everything you need to know.
Targeted Cancer Therapy—An Evolving Approach for Cancer Treatment
The completion of the Human Genome Project marked a dramatic shift in the understanding of cancer. As a result, the past decade has been one of exploration into novel approaches to treating cancer and new drug discovery, such as targeted cancer therapy.
Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis (IBR)
Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis (IBR) is a highly contagious, infectious respiratory disease of cattle caused by Bovine Herpesvirus-1 (BHV-1). It causes acute inflammation of the upper respiratory tract. There is no treatment currently, though vaccination is an effective preventative method.
How to Be a Smart Research Consumer
Every day it seems like there's a new research study being talked about, but is that talk accurate? And why does today's study say the opposite to last week's? Improving your research literacy makes it easier to cut through the sensationalist headlines and understand what studies really mean.
The Mango-Myrcene-THC Connection: Is It for Real?
Recently, someone told me that eating mangoes before using marijuana makes the high more intense. I decided to see what the literature has to say about that. Bottom line: Probably more auto-suggestion than chemistry.
Medicines That Can Make You Gain Weight
Often, effects of a drug on a one’s weight depend on other reasons like aging, diet, medical history, activity, and insulin resistance. Medicines for diabetes, depression, mood disorders, high blood pressure, allergy, and some hormones are some of the meds known to be involved in causing weight gain
Influenza Virus Facts and a Possible Treatment via Llamas
Influenza viruses have unpleasant and sometimes serious effects. Antibodies to flu viruses made by llamas may enable scientists to create a better treatment.
Contrast Agents in Veterinary Radiology
There are three main categories of contrast agents used in veterinary radiology: iodinated, barium sulfate, and negative contrast. Iodinated contrasts are subdivided into ionic and non-ionic. Negative contrasts are subdivided into room air, CO2, and NO.
Facts About the Tongue You Might Not Know
The tongue is a unique part of the body, and it is a muscle that never tires. The future may see the tongue becoming a biometric authentication as each person’s tongue is totally unique. The way the taste buds work is explained. Potential problems reflected by the tongue is explained.
Capnography in Veterinary Anesthesia
Capnography is the measurement and evaluation of the levels of CO2 in a patient’s exhaled breath, or the end-title CO2 (ETCO2). This is an important component of anesthesia because it helps the anesthetist evaluate the patient’s respiratory rate and the quality of the respirations.
Acepromazine, Ketamine, and Propofol in Veterinary Anesthesia
This article will briefly discuss the uses, duration of action, side effects, adverse effects, contraindications, and more of the drugs acepromazine, ketamine, and propofol in veterinary anesthesia. Tips for achieving a better anesthetic experience when using these drugs are also discussed.
Is the Five Second Rule Accurate?
Most everyone has heard of the Five Second Rule, which says that a food is safe to eat after it's been dropped on the floor as long as you pick it up within 5 seconds. However, is this really true? What you are about to find out may shock you.
Blood Types and Producing Type O With Enzymes From Microbes
Blood type is important to consider in transfusions in order to avoid harmful reactions. Scientists are learning how to make type O red blood cells from other types.
Scientists Grew Neanderthal Brains and They Want it to Learn
This is no joke. In 2018, researchers recreated the brains from our ancient non-human cousins and want to study the lumps to understand the mysterious Neanderthal extinction event.
Brief Review of a New York Times Article on Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy
This is an example of a brief review of an article covering a current event in nursing. This is a common assignment to encounter in nursing school.
Spectrum of Orthopedic Healthcare Without Surgery
There are many medical advances that are available to trained orthopedic physicians that will heal an injury or chronic pain problem. This article describes the procedures, including stem cell therapy, prolotherapy, platelet rich plasma therapy and acupuncture. These procedures may prevent surgerie.
Drugs That Induce Hair Color Changes
Hair loss is a frequently caused side effect of drugs but hair color is another adverse effect that is rare but bothersome. Black or brown hair changing to blond, greying or reddening of hair, and darkening of originally grey hair have been reported in many cases.
Host Immune Evasion by Trypanosoma Brucei, the Causative Agent of African Sleeping Sickness
Human African trypanosomiasis is a significant tropical disease, affecting around 65 million people per year in over 30 countries. Treatment is particularly difficult as the parasite has evolved several mechanisms to evade and manipulate the host's immune system in order to survive in the host.
Human African Sleeping Sickness: Biology of Trypanosoma brucei
Trypanosoma brucei is the causative agent of human African trypanosomiasis (HAT), otherwise known as sleeping sickness, affecting millions of people in sub-Saharan Africa.
Interstitial Fluid and the Interstitium: Formation and Function
Interstitial fluid bathes and supports cells. The spaces holding the fluid seem to be connected. They may form an organ, which has been called the interstitium.
Paneth Cells and Their Association With Crohn's Disease
The glands of the small intestine contain Paneth cells, which help to keep the intestinal lining healthy. Crohn's disease has been linked to problems in the cells.
Does Having a Blood Transfusion Change Your Dna?
Article answering: Does having a blood transfusion change your DNA? Transfusion cannot change your DNA but bone marrow transplants can change your DNA. So, Does a blood transfusion change your DNA and if so, will it be for the worse? Doubtful. Will a blood transfusion change your DNA in future?
Giant Viruses: Facts About Fascinating and Mysterious Entities
Giant viruses are huge entities compared to other viruses and are bigger than some bacteria. They can often be seen under a light microscope and have large genomes.