Is It Possible That More Than One Big Bang Created the Universe?
This article examines if the universe, as we know it, was created through an infinite number of trials.
The theory most accepted is that the universe began with the Big Bang. Then the laws of physics carried it out in a progression that leads to where we are now.
However, was it a one-time event that worked perfectly, or had it failed many times and repeated until the existence of the universe in which we now live?
The Last Big Bang Had to Be Perfect
Theoretical physicist and cosmologist Stephen Hawking says that if the Big Bang were slightly weaker, and the expansion of the universe would have been slower. Therefore the universe would have quickly re-collapsed rather than continue its expansion.
He also added that if the Big Bang were any stronger, the laws of physics would have turned out differently, and the universe would not have been beneficial to life.
So was the Big Bang perfectly orchestrated, or was it the last one out of many that just happened to be perfect?
In our present universe, all the genetic coding of life is stored in DNA. The molecules of this Deoxyribonucleic Acid are miraculous storage mediums. A single gram of DNA can store 215 petabytes (215 million gigabytes) of data.1
DNA is one of many incredible things necessary for life that formed out of the Big Bang.
Therefore, the theory goes, that there must have been a superior intelligent power in control that created the universe. All this couldn't have happened so perfectly entirely by itself. So much can have gone wrong with the Big Bang.
That's what some scientists are suggesting now. Despite their tendency to be atheists, they are saying that the Big Bang is a one-time creation that had to be orchestrated by intelligence.
Does the Universe Repeat Itself into Infinity?
Well, when I had read about that hypothesis, I suddenly thought of one fundamental detail that was left out. Infinity!
I'll agree that everything in the universe has been developed, or maybe evolved (if you will), from the Big Bang. I'll also agree that the chances of all of this falling into place so perfectly has a minuscule chance of happening.
For the universe to be created so perfectly to allow for the laws of nature that make it what it is, must have had a helping hand! Right?
Wrong! Sorry. I always try to keep an open mind about these things. I would be the first to welcome the idea of God existing. I would welcome Him with open arms. However, at the same time, I am well aware of mathematics and the powerful influence of "infinity."
It goes like this: Time has no beginning and no end. Our human brain has difficulty conceiving of anything that has no end to it. We need to think there was a beginning to time and even an end somewhere along the way. But that wouldn't be infinite.
Now, if the creation of the universe were to repeat until one of the processes work out just right, then we might get to one that physically works. One that even may have locations (galaxies, solar systems, and planets) that support the creation and evolution of life. Possibly that's the one we're own now.
Reoccurring Universe Theory
Let's say time is cyclic. It keeps marching on, but in a circle. Does that mean that everything eventually repeats? Maybe. But then again, maybe not. Perhaps things just occur differently each time around.
In addition to that, there is an infinite number of cycles. Time cycles forever, each time repeating in a slightly different way. It can do this repeatedly an endless amount of times.
The cycle repeats:
- Big Bang;
- Universe expands;
- It reaches a point of diminishing returns where the force of the expansion is overwhelmed by the gravity of the elements of the universe;
- Contraction begins to happen;
- The universe collapses and falls into a black hole;
- There’s so much energy in that black hole that it suddenly erupts into another Big Bang.
See my point? That can happen repeatedly. "To infinity and beyond" — as Buzz Lightyear said in the movie, Toy Story.
Infinite Eternal Recurrence
The theory of Eternal Recurrence2 implies that the universe repeats its creation and demise over and over again. If this continues to happen into eternity, then future occurrences of the universe may be repetitions of prior universes. We may have lived before.
If the Big Bang repeats to form another version of the universe, each one might be drastically different.
Each time the universe repeats, something different happens. The Big Bang doesn't explode with the same force. There are two extremes:
- Sometimes it's too weak, and the universe implodes again before anything can form.
- Other times the force is too strong, and the universe expands so rapidly that the laws of physics are entirely convoluted and nothing has a chance, especially life.
If recurrences occur an infinite number of times, some of those universes might have very different physical laws. There's no telling how many alternate scenarios might develop. Some could be with different life forms as well.
We are carbon-based creatures. But who's to say that life could take on a completely different chemical makeup—one that we couldn't even dream of with our present understanding of the universe.
Intelligent Higher Power or Random Repetition
So you see? It doesn't take a higher power to make it work right. All that's required is repetition—Eternal Recurrence. Sometimes it works, and most of the time, it fails. That can go on eternally until one or more of the repetitions conjures up life with a consciousness to notice.
We are alive, and we exist in this particular cycle of the universe. One that worked so well to support life. Nothing would have allowed for intelligent life, and our functioning physical and natural laws, if it were an imperfect creation of the universe. We have come to exist only in our perfect world.
Since there is an infinite number of recurrences, the chance of life in at least one of the universes is greater than zero. The proof is: We are here!
There is even a greater-than-zero chance that we will repeat our lives in an Eternal Recurrence of the universe, maybe even an infinite number of times.3 In some, we will repeat our mistakes; In others, we’ll get it right.
- Robert Service (Mar. 2, 2017). "DNA could store all of the world's data in one room." Science Magazine
- Eternal Recurrence - Wikipedia
- M. Tegmark (May 2003). "Parallel Universes. Scientific American." 288(5):40–51.
Questions & Answers
© 2017 Glenn Stok