The SARS-CoV-2 Virus: Spike Proteins, Glycans, and Vaccines
The SARS-CoV-2 virus causes the COVID-19 disease. Spike proteins and glycans enable the virus to infect us and are research targets for the creation of vaccines.
Llama Antibodies and Fighting the Virus That Causes COVID-19
Llamas produce tiny versions of antibodies known as nanobodies. These might be helpful in dealing with the SARS-CoV-2 virus that causes the COVID-19 infection.
Organoid and Stem Cell Facts and Some Potential Medical Uses
Organoids are small and simplified versions of organs that are made from stem cells. They may help scientists to create much better treatments for some diseases.
Tardigrades or Water Bears: Resilient and Impressive Animals
Tardigrades are strange creatures that can survive extreme environmental conditions. Recent discoveries have revealed impressive abilities of the animals.
Autophagy in Cells: Removal of Damaged or Harmful Contents
Autophagy is the removal of damaged or harmful cell components. Lysosomes are vital in this activity. Autophagy is usually helpful but is sometimes problematic.
Organelles or Compartments in Bacteria and Eukaryotic Cells
Bacteria contain structures that perform specific jobs and resemble the organelles found in eukaryotic cells. The organisms are more complex than once realized.
Bacteriophages: Viruses in Bacteria and Our Gut Microbiome
Bacteriophages are viruses that infect bacteria. They don't infect our cells, but they're found in bacteria living in our gut. Here they may affect our lives.
The 10 Deadliest and Most Dangerous Viruses in the World
Throughout the world there exists numerous viruses and diseases capable of inflicting serious harm (or death) on the human population at large. This article explores the 10 deadliest and most dangerous viruses known to currently exist in the world.
Stentor: A Trumpet-Shaped Organism With Interesting Behavior
Stentor is a microscopic and single-celled predator. At least one type makes relatively complex decisions. Studying it may help scientists understand our cells.
Klebsiella pneumoniae Facts, Possible Effects, and Discoveries
Klebsiella pneumoniae is a bacterium that lives in our body and is sometimes dangerous. It's usually harmless in the digestive tract, but this isn't always true.
Formation of Acne: Genetic vs. Environmental Causes
What causes one person to have clear skin and another person to have severe, cystic acne? Discover the genetics behind the development of this skin condition, in addition to understanding how different treatment options work.
Acanthamoeba Facts, Eye Infection, and Keratitis Information
Acanthamoeba is a microscopic organism that can infect the cornea of the eye and cause Acanthamoeba keratitis. This disease is most common in contact lens users.
How Major Antibiotics Work and Facts About Arylomycins
Antibiotics interfere with vital activities in bacteria. Unfortunately, microbes are becoming resistant to the drugs. Arylomycins may be helpful in this situation.
Staphylococcus epidermidis, Biofilms, and Antibiotic Resistance
Staphylococcus epidermidis is a bacterium found on skin and mucous membranes, often in biofilms. Some strains are harmless and others are resistant to antibiotics.
Social Amoebas or Cellular Slime Molds: Fascinating Organisms
Dictyostelids (also called social amoebas or cellular slime molds) start life as ameboid cells but join to form a multicellular grex or slug when food is scarce.
Planarians and Regeneration: Facts and Possible Applications
Planarians are flatworms with an amazing ability to regenerate. Scientists are investigating this ability and hope to apply their discoveries to human biology.
Plasmodium vivax and Malaria: Microbe and Disease Facts
Plasmodium vivax is said to be a less serious cause of malaria than P. falciparum, but it can be deadly. It may become dormant in the body and later become active.
Saprolegnia and Phytophthora: Water Molds or Oomycetes
Some species of Saprolegnia kill fish. One species of Phytophthora caused the potato famine in Ireland. Oomycetes are interesting but often harmful organisms.
Cryptic Biodiversity: The Microbes That Make Our Ecosystems Work
The world's ecosystems are underpinned by a complex community of single-celled organisms. fundamental to the healthy functioning of both aquatic and terrestrial food webs.
Should You Be Mortally Afraid of Viruses Mutating Into Airborne Forms?
People worry that deadly viruses like Ebola could turn into airborne forms that could cause a worldwide epidemic. But there are reasons to think it is unlikely.
Biology for Kids: The Movement of Substances in and out of Cells
This article explains with clear text, illustrations and videos all about diffusion, osmosis, active transport, surface to volume ratio and the temperature and concentration gradients in cell biology.
Yersinia Bacteria: Plague, Foodborne Illness, and Other Effects
One species of bacteria in the genus Yersinia causes bubonic, septicemic, and pneumonic plague. Others cause foodborne illness. One type might aid cancer treatment.
Bacteria Living in Soil: A Potential Source of New Antibiotics
Antibiotic resistance in bacteria that cause disease is a serious problem. Soil contains bacteria, some of which make chemicals that may act as new antibiotics.
What Are Cyanobacteria, and How Are They Similar or Different From Plants?
True plants are currently seen as non-animal organisms that make up the kingdom Plantae. However, there are organisms—like cyanobacteria—that belong to other kingdoms but have plant-like characteristics.
Prions in the Body and Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD) Facts
Prions are misfolded proteins that form inside the body or enter the body from the outside. They alter other proteins and can cause serious diseases, including CJD.
Unusual Bacteria: Strange Facts About Fascinating Microbes
Bacteria can be impressive. Some live in extreme habitats, produce light or electricity, communicate with other bacteria, and act as predators and magnets.
Amoebas in Pond Water, Dysentery, and Brain Inflammation
An amoeba is an interesting one-celled creature. Amoeboid organisms live in the environment and in our body. Some species are harmless, but others cause disease.
Onchocerciasis (River Blindness), a Nematode, and Wolbachia
Onchocerciasis is caused by a nematode in a blood-sucking fly and perhaps by Wolbachia bacteria in the nematode. Severe itching and blindness can be symptoms.
Adult and Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells: Facts and Uses
Adult and induced pluripotent stem cells can produce different types of specialized cells. Doctors may one day use them to repair injuries and treat diseases.
A Step-by-Step Microbiology Science Project for Kids
Want to learn about microbes? Fun and safe experiment for growing fungi and bacteria using home made potato sucrose gel (recipe included).
Stages of the Cell Cycle - Mitosis (Interphase and Prophase)
Why do cells divide? Are mitosis and cell cycle the same thing? What are the stages of the cell cycle? What are the stages of mitosis? This article answers all these questions.
Types of Culture Media (Preservation to Fermentation)
A growth or a culture medium is composed of different nutrients that are essential for microbial growth—here are some that are used in microbiological laboratories.
The Immune System, Lymphocytes, and NK, B, and T Cells
Our innate and our acquired immune system contain lymphocytes. They play a vital role in fighting infections. NK (natural killer), B, and T cells are lymphocytes.