Breathing Through the Lungs and the Intestine in Mammals
The lungs are vital for life, but their function is sometimes impaired. Scientists have given animals and humans oxygen via their intestine, which has helped them.
Leptin Facts and Effects on Appetite and Lipodystrophy
Leptin is a hormone with many effects. It can reduce appetite when necessary and help people with lipodystrophy. Exploring its behavior is important but challenging.
What's the Best Chemical Exposure Standard? OSHA or ACGIH?
This article contains information concerning the OSHA permissible exposure limits (PELs) and the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) threshold limit values (TLVs). Is one better than the other?
What Is the Difference Between Plasma and Serum?
Plasma is the blood without blood cells. The serum is different from plasma mainly by the absence of fibrinogen and clotting factors II, V, and VIII. This article highlights the differences between plasma and serum.
A Cure for HIV? Past Research of the CCR5 Delta 32 Mutation
This article is about ongoing research that is being done to find the cure for H.I.V.
Anatomy of the Pelvis
The pelvis is made up of the sacrum and two ilium bones, with an array of supportive ligaments and muscles forcing it closed. An array of issues can manifest themselves causing pain or dysfunction of the pelvis. Sports, trauma, pregnancy and a sedentary lifestyle are all contributors to this.
The Circulatory System: Its 4 Main Parts and How They Work
Learn the main parts of the circulatory system and how each part works. This article includes topics about the systemic circulation of blood flow, blood composition, blood flow pressure, heartbeat, and the lymphatic system.
Targeted Cancer Therapy – An Evolving Approach for Cancer Treatment
The completion of the Human Genome Project marked a dramatic shift in the understanding of cancer. As a result, the past decade has been one of exploration into novel approaches to treating cancer and new drug discovery, such as targeted cancer therapy.
Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis (IBR)
Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis (IBR) is a highly contagious, infectious respiratory disease of cattle caused by Bovine Herpesvirus-1 (BHV-1). It causes acute inflammation of the upper respiratory tract. There is no treatment currently, though vaccination is an effective preventative method.
The Mango-Myrcene-THC Connection: Is It for Real?
Recently, someone told me that eating mangoes before using marijuana makes the high more intense. I decided to see what the literature has to say about that. Bottom line: Probably more auto-suggestion than chemistry.
Medicines That Can Cause Weight Gain
Often, effects of a drug on one’s weight depend on other reasons like aging, diet, medical history, activity, and insulin resistance. Medicines for diabetes, depression, mood disorders, high blood pressure, allergy, and some hormones are some of the meds known to be involved in causing weight gain
Influenza Virus Facts and a Possible Treatment via Llamas
Influenza viruses have unpleasant and sometimes serious effects. Antibodies to flu viruses made by llamas may enable scientists to create a better treatment.
Contrast Agents in Veterinary Radiology
There are three main categories of contrast agents used in veterinary radiology: iodinated, barium sulfate, and negative contrast. Iodinated contrasts are subdivided into ionic and non-ionic. Negative contrasts are subdivided into room air, CO2, and NO.
Facts About the Tongue You Might Not Know
The tongue is a unique part of the body, and it is a muscle that never tires. The future may see the tongue becoming a biometric authentication as each person’s tongue is totally unique. The way the taste buds work is explained. Potential problems reflected by the tongue is explained.
Capnography in Veterinary Anesthesia
Capnography is the measurement and evaluation of the levels of CO2 in a patient’s exhaled breath, or the end-title CO2 (ETCO2). This is an important component of anesthesia because it helps the anesthetist evaluate the patient’s respiratory rate and the quality of the respirations.
Acepromazine, Ketamine, and Propofol and Their Applications in Veterinary Anesthesia
This article discusses the uses, duration of action, side effects, adverse effects, contraindications, and other information about acepromazine, ketamine, and propofol in veterinary anesthesia. Tips for achieving a better anesthetic experience when using these drugs are also discussed.
Blood Type Facts and Producing Type O With Microbe Enzymes
Blood type is important to consider in transfusions in order to avoid harmful reactions. Scientists are learning how to make type O red blood cells from other types.
Drugs That Induce Hair Color Changes
Hair loss is a frequent side effect of drug use, but hair color is another adverse effect that is rare but bothersome. Black or brown hair changing to blond, greying or reddening of hair, and darkening of originally grey hair have been reported in many cases.
Host Immune Evasion by Trypanosoma Brucei, the Causative Agent of African Sleeping Sickness
Human African trypanosomiasis is a significant tropical disease, affecting around 65 million people per year in over 30 countries. Treatment is particularly difficult as the parasite has evolved several mechanisms to evade and manipulate the host's immune system in order to survive in the host.
Interstitial Fluid and the Interstitium: Formation and Function
Interstitial fluid bathes and supports cells. The spaces holding the fluid seem to be connected. They may form an organ, which has been called the interstitium.
Paneth Cells and Their Association With Crohn's Disease
The glands of the small intestine contain Paneth cells, which help to keep the intestinal lining healthy. Crohn's disease has been linked to problems in the cells.
Does Having a Blood Transfusion Change Your Dna?
Article answering: Does having a blood transfusion change your DNA? Transfusion cannot change your DNA but bone marrow transplants can change your DNA. So, Does a blood transfusion change your DNA and if so, will it be for the worse? Doubtful. Will a blood transfusion change your DNA in future?
Giant Viruses: Facts About Fascinating and Mysterious Entities
Giant viruses are huge entities compared to other viruses and are bigger than some bacteria. They can often be seen under a light microscope and have large genomes.
Giardia in the Intestine: Parasite Facts and Giardiasis Disease
Giardia is an interesting parasite that causes an intestinal disease called giardiasis. Understanding the parasite's behavior may lead to better treatments.
Glaucoma: Eye Biology, Nerve Damage, and Research Facts
Glaucoma is a vision problem caused by optic nerve damage. It often involves increased pressure in the eyeball. Medical research may help to improve treatments.
Replacing Dead Tissue in the Heart: Research and Discoveries
When someone experiences a heart attack, cells in the heart die. Scientists have found ways to replace the cells in rodents. The techniques may one day help us.
Diabetes Types and Insulin Resistance in Alzheimer's Disease
Three versions of diabetes are types 1, 2, and 3c. Insulin resistance may increase the risk of Alzheimer's disease and is sometimes called type 3 diabetes.
Microplastics in the Environment and Inside the Human Body
Tiny microplastic particles are created from plastic waste. The particles enter our body in multiple ways. Their possible effects are unknown but are a concern.
Cryobiology: Frozen Wood Frogs and Adaptations for Survival
The wood frog survives freezing. Exploring how it does this may help us deal with some human health problems and improve the use of organs for transplants.
Life After Death: The Science Behind Zombie Brains
Can consciousness survive after death? A disturbing new study discovers brain activity in brains preserved in specimen jars.
The Truth About Near Death Experiences: Scientific Explanations of NDE and OBE
Some people believe that NDE is proof of an afterlife. However, science provides alternate, and more plausible, explanations.