6 Rare and Unique Eye Colors

Updated on April 6, 2017

The eyes certainly are windows to the soul, and if you know anything about eyes or windows, you are aware that they come in many different tints and colors!

Most commonly, you see brown, blue, or hazel eyes when you look at the people around you, but some people, whether it be luck or a medical condition, wind up with a really cool and rare eye color. What are the rarest eye colors and how do they happen?

The Rarest Eye Colors and How They Occur

Eye Color
Cause(s)
Black
An abundance of melanin
Red/Pink
Albinism and blood leaking into the iris
Amber
A little melanin with a large amount of lipochrome
Green
A little melanin, a bunch of lipochrome and Rayleigh scattering of light
Violet
Lack of pigment mixed with light reflecting off of red blood vessels
Heterochromia
Increased or decreased pigmentation in the iris

Did You Know?

Only 2% of the world's population has green eyes! Talk about a rarity! Next time you see someone rocking natural greens, let them in on this cool fact.

Source

So, Which Is the Most Unique?

There really isn’t a way to determine exactly which eye color is the rarest, but if you have never seen any of the ones listed below, just know that it’s because it’s rare. This list is in no particular order, and if your eye color made the cut, consider yourself a gem.

1. Black Eyes

Have you ever seen someone with eyes that seem black as night? Although they appear black, they are really just a very, very dark brown, which is caused by an abundance of melanin. You may only be able to determine the pupil from the iris when looking at the eye with a bright light!

2. Red/Pink Eyes

Two major conditions cause a red or pinkish eye color: albinism and blood leaking into the iris. Although albinos tend to have very, very light blue eyes due to a lack of pigment, some forms of albinism can cause eyes to appear red or pink.

Amber eyes are a beautiful honey color!
Amber eyes are a beautiful honey color! | Source

3. Amber Eyes

This beautiful, golden eye color is often confused with hazel. The difference is that hazel eyes have brown and green in them, while amber eyes are a solid, uniform color. With a little melanin and a whole lot of lipochrome, eyes of this shade almost appear to be glowing! A few different animals have this eye color, but it’s a true rarity in humans.

4. Green Eyes

Very little melanin, a burst of lipochrome, and the Rayleigh scattering of light that reflects off the yellow stroma can make for a variety of shades of green. With only two percent of the world’s population having green eyes, it’s definitely rare!

Pretty purple eyes naturally occur because of a lack of pigment, but are very rare.
Pretty purple eyes naturally occur because of a lack of pigment, but are very rare. | Source

5. Violet Eyes

Oh, what a purplish blue! This color is most often found in people with albinism. It is said that you cannot truly have violet eyes without albinism. Mix a lack of pigment with the red from light reflecting off of blood vessels in the eyes, and you get this beautiful violet!

6. Heterochromia

This is not a set color, but rather a rare eye condition where either

  • one iris is a different color than the other iris (David Bowie!), or
  • there is a spot in an iris that is an entirely different color than the rest of the iris due to pigmentation differences.

It’s quite an unusual type of eye coloring that some individuals have, and while many people wear contacts to make their eye color more uniform, I think it’s beautiful, and such a rarity should be flaunted!

What Determines the Color of Your Eyes?

Many people will argue that it is purely genetic, which, for the most part, has been found to be true; however, there’s still not a lot known about the genes that determine a person’s eye color. We do know that rare eye color genes are recessive, so perhaps it’s just a matter of the two right peoples’ genes coming together to bring forth the phenomena.

Now, what we do know about eye color determination is that it involves two pigments (along with how the iris scatters lights): melanin (brown pigment) and lipochrome (a yellow pigment). When you see someone with light, blue eyes, it means there is an absence of melanin, or brown pigmentation.

Originally, we all had brown eyes. But a genetic mutation affecting the OCA2 gene in our chromosomes resulted in the creation of a 'switch,' which literally 'turned off' the ability to produce brown eyes.

— Professor Hans Eiberg, Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, University of Copenhagen

Did We All Have Brown Eyes?

It is believed that the human race started out having brown eyes and due to genetic mutations, other colors came about. Perhaps this is why brown is the most common (but no less beautiful)!

So many people who have perfect vision choose to wear contacts just to have a rare eye color so if you made the cut, consider yourself lucky!

10 Things You Didn't Know About Your Eyes

Questions & Answers

    Comments

      0 of 8192 characters used
      Post Comment

      • profile image

        Someone 

        3 weeks ago

        I have green eyes and a Little Brown near my pupil is that rare??

      • profile image

        Cathzu 

        6 weeks ago

        I have Green eyes with some kind of red-brown-ish color close to the pupil, and above it.

        and a dark green ring around it all

      • profile image

        Celesta 

        6 weeks ago

        i have blue eyes that seem to change from blue to teal green quite often

      • profile image

        Tanith 

        7 weeks ago

        I have white eyes

      • profile image

        filomena 

        7 weeks ago

        I just realized that I have red/ping eyes and that's rare

      • profile image

        Sessa 

        2 months ago

        I just recently realized I have amber eyes instead of "reddish goldish brown with a black ring" haha. Funny thing is people seem to remember me having green eyes in school. Yesterday a man told me I had "beautiful eyes. They're like sunshine." So apparently your comment about amber eyes looking like they glow is true. I come from a family that mostly has yellow green eyes, so compared to them my sister and I just always though we had brown. Pretty brown, but brown. We didn't even know Amber was an actual eye color until we took DNA tests and it predicted my mother, sister, and I would have amber eyes. We started researching it and realized that they were right. Our eyes are amber. We do have every color in my family though, except red. Green is the majority, then blue, grey, hazel, amber, and 1 brown (who funny enough had blonde hair, when most of the family has black. I'm the odd one with dark mahogany reddish brown hair).

      • profile image

        KL 

        2 months ago

        I have brown eyes that are mostly red but also have a bit of brown. I have a black ring around my pupil and a amber ring on the outside around my iris. Some people say that my eyes look blood red, others say that my eyes appear as they were caught changing from red to brown. It’s very strange

      • profile image

        Lola 

        2 months ago

        David Bowie didn't have heterochromia. He had a damaged eye and his pupil wouldn't react to light and shrink.

      • profile image

        .no Name 

        2 months ago

        I have black eyes

      • profile image

        My name is nunya 

        2 months ago

        Nunya as in I'm not telling you my name cause its non of your buisness

        Anywho I have blue with green surrounding my puple.

        Also this has nothing to do with this, but my uncle and his ex-wife have brown eyes but their daughter have blue! crazy right?!

      • profile image

        Colette 

        3 months ago

        I have silver/grey eyes. I have noticed that most people have black-lined irises. Mine are dark blue-lined, causing my eyes to look blue-ish in some lighting. Sometimes, when I see my reflection (especially in the dark) I get kind of freaked out because the color of my eyes is very startling and I sometimes wonder if I have a soul. Also, I often get asked what color eyes I have. I always say silver.

      • profile image

        chloe 

        3 months ago

        what the hell are you people talking about!?! \_(")_/

      • profile image

        FluffyJunkFace 

        3 months ago

        My eyes are greyish blue and i always ask everyone if their grey or blue, and most common response is: "Both"

      • profile image

        Shannylucky24 

        3 months ago

        My eyes are a silver color by the pupil and 3/4 rest of my iris is a greyish blue color that kinda chages from bright blue and a greenish-blue from time to time with a dark blue/blackish outline

      • profile image

        CryoFrame 

        3 months ago

        Ok,so i Know this girl at school i cant tell if it amber,hazel,bright hazel,or some kind of yellowish brown, But they are Bright and beautiful I cant describe them, or find a picture on the internet not even the pictures on this website is even close! Its driving me crazy just thinking about them please message me or help if able, there like a slight mixture or yellowish brown and gold something like that. I don't know and its driving me crazy that i cant find out what color they are i might need to ask her. but they're more beautiful than any eye color i ever seen

      • profile image

        Evy S 

        3 months ago

        I have eyes with a little brown then a bit after the pupil grey, 3/4 gold, and green, and circles of grey.

      • profile image

        OwO 

        3 months ago

        My eyes are a dark brown, but when I get sad or depressed they turn to an even darker brown, and it looks black!

      • profile image

        Nico 

        4 months ago

        my eyes are silver, very rare

      • profile image

        marley 

        4 months ago

        i have true amber eyes even more yellow than the pic. in some religion i am a werewolf bc of my eye color

      • profile image

        no 

        4 months ago

        I have turquoise eyes

      • profile image

        Eden 

        4 months ago

        I have brown eyes, but I have an iris leak. My eyes have brown where white should be! :/

      • profile image

        Fact Check 

        4 months ago

        David Bowie did not have heterochromia. He had anisocoria from an eye injury.

      • profile image

        emilyveraraley@gmail.com 

        4 months ago

        I have brown eyes but sometimes it looks like there is green and gold in it

      • profile image

        Destiny 

        4 months ago

        I have dark blue eyes that fade into bright blue with a burst of green around the peuple

      • profile image

        MERC 

        5 months ago

        I have black eyes,I mean very very dark brown

      • profile image

        Kendall 

        5 months ago

        I have grey eyes

      • profile image

        Gayle 

        5 months ago

        David Bowie actually had the same color eyes, blue.

        “He received a serious injury at school in 1962 when his friend George Underwood punched him in the left eye during a fight over a girl. After a series of operations during a four-month hospitalisation,[18] his doctors determined that the damage could not be fully repaired and Bowie was left with faulty depth perception and a permanently dilated pupil, which gave a false impression of a change in the iris' colour...”.

        https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Bowie

      • profile image

        I AM MAGICAL 

        5 months ago

        My friend, Abby, has Hazel/amber eyes, and so does someone else in my school.

      • profile image

        penny 

        5 months ago

        my eye color is green around the pupil, then amber, then a dark green circle all around

      • LoneTimberWolf profile image

        LoneTimberWolf 

        5 months ago

        I have amber eyes, but they change color with my mood sooooo idk

      • profile image

        Ejej 

        5 months ago

        I have blue green eyes

      • profile image

        skyla 

        5 months ago

        i have a mix of hazel and green

      • profile image

        vince 

        5 months ago

        I have green eyes my mom has hazel and my dad has blue

      • profile image

        Boby 

        5 months ago

        My dad has blue eyes mom has green eyes I have gray

      • profile image

        kasvi 

        5 months ago

        i have greenish grey eyes idk if that's uncommon

      • profile image

        No name 

        5 months ago

        My eyes are amber but everyone in my family has blue eyes my grandpa had brown so is blue and brown mixed together amber

      • profile image

        Pcbh 

        5 months ago

        My eye colour is indestiguishable.

      • profile image

        Madeline 

        5 months ago

        I have four colors in my eyes. My eyes are usually very dark black, but once it hits the sun, it turns super light brown or hazel, but with a more greenish color. It can sometimes turn grayish is I cry really hard.

      • profile image

        tuity fruit 

        5 months ago

        I was born with amber eyes soon it got darker and darker since my pupils cover 3/4 of my iris it is black and i can change my eye colour to all of these rare colours.

      • profile image

        5 months ago

        Ehh...I always thought my black eyes were very very common just like the other brown eyes. Because it is still brown just very dark.

      • profile image

        Tatum B 

        6 months ago

        My eyes are sometimes blue the they turn to a blue green then hazel the sometimes grey why

      • profile image

        I'm special 

        6 months ago

        I have a light blue eye on the left and an amber eye on the right.

      • profile image

        James 

        6 months ago

        I have blue green mixed and around the edge of my pupils is like a golden ring what does this mean

      • profile image

        Opp2008 

        6 months ago

        I have gray eyes

      • profile image

        selena 

        6 months ago

        so...where do those eagle eyes come from ? and O YES, that lite to dark yellow iris with a tiny amount of lite brown flecks ?

      • profile image

        Eizabeth 

        6 months ago

        Wow My Eyes Are Green!

        I Did Not Know That I Was Special!

      • profile image

        sorry if I double-posted 

        6 months ago

        My eyes are black. I'm the only one in my community

        with them. I'm cool with it

      • profile image

        Morgan Welch 

        6 months ago

        My eyes are green but they have a thin dark navy blue ring around my outer iris.

      • profile image

        Vanessa 

        6 months ago

        I Think My Eyes Are Weird, I Always Thought They Were Brown, But There Actually A Maroon Colour..

      • profile image

        Dori 

        7 months ago

        I have two different colored eyes one eye is hazel and when i cry it turns Green. and when i'm in a good mood they have blue in them

      • profile image

        Miss diva d 

        7 months ago

        I was born with very dark brown eyes but as I became an adult they became green. They change color with my mood (like a mood ring) from Green to blue, brown, grey, even at times from a deep green to an emerald green. My father has brown eyes and my mother has blue eyes. No one in my family (even extended family) has green eyes. I am like a jewel my mother says.

      • profile image

        Kiki 

        7 months ago

        My whole family has brown eyes but I had blue eyes, it changed to blueish green, and now there greenish gray. What does it mean.

      • profile image

        Kianna 

        7 months ago

        I have greenish gray eyes. Is that rare or not.

      • profile image

        Ernie 

        7 months ago

        I have Hazel green eyes which is semi rare my parents say that when i wear a grey shirt my eyes turn grey.

      • profile image

        Julia 

        7 months ago

        My eyes are turquoise and they have a peck of brown and yellow is that rare and even real even my family say that, so is it rare and real to have turquoise eyes????

      • profile image

        Sienna 

        7 months ago

        My eyes are a reddish brown and sometimes a mix of amber and brown

      • profile image

        GREY RED EYES 

        7 months ago

        i have grey eyes mixed with a bit of blue and green and rarely red

      • profile image

        MC 

        7 months ago

        I have like an icy blue gray eye color I've looked it up before and it is rare

      • profile image

        Db 

        7 months ago

        David Bowie did not have heterochromia. He had one permanently dilated pupil.

      • profile image

        SirViolet 

        8 months ago

        I met a person with bright yellow eyes. Not amber. Straight yellow. I was in awe, starring at the man's eyes. Such rarity.

      • profile image

        8 months ago

        I have multichroma eyes, green-gray and brown area whith a darkgray juvenile circle which changes color. Sometimes the green ist dark gray nearly black depending on the light.

        My parents have both gray green eyes, also changing color.

        I like those Hazel Eyes and green most.

      • profile image

        Gummy 

        8 months ago

        I have green/blue eyes. They change depending what color my cloths are (ex. green shirt= green eyes).

        My favorite color is also green.

      • profile image

        R. 

        8 months ago

        Blue eyes with central heterochromia being a gold ring.

        From Estonia by the way :)

      • profile image

        Heyy 

        8 months ago

        My eyes change colour with the weather. one hot days they are brown, but on cooler days, they are green. I know that with time your eyes do eventually change colour, but mine can change within a few minutes. for example when I come out of a cold pool, my eyes are said to be green, whereas when I get out of a hot shower, they are a deep brown. It's kinda weird and my dad has Heterochromia, so it might have something to do with that.

      • profile image

        lady 

        8 months ago

        I have teal eyes with a gold dot is that rare?!

      • profile image

        Dude 

        8 months ago

        I like to think i have brown eyes but every day it's more difficult to see the brown.

      • profile image

        You don't wanna know 

        8 months ago

        My eyes are green with the yellow tint. I RARE I 2% OF DA WORLD. Poor brown-eyed peps. So jealous. I know that the rares colours are the most beautiful ( in most cases )

      • profile image

        me 

        9 months ago

        I have blue ish grey eyes but one has an amber line running from the pupil down

      • profile image

        Marionette girl 

        9 months ago

        I have brown and dark gray eyes

      • profile image

        MK 

        9 months ago

        @Arabella Heterochromia is a a mutation. Not an eye color. There are different types like one eye a different color than the other. Heterochromia can be any combination of eye colors.

      • profile image

        Kyra 

        9 months ago

        What about sliver/Grey? My parents say i have sliver eyes instead of any of these.. Infact i don't even see the sliver/grey eyes mentioned often, I haven't even seen another person with these type of eyes! My parents have blue and green eyes so this is so strange! -Kyra

      • profile image

        Arabella 

        9 months ago

        AHA FINALLY FIGURED MY EYE COLOUR OUT. I HAVE HETROCHEMIA OR HOWEVER U SPELL IT

      • profile image

        abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz 

        9 months ago

        When everyone here is telling their eye colour is rare/getting diffrent colors then their parents and im just sitting here like "... well i've got dark brown eyes, nothing rare about me :/"

      • profile image

        Aaaaeeeesssaaeaeswda 

        9 months ago

        I have black eyes, Im a nightmare muahahahahahahahaha Eh

      • profile image

        Bernie 

        9 months ago

        I have purple eyes with the Dark green ring, but none of my relatives or even ancestors had it, my parents are both brown eyes. my siblings have the same colors as my parents.

        People saying that i am son of darkness! hahaha stupid!

      • profile image

        Vera 

        10 months ago

        My eyes are green. The eyes of my mother, father and two brothers are brown, and the eyes of my grandparents are all brown and blue. I'm the only one who has green eyes.

      • profile image

        skye 

        10 months ago

        i have a muddy blue if u reserch it says its the most unseen eye color in the world and my parents have brown and blue ayes so theres no chance o me getting this color but i have ive beingg in magazins and ellen degenerouis's show all because of my eyes thx god

      • profile image

        Hey 

        10 months ago

        My eyes are definetely black. I can barely see my pupil

      • profile image

        Julia 

        10 months ago

        Hello! I recently discovered that my eyes are not hazel like everyone says. My mom,dad,grandma,grandpa and brother have blue eyes but I don't. Mine are actually brown in the area around the pupil, green on the rest of it, and they have bright blue flecks throughout them. I have done so much research but I can't find a reasoning for this or a time where this has happened to someone else.

      • profile image

        Mollytheamer 

        10 months ago

        My eyes Change Color and yes I know through the years your eyes change color but I mean my eyes can be brown one second and green a couple minutes later

      • profile image

        Jacqueline 

        10 months ago

        I have a lite brown/amberish color in my left eye and a dark brown color in my right eye

      • profile image

        Asha nyx 

        11 months ago

        David bowie didn’t have hetrochromia he had another condtion that wouldnt allow one of his puplis to dilate / constrict which he got during a fight.

      • profile image

        Jb 

        11 months ago

        I have green eyes. My dad had light blue and my mother had brown eyes. Both of my kids have blue eyes.

      • profile image

        Olivia 

        11 months ago

        My sister and I have green eyes! My dad has blue eyes and my mom has brown eyes!

      • profile image

        11 months ago

        I've been trying to work out if my eyes are hazel or green. I've looked at a lot of websites and they said stuff like, "green is dominant over blue". My dad has blue eyes and my mum has green, so I figured I must have green eyes.

        People tell me that when I turn to a certain angle my eyes look yellow.

      • profile image

        JJ 

        11 months ago

        I have a blue grey eye color. My eyes are a navy blue that fade into light blue then grey. I also have a little bit of an orange yellow near the pupil. Right next to the pupil there is some sort of swirl design on both eyes. It's a small portion of the swirl though and I don't know why. On colder days my eyes have a bit of green instead of the orange yellow color. I thought it was interesting that I have orange in my eyes when it's warm and green when it's cold.

      • profile image

        Jeff 

        11 months ago

        Fun fact, David Bowie didn't have heterochromia one pupil was damaged when he was young and stayed enlarged.

      • profile image

        Rukayya 

        11 months ago

        I am lebanese. My two brothers and i have green and yellow eyes but our parents are both brown-eyed how is this possible

      • profile image

        Monica 

        11 months ago

        I have hazel eyes, I know this now, I didn't for a really long time, they get lighter and brighter, or as someone referred to them as 'firey', when I get mad or excited, and more brown when I'm feeling down or just relaxed!

        But I'm unsure about my husband, I always thought they were blue, and our youngest of 3 children has what my husband's sister call'crystal baby blues', are 2 oldest have brown eyes like my Mom and my husband's Dad, but my husband says his eyes are green when I always thought they were blue, so I looked deep into his eyes and they look like the color of the sea on Blue Lagoon', a greenish blue. Can you tell me whatever color that is? Please and thank you?!

      • profile image

        Katie 

        11 months ago

        i have a leaf pure green eyes it a complete different color then you see online

      • profile image

        Jessica 

        11 months ago

        When you don't have the same color eyes as your parents, it's likely that you inherited a recessive eye color. If both parents have brown but you have blue, then each parent must've had a blue recessive eye color. Brown is dominant, so if one parent has brown dominant and another has brown dominant blue recessive the child will have brown eyes.

      • profile image

        Banana 

        11 months ago

        I have turquoise I know it's not up there but I think it's rare

      • profile image

        Sarah 

        11 months ago

        When I was in elementary school, I never really knew what eye color I had. I was always told hazel, but it wasn't until I was in fifth grade until I realized I had green eyes and the rarety of them.

      • profile image

        Violet 

        11 months ago

        My eyes are amber

      • profile image

        gianna 

        11 months ago

        My eye color changes. Tbh im hella happy that i made the cut. My eyes are almost always green and hazel. Theyre sometimes brown too [; . But my mom has blue eyes , so why dont i?

      • profile image

        Audra 

        11 months ago

        I went to grad school with many middle eastern and asian people... they used to say my eyes were like water... blue, green, grey, clear... they couldn't decide and it depended on what was around, colors I wore, mood etc.

      • profile image

        tiffany 

        11 months ago

        i have black eyes. At first i found it confusing because everyone has a visible black iris at the center while i cant see mine. And i just found out that everyone has a common brown eye color and my black eye where really rare!

      • profile image

        Anna 

        11 months ago

        I have blue eyes with a green iris ring, so depending on what i'm wearing my eyes can look blue or green!

      • profile image

        Henry 

        12 months ago

        I have green eyes

      • profile image

        Amber 

        12 months ago

        I have blue eyes, ashy red blonde hair and very pale skin. My eyes have also looked grey, very dark blue, and slightly green or hazel around the Iris.

      working

      This website uses cookies

      As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, owlcation.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

      For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://owlcation.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

      Show Details
      Necessary
      HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
      LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
      Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
      AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
      HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
      HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
      Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
      CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
      Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
      Features
      Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
      Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
      Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
      Marketing
      Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
      Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
      Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
      Statistics
      Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
      ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
      Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)